Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine

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Sceaux
Château in the Parc de Sceaux
Château in the Parc de Sceaux
Coat of arms of Sceaux
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Coordinates: 48°46′43″N 2°17′26″E / 48.7786°N 2.2906°E / 48.7786; 2.2906Coordinates: 48°46′43″N 2°17′26″E / 48.7786°N 2.2906°E / 48.7786; 2.2906
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Hauts-de-Seine
Arrondissement Antony
Canton Sceaux
Intercommunality Hauts de Bièvre
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Philippe Laurent
Area
 • Land1 3.60 km2 (1.39 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 19,986
 • Population2 density 5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 92071 / 92330
Elevation 53–103 m (174–338 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sceaux (French pronunciation: ​[so]) is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.7 km (6.0 mi) from the center of Paris.

Wealth[edit]

Sceaux is famous for the Château de Sceaux, set in its large park (Parc départemental de Sceaux), designed by André Le Nôtre, measuring 2 km2 (0.77 sq mi). The original château was transformed into a School of Agriculture during the Revolution and lost much of its luster. It was demolished at the beginning of the 19th century following its sale by the then French government. Sceaux castle was originally built by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, the minister of finance to Louis XIV and purchased by Louis' illegitimate son, the duke of Maine in 1699. His duchesse held court in a glittering salon at Sceaux in the first decades of the eighteenth century.

The present château, rebuilt 1856–62 in a Louis XIII style, is now the museum of Île-de-France open for visits.

Housing costs are extremely high, higher than in many districts of Paris, especially with streets facing the Parc de Sceaux, in the Quartier des musiciens. Subsidised housing is located in the Quartier des Blagis which otherwise also has high housing costs.

Sceaux is listed as the 44th richest city of France.

Transport[edit]

Sceaux is served by three stations on Paris RER line B: Sceaux, Robinson, and Parc de Sceaux (this last station is located at the border between the commune of Sceaux and the commune of Antony, on the Antony side of the border).It is also close to Paris-Orly Airport.

Sceaux is connected to the A86 motorway that circles around Paris. The commune also offers a developed network of buses which are often used by the Scéens (name given to the people who live in Sceaux).

Education[edit]

Sceaux hosts two public high schools, the lycée Marie Curie (enrollment 2,000) and the lycée Lakanal (enrollment 3,000). The lycée Marie Curie was named after the famous scientist who was married in, lived in, and was originally interred in Sceaux with her husband Pierre Curie. The lycée Lakanal was named after a French politician, and an original member of the Institut de France, Joseph Lakanal and has remained one of the most prestigious and hardest schools of Île-de-France. The school also offers a middle school and highly ranked "classes préparatoires" undergraduate training. Famous French scientists and writers have graduated from lycée Lakanal, such as Nobel Prize winners Maurice Allais, Jean Giraudoux, Alain-Fournier and Frédéric Joliot-Curie. The Faculté Jean Monnet, the college of Law and Management of University of Paris-XI (Orsay), and the Institut Universitaire de Technologie of this university are also located in Sceaux.

The boarding academy Kadic Junior High School in the French animated television show Code Lyoko is based on lycée Lakanal.

Cultural life[edit]

Sceaux is home to one highly active national theater, the théâtre des Gémeaux, located in the quartier des Blagis which is part of the "Scène Nationale" network of the major theaters in France. The théâtre des Gémeaux attracts viewers from all over Île-de-France and Paris. Its main event is the Spring dance festival with an international program of the highest quality.

The commune also has a small movie theater, the Trianon, where international movies are released in their respective language and subtitled in French. The theater is also famous for showing independent films and hosting special events. In 2006, a debate revolving around ecology was organized and Al Gore's An Inconvenient Truth was shown.

Various music events take place at Sceaux. The classical Music Festival established by Alfred Loewenguth in 1969 (in 2010 entering its 41st season), takes place in the Orangery built by Jules Hardouin-Mansart for the Marquis de Seignelay in 1686, in the Park at Sceaux.[1] The Park also houses an open air opera every summer at the end of June.

The Parc de Sceaux was the location of Madonna's Parisian first visit with her Who's That Girl World Tour 29 August 1987, breaking the record of 131.000 people.[2]

In the classic French O-Level text book series for English speaking pupils, Le Francais d'Aujourd-hui, the Bertillon family move out to Sceaux from inner-city Paris during the course of the book's main narrative.

Wildlife[edit]

The Parc de Sceaux is home to a population of red squirrels estimated to be number between 100 and 120 squirrels.[3]


Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Orangery Festival
  2. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). 1987-10-31. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  3. ^ Rézouki, Célia; Dozières, Anne; Le Cœur, Christie; Thibault, Sophie; Pisanu, Benoît; Chapuis, Jean-Louis; Baudry, Emmanuelle (August 15, 2014). "A Viable Population of the European Red Squirrel in an Urban Park". PLoS ONE (PLOS) 9 (8). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105111. Retrieved 17 August 2014. 

External links[edit]