Military Readiness Enhancement Act
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The Military Readiness Enhancement Act was a bill introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives in several sessions between 2005 and 2009. It would have amended title 10, United States Code to include a policy of nondiscrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, replacing the policy known as "Don't ask, don't tell" (DADT), which banned disclosing one's homosexuality while serving in the Armed Forces.
The bill remained stalled in committee each time it was introduced. In 2010, its backers succeeded in repealing DADT effective September 2011, without establishing a nondiscrimination policy.
Rep. Marty Meehan introduced the legislation in the 109th on March 2, 2005, and 110th Congress on March 28, 2007. Rep. Ellen Tauscher introduced it in the 111th Congress on March 3, 2009. Patrick Murphy took over the sponsorship of the legislation after Tauscher's resignation in June 2009.
The 2005 bill had 122 cosponsors and the 2007 bill had 149 cosponsors. They were both referred to the House Committee on Armed Services and the Subcommittee on Military Personnel but failed to advance. The 2009 bill had 192 cosponsors as of April 22, 2010, and was referred to the House Committee on Armed Services and the Subcommittee on Military Personnel. The 192 cosponsors in the House of Representatives included 190 Democrats and two Republicans, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Joseph Cao.
|Congress||Short title||Bill number(s)||Date introduced||Sponsor(s)||# of cosponsors||Latest status|
|111th Congress||Military Readiness Enhancement Act of 2009||S. 3065||August 5, 2009||Sen. Joe Lieberman (ID-CT)||33||Referred the Armed Services Committee|
|H.R. 1283||March 3, 2009||Ellen Tauscher (D-CA); Patrick Murphy (D-PA)||192||Referred to Subcommittee on Military Personnel|
|110th Congress||Military Readiness Enhancement Act of 2007||H.R. 1246||March 28, 2007||Marty Meehan (D-MA)||149|
|109th Congress||Military Readiness Enhancement Act of 2005||H.R. 1059||March 2, 2005||122|
Debate on DADT repeal
Supporters of the repeal wanted Congress to eliminate the policy with the 2010 defense authorization bill in April 2009. In July 2009, Patrick Murphy announced a "Voices of Honor" tour with the Human Rights Campaign to increase awareness of his non-discrimination bill. On October 16, 2009, The Hill reported that Congressional leaders expected the repeal of DADT to pass in early 2010. President Barack Obama stated that if passed by Congress, he would sign a bill repealing DADT.
On March 3, 2010, Sen. Joseph Lieberman introduced the legislation, now called the Military Readiness Enhancement Act of 2010, in the Senate with original cosponsors including Democratic Sens. Carl Levin of Michigan, Mark Udall of Colorado, Kirsten Gillibrand of New York, Roland Burris of Illinois, Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico, Barbara Boxer of California, Ron Wyden of Oregon, Patrick Leahy of Vermont, Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania, Jeff Merkley of Oregon, and Dianne Feinstein of California. Nine more Senate Democrats announced their support on March 9.
The House of Representatives voted 234–194 to add language based on the Military Readiness Enhancement Act, the Murphy amendment, to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 2011 on May 27, 2010. On September 21, 2010, John McCain led a successful (56 in favor, 43 opposed) filibuster against ending Senate debate on the Defense Authorization Act. Following additional legislative maneuvering, Murphy introduced the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, which eliminated the policy without prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation, on December 10, and Sens. Lieberman and Susan Collins introduced it in the Senate, The House passed it on a vote of 250 to 175 on December 15, 2010, and the Senate passed it by a vote of 65–31 on December 18, 2010.
- Sherman, Emily (2009-07-09). "Vet-turned-congressman: End 'don't ask, don't tell'". CNN. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
- H.R.1283 Cosponsors - THOMAS (Library of Congress
- Miller, Sunlen; Davis, Teddy (2009-03-02). "Calls for Repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" - When Will the President Act?". ABC News. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
- Zimmermann, Eric; Romm, Tony (2009-03-02). "Congressional leaders signaling move to repeal 'Don't ask, don't tell'". The Hill. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Eleveld, Kerry (2010-03-03). "Exclusive: Lieberman Details DADT Repeal Bill". The Advocate. Retrieved 2010-03-03.
- Garcia, Michelle (2010-03-09). "More Senators Backing DADT Repeal". The Advocate. Retrieved 2010-03-09.
- "Final vote results for roll call 317". Clerk.house.gov. May 27, 2010. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
- "Senate halts 'don't ask, don't tell' repeal". CNN. September 22, 2010.
- O'Keefe, Ed; Kane, Paul (December 9, 2010). "'Don't ask, don't tell' procedural vote fails". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
- O'Keefe, Ed; Whitlock, Craig (December 11, 2010). "New bill introduced to end 'don't ask, don't tell'". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- "Final vote results for roll call 638". Clerk.house.gov. December 15, 2010. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
- Hulse, Carl (December 18, 2010). "Senate Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2010.