|Owner||Public Transport Authority|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||6|
|Number of stations||69|
|Annual ridership||65.7 million (June 2013)|
|System length||173.1 km (107.6 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6.0 in)|
Transperth Trains is a division of Public Transport Authority of Western Australia. It is responsible for operating Perth’s urban passenger rail system, as part of the Transperth network. Annual patronage in 2012/13 was 65.7 million.
The Fremantle to Guildford line commenced operating as a steam-powered service in March 1881, followed by the Perth to Armadale line in May 1889, and the Perth to Joondalup line (now Clarkson) in 1993 and the Perth to Mandurah line in December 2007. The Fremantle line service ceased in September 1979 but was reinstated in July 1983. Diesel trains were used on the rail network until the three lines then in service, the Armadale, Fremantle and Midland, were electrified in the early 1990s.
The first service with the A-series train was introduced in September 1991, with regular services beginning on the Armadale line on 7 October 1991. The Midland and Fremantle lines commenced service with the then-new A-series trains in December 1991.
The conversion from diesel to electric trains was accompanied by many upgrades to the rail network, such as upgrades to stations and tracks, and the cost of the undertaking was estimated at around $109 million.
Northern Suburbs Transit System
The Northern Suburbs Transit System was the name given to the project to provide high-speed passenger rail services to the northern corridor of metropolitan Perth. To service the expanding northern suburbs, Joondalup line was built in the median of the Mitchell Freeway in the early 1990s, after several years of planning. The line was later extended to Currambine in 1993.
Legislation for the construction of the Mandurah Line was passed in December 1999. The original proposed route branched from the Armadale line at Kenwick, and then ran alongside the freight lines until Jandakot where it would run in the middle of the Kwinana Freeway. However, a bill passed in November 2002 after a change of state government saw that the route would start at Perth, traverse the Kwinana Freeway, and then continue along its initial route after Jandakot.
Construction of the line started in February 2004 and it opened on 23 December 2007.
Because the Government did not begin its review of the Mandurah Line masterplan until after construction had begun, the tunnel under the Roe Highway had already been constructed. To make use of the new tunnel, the government decided to convert this section into a small spur line to Thornlie.
It was decided that Armadale trains would alternate with Thornlie trains, with the Thornlie trains stopping at all stations and Armadale trains only stopping at Oats Street and Cannington stations. Thornlie station opened on 7 August 2005.
In 2003, the government launched the New MetroRail program as the official name of the upgrades to the rail network. This program included the following projects:
- Extension of the Joondalup line to Clarkson and the construction of a new Currambine station.
- Construction of Nowergup railway depot.
- Purchasing 93 B-series carriages to service the Clarkson and Mandurah lines. These railcars would be configured as 31 three-car sets.
- Construction of the Thornlie line and Armadale spur line.
- Rebuilding Armadale stations, Bassendean and Gosnells stations in 2004/05.
- New Greenwood station built in 2005 between Warwick and Whitfords to relieve the pressure on these stations.
- Upgrade of West Leederville station, including a third platform, to help serve crowds from Subiaco Oval.
In the 2009-10 state budget funding was allocated for extending the Joondalup line north to Butler, with construction scheduled to start in 2010. In addition, the Airport Masterplan calls for a spur line from the Midland Line to connect to Perth Airport. The line would deviate between Bayswater and Ashfield stations, run through the suburb of Redcliffe.
Former Premier Alan Carpenter had announced a study on the feasibility of a high-speed rail service running from Perth to the south city of Bunbury as a replacement of the current Australind train service. The study stated a new line could be built just after Cockburn Central station on the Mandurah line, then following the Kwinana Freeway south to the new Perth-Bunbury Highway and following the highway until it reaches Bunbury.
Transperth runs five train lines with one spur line. These lines are:
- Armadale/Thornlie line – goes in a south-east direction to Armadale. The Australind continues along the same track to Bunbury. A spur line to Thornlie station opened on 8 August 2005.
- Fremantle line – goes in a westerly direction towards Fremantle. Major stations include Subiaco and Claremont.
- Joondalup line – goes in a northern direction, on the Mitchell Freeway central reservation, before moving eastward near Eddystone Avenue through to Joondalup, then returning to the Mitchell Freeway reserve and continuing towards Clarkson. The line then continues currently as a single track to the Nowergup depot. When trains on the Joondalup line arrive at Perth station, they continue through to the Mandurah line. Future expansion plans provide for the extension of the line to Butler (to open in 2014) then Alkimos.
- Mandurah line – goes in a southward direction, on the Kwinana Freeway central reservation until Kwinana, then curving south-west towards Rockingham and then south to Mandurah. When trains on the Mandurah line arrive at Perth station, they continue through to the Joondalup line.
- Midland line – goes east towards Midland. Transwa services diverge and continue to Kalgoorlie (the Prospector) and to Merredin (the Avonlink).
All of the above services except the Transwa Prospector and Transwa Avonlink run on narrow-gauge tracks. The Prospector and Avonlink run on standard-gauge tracks and takes the same route as the Midland line services. Consequently the track between East Perth and Midland is dual gauge.
Transperth serves the following railway stations:
- 43 two-car first-generation A-series EMU sets/86 carriages
- 5 two-car second-generation A-series EMU sets/10 carriages
- 66 three-car B-series EMU sets/198 carriages being delivered
The A-series sets were built for the electrification of Perth’s suburban railway system in the early 1990s and the Joondalup line, which was being constructed in the same period. The first was delivered on 1 September 1990. The original order for 43 first-generation trains were followed by an additional order for 5 second-generation trains due to the Joondalup line exceeding passenger estimates. Delivered in 1998, the second-generation trains differ in having LED screens and other upgrades to security and accessibility. A-series sets can be coupled together to form four or six carriage sets.
- Builder: ABB/ADTranz and Walkers
- Gauge: 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
- Top speed: 110 km/h
- Passengers: 156
- Fleet numbers: 1–48
Introduced in October 2004, the B-series are the newest electric trains to operate in Perth. They were built by Bombardier Transportation and Downer Rail in Maryborough, Queensland, and operate on the Joondalup and Mandurah lines.
Each sets consists of three carriages. The powered 'A' and 'B' cars each have a driver’s cab, while the central 'T' car is entirely devoted to passengers, and supplies power from overhead lines to the powered cars. The B-series trains operate as three, six and nine carriage sets. They have a top speed of 130 km/h.
On 19 September 2006 the Premier of Western Australia, Alan Carpenter, announced that the Public Transport Authority will purchase another 15 new 3-car sets from the EDI Rail-Bombardier Transportation joint venture. The first three B-series railcar sets were introduced on 28 June 2009 and have allowed some of the A-series trains to be transferred to the Midland-Fremantle line. As more sets become available, they will allow the remaining two-car A-series trains currently being used on the Perth-Clarkson line to increase total capacity for the Armadale-Perth and Midland-Fremantle services, with an overall increase of 3,900 passengers, or more than 30%. By January 2016 66 sets will be in service.
- Builder: Bombardier Transportation and Downer Rail
- Gauge: 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
- Top speed: 130 km/h
- Passengers: about 700
- Fleet numbers: 49–114
Transperth operated 10 ADK/ADB and 10 ADL/ADC class two-carriage diesel multiple units, until sold in 1993 to New Zealand Rail. Locomotive hauled carriage sets were also used. For the 1987 America's Cup yacht regatta in Fremantle, two sets of SX carriages were leased from Queensland Rail.
Transperth trains run from two main depots and one minor depot:
- Nowergup Depot, located beyond Clarkson station. This is the home depot for B series trains.
- Claisebrook Depot, which is next to Claisebrook. This is the home depot for A series trains.
- A smaller depot at Mandurah has been constructed to stable B series trains.
- Annual Report June 2013 Public Transport Authority
- Mees, Paul (2009). Transport for Surburbia: Beyond the Automobile Age. Routledge. ISBN 978 1844077403.
- Transport 2000 – A Perth Study, Northern Suburbs Rapid Transit Study (File 8722/1). Perth, Western Australia: Department of Transport, Government of Western Australia. 1987. Accessed at State Records Office of Western Australia, Perth
- "PTA History at a Glance, 1976 to 2000".
- "PTA History at a Glance, 2001 to Present".
- "1500 people take the first Perth to Mandurah train journey". Archived from the original on 24 December 2007. Retrieved 23 December 2007.
- "2009-10 State Budget: Transport initiatives designed to keep Western Australia moving". Public Transport Authority. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2009.[dead link]
- Judge airport rail link fairly: Labor
- Infrastructure Planning and Land Services
- Infrastructure Planning and Land Services
- When is a promise, a broken promise?
- "Butler train station and extension project". Retrieved 19 November 2013.
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