Portal:Republic of Macedonia

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Република Македонија  •  Republic of Macedonia edit
Република Македонија  • Republic of Macedonia
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Macedonia (Macedonian: Македонија), officially Republic of Macedonia (Република Македонија), is an independent country on the Balkan peninsula in the heart of southeastern Europe. The country borders Albania to the west, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south and Serbia and Kosovo to the north. In 2005, the Republic of Macedonia received official candidate status for the European Union. The capital is Skopje with more than 500,000 inhabitants. It also has a number of other significant cities, notably Bitola, Prilep, Tetovo, Gostivar, Kumanovo, Ohrid, Veles, Štip, and Strumica. The Republic of Macedonia is often called a land of lakes and mountains. There are more than 50 natural and artificial lakes and sixteen mountain ranges higher than 2,000 m (6,562 ft) above sea level.

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Map of the Republic of Macedonia editMap of the Republic of Macedonia
 
 
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The National Liberation War of Macedonia (Macedonian: Народноослободителна Борба на Македонија (НОБ), transliterated Narodnoosloboditelna Borba na Makedonija, NOB; Croatian, Serbian: Makedonski Narodnooslobodilački Rat, NOB) was a political and military campaign, part of World War II, carried out by mainly Macedonian Partisans of the People's Liberation Army of Macedonia (part of the Yugoslav Partisan movement) from 11 October 1941 until the end of 1944 when Yugoslavia was reestablished. The operation was a regional conflict of the greater Yugoslav People's Liberation War but combatants also developed further aspirations over the geographic region of Macedonia.


Following the end of the Balkan Wars in 1912 and 1913, the Treaty of Bucharest divided the region of Macedonia amongst the Kingdom of Greece, the Kingdom of Bulgaria and the Kingdom of Serbia. The territory was up until that time part of the Ottoman empire.

From 1912 until 1941 the territory of Vardar Macedonia remained within the territory of Yugoslavia. During that period, there were two main autonomist agendas. The right-wing Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) led by Ivan Mihailov, was in favor of the creation of a pro-Bulgarian Macedonian state under German and Italian protection.

The leftist IMRO (United) group, who merged with the communists prior to the beginning of the war, favored creation of an independent "Soviet Macedonia" within a Balkan Federation. This option was supported by Pavel Shatev, Dimitar Vlahov, Metodi Shatorov, Panko Brashnarov, and others. (Read more...)
 
 
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Places editPlaces
Stobi

Stobi (Macedonian: Стоби, today Gradsko; Ancient Greek: Στόβοι) was an ancient town of Paeonia, later conquered by Macedon, and later turned into the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia Salutaris (now in the Republic of Macedonia). It is located on the main road that leads from the Danube to the Aegean Sea and is considered by many to be the most famous archaeological site in the Republic of Macedonia. Stobi was built where the Erigón river (mod. River Crna) joins the Axiós river (mod. Vardar), making it important strategically as a center for both trade and warfare. In September 2010, it was announced that part of a €53,000 grant by the US government for restoring and conserving landmarks around Macedonia will go to Stobi.

Stobi developed from a Paeonian settlement established in the Archaic period. Located on the northern side of a terrace, the early town covered an area of about 25,000 m2 (270,000 sq ft). Its proximity to the junction of the Erigón and Axiós rivers as well as its position in the fertile central Vardar valley allowed it quickly to develop a flourishing economy and to establish trade. Nearby Mount Klepa was a lucrative source of marble. The initial Paeonian population was later supplemented by other immigrant groups. It is believed that in 217 BCE, Philip V annexed Paionia during his campaign against the Dardans who had entered the largest Paionian town Bylazora. Since this moment Paionia and Stobi are considered part of Macedonia. (Read more...)
 
 
Did you know... editDid you know...
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... that the capital city of Skopje (see also other names of Skopje) is the hometown of the great humanitarian and Nobel Prize winner, Mother Teresa

... that the Megalithic Observatory, Kokino is more than 3800 years old and it is placed on NASA's list of important ancient observatories [1]

... that the smallest ethno museum in the world is located only 5 km on the northwest of Tetovo, in the picturesque village of Džepčište and as such is listed in the Guinness Book of Records

... about the Stone town, situated by the Kuklica village in the Kratovo area. According to the sources, the stone figures that are called Dolls by the local population, date from the ancient prehistory...
 
 
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Lake Prespa and the village Stenje.
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Personalities editPersonalities
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Todor Toše Proeski (Macedonian: Тодор Тоше Проески [ˈtɔʃɛ ˈprɔɛski] ( ); 25 January 1981 – 16 October 2007) was a Macedonian multi-genre singer, songwriter and actor. He was popular across the entire Balkan area and all around Eastern Europe, and locally he was considered a top act of the Macedonian music scene. Proeski was known for his strong vocal performances and trademark quote ве сакам сите ("I love you all"), and was once dubbed "Elvis Presley of the Balkans" by BBC News. He died in a car crash in Croatia at the age of 26.


Proeski, was born in Prilep, SFR Yugoslavia (today Macedonia), to Dominika and Nikola Proeski from Kruševo, his hometown, where he spent most of his childhood. After his musical talent was discovered at the age of 12, he was chosen to perform at the popular children's song festival Zlatno Slavejče (eng.: Golden Nightingale) in Skopje, performing the song „Јаs i mојоt dеdо“ in Aromanian language. This was his first public music performance; however, his successful career began in 1996 when he participated in the teenage music festival Melfest in Prilep.


Following this public exposure, he was awarded for his strong vocal capabilities. This led to his rise to fame when he participated in the music festival Makfest in Štip with the song "Pusti Me" ("Let Me Go") in 1997. His fanbase quickly grew and he continued to make use of festivals, such as SkopjeFest and OhridFest, as a platform for promotion and publicity. Proeski collaborated with one of Macedonia’s acclaimed lyricists and composers, Grigor Koprov, to produce some of the greatest hits of his career such as "Usni na Usni" ("Lips over Lips") and "Sonce vo Tvoite Rusi Kosi" ("Sun in Your Golden Hair"). In 1999, he released his debut album, Nekade vo Nokta (Somewhere in the Night), which contained eleven tracks. In the summer of the same year, Proeski performed his first solo concert in Skopje. (Read more...)
 
 
Folklore editFolklore
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Female folk dance, Tresenica, performed by Tanec.
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WikiProjects editWikiProjects
Flag of Macedonia.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Republic of Macedonia, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about the Republic of Macedonia.
 
 
Republic of Macedonia through videos editRepublic of Macedonia through videos Crystal Clear app camera.png
 
 
Other Photos of Interest editOther Photos of Interest
Medieval Orthodox monastery of Saint Naum, on lake Ohrid
Carev Vrv, Osogovo Mountain
The historical center of the city of Bitola
Mount Zlatovrv, north of Prilep
Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola
"The Lamentation of Christ" (1164), a fresco from the church of Saint Panteleimon in Nerezi near Skopje
 
 
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