||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2010)|
Bonnie Raitt performing live in 2007
|Birth name||Bonnie Lynn Raitt|
November 8, 1949 |
Burbank, California, United States
|Genres||Blues, country, folk-rock, pop|
|Occupations||Singer-songwriter, musician, political activist, philanthropist|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, slide guitar|
Bonnie Lynn Raitt (born November 8, 1949) is an American blues singer-songwriter and slide guitar player. During the 1970s, Raitt released a series of acclaimed roots-influenced albums which incorporated elements of blues, rock, folk and country, but she is perhaps best known for her more commercially accessible recordings in the 1990s including "Nick of Time", "Something to Talk About", "Love Sneakin' Up on You", and the slow ballad "I Can't Make You Love Me". Raitt has received ten Grammy Awards (as of 2013) in her career and is a lifelong political activist.
Early life 
Raitt, the daughter of Broadway musical star John Raitt and his first wife, pianist Marjorie Haydock, began playing guitar at an early age, something few of her high school female friends did. Later she would become famous for her bottleneck-style guitar playing. "I had played a little at school and at camp", she later recalled in a July 2002 interview. The camp Raitt refers to is Camp Regis-Applejack, located on Upper St. Regis Lake in New York.
Pre-recording career 
After graduating from Oakwood Friends School in Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1967 Raitt entered Radcliffe College as a freshman, majoring in social relations and African studies. "My plan was to travel to Tanzania, where President Julius Nyerere was creating a government based on democracy and socialism", Raitt recalled. "I wanted to help undo the damage that Western colonialism had done to native cultures around the world. Cambridge, Massachusetts was a hotbed of this kind of thinking, and I was thrilled."
One day, Raitt was told by a friend that blues promoter Dick Waterman was giving an interview at WHRB, Harvard's college radio station. An important figure in the blues revival of the 1960s, Waterman was also a Cambridge resident. Raitt went to see Waterman, and the two soon became friends, "much to the chagrin of my parents, who didn't expect their freshman daughter to be running around with 65-year-old bluesmen," recalled Raitt. "I was amazed by his passion for the music and the integrity with which he managed the musicians."
During Raitt's sophomore year, Waterman relocated to Philadelphia, and a number of local musicians he counted among his friends went with him. Raitt had become a strong part of that community, recalling that "... these people had become my friends, my mentors, and though I had every intention of graduating, I decided to take the semester off and move to Philadelphia .... It was an opportunity that young white girls just don't get, and as it turns out, an opportunity that changed everything."
By now, Raitt was also playing folk and rhythm and blues clubs in the Boston area, performing alongside established blues legends such as Howlin' Wolf, Sippie Wallace, and Mississippi Fred McDowell, all of whom she met through Waterman.
Signing with Warner Bros. 
In the fall of 1970, while opening for McDowell at the Gaslight Cafe in New York, she was seen by a reporter from Newsweek Magazine, who began to spread word of her performance. Scouts from major record companies were soon attending her shows to watch her play. She eventually accepted an offer with Warner Bros. who soon released her debut album, Bonnie Raitt, in 1971. The album was warmly received by the music press, many of whom praised her skills as an interpreter and as a bottleneck guitarist; at the time, very few women in popular music had strong reputations as guitarists.
While admired by those who saw her perform, and respected by her peers, Raitt gained little public acclaim for her work. Her critical stature continued to grow but record sales remained modest. Her second album, Give It Up, was released in 1972 to universal acclaim; though many critics still regard it as her best work, it did not change her commercial fortunes. 1973's Takin' My Time was also met with critical acclaim, but these notices were not matched by the sales.
Raitt was beginning to receive greater press coverage, including a 1975 cover story for Rolling Stone Magazine, but with 1974's Streetlights, reviews for her work were becoming increasingly mixed. By now, Raitt was already experimenting with different producers and different styles, and she began to adopt a more mainstream sound that continued through 1975's Home Plate.
Commercial success 
1977's Sweet Forgiveness album gave Raitt her first commercial breakthrough when it yielded a hit single in her cover of "Runaway." Recast as a heavy rhythm and blues recording based on a rhythmic groove inspired by Al Green, Raitt's version of "Runaway" was disparaged by many critics. However, the song's commercial success prompted a bidding war for Raitt between Warner Bros. and Columbia Records. "There was this big Columbia – Warner war going on at the time", recalled Raitt in a 1990 interview. "James Taylor had just left Warner Bros. and made a big album for Columbia...And then, Warner signed Paul Simon away from Columbia, and they didn't want me to have a hit record for Columbia — no matter what! So, I renegotiated my contract, and they basically matched Columbia's offer. Frankly the deal was a really big deal."
Warner Brothers held higher expectations for Raitt's next album, The Glow in 1979, but it was released to poor reviews as well as modest sales. Raitt would have one commercial success in 1979 when she helped organize the five (Musicians United for Safe Energy (MUSE) concerts at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The shows spawned the a three-record gold album as well as a Warner Brothers feature film, No Nukes. The shows featured co-founders Jackson Browne, Graham Nash, John Hall, and Raitt as well as Bruce Springsteen, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, The Doobie Brothers, Carly Simon, James Taylor, Gil Scott-Heron, and numerous others.
For her next record, 1982's Green Light, Raitt made a conscious attempt to revisit the sound of her earlier records. However, to her surprise, many of her peers and the media compared her new sound to the burgeoning New Wave movement. The album received her strongest reviews in years, but her sales did not improve and this would have a severe impact on her relationship with Warner Brothers.
Drop from Warner Brothers 
In 1983, as Raitt was finishing work on her follow-up album, entitled Tongue & Groove, Warner Brothers "cleaned house", dropping a number of major artists such as Van Morrison and Arlo Guthrie from their roster. The day after mastering was completed on Tongue & Groove, the record label dropped Raitt also. The album was shelved indefinitely, and Raitt was left without a record label. By then, Raitt was also struggling with alcohol and drug abuse problems.
Despite her personal and professional problems, Raitt continued to tour and participate in political activism. In 1985, she sang and appeared in the video of "Sun City", the anti-apartheid record written and produced by guitarist Steven Van Zandt. Along with her participation in Farm Aid and Amnesty International concerts, Raitt traveled to Moscow in 1987 to participate in the first joint Soviet/American Peace Concert, later shown on the Showtime television network. Also in 1987, Raitt organized a benefit in Los Angeles for Countdown '87 to Stop Contra Aid. The benefit featured herself along with musicians Don Henley, Herbie Hancock, Holly Near and others.
Tongue and Groove's name change and release 
Two years after dropping her from their label, Warner Brothers notified Raitt of their plans to release Tongue & Groove. "I said it wasn't really fair," recalled Raitt. "I think at this point they felt kind of bad. I mean, I was out there touring on my savings to keep my name up, and my ability to draw was less and less. So they agreed to let me go in and recut half of it, and that's when it came out as Nine Lives." A critical and commercial disappointment, 1986's Nine Lives would be Raitt's last new recording for Warner Brothers.
In late 1987, Raitt joined singers k.d. lang and Jennifer Warnes as female background vocals for Roy Orbison's television special, Roy Orbison and Friends, A Black and White Night. Following this highly acclaimed broadcast, Raitt began working on new material. By then, Raitt was clean and sober, having resolved her substance abuse problem. She later credited Stevie Ray Vaughan for his help in a Minnesota State Fair concert the night after Vaughan's 1990 death. During this time, Raitt considered signing with Prince's own label, Paisley Park, but negotiations ultimately fell through. Instead she began recording a bluesy mix of pop and rock under the production guidance of Don Was at Capitol Records.
Raitt had met Was through Hal Wilner, who was putting together Stay Awake, a tribute album to Disney music for A&M. Was and Wilner both wanted Raitt to sing lead on an adult-contemporary arrangement created by Was for "Baby Mine", the lullaby from Dumbo. Raitt was very pleased with the sessions, and she asked Was to produce her next album.
Peak commercial success 
After nearly 20 years, Bonnie Raitt achieved belated commercial success with her tenth album, Nick of Time. Released in the spring of 1989, Nick of Time went to the top of the U.S. charts following Raitt's Grammy sweep in early 1990. This album has been voted number 230 in the Rolling Stone magazine list of 500 Greatest Albums Of All Time. Raitt herself pointed out that her 10th try was "my first sober album."
At the same time, Raitt received a fourth Grammy Award for her duet "In the Mood" with John Lee Hooker on his album The Healer. Nick of Time was also the first of many of her recordings to feature her longtime rhythm section of Ricky Fataar and James "Hutch" Hutchinson (Although previously Fataar had played on her Green Light album and Hutchinson had worked on Nine Lives). Nick of Time has sold over six million copies in the US alone.
Raitt followed up this success with three more Grammy Awards for her 1991 album, Luck of the Draw which has currently sold nearly 8 million copies in the United States. Three years later, in 1994, she added two more Grammys with her album Longing In Their Hearts, her second no. 1 album. Both of these albums were multi-platinum successes. Raitt's collaboration with Was would amicably come to an end with 1995's live release, Road Tested. Released to solid reviews, it sold well enough to be certified gold.
For her next studio album, Raitt hired Mitchell Froom and Tchad Blake as her producers. "I loved working with Don Was but I wanted to give myself and my fans a stretch and do something different," Raitt said. Her work with Froom and Blake was released on Fundamental in 1998.
Current era 
Australian Country Music Artist Graeme Connors has said, "Bonnie Raitt does something with a lyric no one else can do; she bends it and twists it right into your heart." (ABC Radio NSW Australia interview with Interviewer Chris Coleman on 18 January 2007)
Raitt appeared on the June 7, 2008 broadcast of Garrison Keillor's radio program "A Prairie Home Companion". She performed two blues songs with Kevin "Keb' Mo'" Moore: "No Getting Over You" and "There Ain't Nothin' in Ramblin'." Raitt also sang Dimming of the Day with Richard Thompson. This show, along with another on which Raitt with her band in October 2006, is archived on the Prairie Home Companion web site.
In April 2012, Raitt released her first studio album since Souls Alike in 2005. Entitled Slipstream, the new album was released in North America on April 10. Slipstream has been praised as "her best album in years and one of the best of her 40-year career" by American Songwriter Magazine.
In September 2012, she was featured in a campaign called "30 Songs / 30 Days" to support Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide, a multi-platform media project inspired by a project outlined in a book by Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn.
Bonnie Rait is listed at number 50 in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. She is also listed at number 89 in the Rolling Stone list of the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.
Political activism 
Raitt's political involvement goes back to the early seventies. Her 1972 album "Give it up" had a dedication "to the people of North Vietnam ..." printed on the back.
Raitt's web site urges fans to learn more about preserving the environment. She was a founding member of Musicians United for Safe Energy in 1979 and a catalyst for the larger anti-nuclear movement, becoming involved with groups like the Abalone Alliance and Alliance for Survival.
In 1994 at the urging of writer Dick Waterman, Raitt funded the replacement of a headstone for one of her mentors, blues guitarist Fred McDowell through the Mt. Zion Memorial Fund. Raitt later financed memorial headstones in Mississippi for musicians Memphis Minnie, Sam Chatmon, and Tommy Johnson again with the Mt. Zion Memorial Fund.
At the Stockholm Jazz Festival in July 2004, Raitt dedicated a classic to sitting (and later re-elected) U.S. President George W. Bush. She was quoted as saying, "We're gonna sing this for George Bush because he's out of here, people!" before she launched into the opening licks of "Your Good Thing (Is About to End)", a cover that was featured on her 1979 album The Glow. In 2002, Raitt signed on as an official supporter of Little Kids Rock, a nonprofit organization that provides free musical instruments and free lessons to children in public schools throughout the U.S.A. She has visited children in the program and sits on the organization's board of directors as an honorary member.
Raitt is part of the No Nukes group which is against the expansion of nuclear power. In 2007, No Nukes recorded a music video of a new version of the Buffalo Springfield song "For What It's Worth".
Personal life 
- 1971: Bonnie Raitt
- 1972: Give It Up
- 1973: Takin' My Time
- 1974: Streetlights
- 1975: Home Plate
- 1977: Sweet Forgiveness
- 1979: The Glow
- 1982: Green Light
- 1986: Nine Lives
- 1989: Nick of Time
- 1991: Luck of the Draw
- 1994: Longing in Their Hearts
- 1998: Fundamental
- 2002: Silver Lining
- 2005: Souls Alike
- 2012: Slipstream
Grammy Award 
|1980||"You're Gonna Get What's Coming"||Best Female Rock Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|1987||"No Way To Treat A Lady"||Nominated|
|1990||Nick of Time||Album of the Year||Won|
|Best Female Rock Vocal Performance||Won|
|"Nick of Time"||Best Female Pop Vocal Performance||Won|
|"I'm In The Mood"||Best Traditional Blues Recording||Won|
|1992||Luck of the Draw||Album of the Year||Nominated|
|"Something To Talk About"||Record of the Year||Nominated|
|Best Female Pop Vocal Performance||Won|
|"Luck of the Draw"||Best Rock Vocal Solo Performance||Won|
|"Good Man, Good Woman"||Best Rock Group Vocal Performance||Won|
|1995||Longing in Their Hearts||Album of the Year||Nominated|
|Best Pop Vocal Album||Won|
|"Love Sneakin' Up On You"||Record of the Year||Nominated|
|Best Female Pop Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|Best Rock Vocal Solo Performance||Nominated|
|1996||"You Got It"||Best Female Pop Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|1997||Road Tested||Best Rock Album||Nominated|
|"Burning Down The House"||Best Female Rock Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|"SRV Shuffle"||Best Rock Instrumental Performance||Won|
|1999||"Kisses Sweeter Than Wine"||Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals||Nominated|
|2003||"Gnawin' On It"||Best Female Rock Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|2004||"Time Of Our Lives"||Nominated|
|2006||"I Will Not Be Broken"||Best Female Pop Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|2013||Slipstream||Best Americana Album||Won|
- Cf. bio on bonnieraitt.com
- "Bonnie Raitt's Aha! Moment". O, The Oprah Magazine, v.3, no.7, July 2002, pp.47-48."
- Benjamin, Scott (2009-02-18). "Bonnie Raitt Will Not Be Broken". CBS News. Retrieved 2012-04-13.
- Jon Bream (August 22, 2002). "Grand stands: A longtime fairgoer's most unforgettable shows". StarTribune.com. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. May 31, 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- Chris Coleman (January 18, 2008). "Summer Conversations January 2008". ABC New South Wales. (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- "Bonnie Raitt: Slipstream". American Songwriter. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- 30 Songs / 30 Days for Half the Sky | Half The Sky. Halftheskymovement.org (2012-08-30). Retrieved on 2012-09-16.
- "100 Greatest Singers". Rolling Stone. November 23, 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- "100 Greatest Guitarists". Rolling Stone. November 23, 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- "Bonnie Raitt's 2006 tour". Reverb. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- Daniel Kreps. ""For What It’s Worth," No Nukes Reunite After Thirty Years". NukeFree.org. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- "Support Musicians Acting to Stop New Reactors". Nuclear Information and Resource Service. October 12, 2007. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- "Raitt to rock against new reactors". Charleston Regional Business Journal. January 13, 2009. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- "Bonnie Raitt and Michael O'Keefe Divorcing". Entertainment Wire. Business Wire. 9 November 1999. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bonnie Raitt|