Gjesdal

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Gjesdal kommune
Municipality
Madlandsvatn(Jarvin).jpg
Coat of arms of Gjesdal kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gjesdal kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Gjesdal within Rogaland
Gjesdal within Rogaland
Coordinates: 58°46′55″N 6°0′31″E / 58.78194°N 6.00861°E / 58.78194; 6.00861Coordinates: 58°46′55″N 6°0′31″E / 58.78194°N 6.00861°E / 58.78194; 6.00861
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Jæren
Administrative centre Ålgård
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Olaug V. Bollestad (KrF)
Area
 • Total 618 km2 (239 sq mi)
 • Land 558 km2 (215 sq mi)
Area rank 179 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,593
 • Rank 110 in Norway
 • Density 17/km2 (40/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 15.6 %
Demonym Gjesdalbu[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1122
Official language form Neutral
Website www.gjesdal.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Gjesdal is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. In the northwest the municipality borders Sandnes, to the north Forsand, to the east Sirdal, to the south Bjerkreim, and to the west Time.

Gjæsdal was established as a municipality in 1838, and in 1965 it was merged with parts of Bjerkreim, Forsand, and Høle.

General information[edit]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Gjesdal farm (Old Norse: Gesdalir), since the first church was built there. The first element is probably an old river name and the last element is the plural form of dalr which means "valley" or "dale".

Before 1889, the name was written Gjæsdal, which is the Danish spelling. During the period from 1889-1917 it was spelled Gjesdal (Norwegian language version). Then from 1918 it was spelled Gjestal after the pronunciation of the dialect (the d in dal is pronounced t because of the voiceless consonant s in front). In 1964, the spelling was changed back to the etymologically correct form of Gjesdal.

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 15 March 1985. The arms show a sheep's head as a symbol for the sheep breeding and the oldest industry in the village, the textile industry. Both were of great importance in historical times in the municipality.[2]

History[edit]

The parish of Gjæsdal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). According to the 1835 census the municipality had a population of 862.

On 1 January 1965, Gjestal (pop: 3,353) was merged with Frafjord, Dirdal, Byrkjedal, Øvre Maudal and Østabødal districts of Forsand (pop: 621), Nedre Maudal of Bjerkreim (pop: 40) and Oltesvik of Høle (pop: 37), greatly increasing the area of the municipality.

On 1 January 1970 and on 1 January 1989, there were small boundary changes along Gjesdal's border with Time.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

The waterfall Månafossen, the largest waterfall of the county, is located in the Frafjord valley.

Famous residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 8 October 2008. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Registreringssentral for historiske data. "Hjemmehørende folkemengde Rogaland 1801-1960" (in Norwegian). University of Tromsø. 

External links[edit]