South Bank, North Yorkshire
South Bank shown within North Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||Redcar and Cleveland|
|Ceremonial county||North Yorkshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North East England|
South Bank is part of the Middlesbrough Built-up Area and is a ward of the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland, within the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire. It is between the River Tees, to the north, and Teesville, Normanby, Eston and the Eston Hills, with a view of the monument at Eston Nab, to the south. It has a population of approximately 7,800 residents. It is served by South Bank railway station. It forms a major part of Redcar and Cleveland's Greater Eston regeneration project.
Formerly known as "Tees Tilery", South Bank has a long history of steelmaking in the companies Bolckow Vaughan and Dorman Long, and shipbuilding in the famous Smiths Dock Company. The area was also known by the nickname of "Slaggy Island" as it was surrounded by slag heaps.
It was historically part of the parish of Eston and formed part of the Middlesbrough constituency from 1867 until 1918.
In 1907, Smiths Dock Company, a firm of shipbuilders from North Shields, set up part of its business on the River Tees at South Bank. Smiths Dock closed its North Shields Yard in 1909 focussing its operations on the River Tees.
Smiths Dock built many ships that served during the Second World War, including trawlers that the Admiralty requisitioned and converted to armed trawlers of the Royal Naval Patrol Service such as HMT Amethyst, or more notably, HMT Arab, in which Lieutenant Richard Stannard (RNR) won the Victoria Cross. Smiths Dock prepared the design of the Flower-class corvette, an anti-submarine convoy escort of the Second World War.
In 1968, the company completed the first British-built and owned container ship, the Manchester Challenge of 12,039 gross tons, for operation on Manchester Liners new container service to ports on the St Lawrence Seaway, Canada. By 1971, the company had delivered three further ships of this design to Manchester Liners.
South Bank's shipbuilding era came to an end on 15 October 1986, when the last ship was launched from Smith's Dock, the shipyard itself closing in February 1987. The dock was re-used as Tees Offshore Base in 1988 and became home to offshore service industry companies including Tees Dockyard. Tees Dockyard was bought by Cammell Laird in 1998. on 15 April 2001, Cammell Laird closed the ship repair yard.
Places of Worship
The original Catholic parish of St. Peter was formed in 1874, followed by St. Mary's, in nearby Grangetown, in 1886. Together they served the Irish and Lithuanian immigrants who worked in the smelting works by the River Tees. These days, South Bank's Catholic Church is part of a larger parish, which includes the churches of St. Anne's, Eston, St. Andrew's, Teesville and St. Mary's, Grangetown. The joint parish is served from, and carries the name of, St. Andrew's Parish.
The Anglican Communion is represented by the church of St. John the Evangelist. The foundation stone for the church was laid in 1893, and was completed two years later in 1895. It is part of the Deanery of Middlesbrough within the Diocese of York.
The South Bank Baptist Church also dates from the late 19th century and the 'non-aligned' South Bank Mission, although not in its original building, was founded in 1908.
Other established places of worship include the Redcar and Cleveland Islamic and Quranic Cultural Association, which mostly serves the Bangladeshi community.
- Vin Garbutt, folksinger
- Wilf Mannion, footballer
- Ken Churchill, paralympic Athlete
- Jack Curtis, footballer
- Paul Daniels, magician
- GENUKI – ESTON: Geographical and Historical information from the year 1890.
- How are the mighty fallen: Bolckow Vaughan Co. Ltd. 1864–1929 Marianne Pitts April 2007
- The Sound of Silence Evening Gazette, 18 April 2002
- Royal Navy Ship may bring work for 100's Evening Chronicle, 30 August 2008
- Fears for Tyneside tradition as Swan Hunter ship is towed to Govan for completion Guardian, 15 July 2006
- Stoker 1985, p. 43
- Kirkleatham Museum
- St. Andrew's Parish Online
- Gazette 2008 – South Bank Mission's 100 Years
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to South Bank, Middlesbrough.|
- The Homepage of the South Bank Nostalgia Society
- Tribute to the late South Bank painter David Mulholland
- List of warships built at Smith´s Dock (and other North-East yards)
- South Bank built ships sailing with the Blue Star line