Regional Representative Council
|Regional Representative Council
Dewan Perwakilan Daerah
|Type||Upper house of the People's Consultative Assembly|
|Term limits||1 term (5 years)|
Since 1 October 2009
|Last election||9 April 2009|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
|Pancasila (national philosophy)|
The Regional Representative Council (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, DPD) is one of two parliamentary chambers in Indonesia. Together with the People's Representative Council, it makes up a third chamber, the People's Consultative Assembly.
The DPD was created by the third amendment to the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia enacted 9 November 2001 in a move towards bicameralism. The DPD does not have the revising powers of an upper house like the United States Senate. Article 22D restricts the DPD to dealing with bills on "regional autonomy, the relationship of central and local government, formation, expansion and merger of regions, management of natural resources and other economic resources, and Bills related to the financial balance between the centre and the regions."
The International Foundation for Electoral Systems conducted a tracking survey in the Indonesian legislative elections in 2004 which showed that not all voters knew how to vote for candidates for the new Regional Representative Council, or were even aware of its existence.
Article 22C of the Constitution rules that all members of the DPD are elected through the same Legislative Election every five years, along with the members of DPR. The total number of members is limited so that it does not exceed one third of that of DPR.
Powers and structure
The DPD can propose such bills to the DPR and must be heard on any regional bill proposed by DPR. Each province elects 4 members to the DPD on a non-partisan basis, although many candidates in the April 2004 election had links to the parties represented in the People's Representative Council, the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR.
A third legislative body, the People's Consultative Assembly (Indonesian: Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) (MPR), comprises the members of the DPR and the DPD.
The acronym DPD is a common one in Indonesia. In political parties, it usually stands for Indonesian: ''Dewan Pimpinan Daerah'' (Regional Leadership Council) and seated at each provincial capital. It should not be confused with the Legislative body.
- Denny Indrayana (2008) Indonesian Constitutional Reform 1999-2002: An Evaluation of Constitution-Making in Transition, Kompas Book Publishing, Jakarta ISBN 978-979-709-394-5
- DPD homepage (Indonesian)