Orly Airport

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For the World War I and NATO military use of this facility, see Orly Air Base. For other uses, see Orly (disambiguation).
Paris Orly Airport
Aéroport de Paris-Orly
Aeroports de Paris logo.svg
Orly Airport P1190137.jpg
IATA: ORYICAO: LFPO
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aéroports de Paris
Serves Paris, France
Location Seven cities in Essonne and Val-de-Marne
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 291 ft / 89 m
Coordinates 48°43′24″N 02°22′46″E / 48.72333°N 2.37944°E / 48.72333; 2.37944Coordinates: 48°43′24″N 02°22′46″E / 48.72333°N 2.37944°E / 48.72333; 2.37944
Website aeroportsdeparis.fr
Map
LFPO is located in Île-de-France (region)
LFPO
LFPO
Location of airport in Île-de-France region
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02/20 2,400 7,874 Concrete
06/24 3,650 11,975 Bituminous concrete
08/26 3,320 10,892 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 28 274 154
Source: French AIP[1]
French AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]
Statistics[3]

Paris Orly Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris-Orly) (IATA: ORYICAO: LFPO) is an international airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, 7 NM (13 km; 8.1 mi) south[2] of Paris, France. It has flights to cities in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Caribbean, North America and Southeast Asia.

Prior to the construction of Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly was the main airport of Paris. Even with the shift of most international traffic to Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly remains the busiest French airport for domestic traffic and the second busiest French airport overall in terms of passenger traffic, with 27,139,076 in 2011.[3]

Location[edit]

Orly Airport extends over 15.3 square kilometres (5.9 sq mi) of land. It straddles two départements and seven communes:

Management of the airport, however, is solely under the authority of Aéroports de Paris, which also manages Charles de Gaulle Airport, Le Bourget Airport, and several smaller airports in the suburbs of Paris.

History[edit]

Main article: Orly Air Base

First years[edit]

Originally known as Villeneuve-Orly Airport, the facility was opened in the southern suburbs of Paris in 1932 as a secondary airport to Le Bourget. Before this two huge airship hangars had been built there by the engineer Eugène Freyssinet from 1923 on.

World War II[edit]

As a result of the Battle of France in 1940, Orly Airport was used by the occupying German Luftwaffe as a combat airfield, stationing various fighter and bomber units at the airport throughout the occupation.[10] As a result, Orly was repeatedly attacked by the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), destroying much of its infrastructure, and leaving its runways with numerous bomb craters to limit its usefulness by the Germans.

After the Battle of Normandy and the retreat of German forces from the Paris area in August 1944, Orly was partially repaired by USAAF combat engineers and was used by Ninth Air Force as tactical airfield A-47. The 50th Fighter Group flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bomber aircraft from the airport until September, then liaison squadrons used the airfield until October 1945.[11]

Post-war[edit]

The USAAF diagram from March 1947 shows the 6140-foot 27/207 (degrees magnetic) runway (later 03R) with 5170-foot 81/261 runway (later 08L) crossing it at its north end. The November 1953 Aeradio diagram shows four concrete runways, all 197 feet wide: 03L 7874 ft, 03R 6069 ft, 08L 5118 ft and 08R 6627 ft.

The American United States Army Air Forces 1408th Army Air Force Base Unit was the primary operator at Orly Field until March 1947 when control was returned to the French Government. (The United States Air Force leased a small portion of the Airport to support Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) at Rocquencourt). The Americans left in 1967 as a result of France's withdrawal from NATO's integrated military command, and all non-French NATO forces were asked to leave France.[12]

In May 1958 Pan Am DC-7Cs flew to Los Angeles in 21 hr 56 min; TWA, Air France and Pan Am flew nonstop to New York in 14 hrs 10-15 min. Air France flew to Tokyo in 31 hr 5 min via Anchorage or 44 hr 45 min on a seven-stop 1049G via India. Air France's ten flights a day to London were almost all Viscounts; the only other London flight was Alitalia's daily DC-6B (BEA was at Le Bourget).

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aigle Azur Algiers, Annaba, Batna, Bamako, Béjaïa, Biskra, Constantine, Djerba, Faro, Funchal, Lisbon, Moscow-Vnukovo, Nice, Oran, Porto, Sétif, Tlemcen South
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Batna, Béjaïa, Biskra, Constantine, Oran, Tamanrasset, Tlemcen South
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel South
Air Caraïbes Cayenne, Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Martin, Port-au-Prince South
Air Corsica Ajaccio, Bastia, Figari West
Air Europa Madrid, Palma de Mallorca West
Air France Ajaccio, Bastia, Biarritz, Bordeaux, Brest, Calvi, Cayenne, Clermont-Ferrand, Fort-de-France, Marseille, Montpellier, Nice, Pau, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Toulon, Toulouse West
Air France
operated by HOP!
Basel/Mulhouse, Lyon, Nantes, Strasbourg West
Air Malta Malta West
Air Méditerranée Oran, Palma de Mallorca, Tunis
Seasonal: Bodrum
Charter: Agadir, Fuerteventura, Málaga, Marrakech, Oujda, Tangier, Tenerife-South
South
Alitalia Milan-Linate West
British Airways London-Heathrow West
CityJet Cardiff, London-City West
Corsair International Abidjan, Antananarivo, Dakar, Dzaoudzi, Fort-de-France, Mauritius, Pointe-à-Pitre, Punta Cana, Saint-Denis de la Réunion
Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau
South
Cubana de Aviación Havana, Santiago de Cuba South
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Faro, Geneva, Milan-Linate, Naples, Nice, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Athens, Brindisi, Cagliari, Dubrovnik, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Rhodes
South
easyJet Switzerland Geneva South
Flybe Southampton West
Hex'Air Le Puy South
HOP! Ajaccio, Bastia, Brest, Calvi, Clermont-Ferrand, Figari, Lorient, Lourdes/Tarbes, Montpellier, Pau, Perpignan, Quimper, Rodez, Strasbourg West
HOP! Agen, Aurillac, Brive, Castres, Lannion South
HOP!
operated by Chalair Aviation
Caen, La Rochelle South
Iberia Madrid, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Tenerife-North
West
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini South
Jetairfly Agadir, Fes, Marrakech, Oujda, Rabat, Casablanca South
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen
Seasonal: Bergen, Stockholm-Arlanda
South
OpenSkies New York-JFK, Newark West
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen South
Royal Air Maroc Agadir, Casablanca, Essaouira, Fes, Marrakech, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier
Seasonal: Nador
South
SATA International Funchal, Ponta Delgada South
TAP Portugal Lisbon, Porto West
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Vnukovo South
Transavia.com France Agadir, Antalya, Athens, Barcelona, Bodrum, Budapest, Djerba, Dubrovnik, Essaouira, Faro, Funchal, Granada, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Lisbon, Luxor, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marrakech, Monastir, Mykonos, Naples, Oujda, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rhodes, Santorini, Seville, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tozeur, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Chambéry, Palermo, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Sal, Split, Volos, Zadar
Charter: Comiso, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ivalo, Lanzarote, Tangier, Tenerife-South
South
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Sfax, Tozeur, Tunis South
Twin Jet Bergerac, Limoges, Périgueux West
Vueling Alicante, Asturias, Barcelona, Bilbao, Casablanca , Florence, Gran Canaria, Lisbon, Málaga, Porto, Rome-Fiumicino, Seville, Valencia
Seasonal: Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca, Menorca
West

Other facilities[edit]

AOM French Airlines had its head office in Orly Airport Building 363 in Paray-Vieille-Poste.[13][14][15] After AOM and Air Liberté merged in 2001,[16] the new airline, Air Lib, occupied building 363.[17]

Ground transportation[edit]

Terminal South
The interior of Terminal South

Train[edit]

Car[edit]

Orly Airport is connected to the A106 autoroute (extension of the A6 autoroute).

Buses and coaches[edit]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 10 February 1948, SNCASE Languedoc P/7 F-BATH of Air France was damaged beyond economical repair at Orly Airport.[18]
  • On 3 June 1962, Air France Flight 007, a chartered Boeing 707 named the Chateau de Sully bound for Atlanta, U.S., crashed on take-off with 132 people on board; 130 of them were killed. The only survivors were two stewardesses seated in the rear of the plane. The charter flight was carrying home Atlanta's civic and cultural leaders of the day. At the time, this was the highest recorded death toll for an incident involving a single aircraft.
  • On 11 July 1973, Varig Flight 820, a Boeing 707, made a forced landing due to fire in a rear lavatory, incoming from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão. The aircraft landed 5 kilometers short of the runway, in a full-flap and gear down configuration. Due mainly to smoke inhalation, there were 123 deaths whilst 11 people survived (10 crew, 1 passenger).[19][20]
  • On 20 May 1978, three terrorists opened fire on El Al passengers in the departure lounge. All three terrorists were killed, along with one policeman, and three French tourists were also injured.[21]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ LFPO – PARIS ORLY (PDF). AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 24 Jul 2014.
  2. ^ a b EAD Basic
  3. ^ a b "Aéroport de Paris – Orly". Les Aéroports Français, Statistiques annuelles (in French). Paris: Union des aéroports Français. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Plan de Wissous." Wissous. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  5. ^ "Plans, cartes et vue aérienne." Athis-Mons. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  6. ^ "Plan interactif." Chilly-Mazarin. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  7. ^ "Plan." Morangis. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  8. ^ "Plan de la ville." Villeneuve-le-Roi. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  9. ^ "Plan d'Orly." Orly. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  10. ^ The Luftwaffe, 1933-45
  11. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  12. ^ [McAuliffe, Jerome J. (2005). US Air Force in France 1950–1967. San Diego, California: Milspec Press, Chapter 14, Paris-USAF Operations. ISBN 978-0-9770371-1-7.
  13. ^ "World Airline Directory 1999." Flight International. 2000. 363.
  14. ^ "Nos coordonnées agences en "France Métropolitaine "." AOM French Airlines. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "SIEGE Bâtiment 363 B.P. 854 94 551 ORLY AEROGARE CEDEX"
  15. ^ "Résultat de votre recherche." Le Journal officiel électronique authentifié. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "Siège social : compagnie Air Lib, bâtiment 363, zone centrale à l’aéroport d’Orly, 91550 Paray-Vieille-Poste."
  16. ^ "Découvrir Air Liberté." Air Liberté. 23 February 2002. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "Le 22 Septembre 2001, AOM et AIR LIBERTE ont donné naissance à une nouvelle compagnie aérienne qui porte désormais le nom AIR LIB."
  17. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 12–18 March 2002. 57.
  18. ^ "F-BATH Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "Accident description PP-VJZ". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  20. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "No céu de Paris". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 285–290. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  21. ^ Lewis, Flora (May 21, 1978). "3 TERRORISTS KILLED IN ATTACK IN PARIS ON EL AL PASSENGERS; 3 French Tourists Bound for Israel Are Injured and One Policeman Is Killed in 25-Minute Fight". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 

References[edit]

  • McAuliffe, Jerome J: U.S. Air Force in France 1950–1967 (2005), Chapter 14, Paris-USAF Operations.

External links[edit]

Media related to Paris-Orly Airport at Wikimedia Commons