Rohnert Park, California
|City of Rohnert Park|
|Motto: "The Friendly City"|
Location in Sonoma County and the state of California
|Incorporated||August 28, 1962|
|• Mayor||Joseph T. Callinan|
|• Vice Mayor||Amy O. Ahanotu|
|• City Manager||Darrin W. Jenkins|
|• Total||7.008 sq mi (18.149 km2)|
|• Land||7.003 sq mi (18.136 km2)|
|• Water||0.005 sq mi (0.013 km2) 0.07%|
|Elevation||105 ft (32 m)|
|• Density||5,800/sq mi (2,300/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1656263|
Rohnert Park is a city in Sonoma County, California, United States, located approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of San Francisco. The population at the 2010 United States Census was 40,971. It is an early planned city, modeled directly after Levittown, New York and Levittown, Pennsylvania. Rohnert Park is the sister city of Hashimoto in Japan. Sonoma State University, part of the California State University system, is located in the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Rohnert Park has a total area of 7.0 square miles (18 km2), 99.93% of it land and 0.07% of it water.
There is a small reservoir called Roberts Lake at the north end of the city and a number of creeks. Important creeks include the Laguna de Santa Rosa (which forms part of the border with the City of Cotati), Copeland Creek, Hinebaugh Creek, Crane Creek and Five Creek.
All creeks within the city limits have been channelized. Spivock Creek, Coleman Creek, Wilfred Channel, and Labath Channel are artificial channels designed to convey runoff.
The city is organized into sections, designated by the letters A-H, "J", "L", "M", "R", and "S". In most cases, the names of streets and parks begin with the letter of the section they are in. Thus:
- Adele Avenue, Alden Avenue, Alicia Park, Alison Avenue, Allen Avenue, Alma Avenue, Alta Avenue, Anson Avenue, Arlen Drive, Ava Avenue, and Avram Avenue are in the "A" Section.
- Baron Drive, Belita Avenue, Benicia Park, Bobbie Way, Bonnie Avenue, Boris Court, Burton Avenue, Bernice Avenue, Beth Court, Beverly Drive, Bonita Avenue, Brenda Way, and Brett Avenue are in the "B" Section.
- Cala Way, Carlita Circle, Castile Court, Caterpillar Park, Cielo Circle, Circle Drive, Cornell Avenue, Camino Coronado, Corsica Court, and Camino Corto are in the "C" Section.
- Daniel Drive, Darleen Court, Davis Circle, Dawn Drive, Della Court, Dexter Circle, Dinah Court, Dolores Drive, Donna Court, Dorine Avenue, Dorothea Park, and Dubarry Court are in the "D" Section.
- Eagan Court, Eagle Park, Edna Court, Eleanor Avenua, Elizabeth Avenue, Ellen Court, Elsa Avenue, Emily Avenue, Eunice Street, Eve Court, and Evelyn Avenue are in the "E" Section.
- Fauna, Flores, Fairway, Firethorn, Fusha, Filament, are in "F" section
- Genesis, Gary, Grandview, Greywhaler, are in "G" section
- Hollingsworth Circle, Hollingsworth Court, Hermosa Court, Hawthorne Circle, Hawthorne Court, Holly, Heath Circle, Hickory Way, Hacienda Circle, Hedge Court, Heather Court, Heritage Lane and more are in the "H" Section
- Jade Court, Jasmine Circle, Joyce Court, and Jubilee Court are in the "J" section.
- Ladybug Park, Lilac, Liman, Lancaster, Lincoln, and Landsdown Circle are in the "L" Section.
- Magnolia Park is in the "M" Section.
- Rosana Way, Ruby Court, Roman Drive, and Roxanne Lane are in the "R" section.
Riparian communities within the city are limited by channelization of creekbeds. Vegetation alongside the City's streams primarily consists of grass and sedge species. The Laguna de Santa Rosa contains bands of thick native riparian vegetation, including willow (Salix spp.) and alder (Alnus spp.) trees.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Rohnert Park had a population of 40,971. The population density was 5,846.8 people per square mile (2,257.5/km²). The racial makeup of Rohnert Park was 31,178 (76.1%) White (66.2% non-Hispanic white), 759 (1.9%) African American, 407 (1.0%) Native American, 2,144 (5.2%) Asian (1.3% Filipino, 1.0% Chinese, 0.8% Indian, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.4% Japanese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Laotian, 0.1% Cambodian, 0.1% Thai, 0.1% Nepalese), 179 (0.4%) Pacific Islander (0.1% Samoan, 0.1% Native Hawaiian, 0.1% Fijian, 0.1% Tongan), 3,967 (9.7%) from other races, and 2,337 (5.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9,068 persons (22.1%). Among the Hispanic population, 17.3% are Mexican, 1.0% are Salvadoran, 0.6% Puerto Rican, and 0.4% Guatemalan.
The Census reported that 99.0% of the population lived in households and 1.0% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.
There were 15,808 households, out of which 4,842 (30.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,546 (41.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,883 (11.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 907 (5.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,201 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 144 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,177 households (26.4%) were made up of individuals and 1,374 (8.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57. There were 9,336 families (59.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.13.
The population was spread out with 8,571 people (20.9%) under the age of 18, 6,853 people (16.7%) aged 18 to 24, 11,035 people (26.9%) aged 25 to 44, 10,710 people (26.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,802 people (9.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.0 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
There were 16,551 housing units at an average density of 2,361.9 per square mile (911.9/km²), of which 54.0% were owner-occupied and 46.0% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.8%. 55.8% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 43.3% lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 42,236 people, 15,503 households, and 9,797 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,564.5 people per square mile (2,534.6/km²). There were 15,808 housing units at an average density of 2,457/sq mi (949/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.28% White, 1.97% African American, 0.78% Native American, 5.58% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 5.72% from other races, and 5.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.57% of the population.
There were 15,503 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 14.8% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $51,942, and the median income for a family was $61,420. Males had a median income of $41,757 versus $31,149 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,035. About 3.2% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those over age 64.
Rohnert Park is governed by a city council of five members, who serve staggered four-year terms. Municipal elections are held in November of even-numbered years.
Originally home of the Coast Miwok native people, the Mexican government granted Rancho Cotate to Captain Juan Castaneda in July 1844 for his military services in the region. The grant encompassed present-day Penngrove, Cotati and Rohnert Park. "Cotate Rancho is a part of the Vallejo Township which is the plain between Sonoma Mountain and Petaluma Creek San Pablo Bay, and an east and west line dividing the tract from Santa Rosa Township." In 1849, Dr. Thomas S. Page, of Cotati, bought Rancho Cotate. Over time, the property was broken up and sold off piecemeal to incoming settlers.
The town of Rohnert Park was named after the Rohnert family, which owned the Rohnert Seed Farm. In 1929, a successful businessman, Waldo Emerson Rohnert (1869–1933), a native of Detroit, Michigan, purchased a large ranch in the area and minimized flooding in the fields with a crude drainage system. He died shortly after. His son, Fred Rohnert, a graduate of Stanford Law School, took over the ranch and developed a seed growing business, the Rohnert Seed Farm, which became a major horticultural success for the county.
In 1956, only four adult residents lived within the district boundaries. In 1957, with the U.S. Route 101 Freeway recently completed at the Cotati bypass, Rohnert Park began to be laid out and built as a planned city. In a summer election in 1962, Rohnert Park was incorporated, comprising 1,325 acres (536 ha), housing an estimated 2,775 persons. It was the first town to incorporate in Sonoma County since 1905. The neighboring town of Cotati, California, voted to incorporate the following year.
Alternative education consists of:
- Credo High School, A Charter Public High School, in Sonoma County, inspired by Waldorf Education, offers a tuition-free, holistic, college prep curriculum and specialty subjects.
- Community Day School
- El Camino High School
- Phoenix High School
- Independent study
Notable natives and residents
- Brande Roderick
Jim Nielsen claimed that he lived primarily in a condominium near Sonoma State while he was a State Senator representing the area, though he primarily lived in his Woodland estate which was outside the district.
Pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays, after pitching for the Seattle Mariners. Attended *Rancho Cotate High School
A resident of Rohnert Park. Rich was a pitcher for the Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners, Chicago Cubs, New York Yankees and Baltimore Orioles.
Contestants Sam Poueu and Koli Palu of the 9th season of The Biggest Loser are residents of Rohnert Park.
The hardcore punk band Ceremony was formed in Rohnert Park. They have an album called Rohnert Park after the town.
The hip-hop group Disflex6 was formed in Rohnert Park.
Sonoma Mountain Village Rohnert Park is a 200-acre (0.81 km2), solar-powered, zero-waste community currently under development. Construction is scheduled to begin on the first homes in Spring 2012.
The Graton Resort & Casino opened on November 5, 2013.
- "Dates of incorporation". Retrieved 2008-07-11.
- "City of Rohnert Park, California : City Council". Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "City of Rohnert Park, California : City Manager". Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- U.S. Census
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rohnert Park
- USGS, Seismicity in the Rohnert Park, California vicinity
- "Sonoma County Real Estate". Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- Earth Metrics, Environmental Impact Report for the City of Rohnert Park General Plan, C Michael Hogan, Marc Papineau, Ballard George et al., published by the city of Rohnert Park, California and the State of California Environmental Clearinghouse, Sacramento, Ca., Report Number 10351, March 9, 1990
- Sonoma State University research study on Sudden Oak Death Fungus at Fairfield Osborn Preserve (2000)
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Rohnert Park city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "City of Rohnert Park, California : Government". Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- "California's 5th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- Access Genealogy
- DeClercq, 1977.
- Harris, 1980.
- Peters, Adele (19 February 2009). "Sonoma Mountain Village: Is Green Suburbia Possible?". worldchanging. Retrieved 19 February 2009.
- "Access Genealogy: Indian Tribal records, Miwok Indian Tribe. Retrieved on 2006-08-06. A list of all verified Coastal Miwok villages in the area.
- DeClercq, John H. A History of Rohnert Park "from seed to city" , 1977. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
- Harris, Ellen. "Penngrove: A Jigsaw Puzzle of its Past and Present." Penngrove, California: n.p.[Private Publication], 1980.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rohnert Park, California.|
- Official website
- Cotati-Rohnert Park Unified School District
- Sonoma State University
- The Press Democrat Online: News for Rohnert Park and the Surrounding Sonoma Region
- The Community Voice: Rohnert Park, Cotati and Penngrove
||Sebastopol||Santa Rosa||Taylor Mountain|