Queen Anne, Seattle
Queen Anne Hill is a neighborhood and geographic feature in Seattle, Washington, northwest of downtown. The neighborhood sits on the highest named hill in the city, with a maximum elevation of 456 feet (139 m). It covers an area of 7.3 square kilometers (2.8 sq mi), and has a population of about 28,000. Queen Anne is bordered by Belltown to the south, Lake Union to the east, the Lake Washington Ship Canal to the north and Magnolia to the west.
The hill became a popular spot for the city's early economic and cultural elite to build their mansions, and the name derives from the architectural style typical of many of the early homes.
Geography and history
Location and borders
Queen Anne is bounded on the north by the Fremont Cut of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, beyond which is Fremont; on the west by 15th and Elliott Avenues West, beyond which is Interbay, Magnolia, and Elliott Bay; on the east by Lake Union and Aurora Avenue North, beyond which is Westlake. As a neighborhood toponym, Queen Anne may include Lower Queen Anne, also known as Uptown, the area at the southern base of the hill, just north and west of Seattle Center. Whether or not Lower Queen Anne is considered a separate neighborhood matters in setting Queen Anne's southern boundary, which is either West Mercer Street or Denny Way.
Queen Anne can be reached from Interstate 5 via the Mercer Street Exit (Exit 167). The neighborhood's main thoroughfares are Gilman Drive West, 3rd Avenue West, Queen Anne Avenue North, Boston Street, and a set of streets, collectively known as Queen Anne Boulevard, that loop around the crown of the hill and reflect a comprehensive boulevard design in the style of the Olmsted Brothers architectural firm. The design was never fully executed, but it remains part of the Seattle Parks System.
While Queen Anne stands out in Seattle geography due to its proximity to downtown and three television broadcast towers, the highest point in the city, 520 feet (160 m) above sea level, is in West Seattle. Queen Anne slopes are home to seven of the twenty steepest streets in the city and 120 pedestrian staircases.
Including the subneighborhoods of North Queen Anne, West Queen Anne, East Queen Anne and Lower Queen Anne (or Uptown), Queen Anne has approximately 19,000 households and a total population of about 36,000. Queen Anne is disproportionately populated by unmarried, young adults. The population is more racially homogeneous, better educated and wealthier than Seattle as a whole.
|Queen Anne||Seattle||United States|
|Male / female||49% / 51%||50% / 50%||50% / 50%||49% / 51%|
|Under age 18||9%||15%||24%||24%|
|Over age 65||10%||11%||12%||13%|
|High school or higher||98%||92%||90%||85%|
|Bachelor's degree or higher||67%||56%||31%||28%|
|Average household size||1.7||2.1||2.5||2.6|
|Renter / homeowner||63% / 37%||52% / 48%||36% / 64%||34% / 66%|
|Living in same house over 1-year||70%||77%||82%||85%|
|Median household income||$64,000||$62,000||$59,000||$53,000|
|Note: Education statistics are for population 25 years and older. Marital statistics are for population 15 years and older. All data are from 2010 census or American Community Survey.|
The Vashon Glacier carved Queen Anne Hill's topography more than 13,000 years ago, and human habitation in the area began some 3000 years ago. When White settlers arrived in the mid-19th century, the Duwamish tribe maintained a seasonal presence in and around Queen Anne.
White settlement of Queen Anne stemmed from the arrival of the Denny Party at West Seattle's Alki Point in November 1851. In 1853, David Denny staked a claim to 320 acres (129 ha) of land the Duwamish called baba'kwoh, prairies, known today as Lower Queen Anne, and bounded by Elliott Bay to the west, Lake Union to the east, Mercer Street to the north, and Denny Way to the south. Denny called the area "Potlach Meadows". Development of the hill, called at various times North Seattle, Galer Hill, and Eden Hill, was slow. Then an 1875 hurricane flattened thousands of trees on Queen Anne, making the previously dense forest more appealing for settlement. The hill began to be called "Queen Anne" by 1885, after the Queen Anne style houses that dominated the area. The arrival of the Northern Pacific Railway (1883) and the Seattle, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway (1887), the Great Seattle Fire of 1889, and the opening of three cable car lines to the top of the hill (1902), further encouraged residential and business development.
The 1917 opening of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, and the Fremont and Ballard Bridges over it, made the area more appealing for maritime and timber industries, and connected Queen Anne with communities to the north. On the south side of the hill, the 1927 completion of a Civic Center (with auditorium, ice arena and football field) on David Denny's Potlach Meadows land brought residents from all over the city to Queen Anne for concerts and sporting events. The first television broadcast in the Pacific Northwest originated from KRSC's facilities at 3rd Avenue N. at Galer Street in 1948. In 1949, KING-TV bought KRSC; this was the first such transaction in the country's history. Three years later, KOMO-TV installed its own tower, and KIRO followed suit in 1958.
"The 1962 Seattle World's Fair was perhaps the most transfiguring single event in the history of Queen Anne," according to historians Florence K. Lentz and Mimi Sheridan. Named the Century 21 Exposition, the fair expanded on existing Civic Center infrastructure on the old baba'kwoh swale. After the fair, the grounds became the Seattle Center, home to the Space Needle, Pacific Science Center, Experience Music Project, Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame, the north terminal of the Seattle monorail and KeyArena.
The Seattle SuperSonics began playing at the then-Seattle Center Coliseum in 1967. The Seattle Thunderbirds hockey team began play next door at the Mercer Street Arena in 1977. The Seattle Storm basketball team began play at KeyArena in 2000.
As late as 1964, the area had a large enough population of families with children to motivate opening McClure Middle School, but by 1981 a decline in such families led the school system to close Queen Anne High School, North Queen Anne Elementary School, and West Queen Anne Elementary School.
Queen Anne is home to 29 official Seattle landmarks, including 12 historic houses. A group of residences on 14th Avenue West, built between 1890 and 1910, include one of the few remaining Queen Anne style houses on the hill. The North Queen Anne Drive Bridge, built in 1936 across Wolf Creek, is a parabolic steel arch bridge, declared a historic landmark for its unique engineering style. One of the oldest wooden-hulled tugboats still afloat, the Arthur Foss, is moored near the base of Queen Anne. Queen Anne Boulevard, which circles the crown of the hill, and some of the original retaining walls complete with decorative brickwork, balustrades, and street lights, are also designated landmarks.
An 800 m (0.50 mi) stretch of Queen Anne Avenue North between West McGraw and West Galer Streets serves as the spine of the central business district. The Greater Queen Anne Chamber of Commerce is an association of neighborhood business leaders. Queen Anne hosts a weekly farmers' market between June and October.
News and information
Queen Anne is home to four Seattle Public Schools public schools.
- John Hay Elementary (which has had three different buildings, all on Queen Anne Hill)
- Coe Elementary
- McClure Middle
- The Center School
Queen Anne Elementary School, opened in 2010 at former Lincoln High School, will move to a permanent, Queen Anne facility in September 2011. Two former schools, Queen Anne High School and West Queen Anne School, are on the National Register of Historic Places; both are now condominium apartment buildings.
- Queen Anne Community School
- St. Anne School
- Seattle Country Day School
- Seattle Waldorf High School
- Seattle Pacific University
The Queen Anne branch of the Seattle Public Library is housed in a 1914 building funded by Andrew Carnegie and built in late Tudor Revival architecture style. The structure, renovated in 2007, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and has been named a landmark by Seattle's Landmarks Preservation Board.
Parks and cemeteries
The Seattle Parks and Recreation department maintains 25 parks on Queen Anne. Kerry Park, located on Highland Drive, covers a mere 1.26 acres (0.510 ha), but boasts one of the most attractive views of the city, with downtown at the center of focus along with the Space Needle, and on clear days, Mount Rainier in the background. From this point one is also afforded beautiful views of Elliott Bay and West Seattle. Kinnear Park, with 14.1 acres (5.71 ha) of woodland and grass, is Queen Anne's largest park, offering views of the grain elevator at Pier 86. Rachel's Park, formerly Soundview Terrace, is a play area on the west slope of the hill named after Rachel Pearson, a 6-year-old girl who died on Alaska Airlines Flight 261 in 2000. Queen Anne Bowl has a dirt running track and synthetic surface soccer pitch. West Queen Anne Playfield includes a community center, indoor swimming pool, and baseball and softball fields.
Queen Anne has two cemeteries. Mount Pleasant Cemetery contains the remains of the unknown dead of the 1906 SS Valencia disaster, as well as many early Seattle pioneers, and Filipino-American author and activist Carlos Bulosan. A memorial to the dead of the 1916 Everett Massacre is located in the northeast section of the cemetery. During World War II, the cemetery served as a site for anti-aircraft defenses. Hills of Eternity Cemetery, owned and operated by Temple De Hirsch Sinai, is adjacent to Mount Pleasant.
Government and infrastructure
Queen Anne Hill is part of Washington's 7th congressional district and 36th legislative district. Queen Anne residents are represented by Jim McDermott in the United States House of Representatives, Jeanne Kohl-Welles in the Washington State Senate, Reuven Carlyle and Mary Lou Dickerson in the Washington House of Representatives, and Larry Phillips on the Metropolitan King County Council.
Past and present residents include:
- Alden J. Blethen (1845–1915), newspaper publisher.
- Betty Bowen (1918–1977), journalist and art promoter; named "First Citizen of Seattle" two days before her death.
- Arthur C. Brooks (1964–), social scientist and president of the American Enterprise Institute.
- Jack Clay (1926-), acting teacher, director and actor.
- George F. Cotterill (1865–1958), city engineer, state senator and mayor.
- David Denny (1832–1903), Seattle co-founder.
- Robert E. Galer (1913–2005), marine corps aviator and medal of honor winner.
- Hank Ketcham (1920–2001), cartoonist who created Dennis the Menace.
- George Kinnear (1836–1912), real estate developer.
- Lawrence Denny Lindsley (1879–1974), photographer, miner, hunter and guide.
- Gary Locke (1950–), governor and cabinet secretary and current Ambassador to China 
- Reginald Parsons (1873–1955), businessman and philanthropist.
- Jonathan Raban (1942–), British travel writer and novelist.
- Gerard Schwarz (1947–), composer and conductor.
- Edo Vanni (1918–2007), baseball player and manager.
- Thomas C. Wales (1952–2001), federal prosecutor and gun control advocate gunned down in his Queen Anne Hill home.
- Mike Webb (1955–2007), radio talk show host and activist.
- Rick White (1953–), member of U.S. House of Representatives.
- Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas - Queen Anne. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
- Queen Anne Boulevard. Seattle Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Highest Elevations in Seattle. Seattle Department of Transportation. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Dorpat, Paul. "Stair Struck". The Seattle Times. 25 May 2008.
- Total Population and Households - King County Census Tracts 59/60/67/68/69/70/71 - American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- 98109 - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder and 98119 - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Seattle, Washington - QuickFacts. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Washington - QuickFacts. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- United States QuickFacts. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Wilma, David. Seattle Neighborhoods: Queen Anne Hill -- Thumbnail History. HistoryLink. 28 June 2001.
- Hennes, John. Why Is Our Community Named Queen Anne? Queen Anne Historical Society, 13 June 2001.
- Lentz, Florence K. and Mimi Sheridan, Queen Anne Historic Context Statement. Prepared for the Seattle Department of Neighborhoods, Historic Preservation Program and the Queen Anne Historical Society, October 2005.
- Reinartz, Kay (1993). Queen Anne: Community on the Hill. Queen Anne Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-9638991-0-1.
- Thomas C. Wales foundation.
- Wilma, Dave. Seattle Landmarks: 14th Avenue W Residences (1890–1910). HistoryLink Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Wilma, Dave. Seattle Landmarks: Queen Anne Drive Bridge (1936). HistoryLink. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Wilma, Dave. Seattle Landmarks: West Queen Anne Walls (1913). HistoryLink. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Greater Queen Anne Chamber of Commerce.
- Queen Anne Farmers Market.
- Queen Anne News.
- Queen Anne View.
- Queen Anne-PI. Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- Coe Elementary School.
- Queen Anne Elementary - Location. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
- Queen Anne Community School
- St. Anne School.
- Seattle Public Library - Queen Anne Branch. Seattle Public Library. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Kerry Park (Franklin Place). Seattle Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Kinnear Park. Seattle Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Denn, Rebekah. "A park from Rachel, with love". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Wednesday January 31, 2001.
- Queen Anne Bowl Playfield. Seattle Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- West Queen Anne Playfield. Seattle Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Queen Anne Historical Society, Mt. Pleasant Cemetery
- Wilma, David. Seattle Neighborhoods: Queen Anne Hill -- Thumbnail History. HistoryLink. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Hills of Eternity Cemetery. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- QUEEN ANNE Post Office Location. United States Postal Service. Retrieved on 5 May 2009.
- Seattle Fire Department Stations. Seattle Fire Department. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Wilma, Dave. Seattle Landmarks: Ballard/Howe House (1901). HistoryLink. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Wilma, Dave. Seattle Landmarks: Bowen Bungalow (1913). HistoryLink. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Wilma, Dave. Seattle Landmarks: George F. Cotterill House (1910). HistoryLink. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Rahner, Mark. "Dennis the deviant". The Seattle Times. 9 October 2005.
- Wilma, Dave. Seattle Landmarks: Del a Mar Apartments (1909). HistoryLink. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Locke seems likely choice for Commerce Secretary". Queen Anne View. 24 February 2009.
- Wilma, David. Seattle Landmarks: Parsons House (1905). HistoryLink. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Marshall, John. "Book Critics Laud Local Writer's 'Bad Land'", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, March 20, 2007. Accessed June 2, 2008.
- Bond, Jeff. "Ending on a good note". Queen Anne News. 14 September 2010.
- Stone, Larry. "Edo Vanni is the dean of Seattle baseball". The Seattle Times. 13 February 2005.
- Miletich, Steve and Mike Carter. "Five years later, FBI still after Wales' killer". The Seattle Times. 12 October 2006.
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