Lu Dingyi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lu Dingyi
Deputy Vice Premier of the PRC
In office
April 1959 – January 1975
Premier Zhou Enlai
Vice Premier Chen Yun
Lin Biao
Minister of Culture of the PRC
In office
February 1965 – May 1966
Premier Zhou Enlai
Preceded by Shen Yanbing
Succeeded by Xiao Wangdong
Head of Central Propaganda Department
In office
December 1944 – 1952
Leader Zhang Wentian
Mao Zedong
Preceded by Zhang Wentian
Succeeded by Xi Zhongxun
In office
July 1954 – December 1966
Leader Mao Zedong (chairman)
Preceded by Xi Zhongxun
Succeeded by Tao Zhu
Personal details
Born (1906-06-09)9 June 1906
Wuxi, Jiangsu, Qing Empire
Died 9 May 1996(1996-05-09) (aged 89)
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Alma mater University of Nanjing
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Lu.

Lu Dingyi (simplified Chinese: 陆定一; traditional Chinese: 陸定一; pinyin: Lù Dìngyī; June 9, 1906 – May 9, 1996) was a leader of the Communist Party of China. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China and before the Cultural Revolution, he was credited as one of the top officials in socialist culture.

Biography[edit]

Lu Dingyi joined the Communist Party of China in 1925, while he was studying electrical engineering at the Nanyang Public School. After graduation, he fully joined revolutionary activities, being mainly involved in the Communist Youth League, writing articles for its newspaper Chinese Youth (later renamed Proletarian Youth and then Leninist Youth). In 1927 he took part at both the 5th CPC National Congress and the CYL Congress, being elected a member of the CYL Central Committee working with its Propaganda Department. He was actively involved in countering Chiang Kai-shek's anti-communist coup, organizing communist unities in Guangdong. In 1928 Lu Dingyi took part at the 6th CPC National Congress and the CYL Congress, both of which were held in Moscow, remaining in the Soviet Union until 1930 as a junior representative of the CYL to the Comintern.

Lu Dingyi then returned in China and participated at the Long March as an editor of the Red Star newspaper. He also worked with the Propaganda Department of the Eight Route Army, and was a member of the CPC Propaganda Department starting from 1934. In 1942 he was promoted to chief editor of the Liberation Daily after his predecessor Yang Song fell ill.

During the "Yan'an Rectification Movement", Lu Dingyi wrote Our basic view for journalism, which was considered the basis for Chinese communist journalism. In 1943 he was appointed head of the CPC Central Propaganda Department, a post he held until 1952 and then again from 1954. He was elected CPC Central Committee member in 1945.

A political commissar in the PLA, Lu Dingyi gave important contributions to the revolutionary struggle in Shaanxi along with other top leaders like Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Ren Bishi, according to his official biography.

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Lu Dingyi was deputy chairman of the Culture and Education Committee of the Central People's Government from 1949 and member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress from 1954. At the 8th Party Congress in 1956, he was re-elected a CPC Central Committee member and promoted to Politburo alternate member, concurrently serving as secretary of the CPC Secretariat from 1962. In 1957 and 1960, he accompanied major Party leaders Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping to international meetings of communist parties held in Moscow. His main political activity was in the cultural front, as he directed cultural criticism campaigns.

In 1959 he was appointed a Vice Premier of the State Council, and Minister of Culture in 1965. Shortly after, the Cultural Revolution broke out and Lu Dingyi was accused of being a promoter of the reactionary line in culture, since he didn't adhere to Mao Zedong's idea that culture should extensively serve proletarian politics. In May 1966 he was accused of being part of the "Peng-Luo-Lu-Yang anti-Party clique" (the others being Peng Dehuai, Luo Ruiqing and Yang Shangkun) and dismissed. He was also criticised for his activity in the Five Man Group, a Central Committee agency in charge of leading the first stages of the Cultural Revolution led by Peng Zhen, another purged official. He was detained for nearly 13 years.

Lu Dingyi was rehabilitated by the new leadership headed by Deng Xiaoping. In 1979 he was co-opted in the Fifth CPPCC National Committee as its vice-chairman; in the same year, he was co-opted in the CPC Central Committee as a consultant to the Propaganda Department. He was later a member of the Central Advisory Commission.

Lu Dingyi died in Beijing in 1996, several years after his retirement. He was hailed as an outstanding Party member and promoter of socialist culture. His knowledge of the English language also allowed him to translate the conversations between Mao Zedong and Anna Louise Strong.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Shen Yanbing
Minister of Culture of the People's Republic of China
1965–1966
Succeeded by
Xiao Wangdong
Party political offices
Preceded by
Zhang Wentian
Head of the CPC Central Propaganda Department
1943–1952
Succeeded by
Xi Zhongxun
Preceded by
Xi Zhongxun
Head of the CPC Central Propaganda Department
1954–1966
Succeeded by
Tao Zhu