Kagawa Prefecture

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Kagawa Prefecture
香川県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 香川県
 • Rōmaji Kagawa-ken
Official logo of Kagawa Prefecture
Symbol of Kagawa Prefecture
Location of Kagawa Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Takamatsu
Government
 • Governor Keizo Hamada
Area
 • Total 1,861.70 km2 (718.81 sq mi)
Area rank 47th
Population (December 1, 2010)
 • Total 995,465
 • Rank 40th
 • Density 534.71/km2 (1,384.9/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-37
Districts 5
Municipalities 17
Flower Olive (Olea europaea)
Tree Olive (Olea europaea)
Bird Lesser Cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Website www.pref.kagawa.jp

Kagawa Prefecture (香川県 Kagawa-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located on Shikoku island.[1] The capital is Takamatsu.[2]

History[edit]

Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.[3]

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.[4]

Battle of Yashima[edit]

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and the Genji clans.

Geography[edit]

Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Osaka Prefecture held that title until Kansai International Airport was reclaimed from the ocean in the early 1990s, pushing its land area slightly above Kagawa's[citation needed]. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park.[5]

Cities[edit]

Map of Kagawa Prefecture.
Takamatsu
Marugame
Kotohira

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:

Towns[edit]

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Economy[edit]

Foods[edit]

Sanuki udon is a famous local food in Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008 there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture.[citation needed]

People queuing for udon in Kagawa

Demographics[edit]

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.

Baseball

Basketball

Football (Soccer)

Volleyball

Ice Hockey

Tourism[edit]

Benesse Art Site Naoshima
Konpira Grand Theater
Takamatsu Dream Illumination in winter
Reoma World Theme Park in Marugame

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan[citation needed], and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.

Transportation[edit]

Railroad[edit]

Bus[edit]

Departure from Takamatsu[edit]

Road[edit]

Expressway[edit]

National Highway[edit]

  • Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
  • Route 30
  • Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
  • Route 193
  • Route 318
  • Route 319
  • Route 377
  • Route 436
  • Route 438

Port[edit]

Airport[edit]

Prefectural symbols[edit]

Sanuki udon, Kotohira Shrine

Miscellaneous topics[edit]

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, p. 446, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed. (March 31, 1987). Ikata Town History (伊方町誌 Ikatachōshi?) (in Japanese). Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing. 
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°16′N 133°57′E / 34.267°N 133.950°E / 34.267; 133.950