Motor Vehicle Driving License

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The Motor Vehicle Driving License (simplified Chinese: 机动车驾驶证; traditional Chinese: 機動車駕駛證; pinyin: Jīdòngchē Jiàshǐzhèng) is the legal driving license within China excluding the two special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). In these two territories separate driving license must be obtained from their respective traffic authorities. It is issued, ratified and regularly inspected by the traffic administrative department of the public security organ.[1] Minimum age varies from 18 (for cars) all the way up to 26 (for large buses) in the country. Learner's licences, although granted, have little effect, as most training takes place within the confines of specially-designed training areas inaccessible, on paper, to the general motoring public. Previously, expressways were inaccessible even for holders of a normal driver's licence if they did not possess the licence for a full year; however, such a regulation has now been invalidated. Drivers with licences less than a year old, however, are still considered "intern drivers" or "new drivers" (Chinese: 实习司机; pinyin: shíxí siji), and certain limitations apply to them (for example, they must display a uniform label on the car when they are driving). The PRC considers the driving licence, under a new law, an administrative licence (Chinese: 行政许可; pinyin: xíngzhèng xuke).

Some areas do not issue motorcycle licenses or three-wheeler licenses any more. This promotes driving without a license, a fake license or an illegally purchased license.

Types of license[edit]

Type Name Chinese Other categories included Intl. Eqs.
A1
Heavy passenger vehicles 大型客車 A3, B1, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, M
D
A2
Tractors 牽引車 B1, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, M
E
A3
City buses 城市公交車 C1, C2, C3, C4
D
B1
Middle passenger vehicles 中型客車 C1, C2, C3, C4, M
D1
B2
Heavy goods vehicles 大型貨車 C1, C2, C3, C4, M
C
C1
Light motor vehicle, camper 小型汽車 C2, C3, C4
B
C2
Automatic transmission light motor vehicle 小型自動檔汽車
C3
Low-speed goods vehicle 低速載貨汽車 C4
C4
Three-wheel motor vehicles 三輪汽車
B1
D
Ordinary three-wheel motorcycles 普通三輪摩托車 E, F
E
Ordinary two-wheel motorcycles 普通二輪摩托車 F
A
F
Light motorcycles 輕便摩托車
A1
M
Wheel type automobiles 輪式自行機械車
N/A
N
Trolleybuses 無軌電車
P
Trams 有軌電車

Note: A Class C5 license has been introduced for 残疾人专用小型自动挡载客汽车 (small passenger cars with automatic transmission for people with disabilities).

References[edit]

External links[edit]