St. John's University, Shanghai
|St John's University|
|Motto in English||Light and Truth|
|President||Francis Lister Hawks Pott|
|St. John's University, Shanghai|
St. John's University (SJU) was an Anglican university in Shanghai. Founded in 1879 by American missionaries, it was one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China, often regarded as the Harvard of China.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Communist government closed the university in 1952 and its departments were merged into various other universities in Shanghai. Its campus was taken over by the newly established East China Institute of Politics and Law.
The university was founded in 1879 as "St. John's College" by William Jones Boone and Joseph Schereschewsky, Bishop of Shanghai, by combining two pre-existing Anglican colleges in Shanghai. The architect for the college's original quadrangle of buildings was Newark, New Jersey architect William Halsey Wood.
St. John's began with 39 students and taught mainly in Chinese. In 1891 it changed to teaching with English as the main language. The courses began to focus on science and natural philosophy.
In 1905, St. John's College became St. John's University, and became registered in Washington D.C. in the United States. It thus had the status of a domestic university and American graduates of St. John's could proceed directly to graduate schools in the United States. As a result, the university attracted some of the brightest and wealthiest students in Shanghai at the time. It was the first institution to grant bachelor's degrees in China, starting in 1907.
The university was located at 188 Jessfield Road (now Wanhangdu Lu), on a bend of the Suzhou Creek in Shanghai, and was designed to incorporate Chinese and Western architectural elements.
The university survived World War II and the Chinese Civil War. However, in 1952 the Communist government adopted a policy of creating specialist universities in the Soviet style of the time. Under this policy, St Johns was broken up. Most of its faculties were incorporated into the East China Normal University and Fudan University. The medical school was incorporated into Shanghai Second Medical College, which became the School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University in 2005. The campus became the site of the East China University of Politics and Law. The School of Architecture and the Civil Engineering program were incorporated into Tongji University.
To keep the school's traditions alive, SJU alumni (called Johanneans) funded three academic institutions around the world bearing the name of St. John's. They established St. John's University in Taiwan in 1967 and St. John's College at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, in 1997.
- David Au, founder of the Sincere Company, the first department store in China.
- Raymond Chow, filmmaker.
- Thomas Dao (1921–2009), physician who developed breast cancer treatment alternatives.
- Chung Sze Yuen, senior Hong Kong politician.
- Francis Hsu, former Catholic bishop of Hong Kong.
- Wellington Koo, diplomat, former president of the Republic of China, foreign minister, former judge and vice-president of the International Court of Justice.
- Jiang Shaoji, a famous internist and gastroenterologist in China.
- Jing Shuping, (graduated 1939) businessman, founder of Minsheng Bank, China's first privately owned bank. Jing also founded China's first law firm, consulting firm and accounting firm since the 1949 Chinese Revolution.
- Lin Yutang, writer.
- Liu Yichang, writer.
- Lu Ping, Chinese politician in charge of the handover of Hong Kong and Macau.
- I.M. Pei, architect (attended the University high school).
- Meng Xiancheng, educator, the first president of East China Normal University.
- Qian Liren, Chinese politician and diplomat
- Shi Jiuyong, jurist, former President of the International Court of Justice.
- T.V. Soong, politician, brother to the Soong sisters, Premier of the Republic of China.
- K.H. Ting, Anglican bishop and former national leader of Protestants in the People's Republic of China.
- Yen Chia-kan, politician, former Vice President and President of the Republic of China.
- Rong Yiren, "Red Capitalist", the founder of CITIC Group, and Vice President of the People's Republic of China.
- Zhang Boling founder of Nankai University and the Nankai system of schools.
- Zhou Youguang, linguist.
- Zhu Qizhen, former Vice Foreign Minister, Chinese Ambassador to the USA and Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Peoples Congress of China
- Cheng Youshu, diplomat and poet
- Francis Lister Hawks Pott, President of St. John's College 1888 to 1896, President of St. John's University from 1896 to 1941
- William Payne Roberts, instructor and acting president in the absence of Pott
- David Z.T. Yin, Rector of the University, was a distinguished Chinese scholar who had represented the YMCA in Shanghai at the turn of the century.
- Yang Wu. "Founding of SJC". University of British Columbia. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- Hevesi, Dennis. "Dr. Thomas Dao, Expert on Treatment of Breast Cancer, Dies at 88", The New York Times, July 25, 2009. Accessed July 26, 2009.
- "Founder of China's private Minsheng Bank dies". Reuters. 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
- Seeds From The West : St John's Medical School, Shanghai, 1880-1952. Chen, Kaiyi; Imprint Publications, Chicago, 2001. ISBN 1879176386