Sony Digital Audio Disc Corporation
Sony Digital Audio Disc Corporation (Sony DADC) is a manufacturer of Compact Discs, DVDs, UMDs, and Blu-ray Discs. The company has many plants worldwide. Although it primarily services Sony Music Entertainment-owned record labels, it also manufactures discs for other labels.
Sony DADC's first plant, in Terre Haute, Indiana, opened May 2, 1983, and produced its first CD, Bruce Springsteen's Born in the U.S.A., in September 1984. It was the first CD manufacturer in the United States, is the company's principal CD manufacturing facility, and is the company's research and development center.
When Sony bought CBS Records in 1988, it acquired that company's manufacturing facilities, some of which later became part of Sony DADC. Among these are the plants in Pitman, New Jersey (closed in 2011); Terre Haute, Indiana; Toronto, Canada (plant closed in 2011); Mexico City; Salzburg, Austria; Mumbai, India; and Manaus, Brazil—all of which were originally manufacturers of vinyl gramophone records. These plants began manufacturing CDs later—Pitman in 1988, Manaus in 1992, and Toronto and Mexico City in 1994.
LaserDiscs, primarily 12-inch disc prints of feature films and concerts, were manufactured by Sony DADC in the 1980s and 1990s. Some of the laserdiscs currently show laser rot, more than from any other manufacturer.
Sony DADC now manufactures the majority of compact discs sold in the United States. In November 2008, the company bought the American disc-manufacturing capabilities of Glenayre Technologies, which manufactured the discs of Universal Music Group. In the summer of 2009, the company assumed the physical distribution of EMI's North American operations. This leaves WEA as the only major label whose discs are not manufactured by the company, as its discs are manufactured by the operations of the former WEA Manufacturing that were sold to Cinram.
On August 8, 2011, a Sony DADC distribution center in Enfield was destroyed during the 2011 England riots. The warehouse was used by independent music distributor PIAS Entertainment Group to distribute CDs, LPs, and DVDs for over 100 European independent labels. The total stock loss in the fire was reported to be between 3.5 million and 25 million units.
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Printed on the discs or packaging of Sony DADC-manufactured CDs are codes indicating master copies (matrix numbers) of discs. These codes begin with a 4-letter prefix followed by a series of digits. Common prefixes include the following:
- DIDC – Classical recordings released on Sony-affiliated record labels.
- DIDP – Popular (i.e., non-classical) recordings released on Sony-affiliated record labels.
- DIDX – Recordings pressed by DADC for release on non-Sony-affiliated record labels.
- DIDY – Recordings pressed by the US division of DADC for the Columbia House Record Club.
- DIDZ – Recordings released on WEA Japan. (This code was only used from 1983 to 1985.)
- CDRM - Software titles
- LDVS - Standard Laserdiscs
- LDTA - THX & AC-3 Laserdiscs
- LDTA - THX Laserdiscs
- LDAC - AC-3 Laserdiscs
- DVSS - Single-layer DVDs
- DVDL - Dual-layer DVDs
- BVSS - Single-layer Blu-ray Discs
- BVDL - Dual-layer Blu-ray Discs
- BHSS - Single-layer Hybrid Blu-ray Discs
- BHDL - Dual-layer Hybrid Blu-ray Discs
- DRSS - DVD-ROM software titles
- PSRM - PlayStation titles
- PTRM - PlayStation 2 CD-ROM titles
- PDSS - PlayStation 2 DVD-ROM titles
- PDDL - PlayStation 2 DVD-ROM Dual-layer titles
- UPSS - PlayStation Portable UMD Single-layer titles
- UPDL - PlayStation Portable UMD Dual-layer titles
- BPSS - PlayStation 3 Blu-ray Disc Single-layer titles
- BPDL - PlayStation 3 Blu-ray Disc Dual-layer titles
- B4SS - PlayStation 4 Blu-ray Disc Single-layer titles
- B4DL - PlayStation 4 Blu-ray Disc Dual-layer titles
- "Sony DADC - Terre Haute, Indiana". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- Jerse, Dorothy (2009-09-19), Terre Haute Tribune-Star http://www.tribstar.com/history/local_story_262200740.html
|url=missing title (help), retrieved 2009-11-05
- CBS-Sony Deal, New York Times, 1985-10-19[page needed]
- "Sony DADC - Toronto, Canada". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- "Sony DADC - Brazil". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- Laserdisc Databank - Laser Rot, 2012-10-19
- "Fisher's Distribution Company Sold to Sony" (3 November 2008). Retrieved from Inside Indiana Business.com on December 15, 2009.
- "EMI to Outsource Distribution" (1 April 2009). Retrieved from All Access.com on March 2, 2011.
- Davoudi, Salamander (8 August 2011). "Indie labels hit by warehouse arson attack". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- "More than 1.5m CDs destroyed in Sony warehouse fire". BBC Radio 1 Newsbeat (BBC). 11 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
- "Labels react to Sony/PIAS warehouse fire". Pitchfork Media. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- "Independent record labels detail fire recovery plans". BBC News. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- Smirke, Richard (15 August 2011). "BPI establishes fund for indie labels impacted by London riots". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2011.