Senate of Colombia

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Senate of Colombia
Senado de Colombia
Coat of arms of Colombia.svg
Type
Type
Leadership
Juan Fernando Cristo Bustos (L)
since 20 July 2013 (2013-07-20)
First Vice President
Carlos Emiro Barriga Peñaranda (C)
since 20 July 2013 (2013-07-20)
Second Vice President
Félix José Valera Ibáñez (V)
since 20 July 2013 (2013-07-20)
Structure
Seats 102
Political groups

     Government (65)

  •      PSUN (21)
  •      C (18)
  •      L (17)
  •      CR (9)

Opposition Parties (37)

Elections
Direct election
Last election
9 March 2014
Meeting place
Capitolio Nacional, Bogotá
Website
www.senado.gov.co
Coat of arms of Colombia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Colombia
Constitution

The Senate of the Republic of Colombia (Spanish: Senado de la República de Colombia) is the upper house of the Congress of Colombia, with the lower house being the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia. The Senate has 102 members elected for concurrent (non-rotating) four-year terms.

Election process[edit]

According to the Colombian Constitution of 1991, 100 senators (senadores) are elected from a single national candidate list. The remaining two are elected from a special list set aside for Indigenous peoples communities and Afro-Colombian minorities. Senators can be elected by Colombian citizens abroad.

Requirements[edit]

To be a senator, a person must be a natural-born Colombian citizen who has attained the age of 30 years at the moment of election.

Current members[edit]

There are 98 members of the Senate as of May 2014, 84 men and 14 women. Of the 102 members elected to the Senate in 2010: four lost their seats, they were not replaced in the Senate due to the nature of the crimes; two died while in office, and were replaced; and five were removed or resigned, but were replaced in the Senate.

Exclusive powers of the Senate[edit]

  1. Approve or reject the resignations of both the President and the Vice-President.
  2. Approve or reject all military rank promotion at all grades.
  3. Grant leaves of absence for the President in cases other than sickness, and determine whether the reasons for the leave are worthy.
  4. Allow for the transit of foreign troops through Colombian territory.
  5. Authorize the Government to declare war on a foreign nation.
  6. Elect the Constitutional Court justices.
  7. Elect the Attorney General.

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 14 March 2010 Senate of Colombia election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Party of the U (Partido de la U) 2,804,123 25.8 28
Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 2,298,748 21.2 22
Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 1,763,908 16.3 17
National Integration Party (Partido de Integración Nacional) 907,468 8.4 9
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 888,851 8.2 8
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 848,305 7.8 8
Green Party (Partido Verde) 531,293 4.9 5
Independent Absolute Renovation Movement (MIRA party) 298,862 2.8 3
Citizens' Compromise for Colombia (Compromiso Ciudadano por Colombia) 182,286 1.7 0
Others 326,763 3.0
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia) 1
Total valid votes (turnout 44.2%) 10,851,207 100.0 102
Sources: Adam Carr's Election Archive
e • d Seats reserved for indigenous
Parties Votes % Seats
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 26,428 25.1 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indigenas de Colombia) 23,809 22.6 1
National Integration Party (Partido de Integración Nacional) 20,887 19.9
Others 34,111 32.4
Total (turnout %) 105,235 100.0 2
Source: Adam Carr's Election Archive

Previous election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 12 March 2006 Senate of Colombia election results
Parties % Seats
Social National Unity Party/Party of the U (Partido Social de Unidad Nacional, also known as Partido de la U) 17.49 20
Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 16.13 18
Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 15.52 18
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 13.36 15
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 9.74 10
Citizens' Convergence (Convergencia Ciudadana) 6.25 7
Wings - Team Colombia Movement (Movimiento Alas Equipo Colombia) 4.68 5
Democratic Colombia Party (Partido Colombia Demócratica) 2.85 3
Mira Movement (Movimiento Mira) 2.35 2
Living Colombia Movement (Movimiento Colombia Viva) 2.46 2
Let the Moreno play movement (Movimiento Dejen Jugar al Moreno) 1.50 0
C4 0.88 0
Visionaries with Antanas Mockus (Visionarios con Antanas Mockus) 0.77 0
Comunitarian Participation Movement (Movimiento de Participación Comunitaria) 0.56 0
Communal and Comunitarian Movement of Colombia (Movimiento Comunal y Comunitario de Colombia) 0.42 0
Colombia Unite Movement (Movimiento Únete Colombia) 0.17 0
Independent Conservatism (Conservatismo Independiente) 0.14 0
National Democratic Reconstruction (Reconstrucción Democrática Nacional) 0.08 0
Progressive National Movement (Movimiento Nacional Progresista) 0.09 0
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 2
Total valid votes (turnout 40.54%)   102
Sources: Registraduria Nacional del Estado Civil, Caracol Radio
e • d 2006 elections to the 2 seats reserved for Indigenous in the Senate of Colombia
Parties Votes % Seats
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) ASI 44,557 28.27 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indigenas de Colombia) AICO 21,304 13.52 1
Total (turnout %)    
Source: Registraduria Nacional del Estado Civil.

Note: As the blank vote percentage was 58.21% (more than 50%), this special election must be repeated, with the same parties but different candidates [1]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 4°35′51″N 74°04′35″W / 4.59750°N 74.07639°W / 4.59750; -74.07639