Norman Manley International Airport

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Norman Manley International Airport
Norman Manley International Airport.jpg
IATA: KINICAO: MKJP
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator NMIA Airports Limited
Serves Kingston, Jamaica
Location Palisadoes
Hub for Caribbean Airlines
Fly Jamaica Airways
Skylan Airways
Elevation AMSL 10 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 17°56′08″N 076°47′15″W / 17.93556°N 76.78750°W / 17.93556; -76.78750Coordinates: 17°56′08″N 076°47′15″W / 17.93556°N 76.78750°W / 17.93556; -76.78750
Website www.nmia.aero
Map
MKJP is located in Jamaica
MKJP
MKJP
Location in Jamaica
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
12/30 8,910 2,716 Asphalt
Statistics (2008)
Passengers 1,714,710
Aircraft operations 24,522
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

Norman Manley International Airport (IATA: KINICAO: MKJP), formerly Palisadoes Airport, is an international airport serving Kingston, Jamaica. As well as Sangster International Airport, it's a hub for Air Jamaica (now a subsidiary of Caribbean Airlines). It was named in honour of Norman Manley. There are over 130 international flights a week that depart from Norman Manley International Airport.[3] The airport is located on the Palisadoes tombolo in outer Kingston Harbour; it fronts the city on one side and the Caribbean Sea on the other.

History[edit]

Jamaica has always had a vibrant civil aviation industry with the first flight reported in the island on 21 December 1911. This is eight years after the world recorded its first powered flight by the Wright Brothers. Nineteen years later, on 3 December 1930, the first commercial flight, Pan American consolidated Commodore, a twin-engined flying boat, landed in the Kingston Harbour.

The year 1934 was also another historic period for the nation's aviation industry when Dr. Albert Forsythe and Charles C. Anderson (the godfathers of African American aviation) arrived in Jamaica from Cuba. This was the first time a land plane was arriving in the island by air.

The significant growth in the aviation sector led to the establishment of the Civil Aviation Department (CAD) in 1947. One year later, in 1948, the Kingston Air Traffic Control Centre (KATCC) was established. In the same year the Palisadoes Airport (now Norman Manley International) and the Montego Bay Airport now Sangster International Airport were established.

The airport features in the first James Bond movie, Dr No (1962).

Renovation[edit]

Existing terminal renovation[edit]

The contract relating to additions and alterations to the departure concourse has been awarded to Kier Construction Limited and is valued at $161.5M. The work will include construction of a new canopy, north of the existing check-in concourse and departure lounge; construction of an additional drop-off pavement area and provision for access by wheelchair passengers; new elevators, electrical air conditioning, public address, fire detection and fire fighting services; and alterations to the existing check-in concourse and mezzanine level to include a new security post and postal agency.

The architect / engineer for the designs are Llewelyn Davies, Jabobs Consultancy & Leading Edge Aviation Planning Professionals Limited (LEAPP), in conjunction with Peter Jervis and Associates Limited and Grace Ashley and Associates.

Masterplan[edit]

The project seeks to increase the airport's capacity to cater for projected air and passenger traffic at an acceptable level of service to the year 2023. The project is part of a 20-year masterplan which will be implemented in three phases (1A, 1B and 2) and will cost about $130M. By 2022 it will have involved a virtual reconstruction of the entire airport.

"The first phase of construction and renovation should be complete by 2007."Construction started in June 2006; the intention is for the first phase – which is supposed to make the airport an IATA category C airport – to be completed by 2007. The European Investment Bank is providing $40M (2006) project and the Caribbean Development Bank has approved a loan of $11m (June 2006) for the new project.

Phase 1A[edit]

Phase 1A commenced planning in 2004 and was completed in 2007, at an estimated cost of $80M (ground-breaking took place in September 2006). This phase comprises a new departures building at the eastern end of the present terminal to accommodate expansion to the present departure concourse, security screening station with space to accommodate explosives detection equipment, out-going immigration, retail concessions and departure lounge.

Additionally a new multi-level passenger finger (pier) that will enable the separation of arriving and departing passengers, as required by security regulations, will be included.

Other items in this phase include:

  • Nine passenger loading bridges at the new finger (pier).[4]
  • Upgraded roadway system and expanded public car park
  • Major rehabilitation of the existing departures concourse and related underground services infrastructure
  • Major rehabilitation and upgrading of the terminal arrivals area, including immigration hall, customs hall, arrivals arcade, arrivals duty-free shops and offices
  • Replacement and upgrading of airport systems – public address, access control, flight information, baggage information, security control and other airport IT systems
  • Cargo warehouse complex (the first phase of this complex, called the NMIA cargo and logistics centre, was completed in 2005)[5]

Phase 1B[edit]

Phase 1B is scheduled for the period 2008–12 and will cost approximately $23M. Works under this phase will include:

  • Further upgrading of existing buildings
  • Construction of a new arrivals area
  • Installation of new baggage handling facilities
  • Relocation of the General Aviation Centre, the fire station and other support facilities
  • Airside works including the expansion of aircraft parking stands
  • Extension of the cargo and maintenance taxiway

Phase 2[edit]

Phase 2, which is the final phase of the project, is to commence in 2013 and end in 2022. This phase will involve additional improvement and maintenance works to the terminal, landside, airfield and support areas of the facility at a cost of $9M [3] [6] [7]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Miami Air International Boeing 737-48E at the airport

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Canada Rouge Toronto–Pearson
Air Sunshine Guantánamo
American Airlines Miami
British Airways London–Gatwick
Caribbean Airlines Antigua, Barbados, Fort Lauderdale, Montego Bay, Nassau, New York–JFK, Orlando, Port of Spain, Sint Maarten, Toronto–Pearson
Cayman Airways Grand Cayman
Copa Airlines Panama City
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
Fly Jamaica Airways Georgetown–Cheddi Jagan, New York–JFK, Toronto–Pearson
Insel Air Curaçao
InterCaribbean Airways Providenciales, Santo Domingo, Montego Bay
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale, New York–JFK
Skylan Airways Montego Bay
Spirit Airlines Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale[8]
Sunrise Airways Port-au-Prince
WestJet Toronto–Pearson

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Jamaica
operated by ABX Air
Miami
Amerijet International Miami, Santiago (DR), Santo Domingo
Copa Airlines Panama City
FedEx Express Montego Bay
IBC Airways Miami
Mountain Air Cargo Miami
Sunrise Airways Port-au-Prince

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 22 December 2009, American Airlines Flight 331 overshot the runway shortly after 10 PM during a heavy rain storm and resulted in the Boeing 737-800 breaking up into three pieces and finally coming to a stop approximately 15–20 feet from the sea. It is reported that all passengers and crew exited the aircraft safely.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]