Lotus 25

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Lotus 25
Lotus 25 b.jpg
Category Formula One
Constructor Team Lotus
Designer(s) Colin Chapman
Technical specifications
Chassis Aluminium monocoque
Suspension (front) Double wishbone, with inboard coilover spring/damper units.
Suspension (rear) Lower wishbone, top link and radius rod suspension, with outboard coilover spring/damper units.
Engine

Coventry Climax FWMV Mk.II, 1496cc, Crossplane 90° V8
FWMV Mk.III, 1496cc, Fuel Injected, Flatplane 90° V8
FWMV Mk.4, 1499cc, Fuel Injected, Flatplane 90° V8
FWMV Mk.5, 1499cc, Fuel Injected, Flatplane 90° V8

BRM P56, 1498 cc, 90° V8 Naturally aspirated, mid-mounted
Transmission ZF 5DS10 5-speed manual.
Tyres Dunlop
Competition history
Notable entrants Team Lotus
Reg Parnell Racing
Notable drivers United Kingdom Jim Clark
United Kingdom Trevor Taylor
United Kingdom Mike Spence
New Zealand Chris Amon
United Kingdom Mike Hailwood
United Kingdom Richard Attwood
Debut 1962 Dutch Grand Prix
Races Wins Poles Fastest laps
49 14 14 18
Constructors' Championships 2 (1963, 1965)
Drivers' Championships 2 (1963, 1965)
n.b. Unless otherwise stated, all data refer to
Formula One World Championship Grands Prix only.

The Lotus 25 was a racing car designed by Colin Chapman for the 1962 Formula One season.[1] It was a revolutionary design, the first fully stressed monocoque chassis to appear in F1. In the hands of Jim Clark it took 14 World Championship Grand Prix wins and propelled him to his 1963 World Championship title. Its last World Championship win was at the 1965 French Grand Prix.

Concept[edit]

An early brainchild of Chapman's fertile mind, the original sketches for the car were made on napkins while Chapman discussed his idea while dining out with Frank Costin (designer of Vanwall, Lotus Mk.8, 9, 10, 11 and Lotus 16 bodies, later of Marcos fame).

Jim Clark's Championship-winning Lotus 25, in the Donington Grand Prix Collection.

The monocoque made the car more rigid and structurally stronger than typical F1 cars of the period. The 25 was three times stiffer than the interim 24, while the chassis weighed only half as much.[2] The car also was extremely low and narrow, with a frontal area of 8.0 ft², 0.74m² as compared to the normal 9.5 ft², 0.88 m²[3] It was also envisaged to have a column gear lever, to keep the cockpit width to a minimum, although this was only experimental and discarded. To assist the low profile and low frontal area, the driver reclined sharply behind the wheel (an idea seen in the 18, and pioneered over a decade previously by Gustav Baumm at NSU[3][4]), leading to the nickname 'The Bathtub', while front coil/damper units were moved inboard (as in the 1948 Maserati).[5] The 25 was powered by the Mk.II 1496cc through to the Mk.5 1499cc versions of the Coventry Climax FWMV V8 in crossplane and flatplane formats. Later, Reg Parnell Racing in 1964 fitted BRM P56s of similar specification to their second-hand 25s. Such was the 25's effect on motor racing, even today's modern F1 cars follow its basic principles.

Some privateers who had been buying Lotus chassis were disgruntled by the fact Chapman refused to provide them 25s. These teams, including Rob Walker Racing, were given Lotus 24s, while the works team had exclusive use of the 25 for Jim Clark and Trevor Taylor. When it first appeared at the Dutch Grand Prix, the futuristic 25 was inspected by John Cooper, who asked Chapman where he had put the frame tubes in the car.

Racing history[edit]

The car gave Clark his first World Championship Grand Prix victory, at Spa in 1962. He took another win in Britain and again in the USA, which put him in contention for the title, but while leading the final race in South Africa a much publicised engine seizure cost him the title to Graham Hill.

Clark gained his revenge the following year, taking his first World Championship in the 25, by winning 7 races, Belgium, France, Holland, Britain, Italy, South Africa, and Mexico. Lotus also won its first constructors' championship. Following the United States GP, a 25 was taken to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway for evaluation, where they also trialled Lucas electronic ignition for Ford.[6] The results were encouraging enough for Colin Chapman to mount his ultimately successful challenge on the Indianapolis 500.

The 25 was again used during the 1964 season, winning a further three races in Clark's hands. At the final race in Mexico, just as in 1962, the Climax engine developed an oil leak and with literally a lap to run Clark coasted to a halt in sight of world championship victory, this time conceding to John Surtees. Despite the introduction of the Lotus 33 in 1964, the 25 was still used until well into the 1965 season, Clark taking the car's final win at the 1965 French Grand Prix.

In 1964, Reg Parnell Racing began racing the 25, using the BRM P56 V8 engine, with limited success. Piers Courage retired the 25 from its final World Championship race at the 1967 South African Grand Prix.

World Championship results[edit]

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Engine Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Points1 WCC
1962 Team Lotus Climax V8 NED MON BEL FRA GBR GER ITA USA RSA 36 (38) 2nd
Jim Clark 9 Ret 1 Ret 1 4 Ret 1 Ret
Trevor Taylor 8 Ret 12 Ret
1963 Team Lotus Climax V8 MON BEL NED FRA GBR GER ITA USA MEX RSA 54 (74) 1st
Jim Clark 8 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 1
Trevor Taylor 6 Ret 10 13 Ret 8 Ret Ret 8
Peter Arundell DNS3
Mike Spence 13
Pedro Rodríguez Ret Ret
Brabham Racing Organisation2 Jack Brabham 9
1964 Team Lotus Climax V8 MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER AUT ITA USA MEX 37 (40) 3rd
Jim Clark 4 1 1 Ret 1 Ret Ret4
Peter Arundell 3 3 9 4
Mike Spence 9 4
Gerhard Mitter Ret
Reg Parnell Racing Climax V8 Chris Amon Ret
BRM V8 DNQ 5 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 8th
Mike Hailwood 6 12 8 Ret Ret 8 Ret 8 16
Peter Revson DNS5
1965 Team Lotus Climax V8 RSA MON BEL FRA GBR NED GER ITA USA MEX 54 (58)6 1st
Jim Clark 1
Mike Spence 8
Gerhard Mitter Ret
Giacomo Russo Ret
Moises Solana 12 Ret
Reg Parnell Racing BRM V8 Chris Amon Ret Ret 2 8th
Mike Hailwood Ret
Richard Attwood Ret 14 13 12 Ret 6 10 6
Tony Maggs 11
Innes Ireland 13 Ret Ret 10
1966 Reg Parnell Racing BRM V8 MON BEL FRA GBR NED GER ITA USA MEX 137 5th
Mike Spence Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret 5 Ret DNS
1967 Reg Parnell Racing BRM V8 RSA MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER CAN ITA USA MEX 0
Piers Courage Ret
1 Points were awarded on a 9-6-4-3-2-1 basis to the first six finishers at each round, but only the best placed car for each make was eligible to score points. In 1962 and 1966 only the best five results from the season were retained, and only the best six results for 1963, 1964 and 1965. In 1967 the best five results from the first six rounds and the best four results from the last five rounds were retained.
2 Jack Brabham raced the spare works Lotus after engine failure forced him to retire his own car.
3 Plans for Arundell to race the spare care were abandoned.
4 Clark swapped cars with Spence's Lotus 33 during the race following mechanical problems.
5 Revson tried out Hailwood's car in practice while the latter was away qualifying for the TT.
6 Total points scored by all Lotus-Climax cars, including 45 points scored by drivers of Lotus 33 variants.
7 Total points scored by all Lotus-BRM cars, including 9 points scored by drivers of Lotus 43 variants.

Legacy[edit]

In June 2008 Lotus launched a special edition of the Elise supercharged model, the Type 25 Jim Clark, in the Lotus racing colours of green with a yellow stripe. This had track standard sports suspension and traction control. A total of 25 of these cars were produced for the RHD market.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Automobile Year, No. 10, 1962-1963, Pages 198-199.
  2. ^ Setright, L.J.K. "Lotus: The Golden Mean", in Northey, Tom, ed. The World of Automobiles (London: Orbis, 1974), Volume 11, p.1230.
  3. ^ a b Setright, p.1230.
  4. ^ Wikipedia, Lotus 18.
  5. ^ "Chapman was not concerned to be original, merely to be thorough." Setright, p.1230.
  6. ^ Super Street Cars, 9/81, p.34.