Takamatsu, Kagawa

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Takamatsu
高松市
Core city
From top left: Central Takamatsu, Chūō dōri street, Takamatsu Castle, Marugame-machi shopping mall, Ritsurin Garden
From top left: Central Takamatsu, Chūō dōri street, Takamatsu Castle, Marugame-machi shopping mall, Ritsurin Garden
Flag of Takamatsu
Flag
Location of Takamatsu in Kagawa Prefecture
Location of Takamatsu in Kagawa Prefecture
Takamatsu is located in Japan
Takamatsu
Takamatsu
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°21′N 134°3′E / 34.350°N 134.050°E / 34.350; 134.050Coordinates: 34°21′N 134°3′E / 34.350°N 134.050°E / 34.350; 134.050
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Prefecture Kagawa Prefecture
Area
 • Total 375.11 km2 (144.83 sq mi)
Population (October 1, 2010)
 • Total 419,429
 • Density 1,118.1/km2 (2,896/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Pine
- Flower Azalea
Address 1-8-15 Banchō, Takamatsu-shi, Kagawa-ken
760-8571
Phone number 087-839-2011
Website www.city.takamatsu.kagawa.jp

Takamatsu (高松市 Takamatsu-shi?) is a city located in central Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku in Japan, and is the capital city of the prefectural government. It is designated a core city by the Japanese Government. It is a port city located on the Seto Inland Sea, and is the closest port to Honshu from Shikoku island. For this reason it flourished under the Daimyo (feudal lords) as a castle town in the fiefdom of Takamatsu, during the Edo Period. Takamatsu is a city with a large concentration of nationwide companies' branch offices, which play a large role in its economy, and it contains most of the national government's branch offices for Shikoku. The castle tower formerly used as the symbol of the city was destroyed during the Meiji Period. In 2004, construction of the Symbol Tower, the new symbol of Takamatsu, was completed. The Symbol Tower is located in the Sunport area of the city. The Symbol Tower is the tallest building in Takamatsu, and is right next to another tall building The JR Clement Hotel (formerly the ANA Clement Hotel), which is also part of the Sunport complex.

The Sunport Takamatsu covers the area of the Symbol Tower, the JR Clement Hotel, and a miniature mall called Maritime Plaza. The Takamatsu Bus station is also located right next to Maritime Plaza. Various Buses including the Kotoden Bus run through town, to Ritsurin Park, and to the airport. Sunport Takamatsu is also connected to the ports of Takamatsu.

Symbol Tower

The Takamatsu metropolitan region has a population of 838,788 (as October 1, 2005), making it the largest in Shikoku.[citation needed] Takamatsu Airport is located in Takamatsu.

On September 26, 2005, the town of Shionoe (from Kagawa District) was merged into Takamatsu.

On January 10, 2006, Takamatsu absorbed the towns of Aji and Mure (both from Kita District), the towns of Kagawa and Kōnan (both from Kagawa District), and the town of Kokubunji (from Ayauta District) to create the new and expanded city of Takamatsu.

Geography and demographics[edit]

As of October 1, 2010, the city has an estimated population of 419,429 with a population density of 1,118 persons per km².[1] The total area is 375.11 square kilometres (144.83 sq mi) following the September 26, 2005 and January 10, 2006 expansions.

History[edit]

The city was officially founded on February 15, 1890. It had been a political and economic center in this area since the Edo period when the Matsudaira clan made Takamatsu the capital of their han.

Takamatsu was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command because the city was thought to be an important focal point of Shikoku's rail and road transit systems, and containing some industry vital to supporting the war effort.

On July 3, 1945 towards the end of World War II, at 6:40 PM (JST) 128 B-29 aircraft took off to bomb Takamatsu. Over 800 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Takamatsu, destroying 78% of the built up areas of the city.[2]

Main sights[edit]

The city's major tourist attraction is Ritsurin Garden, a garden created in the Edo period. Travelers use the port to visit local islands.

Takamatsu Castle's tenshu (keep) is being reconstructed.[3][4] Other sites include Yashima-ji and Shikoku Mura.

Since the opening of the Great Seto Bridge, train service carries passengers between Takamatsu and Okayama City (Okayama, Okayama).

Economy[edit]

Shikoku Railway Company has its headquarters in Takamatsu.[5] Asiana Airlines operates a sales office on the twelfth floor of the Nihon Seimei Ekimae Building in Takamatsu.[6]

Transportation[edit]

JR Shikoku Takamatsu Station has trains to Okayama Station on Honshū via the Seto-Ōhashi Bridge, and to destinations around Shikoku. A local tram service operated by Kotoden connects much of Takamatsu. The Kotoden trains leave fro Takamatsu Chikko Station, A much smaller station than Takamatsu Station, and Kawaramachi Tenmaya Station, a station located beneath The Tenmaya Department store of Takamatsu. This tram service, as well as local buses operated by Kotoden accept a contactless payment card for travel called an IruCa.[7]

Long distance coach services operate from the city to destinations such as Ōsaka, Kyoto, Tokyo, and Hiroshima.

Crime and safety[edit]

The Shinwa-kai yakuza syndicate is based in Takamatsu. The Shinwa-kai is the only designated yakuza group based in the Shikoku region.[8]

Sports teams[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Takamatsu is twinned with:

Friendship cities[edit]

Takamatsu has friendship arrangements with:

In literature[edit]

Climate[edit]

Takamatsu has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Some rain falls throughout the year, but the months from May to September have the heaviest rain.

Climate data for Takamatsu, Kagawa (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
24.0
(75.2)
25.5
(77.9)
30.9
(87.6)
32.3
(90.1)
36.5
(97.7)
38.2
(100.8)
37.8
(100)
37.0
(98.6)
33.5
(92.3)
26.6
(79.9)
21.2
(70.2)
38.2
(100.8)
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
9.6
(49.3)
12.9
(55.2)
19.0
(66.2)
23.6
(74.5)
26.7
(80.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
27.6
(81.7)
22.2
(72)
16.8
(62.2)
11.9
(53.4)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.4
(41.7)
8.4
(47.1)
13.9
(57)
18.6
(65.5)
22.5
(72.5)
26.6
(79.9)
27.4
(81.3)
23.5
(74.3)
17.7
(63.9)
12.4
(54.3)
7.5
(45.5)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
1.2
(34.2)
3.7
(38.7)
8.9
(48)
13.7
(56.7)
18.8
(65.8)
23.1
(73.6)
23.6
(74.5)
19.8
(67.6)
13.2
(55.8)
7.8
(46)
3.0
(37.4)
11.5
(52.7)
Record low °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.8
(37)
7.5
(45.5)
15.3
(59.5)
15.8
(60.4)
9.4
(48.9)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
−7.7
(18.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 39.3
(1.547)
47.6
(1.874)
73.3
(2.886)
86.4
(3.402)
100.1
(3.941)
158.5
(6.24)
134.6
(5.299)
92.3
(3.634)
187.2
(7.37)
108.2
(4.26)
62.4
(2.457)
33.8
(1.331)
1,123.6
(44.236)
Snowfall cm (inches) 1
(0.4)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
4
(1.6)
Avg. snowy days 5.5 5.8 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.8 14.5
 % humidity 64 64 65 66 68 74 76 74 76 73 70 67 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 143.6 142.0 171.0 191.8 210.0 165.1 205.6 225.6 155.6 169.9 145.7 150.9 2,076.8
Source: [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hideto, Onishi. "Takamatsu City Profile". Takamatsu City Website. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.scribd.com/doc/61702152/21st-Bomber-Command-Tactical-Mission-Report-247-250-Ocr
  3. ^ "Feature : Reconstruction of Takamatsu Castle's stone wall", Shikou Shimbun (Japanese)
  4. ^ "Takamatsu Castle Profile", Jcastle.info
  5. ^ "Company Information." Shikoku Railway Company. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  6. ^ "Worldwide Offices Japan." Asiana Airlines. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
  7. ^ "Takamatsu Japan, what to do there". Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  8. ^ "2010 Police White Paper Chapter 2 : Furtherance of Organized Crime Countermeasures", 2010, National Police Agency (Japanese)
  9. ^ "St. Petersburg". Takamatsu city. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  10. ^ "Tours". Takamatsu city. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  11. ^ "Nanchang". Takamatsu city. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  12. ^ "Nanchang City and Sister Cities Intercommunion". Nanchang Municipal Party Committee of the CPC and Nanchang Municipal Government. Nanchang Economic Information Center. Archived from the original on 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2013-11-05. 
  13. ^ "気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. 

External links[edit]