|Founder(s)||Johann Gottfried Spiesshofer and Michael Braun|
|Headquarters||Bad Zurzach, Switzerland|
|Number of locations||2,100 stores|
Markus Spiesshofer, Partner
|Products||Lingerie and underwear|
|Revenue||$986.3 million (2013)|
Triumph International is a multinational family-owned underwear and lingerie manufacturer founded in 1886 in Heubach, Germany. It expanded into the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia, the Philippines and others in the 1960s and 1970s. In the 1990s and early 2000s, Triumph experienced organized protests regarding working conditions in Burma, the Philippines and Thailand. It acquired the HOM brand in 1986 and the Valisère brand in 1990. It also operates the Bee Dees and sloggi brands. The company is one of the largest producers of bras and underwear, particularly in Japan and Germany.
Triumph International was founded in 1886 by a merchant, Michael Braun, and a corset-maker, Johann Gottfried Spiesshofer, in a barn in Heubach, Germany. It began with a staff of six people under the name Wirtschaftlicher Verein Spiesshofer & Braun, Familienverein reg." The company took on its current namesake "Triumph," which is named after the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, in 1902. The first Triumph bra was created in 1922.
The first Triumph International location outside of Germany was established in 1933 in Bad Zurzach, Switzerland. By 1939, the company had 20 manufacturing facilities producing bras, corselets and girdles. When Germany was divided by the Berlin Wall in 1949, Triumph operated within the German Democratic Republic. Though the company's domestic business stalled, it continued to expand operations internationally into countries such as Great Britain and Australia. A Triumph factory was established in Bavaria in 1955 and more than forty locations were developed in the country over the next ten years. From 1954 to 1959, Triumph expanded into Sweden, Italy, Austria and other European countries. Market volatility in the late 1960s and early 1970s eventually led to consolidating many of the plants. The company's name was changed to "Triumph International" in 1959. It established an Asia-Pacific (APAC) headquarters in Hong Kong in 1960 and the first location in Japan in 1963. The first Triumph swimwear was introduced in 1962. By the late 1960s, Triumph International had a 50 percent share of the global corset market with revenues of $620 million. In 1972, it expanded in Brazil, Australia and South Africa. In 1974, the company created subsidiaries in the Philippines and Thailand. That same year a factory was established in the Philippines in Taguig, Metro Manila.
Triumph International began a pantyhose business in 1969, but discontinued it three years later in response to the 1973–75 recession. In the late 1970s the company introduced the sloggi brand, which sold undergarments made primarily of cotton and started using lighter fabrics such as nylon and lycra in the Triumph brand. It also moved its headquarters from Germany to Switzerland in 1977. A production facility, offices and other operations were established in Groundwell, Swindon, in 1979. By 1986 Triumph International's revenues were 996 million Swiss francs and it had 19,000 employees.
Triumph International entered the market for men's underwear and high-end lingerie by acquiring the HOM brand in 1986 and Valisère in 1990. In 1995, Triumph consolidated its brands under a single "Triumph" umbrella and doubled its advertising budget for the Triumph brand. The following year it organized into five business groups, such as product design and marketing. Triumph International established manufacturing operations in India in 1998 in a joint venture with local manufacturing companies MAS and MAST Industries. It began selling undergarments in the same region in 2002.
Triumph International workers in the Philippines went on strike and organized protests in late 1999 to protest working conditions and demand pay increases. After negotiations between Triumph and union representatives failed, the country's Department of Labor and Employment (DoLE) issued a return-to-work order in February 2000, citing disruption to the country's economic stability. All 1,130 union members had unanimously and preemptively agreed to ignore the order. An agreement was reached between Triumph and union officials in 2005. The company continued to have a confrontational relationship with workers in the Philippines and closed the factory in 2009, citing declining orders for the products being manufactured.
Triumph International began manufacturing operations in Burma in 1997. In late 2001 Burma Campaign UK campaigned for UK consumers to boycott Triumph products. They said Triumph factory workers in Burma were paid an "extreme poverty wage" as defined by the United Nations and that Triumph was supporting the military regime responsible for slavery in Burma by renting facilities from them. Triumph International said that worker conditions were protected by the Triumph Code of Conduct. The Berne Declaration and the Clean Clothes Campaign accused Triumph International of using forced labor, an allegation the company denied. As a result of the campaign, the Norwegian Olympic team cancelled its sponsorship agreement with Triumph in 2001 and the company closed its Burma location in 2002.
In 2008, the president of a local union for Triumph's Thai subsidiary, Body Fashion, was fired after making political statements on television in their spare time. Triumph felt the employee's actions negatively effected the brand's image and verified with the court that they were within their legal rights. Members of the Triumph International Labor Union went on strike and collected 2,500 signatures in a petition for re-appointment. Triumph refused. In 2009 Triumph laid off 3,600 workers in Thailand and the Philippines. Trade unions alleged the layoff was a way to eliminate unionized labor, whereas the company said it was due to economic conditions. As of 2006, the majority of Triumph International's manufacturing is done in its own factories in Austria.
Triumph International laid off 400 employees and made other downsizing efforts in 2001 and opened a production facility in Dunaújváros, Hungary, that same year. In 2003 advertisements for bikinis by the sloggi brand were criticized by French consumers, politicians, female rights groups and the Publicity Verification Office, who alleged the ads were degrading to women. A Triumph spokesperson said that the ads had mixed responses and not everyone was offended. From 2008 to 2012, the company hosted the Triumph Inspiration Awards, a competition for lingerie designers to create fashions that reflected annual themes.
Triumph International acquired the Swiss underwear retail chain Beldona in 2010, and other retailers were later purchased in Mexico and the United States. In 2012, the company acquired a majority interest in Journelle, which operated three luxury undergarment stores in New York City. It also acquired a lingerie manufacturer and retailer in Mexico, Vicky Form. Minority shareholders of Triumph International AG, which operates the company's German business group, were bought-out in 2011. The company's shares have stopped trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and is now owned by the Braun and Spiesshofer families.
In 2012, all of Triumph's brands were certified as meeting the Oeko-Tex Standard, which evaluates production, supply and product components for harmful substances and environmental impact. The first Triumph location in the US was opened in 2013.
Brands and products
Triumph International manufactures and markets lingerie and other apparel primarily under four brands:
- Triumph: Lingerie
- HOM: Men's underwear
- Valisère: Bridal and special lingerie
- Sloggi: Men's and women's underwear
It also operates Bee Dees, which is intended to appeal to a younger audience, and Triumph Sport. As of 1990, one in six women in the world own a bra from a Triumph International brand and 45 percent of women in Germany own a Triumph product. It is the largest supplier of briefs in Europe. The company also sells swimwear, sports apparel, nightwear and others. Its largest markets are in Japan, followed by Germany, then the United Kingdom, France and Italy. As of 2007, 50 percent of Triumph sales are in Asia. The company categorizes its products under fashion, shaping or everyday.:6
Triumph International has also produced "Warm Biz" thermal bras to promote energy management, "Frequent Flier" bras with metal-free fasteners in response to heightened security at airports after the September 11 attacks, and a prototype "Anti-Smoking Manifesto" bra with fragrances in the cleavage area intended to make cigarettes taste bad. It created an "EcoChic by Triumph" line of undergarments in 2009 that uses sustainable materials.
As of 2013, the company operates 2,000 Triumph stores and its products are sold in 40,000 department stores.
- Tage Skjott-Larsen (31 May 2007). Managing the Global Supply Chain. Copenhagen Business School Press DK. pp. 166–168. ISBN 978-87-630-0171-7. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- "Triumph Happy Birthday!". TM (B+B Media Company). Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Morris, Keiko (August 9, 2013). "Lingerie Firm Triumph International to make U.S. debut on Long Island". Newsday. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- "Triumph International". Corporate profiles 4: 310. 1984.
- American Chamber of Commerce in Thailand (1992). Handbook Directory.
- Our future has a history - Success tailored by Triumph, Triumph International, retrieved January 15, 2014
- The Fookien Times Philippines Yearbook. Fookien Times. 1995. p. 174. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- Stiling, Marjorie (1980). Famous Brand Names, Emblems and Trademarks. David & Charles Inc. pp. 55–56. ISBN 0-7153-8098-2.
- spiegel.de "Dort kämpfen". Der Spiegel (19). 1973.
- Krumme, Günter (1998), Corporate Growth Through Spatial Decentralization: Triumph's Expansion Path, University of Washington, retrieved February 18, 2014
- "Time of expansion", Our History (Triumph International), retrieved March 23, 2014
- [spiegel.de "Paprika und helle Haut"] (in German), Der Spiegel (19), 1965, spiegel.de
- spiegel.de "Rundum ohne". Der Spiegel (39). 1969.
- spiegel.de "Drunter billiger". Der Spiegel (52). 1970.
- spiegel.de "Kampf um Damenbeine". Der Spiegel (45). 1972.
- "Company News: Triumph Expansion". Apparel International (Piel-Caru Publishing ltd). May 1990. p. 22.
- textilwirtschaft.de "Die Dachmarke hat Priorität". TextilWirtschaft (30). 1995.
- Rajendra Nargundkar (January 1, 2009). International Marketing. Excel Books India. p. 198. ISBN 978-81-7446-628-0.
- Jörg Nowicki (2008). textilwirtschaft.de "Die neue Handelsmacht". TextilWirtschaft (7).
- Conclara, Jacqueline (January 21, 2000). "Triumph issues ultimatum to striking RP employees". BusinessWorld.
- "Burnt Offerings". The Evening Post. July 5, 2000. p. 8.
- Wise, Bambina (July 20, 2009). "Triumph factory closes in Philippines". Women's Wear Daily 198 (13).
- "DoLE issues return-to-work order to Triumph workers". BusinessWorld. February 1, 2000. p. 9.
- Balaba, Rommer (October 17, 2005). "Triumph bosses, union okay pay deal". BusinessWorld. pp. S1/8.
- "Slavery claim forces Triumph from Burma". The Australian. January 30, 2002. p. 8.
- Ginn, Kate; Kirstie Mcluckie (December 12, 2001). "Support where it matters". The Scotsman. p. 4.
- Rob Van Tulder (20 January 2006). International Business-Society Management: Linking Corporate Responsibility and Globalization. Psychology Press. p. 334. ISBN 978-0-415-34241-4. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- Trevor Wilson (2006). Myanmar's Long Road to National Reconciliation. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 246. ISBN 978-981-230-363-9. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- "10vor10 :Triumph: Abzug aus Burma". Schweizer Fernsehen. January 28, 2002. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- "BH-Hersteller beugt sich der Kritik". Frankfurter Allgemeine. January 29, 2002. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- "Kritik bei Triumph unerwünscht". ver.di Jugend. September 9, 2008. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
- "Triumph: Für den Körper, für die Sinne, aber gegen Menschenrechte". Erklärung von Bern. November 28, 2008. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- "Triumph entlässt 3.500 Näherinnen". die tageszeitung. December 8, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- Peter Schelling (August 17, 2009). "Triumph International wehrt sich gegen Gewerkschaftsvorwürfe". Die Welt. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- "Triumph International", Textile Outlook International (Textiles Intelligence Limited) (123), May - June 2006: 155, ISSN 0268-4764
- Li, Sandy (July 4, 2001). "Triumph axes 400 employees; underwear-maker cities retail slump". South China Morning Post. p. 3.
- "Wirbel um Dessous-Werbung in Frankreich". Der Standard. October 23, 2003. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Dessous-Werbekampagne: Kein Sex bitte, wir sind französisch". Spiegel Online. October 9, 2003. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Thong ad offends French". The Associated Press. October 10, 2003. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Seltsame Dessous für Experimentierfreudige". Rheinische Post. May 31, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Lauren Milligan (June 10, 2009). "Triumph Inspiration Awards 2009". Vogue. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Ella Alexander (November 6, 2010). "Lingerie Triumph". Vogue. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- Renate Platen (2010). textilwirtschaft.de "Triumph übernimmt Beldona". TextilWirtschaft 38.
- Sabine Spieler (2012). textilwirtschaft.de "Triumph baut Amerika-Geschäft aus". TextilWirtschaft 49.
- Monget, Karyn. "Triumph Enters U.S. Market". Women's Wear Daily 206 (24).
- Janine Damm (2013). textilwirtschaft.de "Triumph startet Offensive im US-Markt". TextilWirtschaft 32.
- "Triumph International sammelt Aktien ein". TextilWirtschaft. September 19, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- Martina Metzner (2011). textilwirtschaft.de "Zwei Familien, eine Krone". TextilWirtschaft 7. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- "Triumph International AG (ETR:TRI)". Google Finance. 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
- "Triumph Lingerie Gets Oeko-Tex's Eco-Friendly Seal of Approval". ecouterre. December 18, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Cheng, Andy. "Triumph to double mainland outlets". South China Morning Post. p. 2.
- Geschäftsbericht 2010 der Triumph International Aktiengesellschaft, retrieved January 15, 2014
- "Heated, furry bras latest Japanese trend". The Calgary Herald. November 11, 2005. pp. A15.
- "Thermal underwear". The Mercury. November 12, 2005. p. 24.
- "Japanese launch metal-free bra". Reuters. October 20, 2001.
- "Metal-free bra made for frequent flyers". Herald News Services (Calgary Herald). October 20, 2001. pp. E3.
- "Fragrant bra bar to smokers". The Courier Mail. November 6, 2003. p. 24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Triumph International.|