(From top, left to right): Mandaluyong City Hall, Cybergate skyline, San Felipe Neri Parish Church, EDSA Pioneer area, Monument of Youth
|Nickname(s): Shopping Capital of the Philippines
The Millennium City
The Golden Heart of Metro Manila
Tiger City of the Philippines
|Motto: Sulong Mandaluyong!
(English: Onward Mandaluyong!)
Location within Metro Manila
|Region||National Capital Region|
|District||Lone District of Mandaluyong City|
|Cityhood||9 February 1994|
|• Mayor||Benjamin D.C. Abalos, Jr. (Lakas-CMD)|
|• Vice Mayor||Edward Bartolome (Liberal)|
|• Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Total||21.26 km2 (8.21 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||213 m (699 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Density||15,461/km2 (40,040/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Dialing code||+63 (0)02|
Mandaluyong is a city in the Philippines. It is one of the 16 cities that comprise Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the country. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 328,699.
Among the many attractions in the city is the western half of the Ortigas Center, one of the major centers of business and commerce in the metropolis (the eastern half is in Pasig City). Found within the Mandaluyong portion of the Ortigas Center is the main headquarters of the Asian Development Bank, Banco De Oro, and the headquarters of San Miguel Corporation, Southeast Asia's largest food and beverage company. One of the most prominent pharmaceutical laboratories and factories, Unilab, is located here.
There are different stories on the origin of the name “Mandaluyong”.
Another claims that the Spaniards named the place based on the report of a navigator named Acapulco, who saw the rolling hills frequently being lashed at by daluyong (“big waves from the sea”). This seems to confirm traditional pre-Hispanic stories that giant waves from the sea would meet the adjoining hills of the vast lowland, referred to as salpukan ng alon. Felix dela Huerta, a Franciscan historian, observed that the rolling topography of this land resembled giant waves of the sea. As with the etymological legends of many Philippine places, when the foreigners asked as to what the place was called, the locals answered with the description "madaluyong" ("undulating"), later transcribed by Spanish writers into "Mandaluyong" with the addition of an “n”.
Romantic residents, however, peddle the similarly formulaic legend of a Maharlika named Luyong who fell in love with Manda, the lovely daughter of a barangay chieftain. The chieftain had no personal liking for Luyong and forbade him Manda's hand. Luyong overcame this objection by winning a series of tribal contests which was the custom at the time. The couple settled thereafter in a place which was later called “Mandaluyong" by means of joining their names.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2014)|
Mandaluyong formed part of what was once the Kingdom of Sapa of the Great Majapahit Empire around 1300. More than a century later, around 1470, it expanded and was called the Kingdom of Namayan. The vast kingdom comprised what are now Quiapo, San Miguel, Sta. Mesa, Paco, Pandacan, Malate and Sta. Ana in Manila, and Mandaluyong, San Juan, Makati, Pasay, Pateros, Taguig, Parañaque, and portions of Pasig and Quezon City up to Diliman.
Mandaluyong was first known as a barrio of Sta. Ana de Sapa which was part of the District of Paco, Province of Tondo. Named San Felipe Neri by the Spaniards in honor of the patron saint of Rome, it was separated from Sta. Ana de Sapa in 1841.
Mandaluyong shows significance in the historic Philippine Revolution of 1896 as the baluarte (territory) of Katipunan or "Makabuhay" group with seventeen (17) branches. On August 29, 1896, Andres Bonifacio, together with Emilio Jacinto and other members of the Katipunan went into the house of Romualdo Vicencio at Sitio Balakbak (now Villa San Miguel) to prepare for the upcoming revolution against Spainish authority. In this site, Bonifacio read the last manifestation of the Katipunan before they transferred in Hagdan Bato, in the house of Felix Sanchez. This event is also known as the "29 de Agosto" and "Pinagtipunan" in which it is already named in two streets near the historic Barangay Hagdan Bato Itaas. On August 30, 1896, after the successfully revolution in San Felipe Neri, the katipuneros went to San Juan del Monte and attacked the El Polvorin (Gunpowder depot) in order to amass more weapons to use against the Spaniards. This event is popularly known as the Battle of San Juan del Monte.
During the American Occupation, San Felipe Neri was consolidated with the municipality of San Juan del Monte. For several months in 1904, San Felipe Neri became the capital of Rizal Province. However in 1907, San Felipe Neri became an independent municipality when it was partitioned from San Juan. Many government infrastructures are established during the American Period including the Correctional Institute for Women, Welfareville Compound, The Boy's Town, and the National Center for Mental Health. After the World War II, Mandaluyong began to become progressive and dramatically increase the economy. Many infrastructures, companies, and other businesses were developed in 1950s-1960s and as the result, Mandaluyong recognized as the most developed municipality in the Province of Rizal. On November 7, 1975, Mandaluyong was formally included in newly-established Metropolitan Manila by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824 signed by President Ferdinand Marcos. The House Bill № 3836 authored by Rep. Ronaldo Zamora and Senate President Neptali Gonzales converting the Municipality of Mandaluyong into City which is later approved by President Fidel Ramos and become Republic Act no. 8769. In 2003, Mandaluyong recognized as "The Tiger City of the Philippines" because of dramatically improvement of the City's economy.
Mandaluyong is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.
|1||Hagdan Bato Itaas||18.36||9,431||10,102|
|1||Hagdan Bato Libis||15.48||6,241||6,716|
|1||Harapin Ang Bukas||4.89||4,069||4,073|
|Population Census of Mandaluyong|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Mandaluyong is deemed as the "Tiger City" because of its vibrant business and economic activity. The city is home to a number of shopping centers, entertainment hubs, commercial establishments, high-rise offices, residential condominiums and hotels. The city is now one of the most important business and financial areas in the metropolis.
Like other cities in Metro Manila, Mandaluyong has its own share of commercial strips and a central business district. The former commercial area, consisting mostly of banks, offices and service establishments, stretch along public transport routes thereby serving both local consumers and passers-by from the neighboring localities. Major commercial strips of the city include the stretch of Boni Avenue, Shaw Boulevard, Libertad-Sierra Madre area, Kalentong, San Francisco, part of Martinez, Sgt. Bumatay towards Barangka Drive and Pinatubo towards EDSA. Mandaluyong's central business district is concentrated on the EDSA-Shaw-Pioneer area.
Industrial activities are mostly concentrated within the Shaw Boulevard-Pioneer area and along the Pasig River. Although prominent in the manufacture of foods, medicines and laboratory equipment, these industries are gradually declining in number, opting to relocate in newly developed industrial zones outside Metropolitan Manila. In the Pasig River area, particularly in Barangays Namayan and Mabini J. Rizal, areas formerly industrial are now the sites for residential subdivisions and townhouses. In the EDSA-Shaw-Pioneer area, the transformation is toward a more economically profitable and globally competitive commercial activity. And, since 2013, Mandaluyong is the home of one of the largest television networks in the country, TV5.
The City of Mandaluyong is known for being the "Shopping Capital of the Philippines", it is home to a cluster of shopping centers which stand side by side. These shopping malls plays an important role in the economy of the city.
- SM Megamall - is a large shopping mall located in the Ortigas business district of Metro Manila. It one of the largest SM Supermall developed and operated by SM Prime Holdings, the largest mall operator in the Philippines owned by Henry Sy. The mall has two buildings interconnected with a bridge. The SM Megamall is the largest shopping mall in the country with a floor area of 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft). The mall has a maximum capacity of 4 million people, it is as large as the Changi Airport Terminal 2 in Singapore.
- Shangri-La Plaza Mall - is an upscale shopping mall located at the Ortigas Center. It was established and developed by the Kuok Group of Companies, the owner of the worldwide chain of Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts.
- The Podium - an upscale shopping center located along ADB Avenue at the heart of the Ortigas Center, a major business and commercial district in Mandaluyong City. It was developed in December 2001 and officially opened in August 2002 as a joint project of Singaporean company, Keppel Land and SM Prime Holdings, the parent company of SM Supermalls.
- Forum Robinsons - is a specialty mall within Cybergate, a modern business and residential complex at the corner of EDSA and Pioneer Street in Mandaluyong. The shopping center highlights information technology product categories.
- St. Francis Square Mall - is one of the notable shopping center in the city, the mall is a modern low-rise building holding a 3,000 capacity auditorium and houses over 1,000 stalls and stores.
- Starmall EDSA-Shaw - located at the corner of one of the city's busiest roads: EDSA and Shaw Boulevard, with over 200 shops and dining outlets, digital cinemas and a bowling lane.
- EDSA Central Pavilion - a shopping complex that contains a discount warehouse, food market, various shops and food chains.
Accessibility is among the city’s major advantages, the city is provided with good access roads to and from adjacent cities in the metropolis. The city is served by one of Metro Manila's main roads such as the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), Ortigas Avenue and Shaw Boulevard.
Mandaluyong is served by the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), Metro Manila's main thoroughfare. Considered as the heart of the metropolis, main roads such as the Ortigas Avenue and Shaw Boulevard provide inter-city linkages, while Boni Avenue and Martinez Street (C-3 Road) serve as alternate routes in the city. Other major roads in Mandaluyong include Pioneer Street and Julia Vargas Avenue. Jeepneys are one of the most popular mode of public transportation for commuters in the city. Aside from jeepneys, tricycles and pedicabs are also one of the important modes of public transportation in Mandaluyong, especially on alleys around the city.
The presence of the Pasig River stretching along the south border of Mandaluyong provides an alternative route and mode of public transportation mainly for cargo freight of industries along the river, and for commuters seeking for a faster and more direct route to and from the cities of Pasig and Manila. The Pasig River Ferry Service has one station in the city.
Mandaluyong has several private and public hospitals & health center, namely the privately owned Dr. Victor R. Potenciano Medical Center along EDSA and Unciano General Hospital, and the government hospital Mandaluyong City Medical Center. The city is also home to the National Center for Mental Health. Many residents, specifically the middle-to-upper class medical clientele, visit the nearby The Medical City in Ortigas Center.
The Dr. Victor R. Potenciano Medical Center is a tertiary care hospital that has a 189-bed capacity within its 10-storey hospital building.
In 2007, the Mandaluyong City government, together with non-governmental organization Rehabilitation and Empowerment of Adults and Children (REACH) Foundation, established a community-based rehabilitation program called Project Therapy, Education, and Assimilation of Children with Handicap (TEACH), that caters to children with special needs coming from indigent families. Services given by Project TEACH include free occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy and special education classes. 
Four well-known educational institutions in the city are the Arellano University, Mandaluyong (Plaridel Campus), Don Bosco Technical College, Jose Rizal University and Rizal Technological University.
A good number of city officials of Mandaluyong are alumni of Don Bosco, including incumbent City Mayor, Hon. Benjamin Abalos, Jr. (HS '79); former Vice Mayor, Hon. Renato Sta. Maria (HS '65); City Councilors Edward Bartolome (HS '96), Noel Bernardo (HS '79), and Jonathan Abalos (HS '85). Other notable alumni include "King of Pinoy Rap," Francis Magalona (HS '81); and actor Ricky Davao (HS '78). Meanwhile, the alumni of JRU that includes President Ramon Magsaysay, Roderick Paulate, and Secretary Armand V. Fabella; and Mike Tan as RTU alumnus.
Other colleges in the city include the Our Lady of Guadalupe Colleges (specializing in Medicine and Nursing), STI and AMA (both specializing in Computer Technology education, both located on Shaw Boulevard), NAMEI Polytechnic Institute (specializing in Marine Sciences), and the International Baptist College.
The city is also home to Lourdes School of Mandaluyong (est. 1959), a Franciscan-Marian all-boys school, located in the Ortigas Center district managed by the OFM Capuchins; La Salle Green Hills (est. 1959), a private all-boys high school, managed by the De La Salle Brothers, located along Ortigas Avenue; and Saint Pedro Poveda College (est. 1960), another famous all-girls institution, offering pre-school, grade school, high school, and college education. Although the official school address is Quezon City, part of the lot Poveda's campus stands on is under Mandaluyong City.
Mandaluyong High School (est. 1977) is the oldest public high school in the city. City of Mandaluyong Science High School (est. 1996), a public science high school on E. Pantaleon St. The city has 18 public schools, including primary and secondary schools as prioritize by the city government.
2013 Local Election Results:
Lone Legislative District
|Neptali M. Gonzales II||Liberal||
|City Mayor||Benjamin D.C. Abalos Jr.||Lakas-CMD||
|City Vice Mayor||Edward G. Bartolome||Liberal Party||
|1st Sanggunian District|
|Antonio D. Suva||Lakas-CMD||
|Ayla V. Alim||Liberal||
|Luisito E. Espinosa||Nationalist Peoples Coalition||
|Grace Antonio||United Nationalist Alliance||
|Alex I. Santos||Liberal Party||
|2nd Sanggunian District|
|Cherry Lynn Pablo-Santos||Nationalist Peoples Coalition||
|Fernando S. Ocampo||Lakas-CMD||
|Roehl B. Bacar||Independent||
|Jesus C.Cruz||Liberal Party||
|Alexander C. Sta. Maria||Liberal Party||
|Francisco O. Esteban||Lakas-CMD||
The Official March of Mandaluyong is entitled "Martsa ng Mandaluyong" which was composed by former Councilor Delfin Asistio during the incumbency of former Mayor Benjamin Abalos.
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