Nell Carter

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Nell Carter
Nell Carter.jpg
Born Nell Ruth Hardy
(1948-09-13)September 13, 1948
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
Died January 23, 2003(2003-01-23) (aged 54)
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Heart disease complicated by diabetes
Resting place
Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery
Nationality American
Other names Nell Ruth Carter
Nell-Ruth Carter
Education A. H. Parker High School
Occupation Actress, singer
Years active 1970–2003
Known for Gimme A Break!
Spouse(s) George Krynicki (m. 1982–92)
Roger Larocque (m. 1992–93)
Partner(s) Ann Kaser
Children 3

Nell Carter (September 13, 1948 – January 23, 2003) was an American singer and actress. She won a Tony Award for her performance in the Broadway musical Ain't Misbehavin', as well as an Emmy Award for her reprisal of the role on television.

From 1981 to 1987, Carter starred in the NBC sitcom Gimme a Break!. She received two Emmy and two Golden Globe nominations for her work on the series.

Early life[edit]

Born Nell Ruth Hardy in Birmingham, Alabama, she was one of nine children born to Horace and Edna Mae Hardy. When she was two years old, her father was electrocuted after he stepped on a live power line.[1][2]

As a child, she began singing on a local gospel radio show and was also a member of the church choir. At the age of 16, she was raped at gunpoint and became pregnant. She gave birth to a daughter, Tracey, who was raised by her aunt. At the age of 19, she left Birmingham and moved to New York City, changing her surname to Carter.[2] While living in New York City, Carter sang in coffee shops before landing her first role on Broadway in 1971.[3]

Career[edit]

Carter made her Broadway debut in the 1971 rock opera Soon, which closed after three performances. She was the Music Director for the 1974 Westbeth Playwrights Feminist Collective's production of "What Time of Night It Is". Carter appeared alongside Bette Davis in the 1974 stage musical Miss Moffat, based on Davis' earlier film The Corn Is Green. The show closed before making it to Broadway. She broke into stardom in the musical Ain't Misbehavin, for which she won a Tony Award in 1978. She won an Emmy for the same role in a televised performance in 1982. Additional Broadway credits included Dude and Annie.

In 1979, she had a part in the Miloš Forman-directed musical film adaptation of Hair. Her vocal talents are showcased throughout the motion picture soundtrack. One of the more memorable moments in the film involves her rendition of the song "White Boys" where she can be seen dancing playfully as she performs the song (alongside Ain't Misbehavin co-star, Charlayne Woodard).[citation needed]

In 1978, Carter was cast as Effie White in the Broadway musical Dreamgirls, but departed the production during development to take a television role on the ABC soap opera, Ryan's Hope in New York. When Dreamgirls premiered in late 1981, Jennifer Holliday had taken over the lead. Carter also took a role on television's The Misadventures of Sheriff Lobo, before landing a steady role as Nell Harper on the sitcom Gimme a Break!, for which she earned Golden Globe and Emmy Award nominations. The popular show lasted from 1981-87.[4]

Within a couple of a years after Gimme a Break!, Carter pursued new TV series projects. In 1989, she shot a pilot for NBC entitled Morton's By the Bay, which aired as a one-time special in May of that year. In this, Carter played the assistant to the owner of a banquet hall, and the focus was on her and her mad-cap staff. Alan Ruck and Jann Karam co-starred. NBC passed on the series development. In October of that same year, she performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" prior to Game 4 of the 1989 World Series, played at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California.

The following year, Carter starred in the CBS comedy You Take the Kids. The series, which was perceived as being the black answer to Roseanne due to its portrayal of a working-class African-American family, featured Carter as a crass, no-nonsense mother and wife. You Take the Kids faced poor ratings and reviews, and had a month's run from December 1990 to January 1991. During the early 1990s, Carter appeared in low-budget films, TV specials, and on game shows such as Match Game '90 and To Tell the Truth. She co-starred in Hangin' with Mr. Cooper from 1993-95.[4]

In the mid-1990s, Carter appeared on Broadway in a revival of Annie as Miss Hannigan. She was very upset when commercials promoting the show used a different actress, Marcia Lewis, a white actress, as Miss Hannigan. The producers claimed that the commercials, which were made during an earlier production, were too costly to reshoot. Carter claimed racism played a part in the decision. "Maybe they don't want audiences to know Nell Carter is black",[5] she told the New York Post. However, the ads did mention that Carter was in the show. "It hurts a lot", Carter told the Post, "I've asked them nicely to stop it — it's insulting to me as a black woman."[citation needed]

Carter was later replaced by Sally Struthers. In 2001, she appeared as a special guest star on the pilot episode of the new WB show Reba and continued with the show, making three appearances in season one. The following year, Carter made two appearances on Ally McBeal. The following year had her rehearsing for a production of Raisin, a stage musical of A Raisin in the Sun in Long Beach, California, and filming a movie, Swing. Carter's final onscreen appearances was in the comedy film Back by Midnight. It was released in 2005, two years after her death.[4]

Personal life[edit]

After Gimme a Break! began, Carter's life took a turbulent turn. She attempted suicide in the early 1980s, and entered a drug detoxification facility around 1985. Her brother, Bernard, died of complications due to AIDS in 1989.[citation needed]

She married mathematician and lumber executive George Krynicki, and converted to Judaism in 1982 (she had been born Roman Catholic and raised Presbyterian).[6][7][8]

Carter had three children: daughter Tracy, and two sons, Daniel and Joshua. She adopted both her sons as newborns over a four-month period. She attempted to adopt twice more but both adoptions fell through. In her final attempt, she allowed a young pregnant woman to move into her home with the plan that she would adopt the child, but the mother decided to keep her baby. In 1992, Carter had surgery to repair two aneurysms. She divorced Krynicki and married Roger Larocque the same year, divorcing Larocque the next year. She declared bankruptcy in 1995 and again in 2002. She also endured three miscarriages.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

Having previously survived two brain aneurysms, Carter died at the age of 54 on January 23, 2003, from heart disease complicated by diabetes in her Beverly Hills home. She is survived by her domestic partner, Ann Kaser, her two sons, Joshua and Daniel, and daughter Tracy Ruth.[6][9]

Stage credits[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1978 Cindy Olive Television movie
1979-1979 Ryan's Hope Ethel Green 11 episodes
1979 Hair Ain't Got No/White Boys
1980-1981 The Misadventures of Sheriff Lobo Sgt. Hildy Jones 15 episodes
1981 Back Roads Waitress Alternative title: Love with a Sinner
1981 Modern Problems Dorita
1981-1987 Gimme a Break! Nellie Ruth 'Nell' Harper 137 episodes
1982 The Billy Crystal Comedy Hour Episode #1.3
1986 Amen Bess Richards Episode: "The Courtship of Bess Richards"
1989 227 Beverly Morris Episode: "Take My Diva... Please"
1990-1991 You Take the Kids Nell Kirkland 6 episodes
1992 Maid for Each Other Jasmine Jones Television movie
1992 Final Shot: The Hank Gathers Story Lucille Gathers Television movie
1992 Jake and the Fatman Ethel Mae Haven Episode: "Ain't Misbehavin'"
1992 Bébé's Kids Vivian Voice role
1993-1995 Hangin' with Mr. Cooper P.J. Moore 42 episodes
1995 The Crazysitter The Warden
1995 The Grass Harp Catherine Creek
1995-1997 Spider-Man: The Animated Series Glory Grant 2 episodes
1996 Can't Hurry Love Mrs. Bradstock Episode: "The Rent Strike"
1996 The Proprietor Millie Jackson
1997 The Blues Brothers Animated Series Betty Smythe (Voice) Episode: "Strange Death of Betty Smythe"
1997 Brotherly Love Nell Bascombe Episode: "Paging Nell"
1997 Sparks Barbara Rogers Episode: "Hoop Schemes"
1997 Fakin' da Funk Claire
1999 Special Delivery
1999 We Wish You a Merry Christmas Mrs. Claus (Voice) Video game
1999 Follow Your Heart Bus driver
1999 Sealed with a Kiss Mrs. Wheatley Television movie
2001 Blue's Clues Mother Nature Episode: "Environments"
2001 Touched by an Angel Cynthia Winslow 2 episodes
2001 Seven Days Lucy Episode: "Live: From Death Row"
2001 Perfect Fit Mrs. Gordy
2001 Reba Dr. Susan Peters 3 episodes
2002 Ally McBeal Harriet Pumple 2 episodes
2003 Swing Juan Gallardo
2005 Back by Midnight Waitress Released posthumously

Awards[edit]

Year Award Category Title of work
1978 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Actress in a Musical Ain't Misbehavin'
1978 Theatre World Award Ain't Misbehavin'
1978 Tony Award Best Featured Actress in a Musical Ain't Misbehavin'
1982 Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Individual Achievement - Special Class Ain't Misbehavin'

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCann, Bob (2010). Encyclopedia of African American Actresses in Film and Television. McFarland. p. 74. ISBN 0-786-43790-1. 
  2. ^ a b Crowther, Linnea (2012-01-23). "The Highs and Lows of Nell Carter". legacy.com. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ Stage, Television Star Nell Carter Dies at 54 103 (7). Johnson Publishing Company. 2003-02-10. p. 49. ISSN 0021-5996. 
  4. ^ a b c Nell Carter at the Internet Movie Database
  5. ^ Nell Carter, Ain't Misbehavin' Star, Dead at 54 - Playbill
  6. ^ a b Pfefferman, Naomi (2009-01-31). "‘Pop-soul belter’ Nell Carter, 54, devoted convert to Judaism, dies". jweekly.com. Retrieved December 2, 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-3984109.html?refid=gg_x_02
  8. ^ "Actress Nell Carter Dies at 54". Fox News. January 23, 2003. 
  9. ^ "Carter's death natural". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 2003-05-07. p. 12B. Retrieved December 2, 2012. 

External links[edit]