St. Helena, California

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City of St. Helena
Anakotanoma
City
St. Helena downtown.tif St. Helena railroad depot.tif
St. Helena post office.tif St. Helena Richie Block building.tif
St. Helena fire station.tif St. Helena high school.tif
Clockwise from top: the business district, the former train station, the Richie Block building, St. Helena High School, the fire station, and the post office.
Motto: "The Heart Of Napa Valley"
Location in Napa County and the state of California
Location in Napa County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°30′19″N 122°28′13″W / 38.50528°N 122.47028°W / 38.50528; -122.47028
Country United States
State  California
County Napa
Incorporated March 24, 1876[1]
Re-incorporated May 14, 1889[2]
Government[5]
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Ann Nevero[3]
 • Vice Mayor Sharon Crull[3]
 • City Manager Jennifer Phillips[4]
Area[6]
 • City 5.027 sq mi (13.019 km2)
 • Land 4.986 sq mi (12.913 km2)
 • Water 0.041 sq mi (0.106 km2)  0.81%
Elevation[7] 253 ft (77 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 5,814
 • Density 1,200/sq mi (450/km2)
 • Metro 136,484
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 94574
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-64140
GNIS feature IDs 277588, 2411758
Website www.ci.st-helena.ca.us

St. Helena (/ˌsnt hɨˈlnə/ saint hə-LEE-nə) (Wappo: Anakotanoma, "Bull Snake Village")[8] is a city in Napa County, California, United States. It is part of the northern San Francisco Bay Area. The population was 5,814 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

St. Helena is located at 38°30′10″N 122°28′11″W / 38.50278°N 122.46972°W / 38.50278; -122.46972Coordinates: 38°30′10″N 122°28′11″W / 38.50278°N 122.46972°W / 38.50278; -122.46972 (38.502858, -122.469648).[9] The city has a total area of 5.03 sq mi (13.0 km2). Of that, 4.99 sq mi (12.9 km2) is land and 0.11 sq mi (0.3 km2) (0.81%) is water.

History[edit]

Ellen White, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, had a home called "Elmshaven" near St. Helena, beginning in 1900. She died there in 1915 and the site is now a National Historic Landmark.

Both the Beringer Vineyards and the Charles Krug Winery are California Historical Landmarks.[10]

St. Helena's community center was built as a Carnegie library; it served as the city library from 1908 to 1978.[11]

Climate[edit]

The National Weather Service has a cooperative weather station in St. Helena. Winters are cool and wet, while summers have hot days and cool nights with little precipitation. Average temperatures in December, the coldest month, range from 57 °F (14 °C) to 38 °F (3 °C). Average temperatures in July and August, the warmest months, range from 89 °F (32 °C) to 55 °F (13 °C). There are an average of 55.7 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 34.7 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 115 °F (46 °C) on July 13, 1972, and the record low temperature was 11 °F (−12 °C) on December 11, 1932.

Average annual precipitation is 36.64 inches (931 mm). There are an average of 68 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 75.40 inches (1,915 mm) and the dryest year was 1976 with 10.41 inches (264 mm). The wettest month on record was February 1986 with 25.60 inches (650 mm). The most rainfall in 24 hours was 6.83 inches (173 mm) on January 21, 1967. Although snow rarely falls in St. Helena, there is an annual average snowfall of 0.2-inch (5.1 mm). The most snowfall in one month was 4.0 inches (100 mm), recorded in January 1974 and again in March 1976. The most snowfall in 24 hours was 4.0 inches (100 mm) on March 2, 1976.[12]

Climate data for St. Helena (1907–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
86
(30)
95
(35)
98
(37)
107
(42)
110
(43)
115
(46)
112
(44)
113
(45)
104
(40)
93
(34)
83
(28)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 56.6
(13.7)
61.1
(16.2)
65.4
(18.6)
71.5
(21.9)
78.1
(25.6)
85.0
(29.4)
89.7
(32.1)
88.9
(31.6)
85.9
(29.9)
77.3
(25.2)
66.2
(19)
57.6
(14.2)
73.6
(23.1)
Average low °F (°C) 36.4
(2.4)
38.9
(3.8)
40.3
(4.6)
42.7
(5.9)
46.7
(8.2)
50.4
(10.2)
52.1
(11.2)
51.4
(10.8)
49.1
(9.5)
45.4
(7.4)
40.3
(4.6)
36.7
(2.6)
44.2
(6.8)
Record low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
21
(−6)
24
(−4)
27
(−3)
31
(−1)
36
(2)
37
(3)
38
(3)
33
(1)
23
(−5)
23
(−5)
11
(−12)
11
(−12)
Precipitation inches (mm) 7.60
(193)
6.53
(165.9)
4.32
(109.7)
2.10
(53.3)
.85
(21.6)
.25
(6.4)
.03
(0.8)
.07
(1.8)
.29
(7.4)
1.72
(43.7)
3.93
(99.8)
6.90
(175.3)
34.59
(878.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ .01 in) 12 11 9 6 4 1 0 1 1 4 8 11 66
Avg. rainy days (≥ .1 in) 9 8 7 4 2 1 0 0 1 3 5 8 47
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[13]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[14] reported that St. Helena had a population of 5,814. The population density was 1,156.7 people per square mile (446.6/km²). The racial makeup of St. Helena was 4,525 (77.8%) White, 25 (0.4%) African American, 35 (0.6%) Native American, 98 (1.7%) Asian, 9 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 978 (16.8%) from other races, and 144 (2.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,914 persons (32.9%).

The Census reported that 98.3% of the population lived in households and 1.7% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.

There were 2,401 households, out of which 694 (28.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,118 (46.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 223 (9.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 99 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 96 (4.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 20 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 805 households (33.5%) were made up of individuals and 411 (17.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38. There were 1,440 families (60.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.03.

The population was spread out with 1,280 people (22.0%) under the age of 18, 453 people (7.8%) aged 18 to 24, 1,333 people (22.9%) aged 25 to 44, 1,627 people (28.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,121 people (19.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

There were 2,776 housing units at an average density of 552.3 per square mile (213.2/km²), of which 55.4% were owner-occupied and 44.6% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 51.4% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 46.9% lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 5,950 people, 2,380 households, and 1,482 families residing in the city. The population density was 1263/sq mi (488/km²). There were 2,707 housing units at an average density of 575/sq mi (222/km²).

There were 2,380 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $58,902, and the median income for a family was $68,831. Males had a median income of $43,190 versus $35,357 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,971. About 5.7% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

In the state legislature, St. Helena is in the 3rd Senate District, represented by Democrat Lois Wolk,[16] and in the 4th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Bill Dodd.[17]

In the United States House of Representatives, St. Helena is in California's 5th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Thompson.[18]

Education[edit]

St. Helena High School serves students in grades 9-12, and the city has two secondary campuses, one is the Upper Valley Campus of Napa Valley College; the other is The Culinary Institute of America at Greystone, a branch campus of the main institution in Hyde Park, New York.

Economy[edit]

Major employers in St. Helena include St. Helena Hospital, Trinchero Family Estates, Meadowood Napa Valley, Icon Estates, and The Culinary Institute.[19] The city is distinct in its regulation against chain restaurants; only one exists in the city, established before the legislation was enacted.[20] The St. Helena AVA is in the region, and numerous wineries exist within St. Helena.

Notable people[edit]

Other notable people from St. Helena include Nicole Abiouness, Amy Aiken, Michela Alioto-Pier, Wayne Belardi, Cathy Corison, David Duncan (vintner), M. F. K. Fisher, William Hamilton (cartoonist), Fred Hofmann, Siegfried Horn, William B. Hurlbut, Charles Krug, Bob Marshall (California politician), Fritz Maytag, Donald C. McRuer, Billy Orr (baseball), Carl Osburn, Eduard Prchal, Frank K. Richardson, Dave Smith (engineer), Edwin R. Thiele, Josephine Tychson, Owen Wade, and Ellen G. White.

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "About St. Helena". City of St. Helena. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "City Council". City of St. Helena. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Administration". City of St. Helena. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ "City of St. Helena". 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Saint Helena
  8. ^ "Wappo Language". Wappo Indians of Napa County. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "California Historical Landmarks: Napa County". Office of Historical Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved September 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Carnegie Libraries of California". Pat & Bernie Skehan. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ Western Regional Climate Center website
  13. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca7643
  14. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - St. Helena city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  18. ^ "California's 5th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  19. ^ Private-sector employers -- Napa County
  20. ^ "St. Helena Municipal Code". Code Publishing. City of St. Helena. February 11, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 

External links[edit]