Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center
|Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center|
Aerial view of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in 2004
|Established||December 15, 2003|
|Location||Chantilly, Virginia, United States|
|Type||Air and Space Museum|
|Public transit access||Shuttle bus between museum and Dulles International Airport|
The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)'s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in the Chantilly area of Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.
The 760,000 square feet (71,000 m2) facility was made possible by a $65 million gift in October 1999 to the Smithsonian Institution by Steven F. Udvar-Hazy, an immigrant from Hungary and co-founder of the International Lease Finance Corporation, an aircraft leasing corporation. NASM has always had more artifacts than could be displayed at the main museum on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Most of the collection had been stored, unavailable to visitors, at the Paul E. Garber Preservation, Restoration, and Storage Facility in Silver Hill, Prince George's County, Maryland. A substantial addition to the center encompassing restoration, conservation and collection-storage facilities is underway; once complete, restoration facilities and museum archives will be moved from their current location at the Garber facility to the Udvar-Hazy Center.
Architecture and facilities
Designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum, who also designed the National Air and Space Museum building, the Center required 15 years of preparation and was built by Hensel Phelps Construction Co. The exhibition areas comprise two large hangars, the 293,707-square-foot (27,286.3 m2) Boeing Aviation Hangar and the 53,067-square-foot (4,930.1 m2) James S. McDonnell Space Hangar. The Donald D. Engen Observation Tower provides a view of landing operations at adjacent Washington Dulles International Airport. The museum also contains an IMAX theater. A taxiway connects the museum to the airport.
Phase Two of the Udvar-Hazy Center will be dedicated to the behind-the-scenes care of the Smithsonian’s collection of aircraft, spacecraft, related artifacts and archival materials. On December 2, 2008, the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center received a gift of $6 million for phase two from Airbus Americas Inc. The gift was the largest corporate gift to the Smithsonian Institution in 2008.
The new wing includes:
- Mary Baker Engen Restoration Hangar: spacious enough to accommodate several aircraft at one time with a second-floor viewing area designed to give visitors a behind-the-scenes look at work rarely seen by the public.
- Archives: the foremost collection of documentary records of the history, science and technology of aeronautics and space flight will be housed in a single location for the first time, providing researchers with ample space and equipment.
- Emil Buehler Conservation Laboratory: will provide conservators much-needed space to develop and execute specialized preservation strategies for artifacts.
- Collections Processing Unit: a dedicated loading dock and specially designed secure area for initial inspection and analysis of artifacts.
The center finished construction and opened December 15, 2003. The Udvar-Hazy Center displays historic aviation and space artifacts, especially items too large for the National Air and Space Museum's building on the National Mall, including:
- The orbital spacecraft, Space Shuttle Discovery was put on public display in the James S. McDonnell Space Hangar on April 19, 2012, replacing the atmospheric test vehicle, Enterprise. During the night of April 19, Enterprise was loaded onto a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft in preparation of its trip to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City on April 27, 2012, for final destination of the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum. Enterprise had been on display in the Space Hangar since the museum opened in 2003.
- An Air France Concorde supersonic airliner
- A United States Air Force Lockheed L049, the military version of the Lockheed Constellation ("Connie") airliner
- The Boeing 367-80 jet transport, which was the prototype for the Boeing 707
- The only surviving Bell XV-15 experimental tiltrotor craft
- A Redstone rocket
- The Langley Aerodrome A, an early attempt at powered flight by Smithsonian Secretary Samuel Pierpont Langley
- The Northrop N-1 experimental aircraft
- The only surviving Dornier Do 335 Pfeil fighter
- The only surviving Boeing 307 Stratoliner, the ex-Pan Am Clipper Flying Cloud
- One of two surviving German Heinkel He 219 Uhu nightfighter
- The only surviving German Arado Ar 234 Blitz jet bomber
- One of three surviving German Bachem Ba 349 Natters
- The only surviving Japanese Nakajima J1N1 Gekko
- One of four surviving Northrop P-61 Black Widow nightfighters
- One of two surviving Boeing P-26 Peashooter fighters
- A Bede BD-5, single-seat, home-built aircraft that was somewhat popular in the 1970s (5J version is smallest manned jet aircraft)
- The Beck-Mahoney Sorceress which is known as the "winningest" racing biplane in aviation history
- A British Hawker Hurricane fighter
- A Japanese balloon bomb like the one that killed six U.S. civilians in Oregon during World War II
- Lockheed Martin X-35 Joint Strike Fighter, prototype of the F-35 Lightning II
- F-14 Tomcat fighter involved in the Gulf of Sidra incident
- The Gossamer Albatross, which was the first man-powered aircraft to fly across the English Channel
- The primary special-effects miniature of the "Mothership" used in the filming of Close Encounters of the Third Kind
- The Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer piloted by Steve Fossett for the first solo nonstop and nonrefueled circumnavigation of Earth
- The Winnie Mae, a Lockheed Vega piloted by Wiley Post
- The first aircraft operated by FedEx, a Dassault Falcon 20
- A piece of fabric from the LZ 129 Hindenburg which survived the Hindenburg disaster.
- Mercury-Atlas 10 unused Project Mercury spacecraft
- A Launch Entry Suit
- A Vought RF-8 Crusader reconnaissance aircraft
- A McDonnell Douglas F-4S Phantom II fighter
- A Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 fighter
- A NASA Pathfinder
- A Piasecki PV-2 helicopter
- A French Caudron G.4 bomber
- A German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter
- A British Westland Lysander Army cooperation aircraft
- A CASA 352L transport
- A Republic F-105D Thunderchief fighter-bomber
- A Lockheed P-38 Lightning fighter
- Darryl Greenamyer's Grumman F8F Bearcat "Conquest I" racing aircraft
- The North American P-51C Mustang "Excalibur III" fighter
- A Republic P-47 Thunderbolt fighter
- A Grumman F6F-3 Hellcat fighter
- A Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 "Fishbed" fighter
- A Beechcraft Bonanza
- A Beechcraft Model 18
- A Bell 47 helicopter
- A Bell H-13 Sioux helicopter
- A Bell UH-1 Iroquois helicopter
- A Boeing-Stearman Model 75 trainer aircraft
- A Grumman A-6E Intruder ground-attack aircraft
- A Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawk fighter
- A Piper J-3
- A Grumman G-22 Gulfhawk
- An Aeronca C-2 ultralight aircraft
- The Stanley Nomad glider
- An Arrow Sport A2
- A Space Systems/Loral FS-1300 communications satellite, previously a ground spare for Sirius XM
The museum is still in the process of installing exhibits, but 169 aircraft and 152 large space artifacts are already on display as of May 2012, and plans call for the eventual installation of over 200 aircraft. The current list is maintained at the Objects On Display page of the Smithsonian Institution NASM Collections site.
The center made its first media appearance in the 2009 film Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. The center remained open while filming took place, although certain areas were closed. The SR-71 that is on display in the museum was used as Jetfire, a Decepticon who switches sides to become an Autobot, in the film. In the film, it is referred to simply as the National Air and Space Museum.
The Enola Gay
Interior view showing the Enola Gay
A British designed Hawker Hurricane fighter
Saturn V F-1 Engine on the left
- "National Air and Space Museum Press Kit: Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Fact Sheet". Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Small, L. M. "A century's roar and buzz: Thanks to an immigrant's generosity, the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center opens to the public". In "From the Secretary". Smithsonian. Vol. 34, p. 20.
- Steven F. Udvar Hazy Center History
- Triplett, W. "Hold everything!" Smithsonian. Vol. 34, December 2003, p. 59.
- National Air and Space Museum Receives Gift from Airbus for Phase Two of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center
- "Space Shuttle Discovery Flies to the Smithsonian". Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Dornier Do-335
- "Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: Looking Ahead" Accessed September 30, 2006
- Keith Knight (2008-06-07). "More High-Fliers at Air & Space". The Washington Post.
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