Charles Wilson, 1st Baron Moran

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Charles McMoran Wilson c. 1943
Charles McMoran Wilson c. 1900

Charles McMoran Wilson, 1st Baron Moran, MC PRCP (10 November 1882 – 12 April 1977) is most famous for being Sir Winston Churchill's personal physician. Born in Skipton, Yorkshire, he served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War. He won the Military Cross in 1916.[1]

He studied medicine at St Mary's Hospital Medical School now the Imperial College School of Medicine, graduating with a MBBS in 1908. He took his MD degree in 1913 at the same medical school.

Moran's book, The Struggle for Survival is about Churchill during and after the war. It describes his failing health in detail. The book was published fifteen months after Churchill's death and caused a great deal of controversy as a result of what was seen as a breach of patient-physician confidentiality.[2]

He was the Dean of St Mary's Hospital Medical School between 1920 and 1945, where he oversaw the rebuilding of the premises. He was a prominent scientist in his day, and was elected President of the Royal College of Physicians in April 1941 and was re-elected each year until 1950, when he resigned in favour of Russell Brain.[2]

He was knighted in 1938,[3] announced in the 1943 New Year's Honours, he was created Baron Moran, of Manton in the County of Wilts on 8 March 1943[4] and made his maiden speech in the House of Lords, the same year, on the Beveridge Report.[2] He was also involved in many other debates on the National Health Service.[2]

Lord Moran had two sons, John (the second Baron) and Geoffrey. He was survived by his wife Dorothy (née Dufton), who died in 1983.

During his time as Sir Winston Churchill's private doctor he met several prominent figures, such as Anthony Eden, Field-Marshal Montgomery (later the 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein), Lord Mountbatten of Burma and Lord Beaverbrook.


  • The Anatomy of Courage (1945), Constable, ISBN 0-09-451390-2
  • Winston Churchill: The Struggle for Survival (1966) Constable, ISBN 0-7867-1706-8
  • Churchill taken from the Diaries of Lord Moran: The Struggle for Survival, 1940-1965 (1966 - 1st American ed.) Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Churchill at War 1940 to 1945: the memoirs of Churchill's doctor, with an introduction by Lord Moran's son, John, the present Lord Moran. This diary paints an intimate portrait of Churchill by Sir Charles Wilson, his personal physician (Lord Moran), who spent the war years with the Prime Minister. In his diary, Moran recorded insights into Churchill's character, and moments when he let his guard down. Carroll & Graf, 2002. Reissue ISBN 0-7867-1041-1


  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29765. p. 9432. 26 September 1916.
  2. ^ a b c d Wellcome Library
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34485. pp. 1068–1069. 18 February 1938.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35933. p. 1143. 9 March 1943.
  • Churchill's Doctor : A Biography of Lord Moran, by Richard Lovell (London: Royal Society of Medicine, 1992)

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Hutchinson, Bt
President of Royal College of Physicians
Succeeded by
Walter Russell Brain
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Moran
Succeeded by
Richard John Wilson