St. Helena, California

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City of St. Helena
City
Motto: "The Heart Of Napa Valley"
Location in Napa County and the state of California
Location in Napa County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°30′19″N 122°28′13″W / 38.50528°N 122.47028°W / 38.50528; -122.47028
Country United States
State  California
County Napa
Incorporated March 24, 1876
Re-incorporated May 14, 1889
Government[1]
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Ann Nevero
 • Vice Mayor Sharon Crull
 • City Manager Gary Broad
Area[2]
 • Total 5.027 sq mi (13.019 km2)
 • Land 4.986 sq mi (12.913 km2)
 • Water 0.041 sq mi (0.106 km2)  0.81%
Elevation[3] 253 ft (77 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,814
 • Density 1,200/sq mi (450/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 94574
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-64140
GNIS feature ID 277588
Website http://www.ci.st-helena.ca.us/
St Helena Catholic Church

St. Helena (/ˌsnt hɨˈlnə/ saint hə-LEE-nə) (Wappo: Anakotanoma, "Bull Snake Village")[4] is a city in Napa County, California, United States. It is part of the northern San Francisco Bay Area. The population was 5,814 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

St. Helena is located at 38°30′10″N 122°28′11″W / 38.50278°N 122.46972°W / 38.50278; -122.46972Coordinates: 38°30′10″N 122°28′11″W / 38.50278°N 122.46972°W / 38.50278; -122.46972 (38.502858, -122.469648).[5] The city has a total area of 5.03 sq mi (13.0 km2). Of that, 4.99 sq mi (12.9 km2) is land and 0.11 sq mi (0.3 km2) (0.81%) is water.

History[edit]

Ellen White, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, had a home called "Elmshaven" near St. Helena, beginning in 1900. She died there in 1915 and the site is now a National Historic Landmark.

The St. Helena AVA is in the region.

Climate[edit]

The National Weather Service has a cooperative weather station in St. Helena. Winters are cool and wet, while summers have hot days and cool nights with little precipitation. Average temperatures in December, the coldest month, range from 57 °F (14 °C) to 38 °F (3 °C). Average temperatures in July and August, the warmest months, range from 89 °F (32 °C) to 55 °F (13 °C). There are an average of 55.7 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 34.7 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 115 °F (46 °C) on July 13, 1972, and the record low temperature was 11 °F (−12 °C) on December 11, 1932.

Average annual precipitation is 36.64 inches (931 mm). There are an average of 68 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 75.40 inches (1,915 mm) and the dryest year was 1976 with 10.41 inches (264 mm). The wettest month on record was February 1986 with 25.60 inches (650 mm). The most rainfall in 24 hours was 6.83 inches (173 mm) on January 21, 1967. Although snow rarely falls in St. Helena, there is an annual average snowfall of 0.2-inch (5.1 mm). The most snowfall in one month was 4.0 inches (100 mm), recorded in January 1974 and again in March 1976. The most snowfall in 24 hours was 4.0 inches (100 mm) on March 2, 1976.[6]

Climate data for St. Helena (1907–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
86
(30)
95
(35)
98
(37)
107
(42)
110
(43)
115
(46)
112
(44)
113
(45)
104
(40)
93
(34)
83
(28)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 56.6
(13.7)
61.1
(16.2)
65.4
(18.6)
71.5
(21.9)
78.1
(25.6)
85.0
(29.4)
89.7
(32.1)
88.9
(31.6)
85.9
(29.9)
77.3
(25.2)
66.2
(19)
57.6
(14.2)
73.6
(23.1)
Average low °F (°C) 36.4
(2.4)
38.9
(3.8)
40.3
(4.6)
42.7
(5.9)
46.7
(8.2)
50.4
(10.2)
52.1
(11.2)
51.4
(10.8)
49.1
(9.5)
45.4
(7.4)
40.3
(4.6)
36.7
(2.6)
44.2
(6.8)
Record low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
21
(−6)
24
(−4)
27
(−3)
31
(−1)
36
(2)
37
(3)
38
(3)
33
(1)
23
(−5)
23
(−5)
11
(−12)
11
(−12)
Precipitation inches (mm) 7.60
(193)
6.53
(165.9)
4.32
(109.7)
2.10
(53.3)
.85
(21.6)
.25
(6.4)
.03
(0.8)
.07
(1.8)
.29
(7.4)
1.72
(43.7)
3.93
(99.8)
6.90
(175.3)
34.59
(878.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ .01 in) 12 11 9 6 4 1 0 1 1 4 8 11 66
Avg. rainy days (≥ .1 in) 9 8 7 4 2 1 0 0 1 3 5 8 47
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[7]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[8] reported that St. Helena had a population of 5,814. The population density was 1,156.7 people per square mile (446.6/km²). The racial makeup of St. Helena was 4,525 (77.8%) White, 25 (0.4%) African American, 35 (0.6%) Native American, 98 (1.7%) Asian, 9 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 978 (16.8%) from other races, and 144 (2.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,914 persons (32.9%).

The Census reported that 98.3% of the population lived in households and 1.7% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.

There were 2,401 households, out of which 694 (28.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,118 (46.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 223 (9.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 99 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 96 (4.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 20 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 805 households (33.5%) were made up of individuals and 411 (17.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38. There were 1,440 families (60.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.03.

The population was spread out with 1,280 people (22.0%) under the age of 18, 453 people (7.8%) aged 18 to 24, 1,333 people (22.9%) aged 25 to 44, 1,627 people (28.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,121 people (19.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

There were 2,776 housing units at an average density of 552.3 per square mile (213.2/km²), of which 55.4% were owner-occupied and 44.6% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 51.4% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 46.9% lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 5,950 people, 2,380 households, and 1,482 families residing in the city. The population density was 1263/sq mi (488/km²). There were 2,707 housing units at an average density of 575/sq mi (222/km²).

There were 2,380 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $58,902, and the median income for a family was $68,831. Males had a median income of $43,190 versus $35,357 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,971. About 5.7% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature St. Helena is located in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Noreen Evans, and in the 7th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Michael Allen.

Federally, St. Helena is in California's 5th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Thompson.[10]

Tourist attractions[edit]

St. Helena has been featured in several architectural and urban planning magazines. Numerous wineries exist within St. Helena, including the V. Sattui Winery.

Economy[edit]

Major employers in St. Helena include St. Helena Hospital, Trinchero Family Estates, Meadowood Napa Valley, Icon Estates, and The Culinary Institute of America at Greystone.[11]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of St. Helena". 
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Saint Helena
  4. ^ "Wappo Language". Wappo Indians of Napa County. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Western Regional Climate Center website
  7. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca7643
  8. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "California's 5th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  11. ^ Private-sector employers -- Napa County

External links[edit]