Leachman as the Grand Marshal for the 2009 Rose Parade in Pasadena, California
April 30, 1926 |
Des Moines, Iowa, USA
Cloris Leachman (born April 30, 1926) is an American actress of stage, film and television. She has won eight Primetime Emmy Awards (more than any other performer) and one Daytime Emmy Award. She co-starred in the 1971 film The Last Picture Show for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
Leachman's longest running role was the nosy, self-centered and manipulative landlady Phyllis Lindstrom on the 1970s TV series Mary Tyler Moore, and later on the spinoff series, Phyllis. She also appeared in three Mel Brooks films, including Young Frankenstein. She had a regular role on the last two seasons of The Facts of Life portraying the character Beverly Ann Stickle. In recent years, she had a recurring role as Lois's mother Ida Gorski on Malcolm in the Middle. She also starred in the roast of Bob Saget in 2008. Leachman was a contestant on Season 7 (2008) of Dancing with the Stars, paired with Corky Ballas. At the age of 82, she is the oldest contestant to have danced on the series. She currently stars as Maw Maw in the television comedy Raising Hope.
As Miss Chicago, Leachman competed in the 20th Miss America pageant and placed in the Top 16 in 1946. Leachman was the grand marshal for the 2009 New Year's Day Tournament of Roses Parade and Rose Bowl Game in Pasadena, California. She presided over the 120th parade, the theme being "Hats Off to Entertainment", and the 95th Rose Bowl game.
Early life 
Leachman was born in Des Moines, Iowa, where she attended Theodore Roosevelt High School. She is the eldest of three daughters of Cloris (née Wallace) and Berkeley Claiborne "Buck" Leachman, who worked at the family-owned Leachman Lumber Company. Her youngest sister, Claiborne Cary (1932–2010), was an actress and singer. Leachman's maternal grandmother was of Bohemian (Czech) descent.
Leachman majored in drama at Illinois State University and Northwestern University, where she was a member of Gamma Phi Beta and a classmate of future comic actor Paul Lynde. Leachman began appearing on television and in films shortly after competing in Miss America as Miss Chicago 1946. Before that she was very active at the Des Moines Playhouse, starring in many productions.
Early career 
After winning a scholarship in the beauty pageant, Leachman studied acting in New York City at the Actors Studio with Elia Kazan. It was there that she met the first love of her life, Andrew Morgan. Leachman was a replacement for character Nellie Forbush during the original run of Rodgers & Hammerstein's South Pacific. A few years later, she appeared in the Broadway-bound production of William Inge's Come Back, Little Sheba, but left the show before it reached Broadway when Katharine Hepburn asked her to co-star in a production of William Shakespeare's As You Like It.
Leachman appeared in many live television broadcasts in the 1950s, including such programs as Suspense and Studio One. In addition she was cast as the adoptive mother of "Timmy" (Jon Provost)in the 4th season of "Lassie", and was not happy in the role. She was also one of the Raisonette Girls in the 1960s. She made her feature film debut as an extra in the 1947 film Carnegie Hall, but had her first real role in Robert Aldrich's film noir classic Kiss Me Deadly, released in 1955. Leachman was several months pregnant during the filming, and appears in one scene running down a darkened highway wearing only a trenchcoat. A year later she appeared opposite Paul Newman and Lee Marvin in The Rack (1956). She appeared with Newman again, in a brief role as a prostitute in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969). She also appeared as "Judy" in Season one, Episode 2 of the TV series Adam-12.
She continued to work mainly in television, with appearances in Rawhide and in The Twilight Zone episode It's a Good Life. During this period, Leachman notably appeared on the popular anthology Alfred Hitchcock Presents in an engaging episode entitled "Premonition" opposite John Forsythe. Later in the decade, Leachman appeared as Ruth Martin, Timmy's adoptive mom, in the last half of season four (1957) of Lassie. Jon Provost ("Timmy Martin") said, "Cloris did not feel particularly challenged by the role. Basically, when she realized that all she'd be doing was baking cookies, she wanted out." She was replaced by June Lockhart in 1959. In 1959, she appeared in an episode of One Step Beyond titled "The Dark Room", where she portrayed an American photographer living in Paris. In 1960 she played Marilyn Parker, the roommate of Janice Rule's character, Elena Nardos, in the Checkmate episode The Mask of Vengeance. In late 1970, Leachman starred on one episode of That Girl as Don Hollinger's sister, "Sandy".
Recognition and acclaim 
Leachman has won numerous awards during her career. She won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress in The Last Picture Show (1971), based on the bestselling book by Larry McMurtry. She played the high school gym teacher's neglected wife, with whom Timothy Bottoms' character has an affair. Director Peter Bogdanovich had predicted to Leachman during production that she would win an Academy Award for her performance. The part was originally offered to Ellen Burstyn, who wanted another role in the film.
Leachman has also won a record-setting eight primetime and one daytime Emmy Awards and been nominated more than 20 times for her work in television over the years, most notably as the character of neighbor/landlady/nosy friend Phyllis Lindstrom on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. The character was a recurring character on the program for five years and was subsequently featured in a spinoff series, Phyllis (1975–1977), for which Leachman garnered a Golden Globe award. The series ran for two seasons. Its cancellation was partly due to the deaths of three regular or recurring cast members during its brief run: Barbara Colby, Judith Lowry and Burt Mustin.
In 1977, she guest starred on The Muppet Show, episode 2.24 (48th episode). In 1978, she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre. In 1987 she hosted the VHS releases of Schoolhouse Rock. In 1986, Leachman returned to television, replacing Charlotte Rae's character Edna Garrett as the den mother on The Facts of Life. Leachman's role, as Edna's sister, Beverly Ann Stickle, could not save the long-running series, and it was canceled two years later.
She has voice-acted in numerous animated films, including My Little Pony: The Movie as the evil witch mother from the Volcano of Gloom, The Iron Giant, and most notably as the voice of the cantankerous sky pirate Dola in Hayao Miyazaki's 1986 feature Castle in the Sky. Dubbed by Disney in 1998, Leachman's performance in this film received nearly unanimous praise. Leachman played embittered, greedy, Slavic Canadian "Grandma Ida" on the Fox sitcom Malcolm in the Middle, for which she won two Emmy Awards, both for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series (once in 2002, then again in 2006). She was nominated for playing that same character for six consecutive years.
Later television credits include the successful Lifetime Television miniseries Beach Girls with Rob Lowe and Julia Ormond. Leachman was nominated for a SAG Award for her role as the wine-soaked, former jazz singer and grandmother Evelyn in the Sony feature Spanglish opposite Adam Sandler and Téa Leoni. She had replaced an ailing Anne Bancroft in the role. The film reunited her with her The Mary Tyler Moore Show writer-producer-director James L. Brooks. That same year she appeared with Sandler again, in the remake of The Longest Yard. She also appeared in Kurt Russell comedy Sky High as the school nurse with X-ray vision. In 2005, she guest starred as Charlie Harper's neighbor Norma in an episode (#3.9 "Madame and Her Special Friend") of Two and a Half Men.
In 2006, Leachman's performance alongside Sir Ben Kingsley and Annette Bening in the HBO special Mrs. Harris earned her an Emmy nomination for outstanding supporting actress in a miniseries or TV movie as well as an SAG Award nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Television Movie or Miniseries. On May 14, 2006, she was awarded an honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts from Drake University.
Leachman was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 2011.
Mel Brooks films 
Leachman has appeared in three Mel Brooks films. She played Frau Blücher in Young Frankenstein (1974), in which the mere mention of her character's name elicits the loud neighing of horses (an homage to a cinematic villain stereotype). She also appeared in High Anxiety (1977) as the demented villainess, psychiatric nurse Charlotte Diesel, and as Madame Defarge in the segment of History of the World: Part I (1981) which parodied Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities.
She auditioned for a chance to revive her role from Young Frankenstein in the 2007 Broadway production opposite Megan Mullally (replacing formerly cast Kristin Chenoweth) and Roger Bart. However, Andrea Martin was cast in the role. Mel Brooks was quoted as saying that Leachman, at 81, was too old for the role. "We don't want her to die on stage", he told columnist Army Archerd, at which Leachman took umbrage. However, due to Leachman's success on Dancing with the Stars, Brooks reportedly asked her to reprise her role as Frau Blücher in the Broadway production of Young Frankenstein after Beth Leavel, who had succeeded Martin. The Broadway production closed before this could be realized.
Dancing With the Stars 
Leachman was a contestant on the seventh season of Dancing with the Stars, and was paired with Corky Ballas, the oldest of the professionals and father of two-time champion, Mark Ballas. Leachman is the oldest person to compete on the show to date.
Personal life 
From 1953 to 1979, Leachman was married to Hollywood impresario George Englund. Leachman's former mother-in-law was character actress Mabel Albertson, best known for playing Samantha Stevens' bewildered and frustrated mother-in-law on Bewitched. The marriage produced five children: Bryan (died 1986), Morgan, Adam, Dinah and George Englund, Jr. Some of them are in show business. Her son Morgan played Dylan on Guiding Light throughout the 1980s and early 1990s.
Leachman's son Bryan died from a drug overdose on February 25, 1986. Some reports state that it was an overdose of ulcer medication, while others, such as in the Lifetime Television program Intimate Portrait: Cloris Leachman (in which Leachman participated), state that it was from cocaine. In an interview by Cal Fussman in Esquire, Jan. 2009, Leachman stated, "I've been so relieved and so grateful to not have a god to believe in." She called herself an agnostic in an interview with Grandparents magazine. In 2012, Leachman said she was an atheist.
The Englunds were Bel Air neighbors of Judy Garland and Sid Luft, and of their children, Lorna and Joey Luft, during the early 1960s. Lorna Luft states in her memoir Me and My Shadows: A Family Memoir that Leachman was "the kind of mom I'd only seen on TV". Knowing of the turmoil at the Garland home but never mentioning it, Leachman prepared meals for Judy's children and made them feel welcome whenever they needed a place to stay.
Leachman was also a friend of Marlon Brando, whom she met while studying under Elia Kazan in the 1950s. She introduced him to her husband, who became close to Brando as well, directing him in The Ugly American and writing a memoir about their friendship called Marlon Brando: The Way It's Never Been Done Before (2005).
In a parody of the famous Demi Moore Vanity Fair magazine cover photo, Leachman posed "au naturel" on the cover of Alternative Medicine Digest (issue 15, 1997) body-painted with images of fruit. A vegetarian, Leachman also posed clad only in lettuce for a 2009 PETA advertisement. Leachman also starred in a comedic 2013 spay and neuter ad for PETA, opening a condom wrapper with her teeth.
Leachman's autobiography Cloris: My Autobiography was published in March 2009. She wrote the bestselling book with her former husband, George Englund.
|1947||Carnegie Hall||Dancing Nightclub Patron (uncredited)|
|1955||Kiss Me Deadly||Christina Bailey|
|1962||The Chapman Report||Miss Selby|
|1969||Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid||Agnes|
|The People Next Door||Tina Hoffman|
|Lovers and Other Strangers||Bernice Henderson|
|1971||The Steagle||Rita Weiss|
|The Last Picture Show||Ruth Popper||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
|1972||Charley and the Angel||Nettie Appleby||Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy|
|Happy Mother's Day, Love George||Ronda|
|1974||Daisy Miller||Mrs. Ezra Miller|
|Young Frankenstein||Frau Blücher||Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy|
|Death Sentence||Susan Davies|
|1977||The Mouse and His Child||Euterpe||(voice)|
|High Anxiety||Nurse Diesel|
|1979||The North Avenue Irregulars||Claire Porter|
|The Muppet Movie||Lord's Secretary|
|Scavenger Hunt'||Mildred Carruthers|
|1980||Herbie Goes Bananas||Aunt Louise|
|1981||Yesterday||Mrs.Kramer||Nominated - Genie Award for Best Performance by a Foreign Actress|
|History of the World, Part I||Madame Defarge|
|1986||My Little Pony: The Movie||Hydia||(voice)|
|Castle in the Sky||Dola||(voice in 2003 English-dubbed version)|
|1987||Hansel and Gretel||Griselda|
|Walk Like a Man||Margaret Shand|
|1988||Going to the Chapel||Mrs. Haldane|
|1991||Love Hurts||Ruth Weaver|
|The Giant of Thunder Mountain||Narrator/The Elder Amy|
|Picture This: The Times of Peter Bogdanovich in Archer City, Texas||(documentary)|
|1993||Double, Double, Toil and Trouble||Aunt Agatha/Aunt Sofia||TV Movie|
|My Boyfriend's Back||Maggie The Zombie Expert|
|The Beverly Hillbillies||Granny|
|1994||A Troll in Central Park||Gnorga||(voice)|
|1995||Nobody's Girls: Five Women of the West||(documentary)|
|Now and Then||Grandma Albertson|
|1996||Beavis and Butt-head Do America||Old Woman on Plane and Bus||(voice)|
|1997||Never Too Late||Olive|
|1999||Gen¹³ (1999)||Helga||(voice) (unreleased)|
|The Iron Giant||Mrs. Tensedge||(voice)|
|Music of the Heart||Assunta Guaspari|
|2000||Hanging Up||Pat Mozell|
|2001||The Amati Girls||Dolly Amati|
|2002||Manna from Heaven||Helen|
|2003||Alex & Emma||Grandmother|
|2004||Spanglish||Evelyn Wright||Nominated - Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Nominated - Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role
|The Longest Yard||Lynette|
|Sky High||Nurse Spex|
|The Californians||Eileen Boatwright|
|2006||Scary Movie 4||Mrs. Norris|
|Beerfest||Great Gam Gam|
|2007||Lake Placid 2||Sadie Bickerman||(TV movie)|
|Love Takes Wing||Hattie Clarence||(TV movie)|
|Inglourious Basterds||(scenes cut)|
|New York, I Love You||Mitzie (segment "Joshua Marston")|
|2011||The Fields||Gladys||Erie Horror Film Festival - Best Actress|
|2012||Adventure Time||Farmworld Marceline|
|Adult World||Mary Anne|
|The Oogieloves in the Big Balloon Adventure||Dottie Rounder|
|2013||The Bronx Bull||Lilian Forrester|
|The Croods||Gran (voice)|
- My Strange Uncle (1981)
Television work 
- Hold It Please (1949) (canceled after 3 episodes)
- Charlie Wild, Private Detective (1950 – 1952)
- Bob and Ray (regular in 1952)
- Gunsmoke "Legal Revenge" (1956), "The Love of Money" (1961)
- Lassie (cast member from 1957 – 1958)
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents episodes "Premonition", "Where Beauty Lies", and "Don't Interrupt"
- Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, episode 4, "The Dark Room" (1959)
- Rawhide "Incident of the Arana Sacar" (1960)
- Thriller, episode 9, "Girl with a Secret" (1960)
- Johnny Staccato as Jessica Winthrop in "Solomon" (1960)
- The Man in the Moon (1960)
- The Donna Reed Show 1 episode: "Mouse at Play" (1961)
- Twilight Zone 1 episode: "It's a Good Life" (1961)
- Cain's Hundred as Katie Cortner in "The Fixer" (1961)
- Stoney Burke as Eunice Stocker in "Cousin Eunice" (1962)
- Target: The Corruptors as Betty in "The Wrecker" (1962)
- Going My Way as Karen Murdock in "Keep an Eye on Santa Claus" (1962)
- Laramie as Sarah in "Trial by Fire" (1962)
- Mr. Novak as Dorothy Hummer in two-part episode "Faculty Follies" (1965)
- Perry Mason 1 episode: "The Case of the Crafty Kidnapper" (1966)
- The Guns of Will Sonnett 14 episode: "And A Killing Rode Into Town" (1967)
- The Virginian (1967 & 1969)
- The Road West (1967)
- Adam-12 (1968) (series episode 2)
- Silent Night, Lonely Night (1969)
- The Mary Tyler Moore Show (cast member from 1970 – 1975)
- Suddenly Single (1971)
- Haunts of the Very Rich (1972)
- Of Thee I Sing (1972)
- A Brand New Life (1973)
- Crime Club (1973) (unsold pilot)
- Dying Room Only (1973)
- The Migrants (1974)
- Hitchhike! (1974)
- Pete 'n' Tillie (1974) (unsold pilot)
- Thursday's Game (1974)
- Ernie, Madge and Artie (1974) (unsold pilot)
- Death Sentence (1974)
- Rhoda (1974)
- Someone I Touched (1975)
- Ladies of the Corridor (1975)
- A Girl Named Sooner (1975)
- Phyllis (1975 – 1977)
- Death Scream (1975)
- Wonder Woman (1975) (1 episode, pilot episode)
- The Love Boat (1976) (pilot for series)
- The Muppet Show (1977)
- It Happened One Christmas (1977)
- Long Journey Back (1978)
- Backstairs at the White House (1979) (miniseries)
- Willa (1979)
- Mrs. R's Daughter (1979)
- S.O.S. Titanic (1979) (Made-for-TV Movie)
- The Oldest Living Graduate (1980)
- The Acorn People (1981)
- Advice to the Lovelorn (1981)
- Miss All-American Beauty (1982)
- Dixie: Changing Habits (1983)
- The Woman Who Willed a Miracle (Emmy Award) (1983)
- The Demon Murder Case (1983)
- Ernie Kovacs: Between the Laughter (1984)
- Breakfast with Les and Bess (1985)
- Deadly Intentions (1985)
- Blind Alleys (1985)
- The Little Troll Prince (1985) (voice)
- Shadow Play (1986)
- The Facts of Life (cast member from 1986 – 1988)
- The Facts of Life Down Under (1987)
- ABC Grammar Rock (1987)
- The Nutt House (1989) (canceled after 11 episodes)
- Fine Things (1990)
- In Broad Daylight (1991)
- Walter & Emily (1991 – 1992)
- A Little Piece of Heaven (1991)
- Spies (1992)
- Fade to Black (1993)
- Without a Kiss Goodbye (1993)
- Miracle Child (1993)
- The Simpsons (1993) (voice)
- Double, Double, Toil and Trouble (1993)
- The Nanny (1994)
- Between Love and Honor (1995)
- Annabelle's Wish (1997) (voice)
- Thanks (1999 – 2000)
- Malcolm in the Middle (recurring cast member from 2001 – 2006 as Grandma Ida)
- The Ellen Show (2001 – 2002)
- Cubix (2001) as Mrs. Ramsey
- The Twilight Zone (2002 TV series), "It's Still a Good Life" (2003)
- Crazy Love (2003) (unsold pilot)
- Family Guy (2005) (voice)
- Mrs. Harris (2005)
- Two and a Half Men (2005)
- The Great Malones (2006) (unsold pilot)
- Lake Placid 2 (2007)
- Phineas and Ferb (2007) (voices Heinz Doofenshmirtz's mother)
- Roast of Bob Saget (2008)
- Dancing with the Stars (celebrity contestant in 2008) 17 episodes
- Love Takes Wing (2009)
- The Office (Post-Super Bowl XLIII "Stress Relief" 2009)
- "Hawthorne" (2009)
- Chelsea Lately (2010) (Round Table Guest)
- Raising Hope (2010-) (currently on air)
- RuPaul's Drag Race (2010) (Special Guest Judge along with Debbie Reynolds)
- Top Gear (2012)
- Adventure Time (2012) (Farmworld Marceline)
- Thriller U.S. TV Series (1960) (Beatrice)
Stage work 
- Ah, Wilderness! (1942) (Des Moines)
- Blithe Spirit (1943) (Northwestern University)
- Sundown Beach (1948) (Broadway)
- South Pacific (1951) (Month-long replacement for Martha Wright) (Broadway)
- Come Back, Little Sheba (1950) (Pre-Broadway tryout; left cast to star in As You Like It)
- As You Like It (1950) (Broadway)
- A Story for a Sunday Evening (1950) (Broadway; Won Theatre World Award)
- Lo and Behold! (1952) (Broadway)
- Dear Barbarians (1952) (Broadway)
- Sunday Breakfast (1952) (Broadway)
- The Day Before Spring (1953) (Palm Beach, Florida)
- The Crucible (1953) (replacement for Madeleine Sherwood) (Broadway)
- King of Hearts (1954 (Broadway)
- A Touch of the Poet (1958) (replacement for Kim Stanley) (Broadway)
- Masquerade (1959) (Broadway)
- Twigs (1978) (Marriott Theater in Lincolnshire)
- High Spirits (1981) (Broadway opening eventually cancelled)
- A Little Family Business (1985) (Drury Lane Oak Brook)
- A Fatal Weakness (1985) (Monaco)
- Grandma Moses: An American Primitive (1989) (US national tour)
- Show Boat (1994) (US national tour)
- Young Frankenstein (2006) (workshop)
- Us Weekly Issue 718 p.82
- "Cloris Leachman named Rose Parade Grand Marshal." Pasadena Star-News.
- "Cloris Leachman Biography". FilmReference. 2p008. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- Longden, Tom. "Famous Iowans". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- "West Bancorporation Inc.". SEC Info. Retrieved 2010-04-22.
- "CLAIBORNE LEACHMAN CARY". Des Moines Register. 2010-03-28. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
- Dore, Shalini (2010-03-29). "Claiborne Cary dies at 78, Actress was also a cabaret performer". Variety Magazine. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Cloris Leachman Drives Fast, Dances Well, Adores Her Grandkids"
- Wolf, Buck (2005-09-20). "Would America Miss Miss America?". ABC News. Retrieved 2006-09-12.
- Nelson, Valerie J. (2009-04-15). "Maxine Cooper Gomberg dies at 84; actress in the film noir classic 'Kiss Me Deadly'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-04-16.
- Jon Provost. "RECOLLECTIONS". Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Hebron, Sandra (2000-11-05). "Ellen Burstyn (I)". Guardian Unlimited (London: Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 2007-08-17.
- Garlen, Jennnifer C.; Graham, Anissa M. (2009). Kermit Culture: Critical Perspectives on Jim Henson's Muppets. McFarland & Company. p. 218. ISBN 078644259X.
- "History of Schoolhouse Rock". Archived from the original on 2008-06-28.
- "Funniest Women on TV" (in English). July 3, 2011. TV Guide Network.
- Snopes.com (2007-08-12). "Elmer's Gantry". Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- World Entertainment News Network (2007-06-14). "Cloris Leachman Challenges Mel Brooks To A Duel To Win 'Young Frankenstein' Role High there". Starpulse Entertainment News. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- "Axed 'Dancing' star Cloris Leachman may reprise 'Frankenstein' role". Realitytvworld.com. 2008-10-29. Retrieved 2010-04-22.
- Leachman to Go 'Dancing' with YOUNG FRANK?
- Bryan Englund Biography at Internet Movie Database
- "Intimate Portrait: Cloris Leachman". Lifetime TV.
- Intimate Portrait: Cloris Leachman at the Internet Movie Database
- pg. 81
- Cloris Leachman Drives Fast, Dances Well, Adores Her Grandkids, March 26, 2009
- Petit, Chris (2005-12-31). "Bad old boys". Guardian Unlimited (London). Retrieved 2007-08-17.
- Cloris Leachman Wears Nothing But Lettuce Leaves!' US Weekly, March 31, 2009
- "Cloris Leachman Reminds You That Cats Can't Use Condoms"' "TheaterMania," February 20, 2013
- ISBN 978-0-7582-2963-2; ISBN 0-7582-2963-1; Publisher: Kensington
- Cloris Leachman - IMDb
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cloris Leachman|
- Cloris's official website
- Cloris's official Twitter account.
- Cloris Leachman at the Internet Movie Database
- Cloris Leachman at the Internet Broadway Database
- NPR Interview (June 3, 2009) with Terry Gross (streaming audio), episode of show Fresh Air.