South African general election, 2014

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South African general election, 2014
South Africa
2009 ←
7 May 2014 (2014-05-07) → 2019

All 400 seats to the National Assembly of South Africa
  First party Second party Third party
  Jacob Zuma 2010 (cropped).jpg Zille and Selfe in 2010 (cropped).jpg Julius Malema 2011-09-14 cropped.jpg
Leader Jacob Zuma Helen Zille Julius Malema
Party African National Congress Democratic Alliance Economic Freedom Fighters
Last election 65.90% 16.66%
Seats before 264 67
Seats won 249 89 25
Seat change Decrease 15 Increase 22 Increase 25 (new)
Popular vote 11,436,921 4,091,584 1,169,259
Percentage 62.15% 22.23% 6.35%
Swing Decrease 3.75% Increase 5.57% Increase 6.35% (new)

South Africa national election 2014 winner by ward.svg

Winner by ward of the National Assembly election; a lighter shade indicates a plurality win without a majority. African National Congress indicated by green, Democratic Alliance by blue, Inkatha Freedom Party by red, National Freedom Party by orange and other parties by grey.

President before election

Jacob Zuma
African National Congress

Elected President

Jacob Zuma
African National Congress

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Africa
Government
Foreign relations
Voting queue in Midrand, Gauteng
President Jacob Zuma promises to create 6 million new jobs if the ANC stays in power after the election.[1][2]

The 2014 South African general election was held on 7 May 2014,[3][4] to elect a new National Assembly and new provincial legislatures in each province. It was the fifth election held in South Africa under conditions of universal adult suffrage since the end of the apartheid era in 1994, and also the first held since the death of Nelson Mandela. It was also the first time that South African expatriates were allowed to vote in a South African national election.[5]

The National Assembly election was won by the African National Congress (ANC), but with a reduced majority of 62.1%, down from 65.9% in the 2009 election. The official opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) increased its share of the vote from 16.7% to 22.2%, while the newly formed Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) obtained 6.4% of the vote.

Eight of the nine provincial legislatures were won by the ANC. The EFF obtained over 10% of the vote in Gauteng, Limpopo and North West, and beat the DA to second place in Limpopo and North West. In the other six provinces won by the ANC, the DA obtained second place. In the Western Cape, the only province not won by the ANC, the DA increased its majority from 51.5% to 59.4%.

Electoral system[edit]

The National Assembly consists of 400 members elected by proportional representation with a closed list approach. Two hundred members are elected from national party lists; the other 200 are elected from provincial party lists in each of the nine provinces. The President of South Africa was chosen by the National Assembly after the election.[6]

The provincial legislatures, which vary in size from 30 to 80 members, are also elected by proportional representation with closed lists. The premiers of each province will be chosen by the winning majority in each provincial legislature.

The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) consists of 90 members, ten elected by each provincial legislature. The NCOP members will be elected by the provincial legislatures in proportion to the party makeup of the legislatures.

Political parties[edit]

The governing African National Congress (ANC), supported by its Tripartite Alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP), have held a majority of the seats in the National Assembly since 1994. They were re-elected with increasing majorities in 1999 and 2004, and with a slight fall in its majority from 69% to 65.9% in 2009. The ANC is led by Jacob Zuma. In 2012, Zuma was re-elected to a second five-year term as President of the African National Congress, beating his only rival and deputy, Kgalema Motlanthe, by a wide margin. Cyril Ramaphosa was elected as Deputy President of the ANC, succeeding Motlanthe who had declined a second term after losing to Zuma.

The official opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) received 16.7% of the vote in 2009, up from 12.4% in 2004. The DA is led by Helen Zille, who was re-elected unopposed as Leader of the Democratic Alliance at the party's Federal Congress in Gauteng in 2012, while Lindiwe Mazibuko continued as Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. At provincial level, the DA has been in power in the Western Cape province since 2009, and came to power in several Western Cape municipalities in the 2011 municipal election.

The third largest party, Congress of the People (COPE), is led by Mosiuoa Lekota, although the leadership is disputed by Mbhazima Shilowa who continues to battle for recognition in the High Court. The party has been riven by infighting, causing it to lose much of its support and resulting in the formation of a splinter group, the United Congress.

Mangosuthu Buthelezi remains leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) despite a challenge by former IFP chairperson Zanele kaMagwaza-Msibi, who formed the National Freedom Party (NFP) after her feud with Buthelezi. The NFP and IFP split the vote in the Zulu-dominated KwaZulu-Natal province in the previous local government elections, each getting an even share of the vote, while the ANC continued to dominate the former IFP stronghold.

The Electoral Commission of South Africa (IEC) announced on 17 March that 33 parties had registered candidates for the national parliamentary election and in the provincial legislature elections the number of parties registering candidates, including four parties which had not yet paid the required deposits subject to a 24 March deadline, were:[7][8]

  • Western Cape – 26
  • Gauteng – 22
  • Limpopo – 20
  • Eastern Cape – 18
  • KwaZulu-Natal – 18
  • Free State – 17
  • Mpumalanga – 16
  • Northern Cape – 16
  • North West – 16

The electoral code of conduct was signed in Midrand, Gauteng on 19 March 2014. At the signing event, a draw was held in which the Freedom Front Plus won the right to appear at the top of the ballot paper.[9]

New parties[edit]

Several parties contested the election for the first time and gained seats nationally and provincially:

Other new parties were formed but did not obtain seats nationally:

Alliances and defections[edit]

The Independent Democrats party, which won four seats and 0.9% of the national vote in 2009, merged with the Democratic Alliance before the 2014 general election.[15]

On 17 December 2013, the South African Press Association reported that five opposition parties, namely COPE, the IFP, the African Christian Democratic Party, the United Christian Democratic Party and the Freedom Front Plus, had formed a coalition with 20 specific priorities. The parties in the coalition, named the Collective for Democracy (CD) and chaired by COPE leader Mosiuoa Lekota, will retain their own identity and contest the election individually.[16] The IFP denied being part of the coalition, saying they were wary of forming such alliances given the confusion it had caused for their supporters in previous elections.[17][18]

On 20 December 2013, COSATU's largest affiliate National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA) announced that they would not endorse the ANC or any other political party in 2014. NUMSA plans to establish a new working class collective along the lines of the defunct United Democratic Front, with the ultimate goal of forming a socialist party that will contest the 2019 general election.[19][20] An opposing COSATU faction has obtained a legal opinion on removing NUMSA from COSATU, with significant implications for the country's labour and political landscape.[21]

On 28 January 2014, the DA announced that Mamphela Ramphele had accepted an invitation to stand as its presidential candidate in the 2014 general election,[22][23][24] and the DA and Agang South Africa were set to merge.[25][26] On 31 January 2014, Ramphele stated that she would not take up DA party membership and would remain the leader of Agang South Africa, resulting in confusion.[27] On 2 February 2014, Helen Zille stated that Ramphele had reneged on her agreement to stand as the DA's presidential candidate.[28] Ramphele subsequently apologised for the reversal of her decision, saying that the timing was not right as the reaction to it had shown people were unable to overcome race-based party politics.[29]

On 6 February 2014, it was reported that COPE members who support Mbhazima Shilowa's planned to join the United Democratic Movement led by Bantu Holomisa which won four seats in the 2009 election.[30] On 10 March 2014, it was reported that COPE MP Nqaba Bhangu had joined the DA as an Eastern Cape parliamentary candidate,[31] and three COPE MPs, namely Juli Kilian, Leonard Ramatlakane and Nick Koornhof were included on the ANC's list of national parliamentary candidates published on 11 March 2013.[32][33][34] On 28 April 2014, it was reported that over 20 COPE MPs had defected to the ANC citing "poor political leadership".[35][36][37] The only COPE member in the KwaZulu-Natal Legislature, Lucky Gabela, subsequently also defected to the ANC citing internal conflict.[38]

On 11 March 2014, Al Jama-ah and the Africa Muslim Party announced they would campaign together under the Al Jama-ah Community Party banner.[39]

On 12 March 2014, it was reported that DA MP Beverley Abrahams had joined the ANC.[40]

On 17 March 2014, Economic Freedom Fighters announced agreement to establish working relations with the Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA) and Black Consciousness Party (BCP), who would not independently stand for elections, but their candidates would be part of the EFF election 2014 candidates list as EFF members. EFF also had members of South Africa First (SAF) in the list who hold dual membership. Although SAF had not agreed to them being on the EFF list, its leadership collective endorsed the lists.[41]

On 20 March 2014, it was reported that DA MPs Lourie Bosman, Niekie van den Berg and Theo Coetzee were joining Freedom Front Plus on the party's national candidates list for the 2014 election.[42]

On 30 March 2014, it was reported in the Sunday Times that DA MP Mpowele Swathe had joined the United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP) after his name appeared on election candidate lists for both parties.[43]

Endorsements[edit]

On 2 May 2014, the Mail & Guardian newspaper "urged readers to oppose the ANC" for the first time, to dilute the ruling party's "overweening political power". The editorial cites the support of Cabinet ministers for the controversial proposed "secrecy law" and the ANC's "cynical response to the Nkandla scandal" among its reasons.[44][45] A Financial Mail editorial published on the same day, which cites unemployment and changes in the government's administration and policies which impacted business negatively, states "the ANC does not get our endorsement this time" and "our vote goes to the DA".[46] An editorial published in The Economist the following day, which cites unemployment and an increase in corruption under Zuma's leadership in particular, states the ANC and Zuma "no longer deserve to rule" and "The DA deserves to be endorsed."[47]

On 2 May 2014, Abahlali baseMjondolo, a social movement representing shack dwellers which previously supported the No Land! No House! No Vote! election boycott campaign, announced its provincial endorsement of the DA in KwaZulu-Natal for the election as a tactical vote against the ANC.[48][49][50]

Changes to electoral legislation[edit]

On 26 November 2013 the Electoral Amendment Act, 2013, came into force. It allows South African citizens resident outside South Africa to register and vote in the election of the National Assembly.[51]

A new regulation added in 2013 that was enforced for the first time on 7 May 2014 is the prohibition of photographing marked ballot papers, which aims to inhibit voter intimidation.[52][53]

Voter registration[edit]

Born-free generation registering to vote for the first time in the 2014 general election

Local voters[edit]

On the weekends of 9–10 November 2013 and 8–9 February 2014 all voting stations were opened for new voters to register and for those who moved residence to re-register in their new voting district. The presidency of South Africa urged voters who had missed the voting station registration weekends to register at an IEC office during office hours. Presidential spokesperson, Mac Maharaj, said that voters were allowed to register to vote until the election date is published in a government gazette, after which the voters' roll is closed.[54] Approximately 5.5 million people in total visited voting stations, including approximately 2.3 million new voters. This increased the number of registered voters to 25.3 million, representing 80.5% of the 31.4 million people eligible to vote in the country.[55][56][57] South Africans who were born after the 1994 general election, known as the born-free generation, and are aged 18 or older will be eligible to vote for the first time.[58]

International voters[edit]

South Africans living abroad could register to vote at any South African Embassy, High Commission or Consulate-General from 9 January 2014 to 7 February 2014.[59] South Africans living abroad who wished to vote had to notify the IEC of their intention to vote by 12 March 2014.[60] The weekends of 18–19 January and 25–26 January were made registration weekends to accommodate voters who were unable to register during business hours.[61] Over 26,000 voters were registered to vote abroad by the time of the election.[62]

The following table shows the largest voting stations abroad, ranked by the number of registered voters.[63][64]

Rank City Voters
1 United Kingdom London 9,863
2 United Arab Emirates Dubai 1,539
3 Australia Canberra 1,243
4 Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 773
5 Netherlands The Hague 667
6 United States New York 604
7 Qatar Qatar 557
8 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 540
9 Republic of Ireland Dublin 466
10 Sudan Khartoum 458
Other cities 9,991
Total 26,701

Opinion polling[edit]

National ballot[edit]

April 2014 poll compared to election results.
  Ipsos/Sunday Times April 2014 poll
  Actual election results
Date Polling organisation ANC DA EFF ACDP Agang COPE IFP Others Abstention/Don't know/No answer
Oct/Nov 2013[65][66][67][68][69] Ipsos
Pulse of the People
53% 18% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 19%
Oct/Nov 2013[65][Note 1] Ipsos
Pulse of the People
64% 19% 4% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 6%
Feb/Mar 2014[70][71][Note 2] Ipsos
Pulse of the People
63.4% 22.9% 4.7% 0.9% 1.2% 1.9% 5.0% N/A
Feb/Mar 2014[72][Note 3] Ipsos/Sunday Times 61.9% 20.5% 3.4% 7.4%
Feb/Mar 2014[72][73][74][Note 4] Ipsos/Sunday Times 66.1% 22.9% 3.7% ~1% 0.4% 0.7% 1.4% 3.8% N/A
Mar/Apr 2014[75][Note 5] Ipsos/Sunday Times 65.5% 23.1% 4.0% 0.8% 0.0% 1.3% 2.8% 2.5% N/A
Apr 2014[76][77][Note 6] Ipsos/Sunday Times 63.9% 23.7% 4.7% 0.3% 0.3% 3.4% 0.8% 2.9% N/A
  1. ^ Figures in this row are based on the moderate voter turnout scenario without assigning the 6% undecided voters to parties.
  2. ^ Figures in this row are based on the moderate voter turnout scenario.
  3. ^ Figures in this row are based on the moderate voter turnout scenario without assigning the 7.4% undecided voters to parties.
  4. ^ Figures in this row are based on the moderate voter turnout scenario with the 7.4% undecided voters assigned to parties based on other survey answers.
  5. ^ Figures in this row are based on an average voter turnout of 74.5% with undecided voters assigned to parties based on other survey answers.
  6. ^ Figures in this row are based on an average voter turnout of 74.5% with undecided voters assigned to parties based on other survey answers.

According to an internal poll conducted by the DA with American pollster Stan Greenberg in March–April 2014, the ANC would get 59% of the vote, the DA 26% and the EFF 8%.[78]

In an Ipsos survey of 1,000 registered ANC members conducted for the Sunday Times in December 2013, 55% of respondents said they will vote for the ANC again, 5% said they will vote for the DA, 6% said they will vote for other parties, and the remaining 34% said they did not know or preferred not to answer.[79][80][81]

According to the results of an Ipsos Pulse of the People survey published in February 2014, the DA is the most multi-racial party while the ANC has 96% black supporters and the EFF has 99% black supporters, relative to 76% black survey respondents. The age profile of ANC supporters closely resembles the age profile of voters, while DA supporters are slightly older overall and EFF supporters are significantly younger overall.[82]

Africa Check and the Centre for the Study of Democracy have criticised polls by market research companies as unscientific. Africa Check warned that some polls are intentionally misleading and some are essentially conjecture.[78]

Provincial ballot[edit]

The Ipsos Pulse of the People survey undertaken in October and November 2013 showed that a number of provinces would be closely contested. The ANC will continue to dominate in the Eastern Cape, Limpopo, North West, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Free State. The DA will keep the Western Cape while control of the Northern Cape and Gauteng will be contested between the ANC and DA, with other parties holding the balance of power, so coalitions may be decisive. In Limpopo and North West the EFF could become the official opposition.[83]

Ipsos Pulse of the People poll October/November 2013
Party EC % L % NW % M % KZN % FS % G % NC % WC %
African National Congress 71,4 67,2 63,5 63,4 56,6 55,4 45,5 42,7 27
Democratic Alliance 8,6 7,4 6,4 9,1 11,2 24,9 22,6 45,9 54,1
Economic Freedom Fighters 4,6 11,4 12,7 6,8 0,3 2 7,3 1 1,8
African Christian Democratic Party - 0,5 3,1 5,0 0,1 0,7 2,2 - 0,6
Agang SA 1 3 - 4,6 0,5 - 3 - 1,2
Congress of the People 2,5 0,4 - 0,8 0,4 7,3 2,2 5 1,6
Inkatha Freedom Party - 1 1,9 0,8 9,8 - 0,2 - -
Africa Muslim Party - - - - 0,2 - 0,4 - 0,2
Azanian People's Organisation 0,3 0,7 - 0,7 0,2 - 0,4 - 0,3
Freedom Front Plus 0,2 0,7 1,1 - - - 1,8 - 1,6
Minority Front - - - - 0,9 - - - -
New Labour Party - - 2 - - - - - -
Pan Africanist Congress - 0,5 - - - - 0,4 - -
United Christian Democratic Party - - - - - - - - 0,4
United Democratic Movement 1 - - - 0,2 - 0,2 - 0,2
National Freedom Party - - - - 1,5 - 0,1 - 0,2
Other 0,7 - - 5,7 1,3 - 3,5 - 0,4
Not voting in election 1,6 2,8 4,7 - 3,8 - 2,4 - 1,3
Did not answer survey 4,4 1,2 2,6 1,7 11 - 3,6 1,6 6,2
Don't know 2,7 3,2 1,1 1,4 2 9,5 3,8 2,2 2,5
Not registered to vote 1 - 0,9 - - 0,2 0,4 1,6 0,4
Source: IPSOS Archived (6 October 2014)

The Ipsos/Sunday Times survey undertaken in February and March 2014 showed that the ANC enjoyed majority support in all provinces except the Western Cape, where the DA retains majority support. DA support followed that of the ANC in all other provinces except for the North West, where the EFF came in second place.[72]

Campaign[edit]

Debates[edit]

The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) broadcast weekly election debates from February to May 2014.[84]

The debates were broadcast between 6pm and 7pm on SABC 1 and streamed live on the SABC's YouTube channel.

The following is a list of debates that took place:[85]

Date Topic
23 February 2014 Free and fair elections in a highly charged atmosphere of violent protests
2 March 2014 Youth & unemployment
9 March 2014 Education
16 March 2014 Can the newcomers make a difference?
23 March 2014 Poverty in the land of plenty
30 March 2014 Defeating racism; building a non-racial South Africa
6 April 2014 Land
13 April 2014 Accountability & corruption
20 April 2014 What's wrong with our municipalities / Are municipalities working for the people?
27 April 2014 Liberation movements
4 May 2014 Crime

Controversies[edit]

In January 2014, Helen Zille announced that the DA would be marching to Luthuli House, the ANC's headquarters, saying, “We are taking the fight to Luthuli House to highlight the failure of (President) Jacob Zuma's ANC to cut corruption and create jobs.” Zille said that 6000 people would be marching, each one representing 1000 South Africans who would benefit from the 6 million jobs that the DA promised to create if it came to power. The planned date of the march was 4 February 2014, but this was later changed to 12 February 2014 due to logistical problems.[86]

The Johannesburg Metro Police Department (JMPD) initially denied the DA's application to march but the decision was overturned on 3 February 2014 when the DA took the matter to the Johannesburg High Court.[87]

On 11 February 2014, it was reported that the JMPD had set the march perimeters to prevent the DA from marching to Luthuli House. JMPD spokesperson, Chief Superintendent Wayne Minnaar said, "The protest march by the DA... has been prohibited on the grounds that there would be a security risk to protesters."[88] The DA announced that the march would now end at Beyers Naude Square.[88]

On 12 February 2014, the day of the march, an application to stop the DA march filed by the ANC to the South Gauteng High Court was dismissed.[89]

The march ended early after the DA was confronted by ANC supporters 40 minutes into the march. Stones and petrol bombs were thrown by ANC supporters at police trying to calm the situation.[90]

ICASA ordered that this photograph of a police officer firing rubber bullets at unarmed residents during a protest in Bekkersdal over an ANC election campaign be removed from a DA election campaign television advert.
Opposition party election campaigns have targeted corruption and public spending on President Jacob Zuma's private residence at Nkandla.
IEC banner on voting day

On 13 March 2014, violence erupted in the Bekkersdal township in Gauteng, the scene of violent service delivery protests in 2013. Residents staged a protest over a planned ANC campaign in the area, barricading the streets with rocks and burning tyres and pelting ANC officials and police vehicles with stones. Police responded to the volatile situation by firing rubber bullets at residents.[91][92]

Shortly after Public Protector Thuli Madonsela's final report on security upgrades to President Jacob Zuma's private residence at Nkandla was published on 19 March 2014, the DA sent a bulk text message to Gauteng voters which reads: "The Nkandla report shows how Zuma stole your money to build his R246m home. Vote DA on 7 May to beat corruption. Together for change." The ANC submitted an urgent application to the South Gauteng High Court to stop distribution of the text message on the grounds that it violated the Electoral Act. On 4 April 2014, the court ruled that the wording of the message was fair comment and dismissed the ANC's application with costs.[93][94] The ANC was granted leave to appeal the decision.[95] On 6 May 2014, the Electoral Court ruled that the DA must retract the text message, finding that it wrongly targeted Zuma personally instead of the systematic failures highlighted in Madonsela's report.[96]

On 5 April 2014, a marquee, a stage, a sound system and chairs set up for an EFF rally in Thokoza were petrol bombed in the early hours of the morning. EFF spokesperson, Mbuyiseni Mdlozi said that the EFF suspected ANC members were responsible for the sabotage. ANC spokesperson Jackson Mthembu denied the allegations, saying "We don't do such things."[97]

On 6 April 2014, the DA accused the ANC of abusing state resources after the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) was seen giving out blankets and toiletries at an ANC rally in Parys. ANC spokesperson Khusela Sangoni-Khawe denied the accusation, saying that the ANC did not know SASSA would be at the rally.[98]

On 11 April 2014, the DA submitted a complaint to the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) about censorship by the public broadcaster after the SABC informed the DA it would not continue broadcasting a DA television advert titled "ANC Ayisafani", meaning "the ANC's not the same", and five DA radio adverts aired on 8 and 9 April 2014.[99][100][101] According to the DA's Mmusi Maimane, who appears in the television advert, the SABC banned all DA adverts from 11 public radio stations as well as the television advert.[102] ICASA announced that it would hold public hearings on the matter on Thursday, 17 April 2014. Following the DA's announcement that it would submit an urgent application to the South Gauteng High Court requesting a ruling on the adverts before the long Easter weekend commencing Good Friday, 18 April 2014, the ICASA hearings commenced earlier on 15 April 2014.[103][104] On 16 April 2014, the ban was lifted temporarily as the SABC had failed to provide reasons for the ban during the ICASA hearings and requested more time to prepare a response.[105][106][107] The DA also objected to the SABC not allowing the national official opposition party to participate in a televised election debate on land reform on SABC 1 on 13 April 2014.[108][109] On 25 April 2014, ICASA upheld the SABC's ban on the television advert finding that it contravened ICASA's regulations on party election broadcasts. ICASA ordered that a photograph taken by The Citizen photographer Alaister Russell of a police officer firing rubber bullets at unarmed residents during the March 2014 Bekkersdal protest be removed from the advert as "the police should not be seen as a threat to the community". In the advert, Maimane says "We've seen a police force killing our own people" while the photograph is shown on the screen. The South African Police Service had earlier submitted a complaint to ICASA that this footage would incite violence against police officers.[110][111][112][113]

On 15 April 2014, a protest campaign against corruption with the slogan "Vukani! Sidikwe! (Wake up! We are Fed up!) Vote No", supported by over 100 ANC veterans, was launched by former government ministers Ronnie Kasrils and Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge. The IEC has requested a legal opinion on whether the campaign contravenes the Electoral Act.[114][115] The campaign urges ANC supporters to either spoil their votes or vote for a smaller party.[116] Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu welcomed the campaign,[117] and human rights activist and cleric Barney Pityana describes it as "a campaign to bring rationality, order, morality and decency back into our electoral system" in a Mail & Guardian opinion piece.[118]

On 15 April 2014, United Democratic Movement leader Bantu Holomisa announced that lawyers acting on behalf of several opposition parties concerned about the credibility of the general election would approach the Electoral Court following the IEC chairperson Pansy Tlakula's refusal to agree to their call for her resignation. Public Protector Thuli Madonsela found Tlakula had been involved in building procurement irregularities in a report published in August 2013, and a subsequent National Treasury review published in March 2014 supported her findings.[119][120] On 2 May 2014, the Electoral Court postponed the inquiry into her conduct until 2 June 2014, as it would not be able to rule on the matter before the 7 May election date.[121] On 18 June 2014, the Electoral Court recommended Tlakula's removal from office due to financial misconduct.[122] Tlakula resigned as IEC chairperson on 1 September 2014 after an unsuccessful application to the Constitutional Court for leave to appeal the Electoral Court ruling.[123]

On 22 April 2014, the EFF also lodged a complaint with ICASA after the SABC banned an EFF election campaign television advert titled "Now is the time for economic freedom" that was due to be aired on 20 and 22 April 2014.[124][125][126] On 26 April 2014, ICASA upheld the SABC's ban on the advert. ICASA found that wording in the advert about physically destroying contentious e-tolls in Gauteng could incite violence and therefore contravened ICASA's regulations on party election broadcasts. The EFF advert had also highlighted police brutality, using interviews and photographs related to the Marikana massacre and the same photograph of the March 2014 Bekkersdal protest that ICASA ordered removed from the DA advert.[113][127]

On 28 April 2014, a Parliamentary committee set up to consider Zuma's response to Madonsela's final Nkandla report was referred to the next Parliament to be formed after the election, citing insufficient time available before the 7 May election date.[128]

On 5 May 2014, Zuma spoke about the Nkandla scandal at a media briefing, saying it was only an issue with the media and the opposition, "the bright people ... very clever people", and not an issue with ANC voters.[129][130]

On 6 May 2014, it was reported that the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (NSPCA) had ambushed election campaign posters by attaching matching NSPCA posters to the bottom of them. NSPCA spokesperson, Christine Kuch said that the NSPCA campaign hoped to get more political parties to include animal rights in their manifestos.[131]

Cost[edit]

Due to the secretive nature of political funding in South Africa generally little public information exists on both sources of political funding of South African political parties and the nature of their expenses however the ruling ANC did declare the 2014 elections to be the “most expensive election” it had ever fought to date. According to leaked sources within the ANC the 2014 elections cost the ANC over R429-million. Some of the ANC's expenses include R118 million on campaign T-shirts, R17-million for the manifesto launch in Mbom­bela, R83.7-million in advertising (including R27-million for posters and billboards), R21 million for the victory rally, and R67-million on volunteers.[132]

Voting[edit]

Voting station sign on voting day
Proof of voting

International special votes[edit]

Approximately 27,000 South Africans registered to participate in the national election in the international voting phase, which took place at 116 international voting stations on 30 April 2014.[133]

The last international voting station in Los Angeles closed at 6am SAST on 1 May 2014. All international votes were couriered to South Africa, combined into a single voting district and counted on 7 May 2014.[134]

The IEC had budgeted R2 million to cover the cost of couriering the ballot papers from overseas.[135]

Local special votes[edit]

The local special vote phase of the election took place on 5–6 May 2014, accommodating over 295,000 voters who are physically infirm, disabled or pregnant or were unable to vote at their voting station on 7 May.[133][136] Former President Thabo Mbeki cast a special vote on 6 May as he was attending a World Economic Forum meeting in Nigeria on 7 May.[137]

Voting day[edit]

Voting took place relatively smoothly at 22,264 voting stations in South Africa on 7 May 2014.[138] It was reported that 2,449, or 11%, of the voting stations opened later than the scheduled opening time of 7am. All voting stations were operational by 11am.[139]

A newly designed braille template was used for the first time in a National election, allowing blind voters to vote independently for the first time. In previous elections, blind voters had to communicate their choice of party to a voting official, who then filled in a ballot sheet on their behalf.[140]

Voting stations closed and counting began at 9pm.[141]

Election-related offences[edit]

On voting day 97 people were arrested for election-related offences, primarily voter intimidation. A number of voters ignored the new legislation prohibiting photographs of marked ballot papers, including local celebrity DJ Sbu and footballer Andile Jali.[142][143][144][145]

Incidents[edit]

A voting station in Alexandra, Gauteng was temporarily closed after an argument broke out between ANC and EFF members when the EFF accused the ANC of vote-rigging. The voting station was opened later that afternoon.[146]

An ANC supporter was fatally shot in KwaZulu-Natal by an IFP supporter near a voting station.[147] Dumisani Nxumalo, a 28-year-old from KwaDukuza was charged with the murder. The Durban Regional Court saw his bail application on 26 June 2014 where it was alleged that the shooting took place while IFP supporters were walking past an ANC tent. The case was set to continue in July.[148]

Results[edit]

The Electoral Commission decided to exclude the votes from one voting station in Tickeyline, near Tzaneen in Limpopo, because staff at the voting station were attacked at the close of voting and the security of the ballot could not be assured.[149] The final results were announced on 10 May.[150]

Parliament[edit]

National Assembly[edit]

Graph shows results of all parties that have come first, second or third in a national election. Notes: DA includes DP and ID, NP includes NNP, contested last election in 2004. COPE contested first election in 2009. EFF contested first election in 2014
National Assembly after 2009 general election
  ANC
  DA
  COPE
  IFP
  others
National Assembly after 2014 general election
  ANC
  DA
  EFF
  IFP
  Other


e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
list African National Congress 11,436,921 62.15 Decrease 3.75 249 Decrease 15
list Democratic Alliance 4,091,584 22.23 [a]Increase 4.62 89 [a]Increase 18
list Economic Freedom Fighters 1,169,259 6.35 New 25 New
list Inkatha Freedom Party 441,854 2.40 Decrease 2.15 10 Decrease 8
list National Freedom Party 288,742 1.57 New 6 New
list United Democratic Movement 184,636 1.00 Increase 0.16 4 Steady 0
list Freedom Front Plus 165,715 0.90 Increase 0.07 4 Steady 0
list Congress of the People 123,235 0.67 Decrease 6.75 3 Decrease 27
list African Christian Democratic Party 104,039 0.57 Decrease 0.24 3 Steady 0
list African Independent Congress 97,642 0.53 New 3 New
list Agang SA 52,350 0.28 New 2 New
list Pan Africanist Congress 37,784 0.21 Decrease 0.07 1 Steady 0
list African People's Convention 30,676 0.17 Decrease 0.04 1 Steady 0
list Al Jama-ah 25,976 0.14 Decrease 0.01 0 Steady 0
list Minority Front 22,589 0.12 Decrease 0.12 0 Decrease 1
list United Christian Democratic Party 21,744 0.12 Decrease 0.26 0 Decrease 2
list Azanian People's Organisation 20,421 0.11 Decrease 0.11 0 Decrease 1
list Bushbuckridge Residents Association 15,271 0.08 New 0 New
list Independent Civic Organisation 14,472 0.08 New 0 New
list Patriotic Alliance 13,263 0.07 New 0 New
list Workers and Socialist Party 8,331 0.05 New 0 New
list Ubuntu Party 8,234 0.04 New 0 New
list Kingdom Governance Movement 6,408 0.03 New 0 New
list Front National 5,138 0.03 New 0 New
list Keep It Straight and Simple 4,294 0.02 Decrease 0.01 0 Steady 0
list Pan Africanist Movement 3,815 0.02 Decrease 0.01 0 Steady 0
list First Nation Liberation Alliance 3,297 0.02 New 0 New
list United Congress 3,136 0.02 New 0 New
list Peoples Alliance 1,671 0.01 New 0 New
Total 18,402,497 100.00 400
Valid votes 18,402,497 98.65
Spoilt votes 251,960 1.35
Total votes cast 18,654,457 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 25,381,293 73.50
Source: IEC

National Council of Provinces[edit]

The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) consists of 90 members, ten nominated by each provincial legislature, in proportion to the party membership of the provincial legislature. Each provincial delegation consists of six permanent delegates, who are nominated for a term that lasts until a new provincial legislature is elected, and four special delegates. One of the special delegates is the province's Premier, or another member of the provincial legislature designated by the Premier, while the other three special delegates are designated ad hoc by the provincial legislature.

e • d 
Party Delegate type Province Total
EC FS G KZN L M NW NC WC
African National Congress Permanent 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 2 33 60
Special 3 3 2 3 4 4 3 3 2 27
Democratic Alliance Permanent 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 13 20
Special 1 1 2 1 2 7
Economic Freedom Fighters Permanent 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 7
Special 1 1
Inkatha Freedom Party Permanent 1 1
National Freedom Party Special 1 1
United Democratic Movement Permanent 1 1
Total 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 90

Provincial legislatures[edit]

Eastern Cape[edit]

Seats in the Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature 2014.
  African National Congress
  Democratic Alliance
  Economic Freedom Fighters
  Congress of the People (1)
  African Independent Congress (1)
Leading party by ward in the Eastern Cape provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
    United Democratic Movement
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 1,528,345 70.09 Increase 1.27 45 Increase 1
Democratic Alliance 353,316 16.20 [a]Increase 5.75 10 [a]Increase 4
United Democratic Movement 134,280 6.16 Increase 2.03 4 Increase 1
Economic Freedom Fighters 75,776 3.48 New 2 New
Congress of the People 26,129 1.20 Decrease 12.47 1 Decrease 8
African Independent Congress 16,786 0.77 Steady 0.00 1 Steady 0
Pan Africanist Congress 9,691 0.44 Decrease 0.09 0 Steady 0
African Christian Democratic Party 7,291 0.33 Decrease 0.20 0 Steady 0
Freedom Front Plus 6,818 0.31 Increase 0.12 0 Steady 0
African People's Convention 5,000 0.23 Increase 0.03 0 Steady 0
Kingdom Governance Movement 3,932 0.18 New 0 New
National Freedom Party 3,472 0.16 New 0 New
Azanian People's Organisation 2,509 0.12 Decrease 0.09 0 Steady 0
Agang SA 2,372 0.11 New 0 New
United Congress 1,406 0.06 New 0 New
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,388 0.06 Decrease 0.04 0 Steady 0
United Christian Democratic Party 1,194 0.05 Decrease 0.03 0 Steady 0
Patriotic Movement of South Africa 759 0.03 Decrease 0.05 0 Steady 0
Total 2,180,464 100.00 63
Valid votes 2,180,464 98.52
Spoilt votes 32,657 1.48
Total votes cast 2,213,121 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 3,240,059 68.30
Source: IEC

Free State[edit]

Seats in the Free State Legislature 2014.
  African National Congress
  Democratic Alliance
  Economic Freedom Fighters
  Freedom Front Plus
Leading party by ward in the Free State provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 708,720 69.85 Decrease 1.25 22 Steady 0
Democratic Alliance 164,672 16.23 [a]Increase 4.47 5 [a]Increase 2
Economic Freedom Fighters 82,674 8.15 New 2 New
Freedom Front Plus 21,339 2.10 Increase 0.09 1 Steady 0
Congress of the People 16,516 1.63 Decrease 9.99 0 Decrease 4
African Christian Democratic Party 5,150 0.51 Decrease 0.22 0 Steady 0
African People's Convention 3,198 0.32 Increase 0.01 0 Steady 0
Pan Africanist Congress 2,133 0.21 Decrease 0.12 0 Steady 0
United Democratic Movement 2,127 0.21 Decrease 0.15 0 Steady 0
Agang SA 2,065 0.20 New 0 New
Azanian People's Organisation 1,581 0.16 New 0 New
United Christian Democratic Party 1,139 0.11 Decrease 0.22 0 Steady 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,124 0.11 Decrease 0.11 0 Steady 0
National Freedom Party 1,115 0.11 New 0 New
Patriotic Alliance 651 0.06 New 0 New
Independent Civic Organisation 459 0.05 New 0 New
Total 1,014,663 100.00 30
Valid votes 1,014,663 98.58
Spoilt votes 14,634 1.42
Total votes cast 1,029,297 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 1,449,488 71.01
Source: IEC

Gauteng[edit]

Seats in the Gauteng Provincial Legislature 2014.
  African National Congress
  Democratic Alliance
  Economic Freedom Fighters
  Freedom Front Plus (1)
  Inkatha Freedom Party (1)
Leading party by ward in the Gauteng provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 2,348,564 53.59 Decrease 10.44 40 Decrease 7
Democratic Alliance 1,349,001 30.78 [a]Increase 8.32 23 [a]Increase 6
Economic Freedom Fighters 451,318 10.30 New 8 New
Freedom Front Plus 52,436 1.20 Decrease 0.43 1 Steady 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 34,240 0.78 Decrease 0.71 1 Steady 0
African Christian Democratic Party 27,196 0.62 Decrease 0.25 0 Decrease 1
Congress of the People 21,652 0.49 Decrease 7.28 0 Decrease 6
National Freedom Party 20,733 0.47 New 0 New
United Democratic Movement 19,486 0.44 Increase 0.05 0 Steady 0
Agang SA 18,258 0.42 New 0 New
Pan Africanist Congress 11,241 0.26 Decrease 0.05 0 Steady 0
African People's Convention 7,187 0.16 Increase 0.04 0 Steady 0
Azanian People's Organisation 5,110 0.12 Decrease 0.10 0 Steady 0
United Christian Democratic Party 3,641 0.08 Decrease 0.16 0 Steady 0
Minority Front 3,237 0.07 New 0 New
Front National 2,285 0.05 New 0 New
Workers and Socialist Party 1,988 0.05 New 0 New
Patriotic Alliance 1,811 0.04 New 0 New
Independent Civic Organisation 974 0.02 New 0 New
Kingdom Governance Movement 815 0.02 New 0 New
Lekgotla for Democracy Advancement 695 0.02 New 0 New
Merafong Civic Association 295 0.01 New 0 New
Total 4,382,163 100.00 73
Valid votes 4,382,163 99.04
Spoilt votes 42,261 0.96
Total votes cast 4,424,424 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 6,063,739 72.97
Source: IEC

KwaZulu-Natal[edit]

  Seats in the KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Legislature 2014. African National Congress
  Democratic Alliance
  Inkatha Freedom Party
  National Freedom Party
  Economic Freedom Fighters (2)
  Minority Front (1)
Leading party by ward in the KwaZulu-Natal provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
    Inkatha Freedom Party
    National Freedom Party
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 2,475,041 64.52 Increase 1.57 52 Increase 1
Democratic Alliance 489,430 12.76 [a]Increase 3.31 10 [a]Increase 3
Inkatha Freedom Party 416,496 10.86 Decrease 11.54 9 Decrease 9
National Freedom Party 280,425 7.31 New 6 New
Economic Freedom Fighters 70,823 1.85 New 2 New
Minority Front 38,960 1.02 Decrease 1.04 1 Decrease 1
African Christian Democratic Party 16,803 0.44 Decrease 0.24 0 Decrease 1
Freedom Front Plus 7,695 0.20 Increase 0.04 0 Steady 0
African People's Convention 7,040 0.18 Increase 0.04 0 Steady 0
United Democratic Movement 6,632 0.17 Decrease 0.06 0 Steady 0
Congress of the People 5,968 0.16 Decrease 1.13 0 Decrease 1
Azanian People's Organisation 5,873 0.15 New 0 New
Truly Alliance 4,082 0.11 New 0 New
Pan Africanist Congress 2,930 0.08 Steady 0.00 0 Steady 0
KwaZulu-Natal Transport Alliance 2,796 0.07 New 0 New
United Christian Democratic Party 2,186 0.06 Increase 0.01 0 Steady 0
Kingdom Governance Movement 1,903 0.05 New 0 New
Ubumbano Lwesizwe Sabangoni 926 0.02 New 0 New
Total 3,836,009 100.00 80
Valid votes 3,836,009 98.67
Spoilt votes 51,831 1.33
Total votes cast 3,887,840 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 5,117,131 75.98
Source: IEC

Limpopo[edit]

Seats in the Limpopo Provincial Legislature 2014.
  African National Congress
  Economic Freedom Fighters
  Democratic Alliance
  Congress of the People
Leading party by ward in the Limpopo provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 1,149,348 78.60 Decrease 6.28 39 Decrease 4
Economic Freedom Fighters 156,982 10.74 New 6 New
Democratic Alliance 94,724 6.48 Increase 2.91 3 Increase 1
Congress of the People 12,573 0.86 Decrease 6.67 1 Decrease 3
Freedom Front Plus 10,102 0.69 Increase 0.08 0 Steady 0
African Christian Democratic Party 6,988 0.48 Decrease 0.21 0 Steady 0
Agang SA 5,197 0.36 New 0 New
African People's Convention 5,085 0.35 Increase 0.05 0 Steady 0
Pan Africanist Congress 4,266 0.29 Decrease 0.24 0 Steady 0
United Democratic Movement 3,920 0.27 Decrease 0.08 0 Steady 0
Azanian People's Organisation 3,851 0.26 Decrease 0.11 0 Steady 0
Ximoko Party 3,044 0.21 Decrease 0.02 0 Steady 0
Workers and Socialist Party 1,222 0.08 New 0 New
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,219 0.08 Increase 0.02 0 Steady 0
South African Maintenance and Estate Beneficiaries Association 1,105 0.08 New 0 New
United Christian Democratic Party 850 0.06 Decrease 0.03 0 Steady 0
National Freedom Party 586 0.04 New 0 New
Lekgotla for Democracy Advancement 556 0.04 New 0 New
Unemployed Movement SA 349 0.02 New 0 New
Merafong Civic Association 219 0.01 New 0 New
Total 1,462,186 100.00 49
Valid votes 1,462,186 98.76
Spoilt votes 18,409 1.24
Total votes cast 1,480,595 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 2,438,280 60.72
Source: IEC

Mpumalanga[edit]

Seats in the Mpumalanga Provincial Legislature 2014.
  African National Congress
  Democratic Alliance
  Economic Freedom Fighters
  Bushbuckridge Residents Association
Leading party by ward in the Mpumalanga provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
    Bushbuckridge Residents Association
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 1,045,409 78.23 Decrease 7.31 24 Decrease 3
Democratic Alliance 138,990 10.40 [a]Increase 2.79 3 [a]Increase 1
Economic Freedom Fighters 83,589 6.26 New 2 New
Bushbuckridge Residents Association 15,368 1.15 New 1 New
Freedom Front Plus 11,018 0.82 Decrease 0.02 0 Steady 0
National Freedom Party 10,066 0.75 New 0 New
African People's Convention 5,940 0.44 Increase 0.07 0 Steady 0
African Christian Democratic Party 5,324 0.40 Decrease 0.11 0 Steady 0
Congress of the People 4,288 0.32 Decrease 2.59 0 Decrease 1
Sindawonye Progressive Party 4,244 0.32 Decrease 0.18 0 Steady 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 3,481 0.26 Decrease 0.24 0 Steady 0
Pan Africanist Congress 3,109 0.23 Decrease 0.08 0 Steady 0
Agang SA 1,705 0.13 New 0 New
United Democratic Movement 1,701 0.13 Decrease 0.13 0 Steady 0
Azanian People's Organisation 1,235 0.09 Decrease 0.13 0 Steady 0
United Christian Democratic Party 792 0.06 Decrease 0.01 0 Steady 0
Total 1,336,259 100.00 30
Valid votes 1,336,259 98.57
Spoilt votes 19,333 1.43
Total votes cast 1,355,592 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 1,860,834 72.85
Source: IEC

North West[edit]

Seats in the North West Provincial Legislature 2014.
  African National Congress
  Economic Freedom Fighters
  Democratic Alliance
  Freedom Front Plus
Leading party by ward in the North West provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
    Economic Freedom Fighters
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 733,490 67.39 Decrease 5.50 23 Decrease 2
Economic Freedom Fighters 143,765 13.21 new 5 new
Democratic Alliance 138,521 12.73 [a]Increase 4.01 4 [a]Increase 1
Freedom Front Plus 18,746 1.72 Decrease 0.09 1 Increase 1
United Christian Democratic Party 12,811 1.18 Decrease 4.09 0 Decrease 2
Congress of the People 8,692 0.80 Decrease 7.53 0 Decrease 3
United Democratic Movement 9,615 0.88 Increase 0.37 0 Steady 0
African Christian Democratic Party 5,728 0.53 Decrease 0.16 0 Steady 0
Agang SA 4,736 0.44 new 0 new
African People's Convention 4,398 0.40 Increase 0.11 0 Steady 0
Azanian People's Organisation 1,796 0.17 Decrease 0.09 0 Steady 0
National Freedom Party 1,582 0.15 new 0 new
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,496 0.14 Decrease 0.01 0 Steady 0
Pan Africanist Congress 1,473 0.14 Decrease 0.13 0 Steady 0
Workers and Socialist Party 939 0.09 new 0 new
South African Political Party 662 0.06 Decrease 0.11 0 Steady 0
Total 1,088,450 100.00 33
Valid votes 1,088,450 98.32
Spoilt votes 18,629 1.68
Total votes cast 1,107,079 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 1,669,349 66.32
Source: IEC

Northern Cape[edit]

Seats in the Northern Cape Provincial Legislature 2014.
  African National Congress
  Democratic Alliance
  Economic Freedom Fighters
  Congress of the People
Leading party by ward in the Northern Cape provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 272,053 64.40 Increase 3.65 20 Increase 1
Democratic Alliance 100,916 23.89 [a]Increase 6.38 7 [a]Increase 1
Economic Freedom Fighters 20,951 4.96 New 2 New
Congress of the People 15,218 3.60 Decrease 13.07 1 Decrease 4
Freedom Front Plus 4,600 1.09 Decrease 0.16 0 Steady 0
African Christian Democratic Party 2,421 0.57 Decrease 0.43 0 Steady 0
United Christian Democratic Party 1,542 0.37 Decrease 0.84 0 Steady 0
African People's Convention 1,191 0.28 Decrease 0.06 0 Steady 0
Azanian People's Organisation 1,062 0.25 Decrease 0.35 0 Steady 0
Patriotic Alliance 584 0.14 New 0 New
Independent Civic Organisation 499 0.12 New 0 New
Pan Africanist Congress 460 0.11 Decrease 0.11 0 Steady 0
United Democratic Movement 366 0.09 Decrease 0.06 0 Steady 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 239 0.06 Decrease 0.13 0 Steady 0
First Nation Liberation Alliance 194 0.05 New 0 New
National Freedom Party 139 0.03 New 0 New
Total 422,431 100.00 30
Valid votes 422,431 98.58
Spoilt votes 6,106 1.42
Total votes cast 428,537 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 601,080 71.29
Source: IEC

Western Cape[edit]

Seats in the Western Cape Provincial Parliament 2014.
  Democratic Alliance
  African National Congress
  Economic Freedom Fighters
  African Christian Democratic Party
Leading party by ward in the Western Cape provincial election
    African National Congress
    Democratic Alliance
    Independent Civic Organisation of South Africa
e • d 
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
Democratic Alliance 1,259,645 59.38 [a]Increase 3.25 26 [a]Increase 2
African National Congress 697,664 32.89 Increase 1.34 14 Steady 0
Economic Freedom Fighters 44,762 2.11 New 1 New
African Christian Democratic Party 21,696 1.02 Decrease 0.45 1 Steady 0
Al Jama-ah 13,182 0.62 [b]Decrease 0.06 0 Steady 0
Congress of the People 12,520 0.59 Decrease 7.15 0 Decrease 3
Independent Civic Organisation 11,949 0.56 New 0 New
Freedom Front Plus 11,587 0.55 Increase 0.12 0 Steady 0
United Democratic Movement 10,199 0.48 Decrease 0.23 0 Steady 0
Patriotic Alliance 8,510 0.40 New 0 New
African Independent Congress 6,508 0.31 New 0 New
Agang SA 6,398 0.30 New 0 New
Pan Africanist Congress 3,591 0.17 Decrease 0.06 0 Steady 0
National Party 2,694 0.13 Decrease 0.04 0 Steady 0
African People's Convention 1,291 0.06 Decrease 0.03 0 Steady 0
African National Party 1,249 0.06 New 0 New
Indigenous Peoples Organisation 1,180 0.06 New 0 New
United Christian Democratic Party 1,158 0.05 Decrease 0.02 0 Steady 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,078 0.05 Decrease 0.01 0 Steady 0
Azanian People's Organisation 844 0.04 Decrease 0.03 0 Steady 0
National Freedom Party 763 0.04 New 0 New
South African Progressive Civic Organisation 642 0.03 New 0 New
First Nation Liberation Alliance 635 0.03 New 0 New
Kingdom Governance Movement 490 0.02 New 0 New
Sibanye Civic Association 478 0.02 New 0 New
Peoples Alliance 440 0.02 New 0 New
Total 2,121,153 100.00 42
Valid votes 2,121,153 99.12
Spoilt votes 18,937 0.88
Total votes cast 2,140,090 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 2,941,333 72.76
Source: IEC

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Compared to the combined performance of the Democratic Alliance, the Independent Democrats and the South African Democratic Convention in 2009.
  2. ^ Compared to the combined performance of Al Jama-ah and the Africa Muslim Party in 2009.

Reactions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

Political[edit]

  • African National Congress: ANC supporters gathered in Johannesburg to celebrate the party's results. Jacob Zuma dedicated the ANC's victory to Nelson Mandela.[151] The ANC requested an in-depth analysis of election results from its provincial election team in Gauteng. ANC spokesperson Nkenke Kekana said the ANC was concerned about its drop in support in the 2014 elections.[152]
  • Democratic Alliance: In a press statement, Helen Zille thanked every South African who voted for the DA. She said that voters had responded positively to the DA's campaign, saying, "We can look back proudly on what was undoubtedly the biggest and best campaign the DA has ever run."[153]
  • Economic Freedom Fighters: Julius Malema dedicated the EFF's result to the girls kidnapped in the Chibok schoolgirl kidnapping, saying, "It looks impossible, but we have proved what looks impossible is possible."[154] EFF supporters gathered at Innes Free Park in Sandton to celebrate the results.[155]
  • Inkatha Freedom Party: Mangosuthu Buthelezi said in a statement that despite low estimations in the Ipsos polls, the IFP managed to retain its fourth place position in the elections. Buthelezi thanked all South Africans who voted for the IFP and stated that he was proud to serve South Africa.[156]
  • Agang SA: Mamphela Ramphele congratulate all parties and candidates who contested the election. She expressed disappointment at Agang SA's poor performance, but stated that she was proud that her party achieved parliamentary representation despite it only being formed several months prior to the election.[157]
  • African Christian Democratic Party: MP Steve Swart expressed disappointment that the ACDP did not grow its share of the vote, but was grateful that they were able to retain their support in the face of other parties being decimated in the election.[158]

International[edit]

Recognised states[edit]

Angola Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos congratulated President Jacob Zuma and said that the election results reaffirmed the wish of South Africans to maintain the status quo.[159]

Bahrain King of Bahrain, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa congratulated Jacob Zuma on his re-election for a second term of governance.[160]

Belarus President of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko sent a congratulatory message to Jacob Zuma congratulating him on his re-election. It read, "I hope that joint efforts will help us enhance bilateral cooperation for the benefit of the two countries."[161]

Botswana President of Botswana, Ian Khama said "We extend our congratulations to President Jacob Zuma and his party the ANC for their re-election."[162]

China Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Hua Chunying, congratulated South Africa on the elections at a press briefing. She said that China had paid great attention to these elections and that "China will continue to view relations with South Africa as a priority in its foreign policy."[163]

India Indian president, Pranab Mukherjee congratulated Jacob Zuma on his re-election and said that he hoped bilateral relations between India and South Africa would grow from "strength to strength."[164]

Jordan King Abdullah of Jordan congratulated Jacob Zuma and expressed his commitment to improve relations between Jordan and South Africa.[165]

Kazakhstan Kazakhstan ambassador to South Africa Talgat Kaliyev congratulated President Jacob Zuma on "the successful elections".[166]

Nepal President of Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav congratulated Jacob Zuma on his re-elections and wished peace and properity for South Africans under Zuma's leadership.[167]

Nigeria Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan congratulated President Jacob Zuma and the ANC on their "resounding victory", describing it as a well-deserved tribute to Nelson Mandela.[168]

Seychelles President of Seychelles, James Michel congratulated Jacob Zuma on his re-election, saying, “It is a mark of confidence, in the leadership that you have provided the people of South Africa and the undeniable strong determination and conviction in making South Africa a beacon of hope and success in Africa and in the world." He also stated he was proud of the partnership between their two countries and he hoped that they would continue to improve.[169]

Sri Lanka Sri Lankan president Mahinda Rajapaksa congratulated the ANC on their victory, saying this showed the popularity of "the party of Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo and others."[170]

Swaziland Swaziland's ambassador to South Africa Senzangakhona Dlamini told President Jacob Zuma "Swaziland agrees that South Africa has a good story to tell as you celebrate 20 years of democracy".[166]

United Kingdom United Kingdom Foreign Secretary William Hague congratulated South Africa for successful elections and stated that the UK would continue to have good relations with South Africa.[171]

United States United States Secretary of State, John Kerry, congratulated South Africa on the elections in a press release when the voting had concluded.[172] Once the results had been released, President Barack Obama congratulated Jacob Zuma in a telephone conversation.[173]

Zimbabwe Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe congratulated President Jacob Zuma on the ANC's "resounding victory" and commended South Africans for their "peaceful and exemplary conduct" during the election.[174]

States with limited recognition[edit]

Barotseland Administrator General, Afumba Mombotwa congratulated Jacob Zuma for his victory, saying the result of the election showed that South African citizens had "spoken their minds."[175]

President of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic, Mohamed Abdelaziz conveyed his best wishes to Zuma and the ANC on behalf of his people and government.[176]

Supranational organisations[edit]

United Nations United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon applauded the high voter turnout at the elections and South African citizens' willingness to participate in the democratic system their country fought for.[177]

African Union observer mission Deputy Head Ibrahim Fall reported that the elections were fair and all parties obeyed electoral rules. He said, "The general political and electoral environment was generally peaceful across the country, with voters being able to exercise their right to vote."[178]

Southern African Development Community Southern African Development Community Electoral Observation Mission said in a statement "Guided by the SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections, SEOM concludes that the 2014 National and Provincial Elections were peaceful, free, fair, transparent and credible, reflecting the will of the people of South Africa."[179]

Commonwealth of Nations Election Observer Mission chairperson, Nana Akufo-Addo said that the South African elections should be an example for the continent of Africa, saying, "So when we see a process like this which seems to have been a commendable process taking place in South Africa, we see there is a tremendous boost to the spread of democracy in the rest of the continent."[180]

Media[edit]

  • BBC's Andrew Harding said that there was no massive change in the elections compared to previous years.[181]
  • Voice of America said that the increase in representation for opposition parties will provide "great political entertainment".[182]

Aftermath[edit]

Economic[edit]

On 8 May 2014, the South African Rand grew 1,2% to the US Dollar, reaching its highest level in the last 4 months.[183]

On 9 May, the Rand was still trading strongly as preliminary results showed that the ANC would defeat the EFF, whose left-wing policies worried investors.[184]

Political[edit]

On 7 June 2014, the Presidency issued a statement saying that Jacob Zuma had been admitted to hospital for tests following "a demanding election and transition programme," and that doctors were satisfied with his condition. Zuma was advised to rest for the next few days.[185]

Following internal conflict within Agang SA, party leader Mamphela Ramphele announced her withdrawal from politics on 8 July 2014.[186]

Controversies[edit]

Dumped votes[edit]

On 8 May, it was reported that dumped ballots from the Lynnwood voting district in Pretoria had been found. According to reports, a majority of the dumped votes were Democratic Alliance votes. Helen Zille expressed her concerns over the incident to reporters at the IEC national operations centre, saying, "This is certainly not conducive to public confidence in a free and fair election." However, DA party agents from the voting station confirmed that the votes had already been counted. Party agent for the DA, Jordan Griffith tweeted, “I was the party agent there, those votes were counted and recorded. .signed off.The IEC in their laziness dumped them" The IEC stated that it was looking into the incident.[187]

Violence in Alexandra[edit]

On 8 May violence broke out in Alexandra, Gauteng after residents found two ballot boxes dumped in the area. An IEC office was damaged.[188]

IFP officials stormed an ANC office in Alexandra and held ANC members hostage after the IFP had realised that they had lost all previous IFP voting districts to the ANC. The ANC office was situated in a multi-purpose centre along with IEC and IFP offices.[189]

Rubber bullets and stun grenades were used on 9 May to disperse a violent protest by 300 to 400 people demanding the release of the suspects arrested on 8 May 2014. Members of the South African National Defence Force were called in to bring the situation under control. 44 People were arrested for public violence during the protest.[190]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zuma: We aim to create six million jobs". News24. 11 January 2014. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Vecchiatto, Paul (13 January 2014). "Zuma pledges to create 6-million 'job opportunities'". Business Day (South Africa). Archived from the original on 21 January 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
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External links[edit]