San Mateo, California

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City of San Mateo
City
San Mateo from above
San Mateo from above
Official seal of City of San Mateo
Seal
Location in San Mateo County and the state of California
Location in San Mateo County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°33′15″N 122°18′47″W / 37.55417°N 122.31306°W / 37.55417; -122.31306Coordinates: 37°33′15″N 122°18′47″W / 37.55417°N 122.31306°W / 37.55417; -122.31306
Country  United States
State  California
County San Mateo
Incorporated September 4, 1894[1]
Government
 • Mayor Robert Ross
 • City Manager Larry Patterson
Area[2]
 • Total 15.884 sq mi (41.137 km2)
 • Land 12.130 sq mi (31.416 km2)
 • Water 3.754 sq mi (9.722 km2)  23.63%
Elevation 43 ft (13 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 97,207
 • Density 8,013.7/sq mi (3,094.1/km2)
  United States Census Bureau
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 94401-94404
Area code(s) 650
FIPS code 06-68252
GNIS feature IDs 1659584, 2411800
Website www.cityofsanmateo.org

San Mateo (/ˌsæn məˈt./ SAN mə-TAY-oh; Spanish for "Saint Matthew") is a city in San Mateo County, California in the high-tech enclave of Silicon Valley in the San Francisco Bay Area. With a population of 97,207 as of the 2010 census, it is one of the larger suburbs on the San Francisco Peninsula, located between Burlingame to the north, Foster City to the east, Belmont to the south, and Highlands-Baywood Park and Hillsborough to the west. Census Department estimates as of 2013, that the city's population exceeded 101,000.[3] San Mateo was incorporated in 1894. By car, San Mateo is about thirty minutes from downtown San Jose and twenty-five minutes from downtown San Francisco.

History[edit]

Documented by Spanish colonists as part of the Rancho de las Pulgas (literally "Ranch of the Fleas") and the Rancho San Mateo, the earliest history is held in the archives of Mission Dolores. In 1789 the Spanish missionaries had named a Native American village along Laurel Creek as Los Laureles or the Laurels (Mission Dolores, 1789). An 1835 sketch map of the Rancho refers to the creek as arroyo de los Laureles. In the 21st century, most of the laurels are gone, removed for development.[citation needed]

In 1810 Coyote Point was an early recorded feature of San Mateo. Beginning in the 1850s, some wealthy San Franciscans began building summer or permanent homes in the milder mid-peninsula. While most of this early settlement occurred in adjacent Hillsborough and Burlingame, a number of historically important mansions and buildings were constructed in San Mateo.[citation needed]

A.P. Giannini, founder of the Bank of Italy (which later became the Bank of America), lived here most of his life. His mansion, Seven Oaks, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places (No.99001181). Located at 20 El Cerrito Drive, it has been deteriorating as it has not been preserved or occupied for years.[citation needed]

Interurban Railroad Car riding up B Street, circa 1909

In 1858 Sun Water Station, a stage station of the Butterfield Overland Mail route, was established in San Mateo. It was located 9 miles south of Clarks Station in what is now San Bruno and 9 miles north of the next station at Redwood City.[4]

The Howard Estate was built in 1859 on the hill accessed by Crystal Springs Road. The Parrott Estate was erected in 1860 in the same area, giving rise to two conflicting names for the hill, Howard Hill and Parrot Hill. After use of the automobile changed traffic patterns, neither historic name was commonly applied to that hill (Brown, 1975). The Borel Estate was developed near Borel Creek in 1874. It has been redeveloped since the late 20th century for use as modern offices and shops. The property is managed and owned by Borel Place Associates and the Borel Estate Company.[citation needed]

The Eugene J. De Sabla Japanese Teahouse and Garden was established in 1894 at 70 De Sabla Road, designed by Makoto Hagiwara, designer of the Japanese garden in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco. He arranged for Japanese artisans to be brought to the United States primarily for its teahouse construction. The parcel was purchased in 1988 by San Francisco businessman Achille Paladini and wife Joan, who have restored it. The garden features hundreds of varieties of plants and several rare trees. A large koi pond surrounds an island. The property was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992.[citation needed]

Hayward Park, the 1880 American Queen Anne-style residence of Alvinza Hayward (often said to be "California's first millionaire" from his silver and banking fortunes), was built on an 800-acre (3.2 km2) estate in San Mateo. The property, which included a deer park and racetrack, was converted into a hotel after Hayward's death in 1904. It burned down in a spectacular fire in 1920.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

View of the San Francisco Bay from Shoreline Park

The best-known natural area is Coyote Point Park, a rock outcropped peninsula that juts out into the San Francisco Bay. The early Spanish navigators named it la punta de San Mateo.[5] Crews of American cargo ships carrying grain in the bay renamed it Big Coyote (BLM, 1853). Sailors had a penchant for naming promontories at the edge of San Francisco Bay after the coyote; across the bay in Fremont are the Coyote Hills, part of Coyote Hills Regional Park. By the 1890s the shore area was developed as a popular beach called San Mateo Beach. In 1842 the Spanish had named it playa de San Mateo. Today Coyote Point is home to CuriOdyssey, formerly known as the Coyote Point Museum, a major natural history museums and wildlife centers in the state. The Peninsula Humane Society is also situated at Coyote Point.

The variety of natural habitats include mixed oak woodland, riparian zones, and bayland marshes. One endangered species, the California clapper rail, was sighted feeding on mudflats by the Third Avenue bridge in San Mateo.[6] The marsh areas are also likely habitat for the endangered Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse, which inhabit the middle and high zones of salt and brackish marshes, as well as for the endangered marsh plant, Point Reyes bird's beak.

Sugarloaf Mountain, whose name has been documented in 1870, is a prominent landform between the forks of Laurel Creek (Brown, 1975). In the late 20th century, this mixed oak woodland and chaparral habitat was a site of controversy related to proposals to develop a portion of the mountain for residential use. It has been preserved for use as park and open space area, and is home to the endangered Mission Blue Butterfly.

San Mateo is located at 37°33′15″N 122°18′47″W / 37.55417°N 122.31306°W / 37.55417; -122.31306 (37.554286, −122.313044).[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.9 square miles (41 km2), of which, 12.1 square miles (31 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (23.63%) is water.

Climate[edit]

San Mateo has a Mediterranean climate with warm, dry summers and mild, damp winters. The city is shielded from the Pacific Ocean by the Montara Mountain block of the Santa Cruz Mountains. A gap in the mountains, west of the College of San Mateo, results in gusty afternoon winds that bring fog toward San Mateo in the late afternoon through early morning in the summer months.[citation needed] State Route 92 passes through here to meet State Route 35.

The National Weather Service maintained a cooperative weather station in San Mateo until 1978; records for the period show that January, the coolest month, had an average maximum of 57.8 °F (14.3 °C) and an average minimum of 41.7 °F (5.4 °C), and September, the warmest month, had an average maximum of 78.0 °F (25.6 °C) and an average minimum of 54.2 °F (12.3 °C). The record maximum temperature was 109 °F (43 °C) on June 14, 1961, and the record minimum temperature was 25 °F (−4 °C) on January 5, 1949, and December 9, 1972. Annual precipitation averaged 18.77 inches (477 mm) of rainfall, falling on an average of 60 days each year. The wettest year was 29.77 inches (756 mm) in 1973 and the driest year was 11.16 inches (283 mm) of rainfall in 1953. The most precipitation in one month was 12.59 inches (320 mm) of rainfall in December 1955 and the most precipitation in 24 hours was 3.72 inches (94 mm) of rainfall on December 23, 1955.[8] Based on comparison with the existing NWS office at San Francisco International Airport, San Mateo is generally a few degrees warmer in summer than the airport and a few degrees cooler in winter, while annual precipitation is almost the same at the airport and in San Mateo.[9] In recent years, daily temperature reports for San Mateo from local weather observers have been published in the San Mateo Times and the San Francisco Chronicle.

Climate data for San Mateo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
80
(27)
86
(30)
97
(36)
102
(39)
109
(43)
110
(43)
105
(41)
106
(41)
104
(40)
87
(31)
76
(24)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 58
(14)
62
(17)
65
(18)
69
(21)
74
(23)
79
(26)
82
(28)
81
(27)
80
(27)
74
(23)
65
(18)
58
(14)
70.6
(21.3)
Average low °F (°C) 40
(4)
43
(6)
45
(7)
46
(8)
50
(10)
54
(12)
56
(13)
56
(13)
54
(12)
50
(10)
44
(7)
40
(4)
48.2
(8.8)
Record low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
25
(−4)
29
(−2)
33
(1)
36
(2)
39
(4)
40
(4)
43
(6)
38
(3)
33
(1)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
16
(−9)
Rainfall inches (mm) 4.02
(102.1)
4.09
(103.9)
3.13
(79.5)
1.16
(29.5)
0.47
(11.9)
0.10
(2.5)
0
(0)
0.05
(1.3)
0.16
(4.1)
1.06
(26.9)
2.37
(60.2)
3.84
(97.5)
20.45
(519.4)
Source: http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USCA1005

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[10] reported that San Mateo had a population of 97,207. The population density was 6,120.1 people per square mile (2,363.0/km²). The racial makeup of San Mateo was 56,214 (46.8%) White, 2,296 (2.4%) African American, 505 (0.5%) Native American, 18,384 (18.9%) Asian (7.9% Chinese, 4.6% Filipino, 2.2% Japanese, 1.8% Indian, 0.8% Korean, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.2% Thai), 1,998 (2.1%) Pacific Islander (1.2% Tongan, 0.3% Fijian, 0.2% Samoan, 0.1% Hawaiian,), 12,264 (12.6%) from other races, and 5,546 (5.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25,815 persons (26.6%); 14.4% of San Mateo is Mexican, 2.8% Guatemalan, 2.6% Salvadoran, 1.2% Peruvian, 0.9% Nicaraguan, 0.5% Puerto Rican, 0.3% Colombian, 0.3% Chilean, 0.2% Honduran, and 0.2% Cuban.

The Census reported that 95,891 people (98.6% of the population) lived in households, 975 (1.0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 341 (0.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 38,233 households, out of which 11,464 (30.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 17,964 (47.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,824 (10.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,656 (4.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,098 (5.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 343 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 11,751 households (30.7%) were made up of individuals and 4,391 (11.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51. There were 23,444 families (61.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.14.

The population was spread out with 20,254 people (20.8%) under the age of 18, 6,915 people (7.1%) aged 18 to 24, 30,772 people (31.7%) aged 25 to 44, 25,286 people (26.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 13,980 people (14.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.9 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

There were 40,014 housing units at an average density of 2,519.3 per square mile (972.7/km²), of which 19,969 (52.2%) were owner-occupied, and 18,264 (47.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.7%. 50,951 people (52.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 44,940 people (46.2%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year estimate,[11] the median income for a household in the city was $86,772, and the median income for a family was $107,023. Males had a median income of $65,541 versus $60,491 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,248. About 3.6% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Demographic profile[12] 2010
Total Population 97,207 100.0%
One Race 91,661 - 94.3%
Not Hispanic or Latino 71,392 - 73.4%
White alone 45,240 - 46.5%
Black or African American alone 2,099 - 2.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 140 - 0.1%
Asian alone 18,153 - 18.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 1,937 - 2.0%
Some other race alone 344 - 0.4%
Two or more races alone 3,479 - 3.6%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 25,815 - 26.6%

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, San Mateo is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill, and in the 22nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Kevin Mullin.[13]

Federally, San Mateo is in California's 14th congressional district, represented by Democrat Jackie Speier.[14]

Cityscape[edit]

In general, San Mateo's downtown core and neighborhoods east of El Camino Real are more populous and have a greater density than the neighborhoods to the west of El Camino Real where there is a lower population density.

Downtown[edit]

San Mateo has one of the larger, well developed, more prominent suburban downtowns in the San Francisco Bay Area. It is located roughly between Tilton and 9th streets and Delaware Avenue and El Camino Real[15] The downtown core contains over 800 shops and restaurants, many of them in historic buildings from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[16] A large, modern 12 screen movie theatre complex gives the downtown a major entertainment option. Central Park is considered to be San Mateo's signature park with tennis courts, picnic areas, playground, a baseball field, a recreation center, a miniature train, and a Japanese Tea Garden.[17] Caltrain operates a large train station in downtown. The downtown is also home to many large and small multi-story office buildings, apartments, government buildings and Mills Medical Center making the area a busy employment center day and night.

Hillsdale[edit]

Hillsdale Mall is a major shopping area within the city and surrounding area. It is the largest mall in all of San Mateo County and a major destination for shoppers. It has over 100 stores in the mall and is surrounded by many other big box type stores. It has its own Caltrain station across El Camino Real.

Bay Meadows[edit]

Bay Meadows was a horseracing track near Hillsdale Mall which closed down in 2008[18] It is currently being redeveloped into a large mixed used development which will include hundreds of new residential units, office space, retail space and acres of parks including a town square.[19] it is scheduled for completion in 2017.[20] it is a significant amount of new building given the city's and peninsula's limited space available for development.

Economy[edit]

The economy of San Mateo would best be considered very diverse with jobs in the technology, health care, financial services, government, and retail trade fields being among the most numerous. Companies based in San Mateo include Franklin Templeton Investments and GoPro.

According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 San Mateo Medical Center 1,204
2 Franklin Templeton Investments 1,113
3 San Mateo-Foster City School District 1,105
4 San Mateo Union High School District 950
5 City of San Mateo 928
6 San Mateo County Community College District 763
7 San Mateo County Behavioral Health & Recovery Services 470
8 Fisher Investments 454
9 Mills-Peninsula Health Services 444
10 Macy's 347

Education[edit]

Residents are zoned for schools in the San Mateo Foster City School District and San Mateo Union High School District. Elementary schools comprise Preschool, K-5, Middle and Magnet schools. There are three public high schools: San Mateo, Aragon, and Hillsdale. There is also one private, all-male Catholic high school, Junípero Serra.

The city is home to the College of San Mateo, a community college. The campus of over 10,000 students is located on 153 acres in the western foothills of the city which offer a panoramic view of the San Francisco Bay.[22] Other universities in the area include Notre Dame de Namur University, a private Catholic university of 2,000 students in neighboring Belmont[23] and Stanford University located about 12 miles to the south.

The San Mateo Union High School District also hosts an adult school behind the campus of San Mateo High School.[24]

Public libraries[edit]

The City of San Mateo operates three libraries within the city. The Main Library, the Hillsdale Library, and the Marina Library are all part of the Peninsula Library System.[25] The Main Library located near Central Park in downtown opened in 2006 after residents passed a $30 million bond measure. Upon opening, the three story 93,000 square foot building earned numerous design awards and was LEED certified NC Gold. Windows from floor to ceiling provide abundant natural light inside. It is modeled after a retail bookstore and is technologically advanced.[26]

Parks and recreation[edit]

San Mateo maintains more than 15 parks scattered throughout of the city. Central Park is considered to be the city's main park and hosts many community park functions which serve downtown residents. It also has a Japanese Tea Garden, a Rose Garden, and a Mini Train.[27] Beresford Park is another large park which offers bocce ball as well as a skate plaza. Martin Luther King Jr Park and Joinville Park both offer swimming pools while Ryder Park boasts a water play structure. Parkside Aquatic Park located on the San Francisco Bay has beach swimming and volleyball. Many of these parks contain picnic areas with grills, children's play areas, basketball and tennis courts, and baseball diamonds.[28] Coyote Point Park is also in San Mateo near the border with Burlingame and on the San Francisco Bay. It is a 670 acre regional county park known for its ideal location for windsurfing and sailing. It is also home to CuriOdyssey which is a hands on science museum and small native animal zoo.[29]

Transportation[edit]

Freeways[edit]

San Mateo is considered to be near the center of the San Francisco Bay Area about halfway between San Francisco and San Jose, the region's two largest cities. It is served by three major freeways including U.S. Route 101, Interstate 280, and State Route 92. State Route 92 east of San Mateo traverses the San Francisco Bay as the San Mateo-Hayward Bridge to the city of Hayward on its eastern shore.

Public transportation[edit]

SamTrans provides local bus service within the city of San Mateo as well as the entire county of San Mateo.,[30] AC Transit provides transbay bus service via the San Mateo Bridge to Alameda County.[31] Caltrain provides commuter rail service on the San Francisco Peninsula between San Francisco and San Jose. Caltrain operates three stations within the city of San Mateo with the Hillsdale Station, Hayward Park Station, and the San Mateo Station in downtown. There are 41 northbound and 41 southbound trains with a stop in the city each weekday and 18 trains in both directions on weekends. Extra trains are run to accommodate extra passengers when the San Francisco Giants play.[32] See public transportation in San Mateo County for more details.

Airports[edit]

San Mateo is located near three major airports including San Francisco International Airport 7 miles to the north. Oakland International Airport, and San Jose Mineta International Airport are also within a half an hour drive. . San Carlos Airport is a general aviation airport located about 6 miles to the south.

Other services[edit]

Hospitals in San Mateo include San Mateo Medical Center, an acute care facility.[33] Cemeteries located in San Mateo include Skylawn Memorial Park and St. John's Cemetery (San Mateo, California)|St. John's Cemetery.

Prominent places[edit]

Japanese Tea Garden

The San Mateo Performing Arts Center, located on San Mateo High School, is one of the largest theatres on the peninsula outside of San Francisco. The College of San Mateo is also located here and is home to radio station KCSM. The city is also home to the Bridgepointe and Hillsdale shopping centers. Bay Meadows horse-racing track was torn down in 2008. The Japanese Tea Garden and San Mateo Arboretum in Central Park, San Mateo, CA Central Park are of interest. U.S. Route 101, Interstate 280, and State Route 92 pass through San Mateo. One of its sister cities is Toyonaka, Japan, for which the Japanese Tea Garden at Central Park was created to commemorate.[34]

Media[edit]

Central Park

Sister cities[edit]

San Mateo has three sister cities, as designated by the Sister Cities International, Inc.:[35]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk
  4. ^ Waterman L. Ormsby, Lyle H. Wright, Josephine M. Bynum, The Butterfield Overland Mail: Only Through Passenger on the First Westbound Stage, Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, 2007. pp. 92–93
  5. ^ Brown, 1975
  6. ^ Pfeifle, 1980
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ Note that the climate chart below uses data from The Weather Channel <http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USCA1005>
  9. ^ Western Regional Climate Center website <http://wrcc.dri.edu/>
  10. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - San Mateo city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  11. ^ 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates: http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_DP03
  12. ^ http://www.bayareacensus.ca.gov "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census". 
  13. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  14. ^ "California's 14th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  15. ^ http://www.zipmat.net/
  16. ^ City of San Mateo
  17. ^ City of San Mateo Parks
  18. ^ Bay Meadows closes its doors | abc7news.com. Abclocal.go.com (2008-05-11). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  19. ^ Simmers, Tim. (1934-11-03) Bay Meadows nears finish. Urban Habitat. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  20. ^ http://www.baymeadows.com/
  21. ^ City of San Mateo CAFR
  22. ^ College of San Mateo
  23. ^ http://www.ndnu.edu/
  24. ^ Official Website of the San Mateo Adult School.
  25. ^ "Library Locations & Hours." City of San Mateo. Retrieved on October 6, 2009.
  26. ^ Architecture Record | McGraw-Hill Construction. Archrecord.construction.com (2011-10-05). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  27. ^ http://www.cityofsanmateo.org
  28. ^ http://www.cityofsanmateo.org/
  29. ^ http://www.co.sanmateo.ca.us/
  30. ^ Transit.511.org
  31. ^ Transit.511.org!
  32. ^ Schedules. Caltrain.com (2012-09-29). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  33. ^ [1]
  34. ^ Visiting Eden: The Public Gardens of Northern California, photographs by Melba Levick, text by Joan Chatfield-Taylor. Chronicle Books, 1993, ISBN 0-8118-0107-1
  35. ^ Sister Cities information obtained from the Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI)." Retrieved on July 25, 2007.
  36. ^ Orenstein, Natalie (July 8, 2011). "Jane Baker, San Mateo's first female mayor, dies". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  37. ^ Cian Fahey. "What another Super Bowl ring does to Tom Brady's legacy". Irish Central. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  38. ^ Dennis Haysbert Biography | TVGuide.com

Further reading[edit]

  • Alan K. Brown, Place names of San Mateo County, San Mateo County Historical Association, published by Glen Luck, San Mateo, Ca. (1975)
  • Mission Dolores, San Francisco, Registers of Baptisms and Deaths, (1789)
  • "San Mateo: A Centennial History", By Mitchell P. Postel; Scottwall Associates, Publisher, San Francisco; 1994. ISBN 0-942087-08-9 (HBK)
  • U.S. Bureau of Land Management, FN 254-21 (1853)

External links[edit]