Proposed provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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The Proposed provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo were specified in Article 2[1] of the 2005 Congolese Constitution,[2] which came into effect on 18 February 2006. There would be twenty-five new provinces while retaining the capital city/province of Kinshasa. This new territorial organization was scheduled to take effect within thirty-six months of the new constitution's promulgation. It did not.

Plans and delays[edit]

The 18 February 2006 constitution planned to convert many of the districts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo into provinces under a decentralization program. However, progress was slow.[3] In October 2007 the Minister for Decentralization, Denis Kalume Numbi, presented a bill for Decentralization in the National Assembly. The subsequent debate turned up a variety of issues that first had to be addressed with changes to related laws.[4] In an October 2010 conclave of the ruling AMP coalition, it was proposed to revise Article 226, which calls for the creation of 26 provinces out of the current 11, in order to allow more time for the transition.[5] In September 2011 the position of "Minister of Decentralization" was abolished.[6] At this point it is not clear when, if ever, the proposed new provinces will become reality.

Proposed provinces[edit]

Technically if the constitution had been implemented strictly in accordance with the agreements, the provinces listed below would have come into effect no later than 2009.

Proposed provinces (number on map corresponds to list)
Map# Proposed province Proposed capital Current province
1. Kinshasa (city-province) Kinshasa Kinshasa
2. Kongo Central Matadi Bas-Congo
3. Kwango Kenge Bandundu
4. Kwilu Kikwit Bandundu
5. Mai-Ndombe Inongo Bandundu
6. Kasaï Luebo Kasai-Occidental
7. Lulua Kananga Kasai-Occidental
8. Kasai-Oriental Mbuji-Mayi Kasai-Oriental
9. Lomami Kabinda Kasai-Oriental
10. Sankuru Lodja Kasai-Oriental
11. Maniema Kindu Maniema
12. South Kivu Bukavu Sud-Kivu
13. North Kivu Goma Nord-Kivu
14. Ituri Bunia Orientale
15. Haut-Uele Isiro Orientale
16. Tshopo Kisangani Orientale
17. Bas-Uele Buta Orientale
18. Nord-Ubangi Gbadolite Équateur
19. Mongala Lisala Équateur
20. Sud-Ubangi Gemena Équateur
21. Équateur Mbandaka Équateur
22. Tshuapa Boende Équateur
23. Tanganyika Kalemie Katanga
24. Haut-Lomami Kamina Katanga
25. Lualaba Kolwezi Katanga
26. Haut-Katanga Lubumbashi Katanga

Note: Cities shown in bold are also capitals of the current provinces. Bandundu is the only city that would not remain a provincial capital when the proposed new provinces are implemented.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution de la République démocratique du Congo - Wikisource
  2. ^ http://fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Constitution_de_la_R%C3%A9publique_d%C3%A9mocratique_du_Congo
  3. ^ "Provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo Kinshasa)". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  4. ^ "La décentralisation dans l'impasse". Le Potentiel. 23 October 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  5. ^ JASON STEARNS (OCTOBER 12, 2010). "The AMP conclave: Another step towards 2011 elections". Retrieved 2011-11-23. 
  6. ^ Alex Engwete (SEPTEMBER 12, 2011). "Limited cabinet reshuffle". Retrieved 2011-11-21.