Tongji University (simplified Chinese: 同济大学; traditional Chinese: 同濟大學; pinyin: Tóngjì Dàxué), colloquially known as Tongji (同济, Tóngjì), located in Shanghai, has more than 30,000 students and 8,000 staff members (as of 1 September 2007). It offers degree programs at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Established in 1907 by the German government together with German physicians in Shanghai, Tongji is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China. Among its various departments it is especially highly ranked in engineering, among which its architecture, urban planning, and civil engineering departments have consistently ranked first in China for decades, and its automotive engineering, oceanography, environmental science, German language departments are also ones of the best domestically.
Tongji University, Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and East China Normal University are jointly known as the "Top 4 Universities" in Shanghai.
The history of Tongji University can be traced back to 1907 when the German Medical School for the Chinese in Shanghai was founded by the German government together with the German physicians Erich Paulun, Oscar von Schab and Paul Krieg. The school was affiliated with the Tongji-Hospital the German physicians had established in Shanghai on the initiative of Paulun. The name Tongji suggests cooperating by riding the same boat. The school was expanded to include engineering in its programs and got its new name as German Medical and Engineering School for the Chinese in Shanghai in 1912. It was formally established as a Chinese university under the name of Tongji University in 1923/1924 and was renamed as National Tongji University in 1927. During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), the university campus was moved from Shanghai first to Zhejiang Province, then to Jiangxi Province and Yunnan Province and later to Sichuan Province. It was eventually moved back to Shanghai in 1946. It then grew to be a comprehensive university which offered programs in science, engineering, medicine, arts, and law. Following a nationwide campaign of reorganizing schools and departments between universities in 1952, Tongji University became a university with strength in engineering, particularly in Civil Engineering. Tongji is also the first university that introduced Urban Planning into China.
As a university which had established a reputation for its research, Tongji became one of the first batch of universities which were authorized by the China State Council to establish its Graduate School. As one of the leading universities, it was successful in its application for the 211 Program which provided universities with substantial government fund. In 1995, the university became one to be jointly supported by the State Education Commission and the Shanghai Municipal Government. In 1996 the university merged with Shanghai Institute of Urban Construction and Shanghai Institute of Building Materials. The merger was acknowledged by the State Council as "Tongji Model" in the system renovation of higher institutions in China. In April 2000, the expanded Tongji merged again with Shanghai Railway University. Now Tongji University has become a comprehensive university which offers a wide range of programs in science, engineering, medicine, arts, law, economics and management.
- November 2010 - Signed a cooperation agreement with Instituto Superior Técnico making IST the Portuguese Campus of Tongji University
- July 2005 - Signed a cooperation agreement with Politecnico di Milano and Politecnico di Torino concerning the development of Sino-Italian University Campus in Shanghai and establishment of a Sino-Italian House, one year later a dual bachelor degree project in engineering, called PoliTong, was launched
- 2002 - Listed in Project 985
- April 2000 - Merged with Shanghai Railway University
- August 1996 - Merged with Shanghai Institute of Urban Construction and Shanghai Institute of Building Materials
- November 1995 - Listed in Project 211
- October 1995 - Declared to be jointly built by the former State Education Commission and the Shanghai Municipal Government
- December 1978 - Upon consent by the State Council, resumed connection with Germany and became the window of the cultural, technology and science exchanges between China and Germany
- 1952 - The Departments of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry in College of Science merged into Fudan University, the Departments of Machinery, Electrical Engineering and Ship Manufacture merged into Shanghai Jiaotong University. In the meanwhile, Tongji University merged the Civil Engineering Departments in other 11 universities, including Saint John University.
- 1951 - The Department of Biology in College of Science merged into East China Normal University, the Medical School and the Department of Survey in College of Engineering moved to Wuhan, Hubei Province
- September 1949 - College of Literature and Arts, College of Law merged into Fudan University
- June 1949 - Tongji University was taken over by Shanghai Military Control Commission
- August 1946 - College of Science expanded as College of Literature and Science moved back to Shanghai
- April 1946 - Moved back to Shanghai
- 1945 - Established the College of Law
- October 1940 - Moved Lizhuang in Yibin, Sichuan Province
- Winter 1938 - Moved to Kunming, Yunnan Province
- September 1937 - Moved to the south of China due to the Second Sino-Japanese War
- August 1927 - Renamed as National Tongji University
- May 20, 1924 - Approved by the government to be one of the first national universities in China.
- March 1922 - Renamed as Tongji Medical and Engineering University
- October 1907 - Established as Tongji German Medical School
The university now registers over 50,000 students at all levels from certificate and diploma courses to Bachelor's Degrees, Master's, Ph.D. programs and post doctoral attachments. There are over 4,200 academic staff for teaching and/or research, among whom there are 6 Members of Chinese Academy of Science, 7 Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering, over 530 professors and 1,300 associate professors. The university offers diverse courses in its 81 Bachelors Degrees, 151 Masters, 58 PhD programs and 13 post doctoral mobile stations. Tongji University is particularly famous for its Civil Engineering and Architecture programs. Its Civil Engineering, Architecture programs and Transportation Engineering are ranked Top 1 in P.R. China and its architecture program is by far the most difficult to gain entry into. As one of the state leading centers for scientific research, the university has 5 state key laboratories and engineering research centres.
The university is active in promoting cooperation and exchanges with other countries. It has established links with Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Spain, Switzerland, UK and USA in the fields of education, science, technology and economics. A number of international joint programs have been established between the university and its counterparts in other countries in recent years. In 2006, the university enrolled 1,829 international students.
Anniversary Day 
On June 3, 1907, German Medical School was opened. On October 1 of the same year, a ceremony was held. However, the official anniversary day of the university is May 20, the day Tongji Medical School was approved to be university by the Department of Education of China. At this time, both the medical school and the engineering school are approved. However, this is merely a coincidence. The Anniversary Day was initially set to May 18, on which day in 1924 the Wusong campus was opened. In 1925 and 1926, ceremonies were held on May 18. On the staff meeting on January 19, 1931, the Anniversary Day of National Tongji University is decided to be postponed to May 20, two days after the national mourn with half-mast over the death of Mr. Chen Yingshi.
Tongji University is titled the State-level Garden Unit for Excellent Afforestation. lts five campuses are located in the municipal city of Shanghai, covering an area of 2,460,000 m². The Siping Campus is situated on Siping Road; the West Campus on Zhennan Road; the North Campus on the Gonghexing Road; the East Campus on Wudong Road and the Jiading Campus is located in Shanghai International Automobile City in Anting. In the year 2009, the East Campus was sold to Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.
The entrance part of Siping campus
The Sanhaowu Garden (三好坞) in Siping campus
The north teaching building (北楼) in Siping campus
The Qianqiu (千秋) Garden in Siping campus
The scenery of new Jiading campus
State Key Laboratories 
National Research Centre 
- National Engineering Research Centre of Urban Pollution Control
Key Laboratories of Provincial Level and Ministerial Level 
Key Research Centres of Provincial Level and Ministerial Level 
- Information and Technology Research Centre of Civil Engineering of the State Ministry of Education
- Shanghai Engineering Research Centre of Constriction Robot
State Key Disciplines 
- Marine Geology
- Structural Engineering
- Engineering Mechanics
- Bridge and Tunnel Engineering
- Material Science
- Road and Railway Engineering
- Urban Planning and Design
- Traffic and Transportation Planning and Management
- Environmental Engineering
- Geo-technical Engineering
Members of Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineering 
Members of Chinese Academy of Science 
Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering 
Noted Alumni 
Some noted alumni of Tongji University are:
- Li Guohao (李国豪), Former President of Tongji University, World Famous Bridge Expert
- Wang Shu (王澍), 2012 Pritzker Prize recipient
- Ni Chao (倪超), Former president of the National Cheng Kung University
- Qiao Shi (乔石), Former Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, PRC
- Qian Xinzhong (钱信忠), Minister of Health of the People's Republic of China
- Li Jincheng (李金城), Chief Engineer of the Qingzang railway Project
- Tang Dengjie (唐登杰), Former Vice Mayor of Shanghai
- Chen Chongzhou (陈从周), Architect
- Qiu Fazu (裘法祖), Physiologist
- Wu Zhongbi (武忠弼), Physiologist
- Wu Mengchao (吴孟超), Physiologist, Winner of the State Preeminent Science and Technology Award of China (2005)
- Pan Yunhe (潘云鹤), Computer Scientist, Vice Chairman of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
- Bei Shizhang (贝时璋), Physiologist, "Father of Chinese Biophysics"
- Boqiang Liang (梁伯强), Pathologist
- Qinzhen Shen (沈其震), Physiologist
- Zhu Hongyuan (朱洪元), Physical Scientist
- Wu Zhiqiang (吴志强), Chief Planning Officer for the Shanghai Expo 2010
- Wan Gang (万钢), Minister of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China
- Rao Bin (饶斌), Main Founder of China Modern Automobile Industry
- Xie Guozhong (谢国忠), Economist
- Wang Guangtao (汪光焘), Minister of Construction of the People's Republic of China
See also 
- ^ Tongji Unversity EMBA website
- ^ See Roswitha Reinbothe (ed.), Tongji-Universität in Shanghai. Dokumente zur Gründungsgeschichte, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2009.
- ^ Tongji is the Chinese (Shanghai dialect) phonetic approximation of deutsche (German).
- ^ The degrees granted by the German Medical College in Shanghai corresponded to the degrees granted by medical schools in Germany.
- ^ With a few exceptions, the German members of the Faculty of Medicine stayed behind in Shanghai and established in 1940 in the International Settlement the Shanghai German Medical Academy (Deutsche medizinische Akademie Shanghai; alternative spelling Schanghai). The school functioned at 82 Tongfu Road (later Shimenyi Road) and at #10, 100 Changshu Road, continuing medical and educational activities throughout the war. Upon the return of the National Tongji University to Shanghai, the Academy, with all its students, was re-integrated in the Faculty of Medicine. See (History of) #10, 100 Changshu Road (Shanghai), in Chinese.
- ^ tongji history
- ^ Chronology of Tongji University
- ^ http://www.guninetwork.org/guni.network/institutional-members-news/upc-and-upm-open-a-campus-at-tongji-university-in-shanghai
- ^ Today
- ^ Minutes of staff meetings of National Tongji University, Tongji Archives.
- ^ 上海财经大学武东路100号揭牌仪式隆重举行, (In Chinese).
- ^ Stolen from photo.tongji.edu.cn
- ^ Academic departments
- ^ Research
- ^ Key Disciplines
- ^ Faculty members
- ^ Former Presidents
- ^ Alumni
External links