Memorial Stadium, Lincoln
|"Sea of Red"
Tom Osborne Field
|Location||600 Stadium Drive
Lincoln, Nebraska 68508
|Broke ground||April 26, 1923|
|Opened||October 20, 1923|
|Expanded||1964, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1998, 2006, 2013|
|Owner||University of Nebraska–Lincoln|
|Operator||University of Nebraska–Lincoln|
|Construction cost||$430,000 (original structure)
($5.95 million in 2014 dollars)
|Architect||John Latenser, Sr. and Sons
Davis & Wilson
|Project manager||Earl Hawkins|
|Structural engineer||Meyer & Jolly|
|General contractor||Parsons Construction Co.|
|Record attendance||91,471 (vs. UCLA - Sept. 14, 2013)|
|Nebraska Cornhuskers (NCAA) (1923–present)|
The stadium holds an ongoing NCAA record of 333 consecutive sellouts, which began in 1962. When full, Memorial Stadium holds more people than any Nebraska city except Omaha and Lincoln. Because most fans wear red apparel, the stadium is referred to as the "Sea of Red" on game days.
In the fall of 1922, a drive for $430,000 in funds to build a new football stadium was undertaken by faculty, students, alumni and friends of the university. Designed by John Latenser, Sr., a notable Omaha architect, the stadium was named Memorial Stadium to honor all Nebraskans who served in the Civil and Spanish-American Wars and the 751 Nebraskans who died in World War I. Later, the stadium would also honor the 3,839 Nebraskans who died in World War II; the 225 in Korea; and the 422 in Vietnam. Construction was completed in just over 90 working days; Memorial Stadium was dedicated on October 20, 1923.
- Southeast: "In Commemoration of the men of Nebraska who served and fell in the Nation's Wars."
- Southwest: "Not the victory but the action; Not the goal but the game; In the deed the glory."
- Northwest: "Courage; Generosity; Fairness; Honor; In these are the true awards of manly sport."
- Northeast: "Their Lives they held their country's trust; They kept its faith; They died its heroes."
A statue of Nebraska former coach Tom Osborne and former Nebraska quarterback Brook Berringer can be found outside the north side of the stadium. Berringer was a quarterback on Nebraska's 1994 and 1995 national championship teams who died in a plane crash in April 1996, just two days before the 1996 NFL Draft where he was expected to be an early/middle round pick.
Memorial Stadium has undergone several phases of expansion and renovation since its original construction. In its original configuration, the stadium consisted of stands on the east and west sidelines. It was modeled after Ohio State's Ohio Stadium and had a seating capacity of around 31,000. A series of four additions between 1964 and 1972 enclosed the stadium by adding seats above the north and south end zones, more than doubling Memorial Stadium's seating capacity to nearly 74,000. A major renovation in 1999 added 42 luxury boxes above the west stands; the stadium was rededicated and the playing surface was renamed after retiring coach Tom Osborne. Osborne, known for his trademark modesty, was notably embarrassed by this gesture.
In 2004, construction began to renovate and expand the north end zone stands. Memorial Stadium now features an additional 13 luxury boxes above the north stands called the "Skyline Suites" and an additional 6,000 seats, increasing seating capacity to 81,067. Nebraska has the twentieth-largest video screen in college football, at 33 feet (10 m) tall and nearly 40 yards (37 m) wide. (At the time it was completed in 2004, the scoreboard was the largest in a college football stadium.) Before the 2009 season two new high definition video screens were added on the northeast and northwest pillars of the original stadium, bringing the total number of high definition screens in the stadium to five. Concurrently, ribbon boards stretching the length of the field were installed along the east and west balconies of the stadium.
On October 15, 2010, the University announced that its Board of Regents had approved an expansion project that is anticipated to cost up to $65 million, increasing the stadium's listed seating capacity to 87,091. This expansion was built on the stadium's east side, and includes 3,300 general admission seats, 2,119 new club seats and 38 additional skybox suites. The expansion totals more than 6,000 new seats and brings the total number of private suites inside the stadium to 101. The original east facade of the stadium, plus Gate 20, was preserved within a new entrance lobby. The creation of the first standing room only area in Memorial Stadium was also built; an area available for companies and private parties to host events on a game-to-game basis. In addition, the University created a 20,000 square feet (1,900 m2) cutting edge athletics research facility in addition to another 20,000 square feet (1,900 m2) dedicated to campus research. The expansion project was completed and dedicated on August 22, 2013. The project was initially voted on by fans of the football program, who were asked if they preferred expanding the stadium capacity, or preserving the stadium's ongoing NCAA-record sell-out streak. The outcome of the polling was overwhelmingly in favor of expansion while maintaining the sellout streak.
- 1923: 31,080, original stadium, with stands on both sides
- 1964: 48,000, south end zone bleachers erected, making stadium a horseshoe
- 1965: 52,455, center section of north end zone bleachers erected
- 1966: 62,644, the rest of the north stadium bleachers finished
- 1967: 64,170, New press box
- 1972: 73,650, south end zone bleachers extended
- 1994: 72,700, reduced capacity for handicapped seating, HuskerVision video screens installed
- 1999: 74,056, new press box that included new skyboxes, and club seating
- 2000: 73,918, reduced capacity for more club seating
- 2006: 81,067, bleachers extended again for north stadium, new skyboxes, new video boards, Tom and Nancy Osborne Training Facility, ADA-compliant seating and additional coaching offices for football and athletic department administration
- 2009: 81,091
- 2013: 87,091  east stands expansion, new skyboxes, new covered/heated club seating, new general admission seating
- 1923–1969: Natural grass
- 1970–1976: AstroTurf
- 1977–1983: AstroTurf (replaced 1970 turf)
- 1984–1991: All-Pro Turf
- 1992–1998: AstroTurf-9
- 1999–2004: FieldTurf
- 2005–2013: FieldTurf (replaced 1999 turf), crown lowered, black pellet layer
- 2013–Present: FIeldTurf, "Cool Play System", cork layer
Memorial Stadium was the first college football stadium in Division I-A to install FieldTurf, in 1999. A second FieldTurf installation featuring an alternating light green/dark green "mowing" pattern every five yards was put in place prior to the 2005 season, to coincide with a removal of a fairly significant crown that had been in place for decades. A third FieldTurf installation featuring the traditional alternating light green/dark green "mowing" pattern every 5 yards was put in place prior to the 2013 season. The new turf features new construction materials for a "lighter and cooler" playing surface incorporating cork into the top layer of the traditional recycled tire surface.
Starting in the early 1980s, portable lighting was occasionally installed for late-autumn games shown on national television, usually those against the University of Oklahoma.
The first proper night game at Memorial Stadium took place on September 6, 1986, when Nebraska defeated Florida State 34–17.
The following are the top ten highest attended games at Memorial Stadium:
|1||91,471||September 14, 2013||Nebraska 21, UCLA 41|
|2||91,260||November 29, 2013||Nebraska 17, Iowa 38|
|3||91,185||August 31, 2013||Nebraska 37, Wyoming 34|
|4||91,140||November 2, 2013||Nebraska 27, Northwestern 24|
|5||90,872||November 16, 2013||Nebraska 28, Michigan State 41|
|6||90,614||September 21, 2013||Nebraska 59, South Dakota State 20|
|7||90,466||September 7, 2013||Nebraska 56, Southern Miss 13|
|8||90,458||October 5, 2013||Nebraska 39, Illinois 19|
|9||86,304||September 26, 2009||Nebraska 55, Louisiana–Lafayette 0|
|10||86,160||October 28, 2012||Nebraska 23, Michigan 9|
- University of Nebraska–Lincoln. "UNL Historic Buildings - Memorial Stadium". Retrieved February 18, 2008.
- Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- "Building the Nebraska University Concrete Stadium". Engineering News-Record (McGraw-Hill) 93 (13): 498. 1924.
- "Nation's Best Facilities". Huskers.com. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Cordes, Henry. "Memorial Stadium expansion makes room for more fans-and more academic research". Omaha World Herald. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
- Kaipust, Rich (July 7, 2010). "Wanted: More Seats, Safe Sellout Streak". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- Mott, James A. Wisconsin Football Facts 1966: Athletic Review 1965-1966. The University of Wisconsin Collection. p. 27. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- "2013 Nebraska Football Game Notes: Nebraska vs. Wyoming". www.huskers.com. Nebraska Athletic Department. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- Reed, Leslie (October 8, 2010). "Plan Means More Seats by 2013". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Christopherson, Brian (March 27, 2011). "East Stadium Expansion Project Comes With Some Flexibility". Lincoln Journal Star. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Memorial Stadium Records". Huskers.com. November 15, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2011.