Rock Your Body

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Rock That Body, a song by The Black Eyed Peas.
"Rock Your Body"
Single by Justin Timberlake
from the album Justified
Released April 8, 2003 (2003-04-08)
Format Maxi single
Recorded 2002 Master Sound Recording Studios, Windmark Recording (Virginia Beach)
Genre R&B, disco, soul
Length 4:27
Label Jive
Writer(s) Justin Timberlake, Chad Hugo, Pharrell Williams
Producer(s) Williams and Hugo
Justin Timberlake singles chronology
"Work It"
(2003)
"Rock Your Body"
(2003)
"Señorita"
(2003)

"Rock Your Body" is a song recorded by American singer-songwriter Justin Timberlake for his debut studio album, Justified (2002). It was written by Timberlake along with Williams and Hugo (consisting of Chad Hugo and Pharrell Williams), who also produced the track. The song was released on April 7, 2003 by Jive Records as the second single from Justified. The track is an uptempo, disco groove, soul infused song containing influences from Michael Jackson and Stevie Wonder. The female section of the track is sung by Vanessa Marquez. Originally intended to be featured on Jackson's fifth studio album Invincible (2001), the latter rejected the song along with several other tracks, which were instead given to Timberlake for his debut album.

"Rock Your Body" topped the Australian Singles Chart for one week. It peaked at number two on the UK Singles Chart, the third single from Justified to do so, following "Like I Love You" and "Cry Me a River". It charted at number three on the Danish Singles Chart, number four on the New Zealand Singles Chart and Irish Singles Chart, and number five on the US Billboard Hot 100. It was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ) for shipments of 500,000 and 7,500 copies, respectively. The song received generally positive reviews, with music critics noting it as a stand-out track, while complimenting its musical elements.

The accompanying music video for "Rock Your Body", which was directed by Francis Lawrence, features Timberlake with several back-up dancers performing choreography within a multi-color lighted cube. Timberlake performed the song live several times; he performed the song during the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy, where while performing in the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show with R&B singer Janet Jackson, Timberlake ripped off part of Jackson's costume, momentarily exposing her right breast on live television. Timberlake distanced himself from the controversy while Jackson faced much criticism and backlash.

Writing and recording[edit]

"Rock Your Body" was written and produced by Hugo and Williams, and bought by Timberlake for a writing credit.[1] It was recorded at Master Sound Recording Studios and Windmark Recording, both located in Virginia Beach with Andrew Coleman serving as a recording engineer.[1] It was mixed by Serban Ghenea at Windmark Recording, with Daniel Botancourt and Tim Roberts aiding as additional engineers.[1] John Hanes provided additional pro tools engineering. All the instrumentation was delivered by Hugo and Williams, with vocal arrangements handled by the latter and Timberlake.[1] Vanessa Marquez provided additional vocals, which were recorded by Eddie Delena at the Record Plant located in Los Angeles.[1] "Rock Your Body" was initially given to Michael Jackson for his tenth and final studio album Invincible (2001), along with several other songs by The Neptunes.[2][3] The singer did not want any of the tracks, and so all the material was passed onto Timberlake for his debut album, Justified.[2][3]

Composition and reception[edit]

"Rock Your Body" is an uptempo, disco groove, soul infused track.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"Rock Your Body" has a running duration of four minutes and 27 seconds. The uptempo R&B,[4][5] disco groove,[6] soul[7] infused song contains influences from both Michael Jackson and Stevie Wonder.[7][8] The song incorporates tinny, "keyboard-set-to-emulate-clavichord" synthesizers of The Neptunes' late 90s productions,[5] overlaid with "keys and a propulsive drum vamp".[5] Timberlake makes use of his falsetto range,[4] and Vanessa Marquez sings the female section.[9] Alex Needham of NME noted the track to contain characteristics from material within Jackson's debut solo album Off the Wall (1979).[8]

According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, "Rock Your Body" is written in the key of G major and has a metronome of 104 beats per minute.[10] It follows the chord progression of F/G-G/A-Em, with Justin Timberlake's vocal range spanning from the low note of B3 to the high note of D6.[10] Andy Kellman of Allmusic noted "Rock Your Body" as a stand-out from Justified,[11] as did Jane Stevenson of Jam!, who interpreted its Jackson influence.[12] Giving Justified a negative review, Caroline Sullivan of The Guardian noted "Rock Your Body" as "predictable".[13] Complex '​s Tannis Spenser listed the song as the fifth best Justin Timberlake song, praising its "near perfect sing along chorus" and Timberlake's vocals.[4]

Chart performance[edit]

On the week of March 22, 2003, "Rock Your Body" debuted on the US Billboard Hot 100 at number 61, earning the Hot Shot Debut honor.[14] The following week, the song entered the top 40 at number 37, and in its third week, reached number 28.[15][16] In its fourth week, the song charted at number 20 on the Hot 100, and in its fifth week, rose further to number 13.[17][18] Within the its sixth week, it moved up two positions to number eleven, and reached number ten the following week.[19][20] "Rock Your Body" eventually reached its peak at number five, where it remained for one week.[21] The song remained on the Hot 100 for 22 weeks before dropping out.[21] The song topped the US Pop Songs chart, where it remained for one week.[22] It was less successful on the US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, where it peaked at number 45.[23] On February 5, 2005, the song was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), for shipments of 500,000 copies.[24]

Internationally, the song was met with a similar response. "Rock Your Body" debuted on the Australian Singles Chart at number one.[25] It dropped to number three the following week, where it remained in the top ten for six weeks; it stayed on the chart for eleven weeks before dropping out.[25] The song was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA), denoting shipments of 70,000 copies.[26] On the UK Singles Chart, "Rock Your Body" became Timberlake's third number two hit, following "Like I Love You" and "Cry Me a River".[27] On the New Zealand Singles Chart, "Rock Your Body" achieved its peak on the week of June 22, 2003, its second week on the chart at number four.[28] The song remained on the chart for twenty weeks, and was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ), for shipments of 7,500 copies.[28][29]

It charted within the top five on the Danish Singles Chart and Irish Singles Chart, peaking at number three and four, respectively.[30][31] It peaked at number six on Belgian Singles Chart (Flanders),[32] Finnish Singles Chart and Dutch Singles Chart.[33][34] "Rock Your Body" was less successful in other territories. It charted within the top twenty on the Belgian Singles Chart (Wallonia),[35] French Singles Chart,[36] Swedish Singles Charts and Norwegian Singles Chart.[37][38] It charted outside the top twenty on the German Singles Chart,[39] Swiss Singles Chart and Austrian Singles Chart; the latter chart is the song's lowest charting territory, where it peaked at number 56.[40][41]

Music video[edit]

Timberlake dancing inside a cube surrounded by an array of colored lights.

The music video was directed by Francis Lawrence.[42] The video opens within a black cube with an array of different colored lights with several people dancing. The video inter-cuts to Justin Timberlake singing to the song. Timberlake then floats to the floor from an opening in the cubic's ceiling, performing choreography with his supporting dancers and singing to the track's first verse. Throughout the video, it inter-cuts to Timberlake dancing by himself, with the sections sometimes featuring the camera panning around Timberlake's face. Entering the second verse, Timberlake is in the cube on his own, manipulating the motion of the cube with his hands, with his legs following the moving platform. Timberlake then returns performing choreography again with his dancers. Following the second chorus, Timberlake is dancing with a female (Staci Flood), who lip syncs Vanessa Marquez's section. A break-down of the song, where Timberlake is beatboxing, shows him dancing by himself. The breakdown then ends, with the video continuing with Timberlake and his back-up dancers. The closing beat boxing section of the track features the camera panning around several duplicates of Timberlake beatboxing and talking in sync to the song's lyrics. The video ends with the final Timberlake duplicate pointing and running towards the opposite direction.

Live performances[edit]

Justin Timberlake performed "Rock Your Body" during his Justified World Tour and the Christina Aguilera conjoint tour Justified & Stripped Tour, both in support of his debut album Justified.[43] On February 1, 2004, Timberlake performed the song with pop singer Janet Jackson during her performance at the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show.[44] At the moment he sang the lyric "I'll have you naked by the end of this song," the singer ripped off part of Jackson's outfit, momentarily exposing her right breast on live television.[44] Timberlake distanced himself from the controversy while Jackson faced much criticism and backlash. He later commented that "America's harsher on women...[and] unfairly harsh on ethnic people."[45] He performed "Rock Your Body" at the Hollywood Palladium, following his performance at the 55th Annual Grammy Awards on February 10, 2013.[3]

"Rock Your Body" was performed by Timberlake at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards on August 25 as part of a medley.

Track listing[edit]

Maxi single[46]
  1. "Rock Your Body" (Album version) – 4:28
  2. "Rock Your Body" (Sander Kleinenberg's Just in the Radio Edit) – 3:33
  3. "Rock Your Body" (Paul Oakenfold Mix) – 5:41
  4. "Rock Your Body" (Instrumental with Beatbox) – 4:28

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from Allmusic.[47]

  • David Betancourt – assistant engineer
  • Andrew Coleman – engineer
  • Eddie DeLena – vocal engineer
  • Serban Ghenea – mixing
  • Ian Green – engineer, programming
  • Chaz Harpe – mastering
  • Chad Hugo – instrumentation, producer
  • Eelke Kalberg – producer
  • Sander Kleinenberg – producer, remixing
  • S. Molijn – producer
  • Paul Oakenfold – remixing
  • Herb Powers – mastering
  • Tim Roberts – assistant engineer
  • Justin Timberlake – primary artist, vocal arrangement, vocals
  • Pharrell Williams – instrumentation, producer, vocal arrangement, vocals

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[26] Platinum 70,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[29] Gold 7,500*
United States (RIAA)[24] Gold 500,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Release history[edit]

Country Date Format Label
United States[55] April 8, 2003 Urban radio Jive
Japan[56] May 6, 2003 Maxi single Sony
Germany[57] May 19, 2003
United Kingdom[46]

Cover versions and appearances in other media[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Justified (inlay cover). Justin Timberlake. Jive Records. 2002. 
  2. ^ a b "20 Hit Songs Meant For Other Singers". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. February 28, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Boardman, Madeline (April 3, 2013). "Justin Timberlake's 'Rock Your Body' Meant For Michael Jackson, And Other Hits That Were Passed On". The Huffington Post (AOL). Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Spencer, Tannis (March 15, 2013). "The 25 Best Justin Timberlake Songs". Complex (Complex Media). Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Jenkins, Craig (March 5, 2013). "The 50 Best Neptunes Beats". Complex (Complex Media). Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  6. ^ Anderson, Kyle (July 21, 2010). "Justin Timberlake Justifies The Existence Of 'Popology'". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Boyd, Denise (November 20, 2002). "Justin Timberlake Justified Review". BBC Music. BBC. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Needham, Alex (November 1, 2002). "Album Reviews – Justin Timberlake: Justified". NME (IPC Media). Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon (September 25, 2002). "Timberlake, Janet Jackson Make Sexy Pair On Justified". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". Musicnotes.com. Sony/ATV Music Publishing. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  11. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Review: Justified". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  12. ^ Stevenson, Jane. "Music – Artists – Album Review: Justified". Jam!. Canoe.ca. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  13. ^ Sullivan, Caroline (November 7, 2002). "CD: Justin Timberlake: Justified". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Singles Minded". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 115 (12): 88. 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Singles Minded". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 115 (13): 65. 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Singles Minded". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 115 (14): 64. 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Singles Minded". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 115 (15): 66. 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Singles Minded". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 115 (16): 57. 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Singles Minded". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 115 (17): 64. 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Singles Minded". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 115 (18): 73. 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c "Justin Timberlake Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Justin Timberlake. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  22. ^ a b "Justin Timberlake Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Justin Timberlake. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  23. ^ a b "Justin Timberlake Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs for Justin Timberlake. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  24. ^ a b "American single certifications – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c "Australian-charts.com – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  26. ^ a b "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2003 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  27. ^ a b "Archive Chart: 2003-05-31" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  28. ^ a b c "Charts.org.nz – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  29. ^ a b "New Zealand single certifications – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  30. ^ a b "Danishcharts.com – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". Tracklisten. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  31. ^ a b "Chart Track: Week 21, 2003". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  32. ^ a b c "Ultratop.be – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  33. ^ a b "Justin Timberlake: Rock Your Body" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  34. ^ a b "Dutchcharts.nl – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  35. ^ a b c "Ultratop.be – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  36. ^ a b "Lescharts.com – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  37. ^ a b "Swedishcharts.com – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". Singles Top 60. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  38. ^ a b "Norwegiancharts.com – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". VG-lista. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  39. ^ a b "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  40. ^ a b "Swisscharts.com – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  41. ^ a b "Austriancharts.at – Justin Timberlake – Rock Your Body" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  42. ^ "Cry Me A River | Justin Timberlake | Music Video". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved September 9, 2012. 
  43. ^ "JT returns to the UK". NME (IPC Media). December 2, 2003. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  44. ^ a b "Apologetic Jackson says 'costume reveal' went awry". CNN.com. Associated Press. February 3, 2004. Retrieved July 27, 2007. 
  45. ^ Moss, Corey; Norris, John (August 15, 2006). "Justin Timberlake's Future Shock". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved August 14, 2007. 
  46. ^ a b "Rock Your Body: Music". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved April 4, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Credits: Rock Your Body". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Romanian Top 100: Editia 33, saptamina 25.08-31.08, 2003". Romanian Top 100. Retrieved June 21, 2013. 
  49. ^ "Justin Timberlake Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for Justin Timberlake. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  50. ^ "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Singles 2003". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  51. ^ "Belgian Flanders Year-end singles chart for 2003" (in Dutch). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  52. ^ "Belgian Flanders Year-end dance singles chart for 2003" (in Dutch). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  53. ^ "Belgian Wallonia Year-end singles chart for 2003" (in French). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Belgian Wallonia Year-end dance singles chart for 2003" (in French). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  55. ^ "R&R :: Going for Adds :: Urban". Going for Adds. Radio and Records. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  56. ^ "Rock Your Body: Musik". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Rock Your Body: Musik". Amazon.de. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  58. ^ "Shawn Lee's Ping Pong Orchestra's cover". WhoSampled. Nadav Poraz. Retrieved April 4, 2013. 
  59. ^ "Tub Ring – Rock Your Body". Last.fm. CBS Interactive. Retrieved April 4, 2013. 
  60. ^ Gournelos, Ted (2009). Popular Culture and the Future of Politics: Cultural Studies and the Tao of South Park. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 56. ISBN 0739137212. Retrieved April 4, 2013. 

External links[edit]