Panel from limited series JLA: Another Nail.
Art by Alan Davis.
|First appearance||The Brave and the Bold #30 (June 1960)|
|Created by||Gardner Fox
|Team affiliations||Injustice League
The Justice League
Secret Society of Super Villains
|Notable aliases||Professor Ivo's Amazing Android, The Android, Timazo, Humazo, Hourmazo|
|Abilities||Duplication of metahuman abilities|
Amazo is a fictional character that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. The character first appears in The Brave and the Bold #30 (June 1960) and was created by Gardner Fox and Murphy Anderson. An android, Amazo's special ability is to replicate the special abilities of various superheroes and supervillains he comes into contact with. Throughout publication, Amazo has most frequently been a villain for the Justice League, an assembly of DC's most well-known superheroes; Amazo also permanently replicated the powers and abilities of the first Justice League he encountered, making him a very powerful adversary in all subsequent appearances. Later on, however, he became a member of the Justice League.
Publication history 
Amazo first appeared in a one-off story in The Brave and the Bold #30 (June 1960) and returned as a regular opponent of the Justice League of America in Justice League of America #27 (May 1964) and #112 (August 1974). Other significant issues included an encounter with a depowered Superman in Action Comics #480-483 (February – May 1978), and after he had been reactivated by red sun radiations in Justice League of America #191 (June 1981) and #241-243 (August – October 1985).
A different Amazo model featured in Justice League Quarterly #12 (Fall 1993) and battled the hero Aztek in Aztek: The Ultimate Man #10 (May 1997) before being destroyed in Resurrection Man #2 (June 1997). An advanced version debuted in a one-off story in JLA #27 (March 1999), and another appeared in the limited series Hourman, specifically issues #1, #5-7, #17, and #19-21 (April 1999 – December 2000).
Amazo's origin is revealed in Secret Origins of Super-Villains 80-Page Giant #1 (December 1999). Another version is discovered to be part of a weapons shipment in Batman #636-637 (March – April 2005) and during the Villains United storyline in Firestorm (vol. 2) #14-16 (August – October 2005), Villains United #5-6 (November – December 2005), and the Villains United: Infinite Crisis Special (June 2006).
Amazo's consciousness returned in Justice League of America #1-5 (October 2006 – March 2007), planted in the body of fellow android the Red Tornado. Ivo also created Amazo's "offspring" in JLA Classified #37-41 (June – October 2007).
A story continuing the first Red Tornado storyline featured in Justice League of America (vol. 2) #21-23 (July – September 2008).
Writer Mike Conroy noted, "Amazo was a persistent thorn in the JLA's side... although his programming and own sentience have displayed no ambition towards world conquest... His very existence is a hazard to all of humanity."
Fictional character biography 
The android Amazo was built by insane scientist Professor Ivo, who became obsessed with immortality. The original Justice League of America (Green Lantern, Flash, Aquaman, Wonder Woman, and the Martian Manhunter) encounter Amazo after experiencing the sudden loss of their abilities. After hearing reports that certain long-lived creatures are being stolen in unusual ways(a catfish was stolen using a green beam to cut through the wall, and a Cicada was captured with a golden lasso), the team deduces their powers have actually been stolen. The heroes split up to guard other long-lived animals, only to be defeated in turn (except for Superman and Batman) by Amazo, who locks the entire team in gas-filled cylinders. Before erasing their memories, Ivo reveals himself as the mastermind behind the scheme and that, using data collected from the captured animals, he will create a serum of longevity. By extending his lifespan by 500 years, Ivo hopes to conquer his fear of death and the World (as he can always create more serum, or perfect it into true immortality). Thinking himself ahead since Batman has no superpowers and he possesses a piece of kryptonite to defeat Superman, Ivo is foiled by Green Lantern. The Lantern had used some of the yellow-colored chlorine gas to protect himself from the memory erasing before recharging his ring and using it to draw Amazo's powers away, restoring the League's powers & minds. Ivo and Amazo are defeated, with Ivo being jailed (ironically sentenced to 500 years), and Amazo being stored in the Justice League trophy room.
At the suggestion of team mascot Snapper Carr, the Justice League reactivates Amazo to deal with an alien threat that has drained their success factor. Although the alien drains Amazo's abilities, the android's combined powers overload the creature as intended, causing it to become inert and giving the team back their success factor. The Justice League then defeats Amazo once again and returns the android to storage. When the Justice League lose half of their individual powers due to the machinations of the villain Libra, the heroes reactivate Amazo once again. The android draws in their lost powers, which are eventually returned via technology devised by Batman and the Atom.
Radiation from an exploding red sun in deep space reaches Earth and weakens Superman significantly. The radiation also revives Amazo, who defeats the remainder of the Justice League, and imprisons them, though making sure they can watch him. Amazo then seeks out Ivo, wishing to be deactivated. Discovering Ivo cannot assist, the android decides to kill both Ivo and Superman; however, they escape with a teleportation device Superman had hidden in his mouth to the Fortress of Solitude. Superman is forced to create and use a machine called the "Supermobile" to compensate for his weakened state, which shields him from the radiation and is able to imitate his powers, along with other attachments, with which he battles against Amazo and saves both Ivo and Lois Lane. Superman then uses the device to travel five days into the future, when the effects of the red solar radiation have passed Earth. Newly empowered, Superman defeats Amazo and rescues the Justice League. Amazo is reactivated by former Justice League foe the Key, who seeks a cure for his current shrunken state by using the abilities of the superhero team. Hawkman, however, helps the Justice League defeat Amazo, and fellow member Zatanna restores the Key to his former state.
Ivo reactivates Amazo for use against a weaker version of the League, with the android defeating all the new members until finally stopped by the Martian Manhunter and Aquaman. A different Amazo model is activated and battles the superhero team the Conglomerate, and while searching for Ivo encounters the hero Aztek, who reasons with the android. This version briefly battles the Resurrection Man before finally being destroyed.
One version of Amazo is pulled from the timestream by a curious Hourman, who wishes to meet his "ancestor". Amazo responds by attacking Hourman and copying the "Worlogog", an artifact embedded in the android. Amazo then becomes "Timazo" and wreaks havoc with his new-found ability to manipulate time, until hurled back into the timestream as his former self by Hourman. A current version of Amazo has several more encounters with Hourman.
Another version, with the ability to absorb the abilities of the League on a conceptual level, overpowers over two dozen heroes, until Atom tells Superman to announce the team is disbanded. The premise that the League no longer exists deprives the android of purpose and it shuts down. Batman and Nightwing discover a partial Amazo (lacking several abilities) in a weapons shipment, and manage to destroy the android by deactivating its individual abilities, such as using explosive batarangs to damage its leg (preventing it from using the Flash's speed) and covering its eyes with plastic explosive (causing its eyes to be destroyed when it uses Superman's heat vision), before finally destroying it with a missile from the Batmobile.
Ivo then uses parts of the current Amazo along with human ova and DNA to create the android's "son". Awakened prematurely by an earthquake, the junior version of Amazo believes itself to be a philosophy student called Frank Halloran, who dates a girl called Sara. Amazo reveals the truth to his progeny, who attempts to resist his programming by becoming a hero called "Kid Amazo". Slowly becoming insane, Kid Amazo confronts Ivo and discovers Sara is Ivo's daughter and was placed to monitor the android. Batman deduces Kid Amazo has both the powers and the personalities of the JLA, and during a battle with the League creates dissension in the team that the android mimics, causing an internal logic error that destroys it.
Ivo secretly downloads Amazo's programming into the body of the Red Tornado, the creation of sometime ally Professor T.O. Morrow. Several members of the JLA battle an army of Red Tornado androids, until discovering that Red Tornado's body is intended for the mind of Solomon Grundy. Although the process is prevented, the Amazo programming asserts itself and attacks the superhero team, despite their attempts to dismantle the android. Member Vixen eventually destroys the Red Tornado body by shearing it in half.
A new body is created for the Red Tornado, although the Amazo programming from the first body downloads into the shell. The android battles the JLA until teleported into the gravity well of the red star Antares.
The New 52 
The first storyline takes place five years in the past and details the retconned origin of the original Justice League. Victor Stone appears as a high school football star who is heavily sought after by a number of college scouts, but apparently has a distant relationship with his father, Silas. After winning a big game, Victor is shown calling his father and angrily telling him that he broke his promise and missed yet another one of his son's games. Later Victor appears at S.T.A.R. Labs where his father works. The scientists appear to be working on the Mother Box that Superman came in contact with from the Parademon. Victor engages in another argument with his father and tells him that the scouts were there to give him full scholarships to college. When asking if his father will ever appear at any of his games, his father replies "No." Just then the Mother Box explodes killing the scientists and destroying most of Victor's body to which Victor's father looks in horror. Victor and half of his body destroyed. Silas does everything he can for Victor's survival. He along with Sarah Charles, and T. O. Morrow go in "The Red Room" in S.T.A.R. labs which contains every piece of technology from around the world. In Justice League #4 Silas attempts to treat Victor with something that has never been attempted before and he is seen injecting Victor with some type of nanites and putting the robotic pieces on Victor (devices such as: a Promethean skin graft, Doctor William Magnus' responsometer, Anthony Ivo's A-maze operating system, The classified and prototypical B-maze operating system and Ryan Choi's White Dwarf Stabilizer) which turns Victor into Cyborg.In the issue, he sees himself for the first time with his robotic parts. He cannot feel his hands or legs. Just then Parademons attempt to kill Sarah, but Victor fires a cannon from his arm. When Victor asks his father what has happened to him, his father tells him that he had to save him by injecting him with nanites. Angry that his father has done this to him, Victor "super leaps" away from his father. He sees a woman being chased by Parademons. He helps the woman, but is somehow transported or teleported to where Batman, Green Lantern, Superman, Flash, Wonder Woman, and Aquaman are fighting the Parademons, moments before Darkseid arrives. In the back of Justice League #4 which contains S.T.A.R. Labs Employee files, reveals that Professor Ivo(here the Project Director of the A-Maze Operating System) has pioneered the organic pattern process: the means of creating technology to mimic organic life down to a cellular level, which lead to the successful creation of A-Maze OS that mimics cellular regeneration in the field test with the mice. Consequently a parallel support program based on Ivo's design, the B- Maze Operating System, was built without Ivo's knowledge. It has showed results comparable to those of A-Maze OS.
5 years later into the current day, Amazo had officially appeared in Justice League #8 being defeated by the Justice League.  Later the Head of A.R.G.U.S. and World's former Liaison to the Justice League Colonel Steve Trevor and his aide Etta Candy were discussing the events saying the League's fight with Amazo caused million dollars of damage and the city's want to sue someone which leads A.R.G.U.S. establish and result of damage was Green Arrow's fault stating the "Justice League" doesn't make mistakes.  Superman and Superboy later head to discuss the threat of the supervillain, H'EL with Lex Luthor, who is currently the only prisoner in a U.S. Military Facility of Lex's design which contains many safeguards to keep him contained such as the Automated Meta Adapting Zeta-Operating Defense which power is the moment someone touches the ground, they can lock onto that person's gene code and react accordingly.
Powers and abilities 
Professor Ivo's Amazo androids use "absorption cells" to duplicate the powers of metahumans, such as Superman's strength, Flash's speed, Batman's skills and intellect, and the abilities of Wonder Woman, Green Arrow, Aquaman, and Martian Manhunter. He has also demonstrated using the abilities of Atom and Elongated Man and Black Canary. Later versions are also capable of copying objects, such as the power ring of Green Lantern, Wonder Woman's magic lasso, and the Nth metal mace of Hawkgirl. All versions apparently retain the base abilities of the original five members of the Justice League first encountered.
Other versions 
Adventures in the DC Universe 
JLA: The Nail 
The limited series JLA: The Nail reveals, in flashback, that Amazo attacked and crippled Green Arrow during a battle with the JLA (He is also recorded as having killed Hawkman, but this is never explicitly shown). The android is eventually deactivated by the Flash when he is dispatched by the story's mastermind to kill the League of Assassins. Taking advantage of the fact that Amazo can only copy his powers, rather than use them inventively, Flash turns intangible while Amazo is attacking him, and removes Amazo's brain before Amazo can process Flash's new tactic and use it himself. In the sequel, JLA: Another Nail, the brain of the crippled Green Arrow is transferred into Amazo, who sacrifices himself to save the universe.
When reality has been warped by Krona, Wonder Woman is talking to Cap about previous encounters they have had, the first of which was battling against a team-up of Ultron-5 and Amazo. Later Amazo is seen as one of the last villains guarding Krona's base, and helps to overwhelm Thor.
Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew 
The 1980s series Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew presented the parallel Earth of "Earth-C-Minus," a world populated by funny animal superheroes that paralleled the mainstream DC Universe. Earth-C-Minus had a counterpart of Amazo named "Amazoo." Amazoo's android body is a robotic composite of a dozen different animals' body parts and abilities.
In other media 
- Amazo has appeared in the animated television series Justice League voiced by Robert Picardo. Even though he is called "A.M.A.Z.O." on Ivo's blueprints, he is usually referred to as "Ivo's android" or just "The Android" (Doctor Fate referred to him as "Amazo" on separate occasions, however). He first appeared in "Tabula Rasa, Part 1 and 2" when Lex Luthor stumbled upon the house of Dr. Ivo (already found dead), hoping for him to help rebuild his damaged suit to contain his cancer, and found Amazo. Discovering Amazo's powers when Amazo copied his face, Luthor used the Android to help him in his quest against the League, claiming that Ivo would have wanted Luthor to look after Amazo, and saying the League were bad. Amazo proved to be more than a match for the League when he copied their combined powers; however, Luthor's downfall came when the Martian Manhunter allowed Amazo to copy his powers and read Luthor's mind, discovering that he was just using him all along. Luthor activated a bomb near Amazo's head which Ivo had built in, but he survived using his shape-shifting powers. After trouncing Luthor, he flew off into space using Hawkgirl's and Superman's powers. It was commented that he may evolve into a god with his copying powers. This version of Amazo appeared as a smooth, gray, statuesque figure about 10 ft tall with a face that was featureless save for a pair of orange eyes that glow whenever he analyzes and copies a new ability. He also temporarily incorporated elements of the other characters' physique, such as Hawkgirl's wings and the Flash's lightning-shaped antennae, along with their characteristics.
- Amazo later appeared in the Justice League Unlimited episode "The Return" voiced again by Robert Picardo. His formerly gray "skin" now gleaming golden like at the end of Tabula Rasa, his powers have evolved to the point where the combined League, including nearly all of its reserve members, were unable to hold him off while the Atom and Lex Luthor attempted to devise a weapon capable of defeating him using the original plans for the Android designed to neutralize Amazo's nanotechnology. Firing the weapon, it was revealed that Amazo has even evolved beyond the nanotechnology from which it was once made. Amazo had also defeated the entire force of the Green Lantern Corp on their home planet of Oa, before transporting the planet itself to another dimension, for no other reason than it was in his way, during his journey to Earth. However, it is revealed that Amazo was not seeking revenge on Luthor as initially thought, but in fact was looking for his philosophical advice on the meaning of existence. Convinced by Luthor to find the purpose of his existence by observing how life itself plays out over the seemingly endless eternity, Amazo decides to leave Luthor. He then finds a home with Doctor Fate to further ponder this new course for his life. It is later revealed that Luthor originally activated Amazo as part of a complex scheme to gain momentary access to his blueprints, which Luthor promptly memorizes using his photographic memory. He attempted to transfer his mind into the body of a second Amazo, but Amanda Waller destroyed the body during her attempt to arrest Luthor. He also appeared once more in the Justice League Unlimited episode "Wake the Dead," to help stop Solomon Grundy. It was realized that Grundy was absorbing energy, and so Amazo left the fight in order to prevent his vast powers to help the rampaging monster and to consider how to approach the problem.
- Amazo appears in the Young Justice episode "Schooled" voiced by Peter MacNicol (who also voices Professor Ivo). This version is much more mechanical in appearance. Amazo had been in battle with the Justice League. In the process, Amazo copied the powers of Superman, Red Tornado, Black Canary, Martian Manhunter, Flash, Captain Atom and two other League members. When his parts were being shipped to different S.T.A.R. Labs in Boston and New York, the convoy is intercepted by other Professor Ivo robots. Superboy found Professor Ivo, who unleashed Amazo on him. Amazo was getting the upper hand on Superboy until Robin and Kid Flash arrived. Amazo managed to prevent Young Justice from apprehending Professor Ivo. Superboy defeats Amazo by sending his fist through Amazo's head just when it returned from being intangible thus destroying it. The rest of Amazo's parts were shipped to S.T.A.R. Labs. In "Runaways," Amazo's parts were shipped to a S.T.A.R. Labs building in Taos, New Mexico and end up targeted by Red Volcano.
- Amazo appears in Batman: The Brave and the Bold in the episode "Triumvirate of Terror" voiced by Roger Rose. He appears as a member of the Legion of Doom attempting to beat the Justice League International in a baseball game.
- Amazo appears in the 2010 Warner Bros. direct-to-DVD animation Batman: Under the Red Hood voiced by Fred Tatasciore who was uncredited for the role. He was being delivered to Black Mask's gang when some of Red Hood's henchmen took him away on a truck. Batman interfered and in the struggle Amazo was activated, apparently with the powers of Superman, Supergirl, Power Girl, or Martian Manhunter (i.e., invulnerability, super-strength, flight, and heat-beam eye blasts). He proved to be quite formidable, but was subdued after Nightwing showed up to aid his former mentor. Amazo's head was blown off with plastique and his remains were confiscated by Batman.
Video games 
See also 
- Conroy, Mike (October 2004). 500 Comic Book Villains. Barron's Educational Series. ISBN 978-0-7641-2908-7.
- The Brave and the Bold #30 (July 1960)
- Justice League of America #27 (May 1964)
- Justice League of America #111-112 (June – August 1974)
- Action Comics (vol. 1) #480-483 (February – May 1978)
- Justice League of America #191 (June 1981)
- Justice League of America #241-243 (August – October 1985)
- Justice League Quarterly #12 (Fall 1993)
- Aztek: The Ultimate Man #10 (May 1997)
- Resurrection Man #2 (June 1997)
- Hourman #1 (April 1999)
- Hourman #5-7 (August – October 1999), #17 (August 2000), #19-21 (October – December 2000)
- JLA #27 (March 1999)
- Batman (vol. 1) #636-637 (March – April 2005)
- Villains United: Infinite Crisis Special (June 2006)
- JLA Classified #37-41 (June – October 2007)
- Justice League of America #1-5 (October 2006 – March 2007)
- Justice League of America (vol. 2) #21-23 (July – September 2008)
- Justice League (vol. 2) #4 (February 2012)
- Justice League (vol. 2) #8 (June 2012)
- DC Comics The New 52 Free Comic Book Day comic (vol. 1) #1 (June 2012)
- Superman (vol.3) #15 (February 2013)
- Adventures in the DC Universe #18 (September 1998)
- JLA: The Nail #1-3 (September – November 1998)
- JLA: Another Nail #1-3 (July – September 2004)
- Flashpoint: Legion of Doom #1 (June 2011)
- Flashpoint: Legion of Doom #2 (July 2011)
- Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew #14-15 (April - May 1983)