RAF Bisterne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
RAF Bisterne
USAAF Station AAF-415

Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svgPatch9thusaaf.png
Rafbisterne-22may44.jpg
Aerial Photo of Bisterne Airfield, 22 May 1944. More than 50 P-47 Thunderbolts of the 371st Fighter Group are dispersed along the perimeter loop.
IATA: noneICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Air Ministry
Operator United States Army Air Forces
Location Bisterne, Hampshire
Built 1944 (1944)
In use 1944 (1944)
Elevation AMSL 49 ft / 15 m
Coordinates 50°49′06″N 001°46′50″W / 50.81833°N 1.78056°W / 50.81833; -1.78056Coordinates: 50°49′06″N 001°46′50″W / 50.81833°N 1.78056°W / 50.81833; -1.78056
Map
RAF Bisterne is located in Hampshire
RAF Bisterne
RAF Bisterne
Location in Hampshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
02/20 0 0 Hard earth
09/27 0 0 Hard earth
Republic P-47D-28-RE Thunderbolt Serial 44-200284 of the 404th Fighter Squadron (photo taken at Furth/Industriehafen, Germany
Republic P-47D-28-RE Thunderbolt Serial 44-200097 of the 406th Fighter Squadron (photo taken at Furth/Industriehafen, Germany

RAF Bisterne is a former Royal Air Force Advanced Landing Ground in Hampshire, England. The airfield is located in the hamlet of Bisterne approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Ringwood; about 85 miles (137 km) southwest of London.

Opened in March 1944, Bisterne was a prototype for the type of temporary Advanced Landing Ground type airfield that would be built in France after D-Day, when the need advanced landing fields would become urgent as the Allied forces moved east across France and Germany. It was used by the United States Army Air Force as a fighter airfield. It was closed late in the summer of 1944.

Today the airfield is a mixture of agricultural fields with no recognizable remains.

History[edit]

USAAF use[edit]

Bisterne was known as USAAF Station AAF-415 for security reasons by the USAAF during the war, and by which it was referred to instead of location. It's USAAF Station Code was "BS".

371st Fighter Group[edit]

On 7 March 1944 the 371st Fighter Group arrived . Equipped with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts, the 347th FG arrived from Richmond AAF Virginia. Tactical squadrons of the group and squadron fuselage codes were:

  • 404th Fighter Squadron (9Q)
  • 405th Fighter Squadron (8N)
  • 406th Fighter Squadron (4W)

The 371st was a group of Ninth Air Force's 70th Fighter Wing, IX Tactical Air Command. The 371st moved from Bisterne between June 17 and June 29, 1944 to its Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) at Beuzeville France (ALG A-6)

Current use[edit]

Today, the land that was once RAF Bisterne is unrecognizable as a former airfield and had returned to farm and pastureland. It is only that by comparing the local farm roads in the area and those same roads in aerial photographs of the airfield when it was active that a precise location of the airfield can be determined.

In 2004 a small memorial was dedicated on the outskirts of a Ringwood farm yard barn at the end of a dusty gravel track as a lasting memorial to the men and machines who flew from the wartime Bisterne airfield.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further reading[edit]

  • Freeman, Roger A. (1994) UK Airfields of the Ninth: Then and Now 1994. After the Battle ISBN 0-900913-80-0
  • Freeman, Roger A. (1996) The Ninth Air Force in Colour: UK and the Continent-World War Two. After the Battle ISBN 1-85409-272-3
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.

External links[edit]