RMS Baltic (1903)
Baltic from an old postcard.
|Owner:||White Star Line|
|Route:||Liverpool to New York City|
|Builder:||Harland and Wolff, Belfast|
|Launched:||21 November 1903|
|Completed:||23 June 1904|
|Maiden voyage:||29 June 1904|
|Fate:||Scrapped in Osaka, Japan; sailed there 17 February 1933|
|Length:||729 ft (222.7 m)|
|Beam:||75.6 ft (23.1 m)|
|Propulsion:||Two four-cylinder quadruple expansion engines powering two propellers.|
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)|
RMS Baltic was an ocean liner of the White Star Line that sailed between 1904 and 1933. At 23,876 gross tons, she was the largest ship in the world until 1905. She was the third of a quartet of ships, all measuring over 20,000 gross tons, dubbed The Big Four (the other three being RMS Celtic, Cedric, and Adriatic).
On 23 January 1909 (commanded by J. B. Ranson), she rescued survivors of the collision in fog between the White Star Line's RMS Republic and the SS Florida off the north eastern coast of the United States, after which Republic sank.
On 14 April 1912, the Baltic sent an ice warning message to the RMS Titanic:
"Greek steamer Athenia reports passing icebergs and large quantities of field ice today in latitude 41° 51' N, longitude 49° 52' W. Wish you and Titanic all success. Commander."
She was also involved in a rescue on 6 December 1929, when she assisted the sinking schooner Northern Light.
World War Steaming Schedule
One of RMS Baltic's first major events during the World War was having been chosen to deliver Major General John J. Pershing and his staff to England. On 9 June 1917, the War Department released its first communique revealing the arrival of General Pershing in England, and this was published as follows:
"Baltic Carried Pershing Over. Londoners Preparing to Entertain American Soldiers. 10 U.S. Airmen in France. Pershing's Personal Staff and Other Members of General Staff Number 67 Officers and Are Accompanied by a Squad of 50 Privates and a Large Civilian Clerical Force- Pershing Anxious to Get into Harness. London, June 9.- Headed by Major General John J. Pershing, its commander, the first representation of the American army that is to enter the European war disembarked at a British port after an uneventful voyage of 10 day on board the White Star line Baltic. The party was received with full military honors and immediately entrained for London, where it arrived and was welcomed by the Earl of Derby, the minister of war; Viscount French commander of the British forces, and the American officials..."
- "Baltic Carried Pershing Over". Dunkirk Evening Observer (June 9, 1917), p 3, column 2.
- http://www.shorpy.com/White_Star_Line_piers_New_York_1904 (RMS Baltic, White Star Line Pier, New York, 1904)