Miguel de Benavides

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The Most Reverend
Miguel de Benavides
Archbishop of Manila
Miguel de Benavides1.JPG
Province Manila
See Manila
Installed October 7, 1602
Term ended July 26, 1605
Predecessor Ignacio Santibáñez, O.F.M.
Successor Diego Vázquez de Mercado
Other posts Bishop of Nueva Segovia
Orders
Ordination 1568
Personal details
Born c. 1552
Carrion de los Condes, Spain
Died 26 July 1605 (aged 52–53)
Manila, Spanish East Indies
Nationality Spanish
Denomination Roman Catholic
Styles of
Arzobispo Miguel de Benavides
Mitre (plain).svg
Reference style Monseñor
Spoken style Su Excelencia Reverendísima
Religious style Reverendísimo

Miguel de Benavides y Añoza (c. 1552 – July 26, 1605) was a Spanish clergyman and sinologist, the first Bishop of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia, the third Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Manila, and founder of the University of Santo Tomas in Manila.[1]

Biography[edit]

Miguel de Benavides was born in 1552, to a noble family in Carrión de los Condes, Spain. He entered the Dominican Order in San Pablo de la Moraleja, Valladolid, and later rendered service in Colegio de San Gregorio.[1]

He joined the first group of Dominicans going to Manila in 1587, proceeding with them on to China where he hoped to expand the local Catholic church. He was later exiled, and established a hospital for the Chinese in Binondo, Manila, before becoming the head of his order. He accompanied Archbishop Domingo de Salazar to Spain to defend the native Filipinos against Spanish oppression.[1]

Bishop[edit]

He was appointed as the first bishop of Nueva Segovia and was consecrated in Mexico in 1597. He authored the Doctrina Christiana in Chinese, the first book printed in the Philippines. He arrived in Nueva Segovia in 1599 but was, after three years, appointed as the Archbishop of Manila on October 7, 1602. His consecration in Manila was financed by King Philip III himself, for Benavides was extremely poor. On September 9, 1603, he directed the Franciscans to oversee the Japanese staying in the Philippines. In the same year, he was accused of participating in the killing of thousands of Chinese during the Chinese rebellion in Manila.[1]

He died on July 26, 1605 in Manila.

His library and personal property worth ₱1,500 were donated for the establishment of an institution of higher learning, the University of Santo Tomas.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Aparicio, A.; Tejero, P.; et al. (2006 August). News in Print: Special Issue. Retrieved December 23, 2009, from http://www.scribd.com

External links[edit]

Religious titles
Preceded by
Ignacio Santibáñez
Archbishop of Manila
1602–1605
Succeeded by
Diego Vázquez de Mercado