Many Farms, Arizona

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Many Farms, Arizona
Census-designated place
Location in Apache County and the state of Arizona
Location in Apache County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 36°21′36″N 109°37′41″W / 36.36000°N 109.62806°W / 36.36000; -109.62806Coordinates: 36°21′36″N 109°37′41″W / 36.36000°N 109.62806°W / 36.36000; -109.62806
Country United States
State Arizona
County Apache
Area
 • Total 8.2 sq mi (21.2 km2)
 • Land 8.1 sq mi (21.1 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 5,307 ft (1,618 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,348
 • Density 165/sq mi (63.8/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
ZIP code 86538
Area code 928
FIPS code 04-44200
GNIS feature ID 0007659

Many Farms (Navajo: Dáʼákʼeh Halání) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,348 at the 2010 census.[1]

Geography[edit]

Many Farms is located at 36°21′36″N 109°37′41″W / 36.36000°N 109.62806°W / 36.36000; -109.62806 (36.359870, -109.628053).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.2 square miles (21.2 km2), of which 8.1 square miles (21.1 km2) is land and 0.039 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.30%, is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Many Farms has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[3]

History[edit]

Many Farms is an English translation of the Navajo name of the area and is descriptive. The farms became fully irrigated in 1937.[4]

From 1952 to 1962, the Many Farms community was the location of two major medical experiments led by Dr. Walsh McDermott. The goal of the first experiment was to test the efficacy of the drug isoniazid as a treatment for tuberculosis, which was then widespread and largely fatal among the Navajo despite the availability of TB medication elsewhere in the country. McDermott chose the reservation because he needed a population that had not been previously exposed to streptomycin, then the most advanced treatment for TB. While McDermott's initial TB experiment was a success, his second experiment, in which he attempted a more broad-based healthcare intervention, failed to meaningfully reduce disease morbidity and mortality among the Navajo due to conflicts with the Indian Health Service, as well as the experiment's inability to address poverty, which was the underlying cause of most disease.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,548 people, 433 households, and 313 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 188.2 people per square mile (72.7/km²). There were 606 housing units at an average density of 73.7/sq mi (28.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.37% Native American, 7.82% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.13% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 3.04% from two or more races. 2.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 433 households out of which 48.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 23.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.58 and the average family size was 4.39.

In the CDP the age distribution of the population shows 42.4% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 3.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,089, and the median income for a family was $31,316. Males had a median income of $32,566 versus $25,945 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,995. About 28.2% of families and 31.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.9% of those under age 18 and 53.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Many Farms is a part of the Chinle Unified School District.

Many Farms Public School (K-8), is in the area considered to be Many Farms. Another school that resides in Many Farms is Chinle Boarding School (K-8).

In addition, the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs's Office of Education Programs operates the Many Farms Boarding High School in Many Farms. [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Many Farms CDP, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ Climate Summary for Many Farms, Arizona
  4. ^ Byrd H. Granger (1960). Arizona Place Names. University of Arizona Press. p. 15. Retrieved 5 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Jones, David (2002). "The Health Care Experiments at Many Farms: The Navajo, Tuberculosis, and the Limits of Modern Medicine, 1952-1962". Bulletin of the History of Medicine 76 (4): 749–790. doi:10.1353/bhm.2002.0186. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.