Tecate

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Tecate
Tecate, aerial view (2005)
Tecate, aerial view (2005)
Tecate is located in Mexico
Tecate
Tecate
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 32°34′20″N 116°38′25″W / 32.57222°N 116.64028°W / 32.57222; -116.64028Coordinates: 32°34′20″N 116°38′25″W / 32.57222°N 116.64028°W / 32.57222; -116.64028
Country  Mexico
State Baja California Baja California
Municipality Tecate
Founded October 12, 1892 [1]
Government
 • Type Ayuntamiento or Council
 • Municipal President César Moreno González de Castilla
Elevation 541 m (1,775 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 64,764
Demonym Tecatense
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
Postal code 21400
Area code(s) 665 [2]
Website www.tecate.gob.mx

Tecate is a small city in Baja California, Mexico and the municipal seat of Tecate Municipality. It is located on the border with Tecate, California, United States in the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area. There is a small port of entry between the sister cities that serves as a calmer alternative to the bustling port of Tijuana. Although the city is only 64 kilometres (40 mi) from San Diego, the road to the border crossing traverses mountainous terrain, reducing the viability of Tecate as an alternative to the San Ysidro Port of Entry.

Tecate is best known outside of metropolitan San Diego–Tijuana for Tecate beer and being the home of author Daniel Reveles. Tecate beer is one of the most popular beers in Mexico and California and is typically drunk pouring lime and salt on top of a can of the product.

History[edit]

Tecate was founded on October 12, 1892. It is located in a valley and is surrounded by several hills and mountains, the most prominent and famous of them is the "Cuchuma" mountain, also referred to as the "holy mountain". The Cuchuma is rich in greenery, wildflowers and birds. Tecatenses as well as tourists are often seen enjoying hikes and bike rides along its many trails. Tecate is hot and dry during the summer and cold and windy during the winter.

In the late 19th century farmers and ranchers arrived in Tecate for the first time. Soon after, they discovered its plentiful natural resources and decided to settle. Its abundant water and fertile soil made Tecate the perfect site for a productive farm market. Olives, grapes and grain became Tecate’s staple crops. The industrial sector was developed simultaneously with the creation of coffee processing plants and breweries.

Well known for its traditional infrastructure and looks, Tecate remains true to its origins with its main plaza located in the center of the city and its city hall and historic church within walking distance.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tecate's altitude of approximately 1,775 feet (541 m) above sea level and its proximity to the ocean contribute to the temperate climate. It rains enough in the area for a thick ground cover of shrubs to grow; the change from maritime to desert climates is at a higher altitude a couple hours' drive further east. Although often boulder-strewn, much of the land to the east of the city is taken up with ejidos, or cooperative farms.

Tecate is also the name of a small river that courses through the city, and of a hamlet on the Alta California (US side) of the border, affectionately known as "Tecatito" (population around 100; zip code 91980).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Tecate
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
36.0
(96.8)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
44.0
(111.2)
44.0
(111.2)
47.0
(116.6)
46.0
(114.8)
41.1
(106)
39.0
(102.2)
32.0
(89.6)
47
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
19.6
(67.3)
20.4
(68.7)
23.3
(73.9)
26.0
(78.8)
29.9
(85.8)
33.8
(92.8)
34.1
(93.4)
32.7
(90.9)
28.0
(82.4)
23.3
(73.9)
20.1
(68.2)
25.8
(78.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
11.8
(53.2)
12.7
(54.9)
14.7
(58.5)
17.2
(63)
20.3
(68.5)
23.9
(75)
24.2
(75.6)
22.6
(72.7)
18.5
(65.3)
14.6
(58.3)
12.0
(53.6)
17.0
(62.6)
Average low °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
4.1
(39.4)
5.0
(41)
6.2
(43.2)
8.4
(47.1)
10.7
(51.3)
14.1
(57.4)
14.3
(57.7)
12.4
(54.3)
9.0
(48.2)
5.9
(42.6)
3.9
(39)
8.1
(46.6)
Record low °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−8.0
(17.6)
−5.0
(23)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.5
(32.9)
0.0
(32)
2.0
(35.6)
1.0
(33.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
−9
(15.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 80
(3.15)
69
(2.72)
67
(2.64)
26
(1.02)
8
(0.31)
2
(0.08)
3
(0.12)
6
(0.24)
4
(0.16)
15
(0.59)
31
(1.22)
48
(1.89)
358
(14.09)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.1 6.7 5.9 4.0 1.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 2.2 3.6 5.3 39.4
Source: Weatherbase[4]

Demographics[edit]

Tecate, which reported a population of 64,764 in the 2010 census, serves as the administrative centre for the Tecate Municipality.

Economy[edit]

Tecate is the site of the first brewery of Tecate Beer. Industrial companies from across the border have their manufacturing affiliates there (e.g., Rockwell Automation, Ingersoll-Rand, and Oberg Industries).

The city is served by a couple hospitals and several clinics,[5] as well as a couple dozen doctors [6] and dentists.[6]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Tecate is on a spur of Mexican Federal Highway 2 that connects Tijuana with Mexicali via the central Sierra mountains. It is on the older, two-lane, east-west road which is toll-free.

A train from Campo, California, called the Tecate Ticket, travels to Tecate on a monthly basis (currently suspended due to a tunnel fire along the route). The train is run by the Pacific Southwest Railway Museum.

The city is the location of the Tecate Airport, which no longer operates due to low traffic. Instead, Tecate residents are served by nearby Tijuana International Airport (TIJ), with flights to most major Mexican cities and Shanghai and Tokyo. TIJ is closer to Tecate than Mexicali International Airport and thus used more frequently by Tecate residents.[7]

Tourism and recreation[edit]

In May, the annual Tecate-to-Ensenada bicycle race takes place, with thousands of cyclists from both sides of the border participating. July is the time for a two-week celebration in Los Encinos Park, featuring dance groups, crafts, food concessions, and exhibits.

The pamplonada, or running of the bulls, was ordinarily held in August in the 1980s and early 1990s along one of the main streets, but it was canceled because of a series of accidents and violence.

Tecate has a stadium, Manuel Ceceña, which is home to the local baseball team, the Cerveceros ("Brewers").

Education[edit]

Tecate is the site of the Autonomous University of Baja California, Tecate. The school houses a school of engineering. Tecate has a competition every year for 5th grade students where they share their ideas to change their community in a positive way. The best one competes against the best ones of each city of the state. The winner competes against the other states, and the winner meets the President of Mexico.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]