Translations of The Hobbit

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J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit has been translated into many languages. Known translations, with the first date of publishing, are:

Language Year Title Translator Notes
Albanian 2005 Hobiti Maklen Misha Tirana: Shtëpia e Librit & Komunikit ISBN 99943-641-8-9
Arabic 2008 الهوبيت، أو ذهابًا وعودة
(Al-Hūbīt, aw Zehaban wa ʿAwda)
هشام فهمي - مي غنيم
(Hisham Fahmy - May Ghanim)
Dokki, Giza: Dar Lila (No ISBN)
Armenian 1984 ՀՈԲԻՏ կամ գնալն ու գալը Emma Makarian Yerevan. Translated from the Russian translation by N. Rakhmanova. Uses the Belomlinskij illustrations from the Rakhmanova Russian edition.
Belarusian 2002 Хобіт, або Вандроўка туды і назад K. Kurchankova and D. Magilevtsav Minsk. Contains both maps with place-names in Belarusian, based on the Belomlinskij Russian maps.
Basque 2008 Hobbita edo Joan-etorri bat Sergio Ibarrola and Xabier Olarra Iruñea: Igela Argitaletxea. ISBN 978-84-87484-88-9. Maps with place-names in English
Bengali 2011 হবিট (Hôbiţô) Aniruddha Margao: CinnamonTeal. ISBN 9789380151939.
Breton 2000 An Hobbit, pe eno ha distro Alan Dipode Argenteuil: Éditions Arda. ISBN 2-911979-03-6. Contains both maps with place-names in Breton; the runes are translated into Breton.
Bulgarian 1975 Билбо Бегинс или дотам и обратно Красимира Тодорова (Krasimira Todorova) Sofia: Narodna Mladezh (София, „Народна младеж“). Verse translations by Assen Todorov (Асен Тодоров).
Catalan 1983 El Hòbbit o viatge d'anada i tornada Francesc Parcerisas The runes and both maps (the one for the Wildlands and the other one for the Lonely Mountain) are in Catalan. Some names, though, remain in English (such as Baggins or Took, which in the Lord of the Rings are translated as Saquet and Tuc respectively). Published by La Magrana (Edicions de la Magrana, SA. Pàdua, 83, 08006, Barcelona) in April 1983 (first edition); the last edition was in May 2001 (20th edition). ISBN 84-8264-277-4.
Traditional Chinese 2001 魔戒前傳 哈比人歷險記
(Mojie qianzhuan: Habiren lixianji)
朱學恆 (Lucifer Chu) Both maps are in Chinese. ISBN 957-08-2334-8
Simplified Chinese 2002 魔戒前传: 霍比特人
(Mojie qianzhuan: Huobiteren)
李尧 (Li Yao) Nanjing: Yilin Press. 2000. ISBN 7-80657-190-6
Simplified Chinese 2013 霍比特人
(Huobiteren)
吴刚 (Wu Gang) Shanghai: Shiji Wenjing; Shanghai People's Publishing House. 2013. ISBN 9787208111028
authorized by the Tolkien Estate
Croatian 1994 Hobit ili tamo i opet natrag Zlatko Crnković (See also Serbo-Croatian, below)
Czech 1979 Hobit, aneb cesta tam a zase zpátky František Vrba Prague: Odeon. In book translation credited for political reasons to Lubomír Dorůžka. Illustrated by Jiří Šalamoun.
Danish 1969 Hobbitten, eller ud og hjem igen Ida Nyrop Ludvigsen Copenhagen: Gyldendal. 1969. No maps.
Danish 2012 Hobbitten, eller ud og hjem igen Jakob Levinsen Copenhagen: Gyldendal. 2012. ISBN 978-87-02-12852-9.
Dutch 1960 De Hobbit of daarheen en weer terug Max Schuchart Utrecht/Antwerpen: Het Spectrum. 1960. No maps.
Esperanto 2000 La Hobito aŭ Tien kaj Reen Christopher Gledhill, poems translated by William Auld Kaliningrad: Sezonoj. Rereleased in 2005. Runes are translated to Esperanto.
Estonian 1977 Kääbik, ehk, Sinna ja tagasi Lia Rajandi (prose and poems), Harald Rajamets (poems) Tallinn: Eesti raamat
Faroese 1990 Hobbin ella út og heim aftur Axel Tórgarð Hoyvík: Stíðin
Finnish 1973 Lohikäärmevuori, eli Erään hoppelin matka sinne ja takaisin Risto Pitkänen Helsinki: Tammi
Finnish 1985 Hobitti eli Sinne ja takaisin Kersti Juva Helsinki: Werner Söderström
French 1969 Bilbo le Hobbit Francis Ledoux Paris: Le Livre de Poche. 2002. ISBN 2-253-04941-7. Contains both maps with place-names in French; the runes remain in English.
French 2012 Le Hobbit Daniel Lauzon Paris: Christian Bourgois éditeur. 2012. ISBN 9782267024012. Contains both maps with place-names in French; the runes are translated.
West Frisian 2009 De Hobbit Anne Tjerk Popkema Leeuwarden: Uitgeverij Elikser. 2009. ISBN 90-8954-112-8.
Galician 2000 Ó hobbit Moisés R. Barcia Vigo: Edicións Xerais de Galicia
Georgian 2002 ჰობიტი ანუ იქით და აქეთ
(Hobitʼi anu ikit da aket)
Nino Bardzimishvili, poems translated by Tinatin Gogochashvili Tbilisi: Otar Karalashvili. 2002. ISBN 99928-0-302-0 (Invalid ISBN but printed like this in the book and on the cover). Contains both maps with place-names in Georgian.
Georgian 2009 ჰობიტი
(
Hobitʼi)
Nika Samushia, poems translated by Tsitso Khotsuashvili. Tbilisi: Bakur Sulakauri Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-9941403415. Contains both maps with place-names in Georgian. John Howe's illustration on the cover.
German 1957 Kleiner Hobbit und der große Zauberer Walter Scherf Recklinghausen: Paulus-Verlag. 1957. Illustrated by Horus Engels.
German 1971 Der kleine Hobbit Walter Scherf Georg Bitter. 1971. Revised after the appearance of the Carroux translation of The Lord of the Rings to make the names match.
German 1998 Der Hobbit Wolfgang Krege Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, ISBN 3-608-93805-2
Greek 1978 Το Χόμπιτ A. Gavrielide, Kh. Delegianne Athens: Kedros, ISBN 960-04-0308-2
Hebrew 1976 ההוביט משה הנעמי (Moshe Hana'ami)
Hebrew 1977 ההוביט או לשם ובחזרה Ganei-Aviv: Zmora-Bitan (זמורה – ביתן). Contains no maps. Four Israeli combat pilots, held as prisoners of war in Egypt between 1970 and 1973, whiled away their time of captivity by translating "The Hobbit" to Hebrew from a book sent to one of them by family members, via the Red Cross. The pilots' translation was published in Tel-Aviv following their return, and many Israeli critics still consider it the better of the first two Hebrew translations.
Hebrew 2012 ההוביט יעל אכמון (Yael Achmon)
Hungarian 1975 A babó Tibor Szobotka, poems translated by István Tótfalusi ISBN 963-11-0374-9

Reworked in 2006 under the title A hobbit – „Egyszer oda, aztán vissza” by Tamás Füzessy with the introduction and annotations of Douglas A. Anderson (translated by Zsuzsa Ürmössy). (ISBN 963-539-515-9)

Hungarian 2006 A hobbit – Vagy: Oda-vissza László Gy. Horváth, poems translated by Zsuzsa N. Kiss This translation was originally published in 2006 with a terminology consistent with that of the Ádám Réz/Árpád Göncz translation of The Lord of the Rings (A Gyűrűk Ura) (ISBN 963-07-8162-X). It uses the old Hungarian alphabet instead of English runes and illustrations by Alan Lee.

After the revision of the Hungarian terminology of The Lord of the Rings in 2008, changes were also incorporated into this translation and was republished in 2011 without illustrations and with the English runes restored (ISBN 978-963-07-9336-0).

Icelandic 1978 Hobbitinn Úlfur Ragnarsson and Karl Ágúst Úlfsson Reykjavík: Almenna Bókafélagið
Icelandic 1997 Hobbitinn eða út og heim aftur Þorsteinn Thorarensen Reykjavík: Fjölvaútgáfan ISBN 9979-58-305-3
Indonesian 1977 Hobbit atau pergi dan kembali Anton Adiwiyoto Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama
Irish 2012 An Hobad, nó Anonn agus Ar Ais Arís Nicholas Williams Cathair na Mart: Evertype, ISBN 978-1-904808-90-9. Contains both maps with place-names in Irish; the runes are translated into Irish. On the cup in the illustration "Conversations with Smaug" ('Ag Comhrá le Smóg') the text in Tengwar and initials in runes are translated into Irish.
Italian 1973 Lo hobbit, o la Riconquista del Tesoro Elena Jeronimidis Conte Milan: Adelphi Editions. ISBN 88-459-0688-4. Contains both maps with place-names in Italian; the runes are translated into Italian. Spelling of Smaug changed into "Smog"; the trolls are referred to as "Uomini Neri" ("Black Men").
Italian 2004 Lo Hobbit Annotato Oronzo Cilli and Elena Jeronimidis Conte Milan: Bompiani RCS group. ISBN 88-452-3292-1. New translation.
Japanese 1965 ホビットの冒険 (Hobitto no Bōken) Teiji Seta (瀬田貞二?) Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten. (Various editions). Character and place names derived from common English usage tend to be rendered into Japanese, while those invented by Tolkien or difficult to translate are often transliterated directly into katakana spellings. Runes on Thrór's map are left in English, but absent altogether from the title page. Terms used here carry over into the Japanese edition of The Lord of the Rings, translated by Teiji Seta and Akiko Tanaka.
Korean 1979 호비트 (Hobiteu) 김종철 (Kim Jong-cheol) Yeoleum
Korean 1988 호비트 모험 (Hobiteu Moheom) 공덕용 (Kong Deok-yong) Seoul : Dongsuh Press
Korean 1989 호비트의 모험 (Hobiteueui Moheom) 최윤정 (Choi Yun-jeong) Seoul : Changjak-kwa-Bipyongsa. ISBN 8936441035, ISBN 8936441043
Korean 1991 꼬마 호비트의 모험 (Kkoma Hobiteueui Moheom) 이동진 (Lee Dong-jin) Yeollin. ISBN 8982100911
Korean 1999 호비트 (Hobiteu) 김석희 (Kim Seok-hee) Seoul : Sigongsa. ISBN 8952705130, ISBN 8952705149
Korean 2002 호빗 (Hobit) 이미애 (Lee Mi-ae) Seoul : Ssiaseul Ppurineun Saram. ISBN 9788956371078
Latin 2012 Hobbitus ille aut illuc atque rursus retrorsum Marc Walker London : HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-744521-9
Latvian 1991 Hobits jeb Turp un atpakaļ Zane Rozenberga First edition published in 1991 (ISBN 5-410-00159-1) was large format hardcover children's book and featured high quality original illustrations by Latvian artist Laima Eglīte. Notably elves were pictured as having wings and greenish skin.

Second edition was published in 2002 in soft cover (ISBN 9-984-22417-1) and contained traditional black and white illustrations drawn by J.R.R.Tolkien.

Lithuanian 1985 Hobitas, arba Ten ir atgal Bronė Balčienė
Luxembourgish 2002 Den Hobbit Henry Wickens Esch-Sauer : Op der Lay. ISBN 2-87967-099-3. Contains both maps with place-names in Luxembourgish; the runes are translated into Luxembourgish.
Macedonian 2005 Хобитот или до таму и назад Marija Todorova Skopje: Feniks ISBN 9989-33-142-1
Marathi 2011 द हॉबिट Meena Kinikar Pune: Diamond Publications ISBN 978-81-8483-374-4
Moldavian 1987 Хоббитул
(Hobbitul)
Aleksej Tsurkanu Chişinău: Literatura artistike (translated from Russian)
Norwegian (Bokmål) 1972 Hobbiten, eller fram og tilbake igjen Finn Aasen and Oddrun Grønvik Oslo: Tiden Norsk Forlag. ISBN 82-10-00747-5. Contains both maps with place-names in Norwegian; the runes are translated into Norwegian.
Norwegian (Bokmål) 1997 Hobbiten, eller Fram og tilbake igjen Nils Ivar Agøy Oslo: Tiden Norsk Forlag. ISBN 82-10-04300-5
Norwegian (Nynorsk) 2008 Hobbiten Eilev Groven Myhren Oslo: Tiden Norsk Forlag. ISBN 978-82-10-05038-1
Persian 2002 هابيت
(Hābit)
فرزاد فربد (Farzad Farbud) Tehran: Ketab-e Panjereh 2002 (١٣٨١). ISBN 964-7822-01-4.
Persian 2004 هابيت يا آنجا و بازگشت دوباره
(Hābit yā ānjā va bāzgašt dobāre)
رضا عليزاده (Reza Alizadeh) Tehran: Rowzaneh 2004 (١٣٨٣). ISBN 964-334-200-X. Contains both maps with place-names in Persian; the runes remain in English.
Polish 1960 Hobbit, czyli tam i z powrotem Maria Skibniewska
Polish 1985 Hobbit, czyli tam i z powrotem Maria Skibniewska 2nd Polish edition, revised translation
Polish 1997 Hobbit albo tam i z powrotem Paulina Braiter
Polish 2002 Hobbit, czyli tam i z powrotem Andrzej Polkowski
Portuguese-Portugal 1962 O Gnomo Maria Isabel Morna Braga, Mário Braga; il. António Quadros Porto: Livraria Civilização Editora
Portuguese-Portugal 1985 O Hobbit Fernanda Pinto Rodrigues Mem Martins: Publicações Europa-América.
Portuguese-Brazil 1995 O Hobbit ou Lá e de Volta Outra Vez Lenita Maria Rímoli Esteves São Paulo: Martins Fontes.
Romanian 1975 O poveste cu un hobbit Catinca Ralea Bucharest: Editura Ion Creangă
Russian 1976 Хоббит, или Туда и Обратно Н. Рахманова (N. Rakhmanova) Leningrad: Publishing house "Children's literature" (Издательство «Детская литература»). Illustrations by M. Belomlinskij.
Russian 2001 Хоббит, или Туда и Обратно А.А. Грузберг (A.A. Gruzberg) Ekaterinburg: Publishing house "Litur" (Издательство «ЛИТУР»). Illustrations by Е. Нитылкина (E. Nitylkina).
Russian 1995 Хоббит, или Туда и Обратно Мария Каменкович (Mariya Kamenkovich) Saint Petersburg: Publishing house "Azbuka" (Издательство «Азбука»). Academically annotated edition.
Russian 2000 Хоббит, или Туда и Обратно Валерия Маторина "В.А.М." (Valeria Matorina, "V.A.M.") Moscow: Publishing house "EKSMO" (Издательство «ЭКСМО»). Illustrations by И. Панков (I. Pankov).
Russian 2001 Хоббит, или Туда и Обратно Л. Яхнин (L. Yakhnin) Moscow: Publishing house "Alfa book" (Издательство «Алфа-книга»).
Russian 1992 Хоббит, или Туда и Обратно З. Бобырь (Z. Bobyr') Publishing house "Book World" (Издательство «Книжный мир»).
Serbo-Croatian 1975 Хобит или тамо и назад Meri and Milan Milišić
Slovak 1973 Hobbit Viktor Krupa (prose), Jana Šimulčíková (poetry) Bratislava: Slovenský spisovatel'
Slovak 2002 Hobbit Otakar Kořínek Bratislava: SLOVART
Slovene 1986 Hobit ali Tja in spet nazaj Dušan Ogrizek Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga
Sorbian 2012 Hobit Edward Wornar Leipzig: Institut za Sorabistiku Lipšćanskeje Uniwersity. ISBN 978-1-4716-7712-0
Spanish (Argentina) 1964 El hobito Teresa Sánchez Cuevas Buenos Aires: Fabril Editora. His history in spanish.
Spanish (Spain) 1982 El hobbit Manuel Figueroa Barcelona: Ediciones Minotauro. ISBN 84-450-7141-6. Contains only Thrór's map with place-names in Spanish; the runes remain in English.
Swedish 1947 Hompen eller En resa Dit och Tillbaks igen Tore Zetterholm Stockholm: Kooperativa Förbundets Bokförlag
Swedish 1962 Bilbo – En hobbits äventyr Britt G. Hallqvist Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren
Swedish 2007 Hobbiten eller bort och hem igen Erik Andersson Stockholm: Norstedts ISBN 978-91-1-301648-1 (green cover) or ISBN 978-91-1-301765-5
Thai 2002 เดอะฮอบบิท สุดจิต ภิญโญยิ่ง (Sutjit Phin-yo-ying)
Turkish 1996 Hobbit Esra Uzun
Turkish 2007 Hobbit Gamze Sari ISBN 978-975-273-373-2, Publisher: Ithaki Yayinlari, Published: Istanbul, August 2007, Pages: 425
Ukrainian 1985 Гобiт, або Мандрiвка за Iмлистi гори O. Mokrovolskyi Kiev: Veselka
Ukrainian 2007 Гобiт, або Туди i звiдти Olena O'Lir Lviv: Astrolabia, ISBN 978-966-8657-22-1
Vietnamese 2003 Vietnamese version already completed in 2002 but publishing cancelled. This version leaked onto the Internet in 2003.
Vietnamese 2009 Hobbit ra đi và trở về Đinh Thị Hương Hanoi: Thong Tin, no ISBN, EAN-13 8935077068955, maps with placenames in Vietnamese
Vietnamese 2010 anh chàng Hobbit Nguyên Tâm Hanoi: Nhã Nam, no ISBN, maps with placenames in Vietnamese
Yiddish 2012 דער האָביט
(Der Hobit)
Barry Goldstein
בעריש גאָלדשטײן
ISBN 978-1-48117-230-1

See also[edit]

References[edit]