Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension

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Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension
Borough of Montreal
Former Parc train station, for Canadian Pacific.
Former Parc train station, for Canadian Pacific.
Location of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension on the Island of Montreal.  (Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Location of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montréal
Established January 01, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Papineau
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel
Ahuntsic
Outremont
Provincial Laurier-Dorion
Viau
Government[1][2][3]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Anie Samson
 • Federal MP(s) Justin Trudeau (LIB)
Massimo Pacetti (LIB)
Maria Mourani (ind.)
Thomas Mulcair (NDP)
 • Quebec MNA(s) Gerry Sklavounos (PLQ)
David Heurtel (PLQ)
Area[4]
 • Total 16.5 km2 (6.4 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 142,222
 • Density 8,624.7/km2 (22,338/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) (514) and (438)
Access Routes[5]
A-19
A-40

Route 125
Website www.ville.montreal.qc.ca/vsp

Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension is a borough (arrondissement) in the city of Montreal, Quebec. It had a population of 142,222 according to the 2011 Census and a land area of 16.5 square kilometres (6.4 sq mi).[4]

The borough of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension was created on January 1, 2002, following the municipal reorganization of Montreal. The borough includes the neighbourhoods of Villeray, Saint-Michel, and Parc-Extension.

History[edit]

Until the late Nineteenth century, the area that today comprises the borough of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension was predominately rural and dotted with farms. The inauguration of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1878 and the arrival of electric streetcars in 1892 permitted the growth of Villeray. It was also in this era that the Italian immigrant community chose the neighbourhood as their preferred location.

In the early Twentieth century, Park Extension became industrialized, and a dozen quarries opened which led to the economic development of the area. Beginning in the 1940s, the exploitation of the Miron and Francon quarries attracted workers to Saint Michel and Park Extension.

Construction of the Metropolitan Expressway was completed in 1959. It cut the area in two, but also attracted multiple industries, which opened along the expressway. In less than twenty years, the population of Saint Michel increased from 6,000 to 68,000 inhabitants.

Jobs derived from competing industries along with the efficient transportation infrastructure resulted in strong demographic growth. The growth of the manufacturing sector, notably the textile industry, were incentives for new immigrants to settle in the borough.

The borough of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension was created on January 1, 2002, following the municipal reorganization of Montreal. The borough includes three neighbourhoods that were part of Montreal before the reorganization:Villeray, Saint-Michel, and Park Extension. The Saint-Michel neighbourhood was formerly an independent city known as Saint-Michel-de-Laval which was annexed to Montreal in 1968. Villeray was once also an autonomous municipality but has been part of the city of Montreal since 1905. Parc Extension left the parish of St-Laurent to join the city of Montreal in 1910.

Geography[edit]

Located in north central Montreal, the J-shaped borough is bordered by Ahuntsic-Cartierville to the northwest, Montreal North to the northeast, Saint Leonard to the east, Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie to the southeast, Outremont to the southwest, and Mount Royal to the west.

Saint-Michel is the easternmost neighbourhood of the borough, Park Extension is the westernmost neighbourhood and Villeray is in the centre.

Government[edit]

Municipal[edit]

A bicycle path on Boyer Street.

The current borough mayor is Anie Samson.

The borough is divided into four districts located in three different neighborhoods. The districts bear the same name as their respective neighborhood with the exception of François-Perreault which is part of the Saint-Michel and Villeray neighborhoods.

Borough council[edit]

As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:

District Position Name   Party
 — Borough mayor
City councillor
Anie Samson   Équipe Coderre
François-Perrault City councillor Sylvain Ouellet   Projet Montréal
Parc-Extension City councillor Mary Deros   Équipe Coderre
Saint-Michel City councillor Frantz Benjamin   Équipe Coderre
Villeray City councillor Elsie Lefebvre   Coalition Montréal

Federal and provincial[edit]

The borough is divided among the following federal ridings:[2]

It is divided among the following provincial electoral districts:[3]

  • Laurier—Dorion
  • Viau

Features[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1966 201,296 —    
1971 195,480 −2.9%
1976 176,583 −9.7%
1981 158,437 −10.3%
1986 149,496 −5.6%
1991 143,540 −4.0%
1996 141,663 −1.3%
2001 145,485 +2.7%
2006 142,825 −1.8%
2011 142,222 −0.4%
[6]

It is served by the orange and blue lines of the metro. It is traversed and partly delimited by Autoroute 40 (Metropolitan Aut.) and Autoroute 19 (Papineau Ave.)

Attractions in the area include the old Park Avenue train station (now containing Parc metro station and near the Parc commuter train station), Jarry Park, and TOHU, La Cité des arts du cirque (including the Cirque du Soleil and the École nationale du cirque). The former Miron and Francon quarries are also located here.

The former studios of CTV Montreal, TQS, CFCF radio & CFQR-FM (now CKBE-FM) were located in the Parc Extension section of the borough. Today, the borough hall is at the former studios of those stations on 405 Ogilvy Ave.

Education[edit]

Saint-Michel library

The Commission scolaire de Montréal (CSDM) operates French-language public schools.

The English Montreal School Board (EMSB) operates English-language schools.

The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Le Prévost, Parc-Extension, and Saint-Michel libraries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°32′57″N 73°36′49″W / 45.549152°N 73.61368°W / 45.549152; -73.61368