|First appearance||Detective Comics #33 (November 1939)|
|Created by||Bob Kane
Bill Finger 
|Full name||Martha Wayne|
|Supporting character of||Batman|
|Notable aliases||Martha Kane|
Martha Wayne (née Kane) is a fictional character of the Batman series of comic books, published by DC Comics. She is Dr. Thomas Wayne's wife and mother of Bruce Wayne. When she and her husband are murdered during a holdup, young Bruce swears to avenge their deaths by fighting crime. As an adult, he fulfills his vow by becoming Batman.
- 1 Background
- 2 Other versions
- 3 In other media
- 4 References
Martha Wayne first appeared in Detective Comics #33 (November 1939) in a story by Bob Kane and Bill Finger which detailed the origin of the Batman. Initially little more than a cipher whose death inspired her heroic son, later comics would expand upon her history.
Born Martha Kane (a maiden name given in homage to Batman co-creator Bob Kane), Martha was the heir to the Kane Chemical fortune and a member of one of Gotham City's wealthiest families. It has not been revealed whether she has any connection to the other prominent Kanes of Gotham, Kathy (Batwoman) or Bette (Flamebird). Despite her Irish-Catholic background, in her youth, Martha had a reputation as a notorious party girl, socialite, and debutante, frequenting all the most prestigious country clubs, night clubs, and soirees. She also had a developed social conscience and often used her family's wealth and status to champion causes and charities.
As revealed in the miniseries Batman: Family by John Francis Moore, Martha's closest friend in those days was a woman named Celia Kazantkakis. Both were renowned for their beauty, which caught the attention of a gangster named Denholm. Martha dated Denholm for a time prior to meeting Thomas Wayne, though she was unaware of his true nature at the time. Celia, who had had previous dealings with Denholm, became very protective of her friend and conspired to get this thug out of her life. In the process it came to light just why Celia was familiar with him. Celia, it turned out, was a criminal herself and had been embezzling money from an orphanage that was one of Martha's charities. She attempted to hide the evidence of this by setting fire to the building but Martha discovered her duplicity. Before Celia departed for her family's home in Greece, Martha threatened to expose her should she ever return to Gotham.
(In fact, Celia would return to Gotham many years later, as "Athena," the leader of a criminal cartel. In this guise, she attempted to stage a coup of Wayne Enterprises, until Batman discovered the true nature of his mother's history with Celia and defeated her.)
Though mention of Martha's occupation is small, some stories have indicated that, like Bruce, she was unable to allow the crime of Gotham to continue unabated. This Martha Wayne fought against the abuse of Gotham's children and against the trafficking of children around the globe. She headed a covert detection agency with help from Commissioner Gordon and the family butler Alfred—their goals were to stem abuse against children, in the hopes that those children would not grow up to turn into abusers and criminals themselves. Learning of his mother's mission prior to death, Batman gained further inspiration and motive for helping the innocent of Gotham.
When Bruce was eight years old, his parents took him to a screening of a Zorro movie at a cinema in Gotham's Park Row. Returning to the car through an alley, they were confronted by a lone gunman, who attempted to steal Martha's pearl necklace, an anniversary gift from Thomas. In the ensuing struggle, the thief shot both the Waynes dead (later versions of the story claimed that only Thomas was shot and Martha had in fact died of a shock stroke. This retcon was still later undone). In the wake of this tragedy, Park Row was given the nickname "Crime Alley."
The identity of the Waynes' killer has varied through different versions of the Batman story. Initially, he was said to be a criminal named Joe Chill. Later retellings would claim that Chill had been hired by gangster Lew Moxon, an enemy of Thomas Wayne, and told to make the killings look like a robbery. After DC Comics' history-altering Zero Hour series, this interpretation was abandoned in favor of the Waynes' deaths being a random street crime. The killer was thought to have never been caught, adding to the tragedy and universality of Batman's origin. After the further continuity tweaks of the Infinite Crisis miniseries, DC has once again returned to the Joe Chill interpretation.
Since her death, Martha Wayne has only appeared in the Batman series in flashback and in the occasional out-of-body experience or hallucination. Her most significant appearance in this latter category is in the miniseries Batman: Death and the Maidens by Greg Rucka. In this story, Batman ingests an elixir given to him by his enemy, Ra's al Ghul, and believes he is having a conversation with his dead parents. Martha is depicted here as a beautiful woman whose face is marred by a bleeding bullet wound, suggesting that Bruce remembers her this way because he has become 'focused' on her death rather than her life, the wound vanishing after she forces him to acknowledge that issue. Martha strongly disapproves of her son's costumed crusade, fearing he has thrown away his chance for happiness, although her husband notes that they disapprove of what being Batman has cost Bruce rather than disapproving of Batman himself. As she and Thomas depart, they assure Bruce that just because the passing of time has lessened his grief does not mean that he no longer cares for them, and, as a result, Bruce is able to accept that he is Batman because he chooses to be, not because he has to be.
In Jeph Loeb's Batman stories, Bruce feels responsible for his parents' murder because he advised Martha to wear the infamous pearl necklace the night she was murdered. Had she not worn it, the mugger might have not killed them, or even have been attracted to them. In Death and the Maidens she claims that the pearls were in fact fakes, and that she wouldn't have worn real ones simply to go to the theater. As this experience may have been merely a hallucination, it is unknown whether or not this is true.
Another mystery about Martha's final fate is unveiled in the Batman R.I.P. storyline, where it is revealed that the Kanes actually hired a detective to prowl about the circumstances of her death, always suspecting that Thomas Wayne married her for her money.
Many years later, the detective hired by the Kanes presents to Commissioner Gordon a dossier describing Martha as a helpless, frail woman hooked on drugs by an abusive husband, who frequently indulged in orgies and extramarital affairs, taking Alfred Pennyworth himself as her lover. The detective pushes his theory further, disclosing to Gordon a theory about Thomas Wayne ordering the fateful shooting to get revenge over an unfaithful wife and disappearing before being hit by the scandal. The villainous Simon Hurt, head of the Black Glove cabal, bent on getting revenge on Batman, claims to Alfred, taken hostage, to be Thomas Wayne himself, returned to enact his vengeance once again over the unfaithful Martha by ruining her son's life. Alfred disproves this version, and questions the truth of the "revelations" about Thomas Wayne.
In the end Simon Hurt is unmasked by Bruce Wayne as Mangrove Pierce, a former impersonator trying to ruin Thomas and Bruce Wayne's lives. Simon implies that Pierce may be another forged identity, but tacitly admits that the stories of Martha's sexual relationship with Alfred and the circumstances of her drug addiction and homicide are clever forgeries designed to break Batman, or coerce him to join the Black Glove as a means to silence the rumors about his family.
With Bruce Wayne's and Simon Hurt/Mangrove Pierce's disappearance the charges are dropped, and Martha's good name is cleared.
In Whatever Happened to the Caped Crusader, Martha appears to her son between life and death and guides him to his fate.
The Return of Bruce Wayne
In Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne #5, the detective hired by the Kanes to investigate Martha Wayne's murder is revealed as Batman himself, turned amnesiac as he leaps through time under Darkseid's Omega Effect. His 'investigations' are influenced by the Black Glove organization as they attempt to use him as a sacrifice in a ritual while planting evidence to frame the Wayne family for debauchery.
Streets of Gotham
In the series Streets of Gotham, Martha Kane's history as a young woman was revised and elaborated further.
After her father was tricked into a shady investment deal by a mobster named Judson Pierce, which drained the Kane fortune and made him suffer a fatal heart attack, Martha became involved with charity work focusing on Gotham's poorest citizens. One of her main projects was raising support for the free clinic founded in Gotham's slums by doctor Leslie Thompkins.
During an attempt to solicit support from Gotham's elite, she had her first encounter with Thomas Wayne. Aside from being a well-regarded surgeon, Thomas was also an infamous playboy and party animal. He affirmed this reputation by being extremely drunk in public and vomiting on Martha's shoes, causing her to storm off in disgust despite his apologies.
Leslie's clinic also became a new target for Judson Pierce after he deemed it a key point for taking over the surrounding neighborhood. Pierce attempted to prey on Martha's poverty by offering cash to shut the facility down. Martha accepted Pierce's money, but filed it as a donation to keep the clinic running. Enraged, Pierce arranged to have Martha and Leslie assassinated.
Martha met Thomas Wayne a second time after he had Alfred chauffeur him to the clinic so he could apologize again. That same evening though, Pierce's hitmen also decided to make their move. Alfred was able to subdue the assailants, but not before Leslie suffered a minor gunshot wound. While Leslie recovered from her injury, Thomas volunteered to work in the clinic alongside Martha. Thomas became content with the work there and it wasn't long before Thomas and Martha became romantically involved. By the time Leslie returned to work, Thomas became an official sponsor of the clinic and used his vast resources to keep it running. Thomas also distanced himself from his hedonistic past, citing Martha as his inspiration to change.
The New 52
Martha is seen as a good, strong-willed mother worried about her child's future and the future of Gotham's children as well. It is revealed that while Bruce was three years-old, Martha was pregnant with a second child named Thomas Wayne Jr. Due to an accident orchestrated by the Court of Owls, the child was born prematurely and supposedly sent to Willowwood Asylum in order to heal. After the murder of Thomas and Martha, the asylum ceased to receive proper funding and the staff started to abuse the children in their care. At some point in time, the Court of Owls offers a child that is possibly Thomas Jr. to become a part of them and he goes up Gotham's ranks with the false-identity of a rich Gotham socialite and mayor candidate, called Lincoln March. Thomas Jr/Lincoln holds Bruce directly responsible for their parents' murders and the life he went through, and has a burning desire for revenge against his brother. Whether Lincoln really is Bruce's brother Thomas or a ploy set by the Court of Owls in order to enlist him in their ranks is unresolved.
Superman: Red Son
In Mark Millar's Superman: Red Son, Martha and her husband are anti-communist protesters in the Soviet Union. They are executed by the NKVD under Commissar Pyotr Roslov, which leads to their son vowing to overthrow the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Batman: Dark Knight Dynasty
In Batman: Dark Knight Dynasty, Thomas and Martha are saved from death when 'Valentin Sinclair'- really Vandal Savage, who in this reality has a long-standing interest and admiration for the Wayne family despite the fact that they often end up opposing him when they learn about his plans- scared off Joe Chill, Sinclair becoming a partner in Wayne Enterprises, only for Sinclair to have them killed when they threaten to expose his plan to divert a meteor that gave him his powers back to Earth so that he can study it. Their deaths- triggered by Sinclair's fear-inducing henchman Scarecrone causing them to remember the mugging, driving them to flee Chill by running off their balcony- prompt Bruce to become Batman to investigate, Gordon having written their deaths off as an accident and Bruce unwilling to investigate as himself because of the risk to his new wife, Julie Madison.
In the alternate universe of Flashpoint, Martha Wayne becomes the Joker after Bruce is shot by Joe Chill as a child. Unable to cope with her loss she cuts open her cheeks to create a faux smile. She is the arch-nemesis of the Batman of this universe, her husband Thomas Wayne. She is shown to be in league with the possible Harley Quinn of this timeline called Yo-Yo. She kidnaps the children of Harvey Dent and disguises his daughter as the Joker. She kills James Gordon after he wounds the daughter. Batman arrives to face her. Thomas confronts Martha about Bruce's death. He reveals that he has a way to rewrite history, they will die but Bruce will live. When Martha realizes Bruce will still become Batman, she flees in horror. She falls to her death in the caverns below Wayne Manor.
In an alternate universe ruled by the tyrannical 'Planetary' organization, Martha and her husband were part of a makeshift 'League of Justice', an underground cell trying to revolt. They were murdered by Elijah Snow.
In the graphic novel Batman: Earth One, Martha's maiden name was Arkham instead of Kane in this alternate continuity. Martha's father was murdered by her mother when she was twelve, leaving her family with a series of scandals; including a rumor of members of the Arkham bloodline would be insane. Martha was a campaign manager of her husband's mayoral campaign against Oswald Cobblepot. Cobblepot had planned to have a corrupt cop, Jacob Weaver, to murder Thomas, but a mugger got to her family first and killed both her and her husband, leaving Bruce orphaned.
In other media
- In the animated series The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians, Martha Wayne is depicted in a sequence in an episode titled "The Fear" which was the first depiction of Batman's origin outside of the DC Comics.
- Martha Wayne makes a full appearance on Batman: the Animated Series episode "Perchance to Dream" voiced by Adrienne Barbeau (the voice of Catwoman in the same series). She is briefly seen alive in a dream sequence engineered by the Mad Hatter.
- In the Justice League animated series episode "A Better World", the alternate-universe Batman that allied with the Justice Lords refers to his mother's and father's murderer as "some punk with a gun", implying to be a random mugging.
- Martha Wayne makes a cameo appearance in the Justice League Unlimited episode "For the Man Who Has Everything". When Batman experiences an hallucination caused by the Black Mercy, the extraterrestrial plant shows Martha Wayne with her young son watching her husband fighting back (thus Batman's parents are saved) but eventually the true memory returns.
- On The Batman, Martha Wayne is murdered with her husband by an unidentified mugger after watching the movie The Cloaked Rider with her son but the gunman is never caught. In the episode "The Big Chill", Bruce Wayne has a nightmare in which she and Thomas Wayne are murdered by Victor Fries. In the episode "Artifacts" (set in the distant future), she's believed to have been Batgirl alongside her husband as Batman and her son as the Red Robin.
- Martha Wayne appears in a flashback in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episodes "Invasion of the Secret Santas". The character is voiced by Pat Musick in the episode "Dawn of the Deadman" and Julie Newmar (the actress that played Catwoman in 1960s TV series) in the second season episode "Chill of the Night!".
- Thomas and Martha's murder will be the main focus on the tv series Gothan.
- In Tim Burton's film Batman (1989), Martha Wayne (credited as "Mrs. Wayne") is portrayed in flashback by Sharon Holm. In this version, she and her husband are killed by Jack Napier.
- In the Joel Schumacher film Batman Forever (1995), Martha Wayne is played by Eileen Seeley and is only seen in a flashback similar to the one in the 1989 film.
- In The Batman vs. Dracula, Martha Wayne and Thomas Wayne are referenced several times.
- Martha Wayne appears in Christopher Nolan's Batman Begins (2005) played by Sara Stewart. In this version, it is once again Joe Chill who is the murderer. The Waynes are killed after exiting the opera Mefistofele, whose bat-like performers frighten her young son due to his strong fear of bats.
- In Christopher Nolan's second sequel The Dark Knight Rises (2012), Selina Kyle steals Martha Wayne's pearl necklace which prompts Bruce Wayne to track her down. Bruce would eventually confront Selina and reclaims his mother's necklace for good but this only incited Selina to steal Bruce's car in revenge. At the end of the film, the pearls are seen on Selina's neck after she and Bruce become a couple, implying that Bruce must've given them to Selina.
- Andrea Romano voices Martha Wayne on the Warner Premiere animated direct-to-DVD anthology film Batman: Gotham Knight. She appears in a brief flashback shown in the opening of the final segment "Deadshot" seen screaming before being shot.
- Martha Wayne appears in a flashback in Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox voiced by Grey DeLisle. After Bruce Wayne is killed by Joe Chill, she kisses her dead son and puts her hand to her mouth. After Thomas Wayne returns from beating up Chill, Martha begins to laugh insanely with Bruce's blood forming a clown smile on her face signaling her Joker transformation.
- Martha Wayne is featured in Batman: Arkham Asylum voiced by Tasia Valenza (the voice of Poison Ivy in the same video game). Under the influence of the Scarecrow's fear toxin, Batman experiences flashbacks of his parents' murder. A bench in Arkham Asylum dedicated to Thomas and Martha is the answer to one of the Riddler's riddles which leads to Thomas and Martha's unlockable bio.
- Martha Wayne is featured in the sequel video game Batman: Arkham City voiced by Grey DeLisle. The Monarch Theater (the location of the murders) is present in Arkham City. Behind the building is the chalk outline of Thomas and Martha's bodies with a bouquet of flowers and a tape that has a taunting message from Hugo Strange lying by the outlines. The player has the option of paying his respects by having Batman kneeling by the outlines of both. The chalk outlines lasted for so many years, although it is implied by the message of Strange (who knows Batman's true identity) that he was the one who staged the scenario to torment him. Later while succumbing to the effect of a poison, Batman has a hallucination outside the League of Assassins' temple in which his mother appeared standing inside a tunnel calling him to come into light.
- In Batman: The Ultimate Evil, Martha's past is explored; she fought crime in her own way as a social worker trying to protect sexually abused children. The novel suggests this was the motive for the murder of the Wayne couple.
- Gardner Fox, Finger, Bill (w), Kane, Bob (p). "The Legend of the Batman - Who He is, and How he Came to Be" Detective Comics 33: 1, 2/1 - 8 (November, 1939), DC Comics
- Batman Family (Vol. 2)
- Beatty, Scott (2008). "Batman". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 40–44. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5.
- Batman Family #1 (December 2002)
- Brian Azzarello (w). "Batman Knight of Vengeance" Flashpoint 3 of 3: 27-33 (August 2011), Detective Comics
- Brian Azzarello (w). "Batman Knight of Vengeance" Flashpoint 2 of 3: 33 (July 2011), Detective Comics
- "Planetary JLA: Terra Occulta" One-Shot (November 2002)
- A Double Murder In Gotham’s Past And A Grundy In Arrow’s Future (UPDATE)
- The Dark Knight Rises