Rick Hansen

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For other people named Rick Hansen, see Richard Hansen (disambiguation).
Rick Hansen
Canadian Paralympian Rick Hansen (August 2008).jpg
Rick Hansen in August 2008
Born Richard Marvin Hansen
(1957-08-26) 26 August 1957 (age 57)
Port Alberni, British Columbia
Nationality Canada
Occupation disability activist, former Paralympian
Known for Man in Motion World Tour
Rick Hansen
Medal record
Competitor for  Canada
Athletics
Paralympic Games
Gold 1980 Arnhem 800 m 4
Gold 1984 Stoke Mandeville 1500 m 4
Gold 1984 Stoke Mandeville Marathon 4
Silver 1980 Arnhem 1500 m 4
Silver 1984 Stoke Mandeville 5000 m 4
Bronze 1980 Arnhem 4×100 m relay 2–5

Richard Marvin "Rick" Hansen, CC, OBC (born 26 August 1957) is a Canadian Paralympian and a philanthropist for people with spinal cord injuries. Following a pick up truck accident at the age of 15, Hansen sustained a spinal cord injury that paralyzed his physical functions below his waist. Hansen is most famous for his Man in Motion World Tour. He was one of the final torchbearers in the 2010 Winter Olympics.[1] He was profiled and spoke during the opening ceremony for the 2010 Winter Paralympics.[2]

Early life[edit]

Born in Port Alberni, British Columbia, Rick Hansen grew up in Williams Lake, British Columbia. As a young athlete, he had won all-star awards in five sports. He was paralyzed at the age of 15 from being in the back of a truck with his friend, when suddenly the pick up truck swerved and hit a tree. He left the bed of the truck from the impact and received a spinal cord injury. He worked on rehabilitation, completed high school, then became the first student with a physical disability to graduate in physical education from the University of British Columbia. Hansen won national championships on wheelchair volleyball and wheelchair basketball teams. He went on to become a world class champion wheelchair marathoner and Paralympic athlete. He competed in wheelchair racing at both the 1980 and 1984 Summer Paralympics, winning a total of three gold, two silver, and one bronze medal.[3] Hansen won 19 international wheelchair marathons, including three world championships. He also coached high school basketball and volleyball. Hansen had a very close relationship with his family, especially with his father and grandfather, with whom he enjoyed frequent fishing trips.

Man in Motion World Tour[edit]

Rick Hansen's statue, in honour of his Man in Motion World Tour, at Rogers Arena in Vancouver, Canada.

In 1980, fellow British Columbian and Canadian athlete Terry Fox, who had lost a leg to bone cancer, undertook the Marathon of Hope, intending to run across Canada from Newfoundland to Vancouver Island to raise awareness for cancer research. He made it from St. John's, Newfoundland, to Thunder Bay, Ontario, before a cancer recurrence forced him to stop, about half of the way through his journey. Inspired by Terry's courage, Hansen decided to undertake a similar journey for spinal cord injury research. But his planned path was far more ambitious: he planned to circle the world in his wheelchair.

In UBC Biomechanics Lab, preparing for tour

He embarked on his Man in Motion World Tour on 21 March 1985 from Oakridge Mall in Vancouver. Although public attention was low at the beginning of the tour, he soon attracted international media attention as he progressed on a 26-month trek, logging more than 40,000 km through 34 countries on four continents before crossing Canada. He returned to Vancouver's BC Place Stadium to cheering crowds of thousands on 22 May 1987 after raising $26 million for spinal cord research and quality of life initiatives. Like Terry Fox, he was hailed as an international hero.

Today, the wheelchair and many other items associated with the Man in Motion World Tour are preserved by the BC Sports Hall of Fame and Museum. The song "St. Elmo's Fire (Man in Motion)" was written in his honor by Canadian record producer and composer David Foster and British musician John Parr and performed by Parr for the soundtrack of the film St. Elmo's Fire. It reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States in September 1985.

Heart of a Dragon [1] is the film based on Hansen's Man in Motion Tour. Over twenty years ago, Michael French flew with a film crew from Vancouver, British Columbia to Beijing and documented Hansen's entrance into Beijing with over 1 million Chinese heralding his arrival as a hero.

Post-tour career[edit]

Hansen carries the Olympic flame into BC Place Stadium during the 2010 Winter Olympics opening ceremony
Hansen speaks to the crowd at the BC Place Stadium during the 2010 Winter Paralympics opening ceremony

Hansen is currently president and CEO of the Rick Hansen Foundation, which has generated more than $200 million for spinal cord injury-related programs.

Rick Hansen Foundation[edit]

With Hansen as CEO, the Rick Hansen Foundation has launched programs advocating for cures, treatments, and quality of life programs for people with spinal cord injuries and related disabilities. Initiatives involve research,[4] funding grants,[5] adaptive sports.[6]

In addition,the Foundation operates two major programs. The Rick Hansen School Program is designed for children from grades one to twelve, and teaches inclusiveness, disability awareness and leadership.[7] Meanwhile, an online accessibility-related travel tool and consumer ratings guide called planat was also launched in 2011.[8][9]

During 2011 and 2012, the Foundation was also part of a cross-Canada tour called the Rick Hansen 25th Anniversary Relay that followed the same route as Hansen's original Man in Motion Tour, roughly 25 years after it began.[10][11]

ICORD, Blusson Spinal Cord Centre and Rick Hansen Institute[edit]

Hansen was noted as "the driving force" in the development of the 48 million dollars raised for the International Collaboration of Repair Discoveries (ICORD), an information network designed to track and record "best practices" in spinal cord treatment across the country and internationally. ICORD also maintains the Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Registry, allowing doctors and experts across the country to share vital information on what works and what doesn't for specific kinds of spinal cord injuries.[12]

ICORD is located inside the Blusson Spinal Cord Centre, which is also home to the Brenda and David McLean Integrated Spine Clinic, which provides one-stop outpatient care for people with spinal cord injuries or diseases of the spine, as well as the Rick Hansen Institute (formerly the Spinal Cord Injuries Solutions Network).

The building was designed to be fully accessible, with no need to display the wheelchair disability sign, and integrates research with care.

The province has previously contributed $17.25 million to spinal cord injury research and quality of life – $2.25 million to the B.C. Leadership Chair in Spinal Cord Research at the Rick Hansen Institute at UBC and $15 million to the Rick Hansen Foundation in support of its ongoing work to help improve the lives of people with spinal cord injuries.

Other initiatives[edit]

Hansen has served as chair of both the Fraser River Sturgeon Conservation Society and the Pacific Salmon Endowment Fund Society, helping to restore and protect sturgeon and salmon populations in British Columbia.

Hansen earned a bachelor's degree in Physical Education in 1986 from the University of British Columbia, Vancouver.

Personal life[edit]

Hansen married Amanda Reid, his former physiotherapist. They have three daughters: Emma, Alana, and Rebecca, and live in Richmond, British Columbia.

Controversies[edit]

On June 23, 2013, Vancouver Sun columnist David Baines published a lengthy and detailed investigative story about the finances of Hansen and his various foundations and groups. The article, entitled, Behind the Rick Hansen Foundation: Charity's Financial Stewardship Questioned reveals, among other things, that '...in 2009, Hansen donated rights to his name [to the Rick Hansen Foundation] for $1.8 million. In return, he received a $1.8-million tax receipt.' It also states that Hansen's salary prior to resigning from his positions as president and CEO in 2011 was 'more than $400,000 a year; how much more is not clear.'

After his 2011 resignation, he became co-chairman of the foundation (with Lyall Knott) and re-structured his relationship with the foundation by having it create the 'Rick Hansen Leadership Group,' a not-for-profit society that 'is technically controlled by the foundation but headed by Hansen and includes two assistants. It provides “leadership services” to the foundation on a contract basis.' That restructuring 'removed Hansen from the foundation’s direct payroll. Instead of paying him directly, the foundation now pays him indirectly through the leadership group,' which means the foundation conveniently no longer has to report any compensation level for him in its CRA returns.

Hansen has been criticized for his support of[13] vivisection, including the use of cats for spinal cord research. In 2011 he was Grand Marshall for the Calgary Stampede, under criticism for its abuse and killing of rodeo animals.

Professional background[edit]

  • President and CEO, Rick Hansen Foundation (1997–Present)
  • National Fellow, Rick Hansen National Fellow Programme, University of British Columbia (1990–Present)
  • Consultant on Disability Issues to the President, University of British Columbia (1989–1991)
  • Commissioner General to Canada Pavilion at World Exposition '88 in Brisbane, Australia (1987–1988)

Memberships[edit]

  • Member, Living Rivers Trust Fund Advisory Board (2005–Present)
  • Interim Chair, Pacific Salmon Endowment Fund Society (2000–Present)
  • Member, Board of Directors, Rick Hansen Institute (1997–Present)
  • Chair, Fraser River Sturgeon Conservation Society (1996–Present)
  • Member, Board of Directors, Rick Hansen Foundation (1993–1999)
  • Member, Board of Trustees, Ernest C. Manning Awards Foundation (1992–2000)
  • International Advisory Committee for Globe '92, Congress and Exposition on the Environment (1991–1992)
  • Chair, International Committee on Integration of Disabled Athletes (Renamed: Commission for the Inclusion of Athletes with Disabilities) (1990–Present)
  • Chair, Advisory Committee of the Disability Resource Centre, University of British Columbia (1990–1997)
  • Chair, Independence 92 - International Congress and Exposition on Disability, Vancouver, British Columbia (1990–1992)
  • Member, Board of Directors, Nike Canada (1989–2004)
  • Partner/Advisor, National Access Awareness Week, Canada (1989–1999)
  • International Advisory Committee for Globe '90, Congress and Exposition on the Environment (1989–1990)
  • Member, Board of Governors, 1994 Commonwealth Games, Victoria (1989–1994)
  • Advisory Panel, Man in Motion Legacy Trust Fund (1987–Present)
  • Member, Board of Directors, Man in Motion World Tour Society (1987–1992)
  • Member, Board of Directors (Honorary), Man in Motion World Tour (1986–1987)

Awards and honours[edit]

Order of Canada Citation[edit]

Hansen was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada on June 29, 1987. His citation reads:[14]

Already a world-renowned wheelchair athlete, this British-Columbian fulfilled a dream of wheeling around the world to make others aware of the potential of the disabled and to raise funds for spinal cord research among other things. His 44,000 km. journey, recently completed, took him to four continents and 33 countries, inspiring people around the world to realize their potential and raising many millions of dollars for the cause.

Honorary appointments[edit]

  • Honorary Colonel of the Canadian Forces Joint Personnel Support Unit (2012-Present)
  • Honorary Director, Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation (2002)
  • Honorary Board member, Think First Foundation (1998–2000)
  • Honorary Chair, Brain and Spinal Cord Research Centre Campaign, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia (1995)
  • Honorary Patron, B.C. Aboriginal Network on Disability Society (1995–Present)
  • Honorary Chair, Grey Cup Festival (1994)
  • Honorary Chair, Active Living Alliance for Canadians with a Disability (1990–Present)
  • Honorary Chair, Alberta Premier's Advisory Council for Persons with Disabilities (1989–Present)
  • Honorary Chair, BC Premier's Advisory Council for Persons with Disabilities (1989–Present)

Hansen was named Commissioner General for the Canadian Pavilion at Expo '88 in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. In 1986, a township in Sudbury District, Ontario, previously named the Geographical Township of Stalin, altered its name to the Township of Hansen in the athlete's honour. It is now within the boundary of the municipality of Killarney.

Books[edit]

Hansen is the co-author of two books: the autobiographical Rick Hansen: Man in Motion, written with Jim Taylor (published in 1987, ISBN 0-88894-560-4), and the self-help book Going the Distance: 7 steps to personal change, written with Dr. Joan Laub.

References[edit]

External links[edit]