Toussaint Louverture International Airport
|Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport|
|IATA: PAP – ICAO: MTPP|
|Owner||Office National de l'Aviation Civile|
|Operator||Autorité Aeroportuaire Nationale|
|Elevation AMSL||109 ft / 33 m|
Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport (French: Aéroport International Toussaint L'Ouverture) (IATA: PAP, ICAO: MTPP) is an international airport located in Tabarre, near Port-au-Prince in Haiti. The airport is currently the busiest in Haiti.
- 1940s: A military and civil airfield, Bowen Field, was established near Baie de Port-au-Prince providing passenger air service by Compagnie Haitienne de Transports Aériens.
- 1950s and 1960s: It served as an airbase for the U.S. military in Haiti.
- 1965: Developed with grant money from the United States Government and mostly money collected from the People of Haiti (taxes, lottery, and else...), the current airport opened as François Duvalier International Airport, named after then Haitian president François "Papa Doc" Duvalier.
- 1986: Duvalier's son and successor Jean Claude Duvalier resigned. The airport was renamed Port-au-Prince International Airport.
- 2003: President Jean Bertrand Aristide renamed the airport again as Toussaint Louverture International Airport, in honour of Toussaint Louverture, the Haitian revolutionary Leader.
- 12 January 2010: It was badly damaged by the 2010 Haiti earthquake: see Damage to infrastructure in the 2010 Haiti earthquake#Toussaint Louverture International Airport.
- 25 November 2012: President Michel Joseph Martelly opened the newly repaired arrival terminal.
The main building of the airport works as the International Terminal. It consists of a two-story concrete and glass structure. Lounges and a few retail stores are located on the second floor of the main building. Check-in counters, gates and immigration facilities are on the lower floor. The Guy Malary Terminal (named after former Haitian Justice Minister Guy Malary) is used for domestic flights. There are further buildings used for general aviation and cargo flights. The airport has 3 jet bridges, but most passengers walk onto aircraft from mobile stairs. The ramp area can handle 12 planes.
Currently, international passengers are transported by bus to a warehouse near the terminal where they go through customs and immigration processing. The jet-ways are still operational. American Airlines still operates check-in, security, and boarding on the west end of the terminal near Gate 1.
The airport is to be re-designed completely by the year 2015. The re-making of the airport is to add 14 gates to the terminal and also the re-making will make the main passenger terminal bigger.
The airport can be accessed by car (with parking space being located next to the terminal building) or by National Bus Route 1.
Airlines and destinations
|Amerijet International||Miami, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo|
As of July 2011, Toussaint Louverture serves as operating hub for scheduled domestic airlines Salsa d'Haiti and Tortug' Air. Additionally, the charter airline Sunrise Airways is based out of the Port-au-Prince airport. It also serves as a hub for the brand new Haitian airline, Haiti Aviation.
Incidents and accidents
- 7 March 1980: A Learjet (N211MB) operating on a corporate charter flight on behalf of 'Merchant Bank' crashed in the hills on arrival at airport. One passenger and two crew members died.
- 12 July 1980: A Douglas C-47 crashed on approach, killing all three people on board. The aircraft was being used illegally to transport marijuana.
- 7 December 1995: An Air St. Martin Beechcraft 1900D aircraft (F-OHRK) hit a mountain at an altitude of 5,030 feet (1,533 m), 30 kilometres (19 mi) away from airport. Two crew members and 18 passengers (which were illegal immigrants to Guadeloupe) were killed.
- 12 February 1996: A Haiti Express GAF Nomad aircraft (N224E) crashed shortly after taking off. Two crew members and 8 passengers died.
- 31 August 2007: A Caribintair Cessna Grand Caravan (HH-CAR) crashed shortly after takeoff 5 kilometres (3 mi) away from the airport. There were no fatal injuries.
- 11 September 2007: Only eleven days after the previous accident another plane crash of a Caribintair Cessna Grand Caravan (HH-CAW) occurred near the airport, this time upon landing 10 kilometres (6 mi) short of the runway.
- Tuesday, 12 January 2010: The 2010 Haiti earthquake damaged its control tower, and relief work afterwards caused a huge increase in flights.
- Sunday, 26 May 2013: A Brazilian Air Force KC-137 transport aircraft veered off the runway after an engine fire during takeoff, crashing into the grass next to the runway. The plane was carrying 121 Brazilian soldiers deployed to the UN stabilization force in Haiti (MINUSTAH) but no injuries were reported. Small aircraft were allowed to resume flying on Monday, but large aircraft that could not pass the KC-137 (mostly to/from the USA) were suspended for days.
- Jacmel Airport, another airport used for 2010 earthquake relief flights in Haiti
- Operation Unified Response, US military relief effort for the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti
- List of airports in Haiti
- Airport information for MTPP at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Globe and Mail, "A once sleepy airport is now Haiti's overstretched lifeline", Paul Koring, 19 January 2010 (accessed 20 January 2010)
- Bahret, Brian (22 January 2010). "Russian plane helps U.S. move mobile air traffic control tower to Haiti". Air Force Print News Today. Air Force News Service. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
- Aero Caribbean flight schedules
- 1980 accident report at the aviation safety network.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- 1995 accident report at the aviation safety network.
- 1996 accident report at the aviation safety network.
- August 2007 accident report at the aviation safety network.
- September 2007 accident report at the aviation safety network.
- "Engine Fire And Crash of Brazilian Air Force Plane in Haiti". Haiti Observer. 27 May 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
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