Borough of Tunbridge Wells
|Borough of Tunbridge Wells|
|— Non-metropolitan district —|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Admin HQ||Royal Tunbridge Wells|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||Tunbridge Wells Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• MPs||Greg Clark|
|• Total||127.9 sq mi (331.3 km2)|
|Area rank||131st (of 326)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||190th (of 326)|
|• Density||900/sq mi ( 350/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||95.1% White
1.3% Mixed Race
1.0% Chinese or other
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||29UQ (ONS)
|OS grid reference||TQ5817739112|
The district was formed on 1 April 1974, by the merger of the municipal borough of Royal Tunbridge Wells along with Southborough urban district, Cranbrook Rural District and most of Tonbridge Rural District.
Description of borough 
The borough of Tunbridge Wells lies along the south western border of Kent, partly on the northern edge of the Weald, the remainder on the Weald Clay plain in the upper reaches of the rivers Teise and Beult.
The North Weald area 
The restricted area immediately to the north and west of Tunbridge Wells lies within the Weald. The presence of sandstone outcrops here, and the chalybeate springs, together with old workings, point to ancient iron manufacturing.
Weald Clay plain 
This plain is part of the so-called Garden of England, named for its extensive orchards and former hop farms, sheep and cattle. A string of villages lies across this plain, from Brenchley and Horsmonden to Benenden and Headcorn.
- Roads The main roads through the borough are the A21 London to Hastings road and in the east, the A229, which runs from the A21 at Hurst Green through Cranbrook to Maidstone.
- Railways The line of the former South Eastern Railway (SER) main line crosses the clay plain in an almost unbroken straight line between Redhill and Ashford, Kent. The SER line to Hastings passes through Tunbridge Wells; here there was once a further branch connection south-eastwards to Groombridge, and at Paddock Wood is the southern terminus of the Medway Valley Line to Maidstone.
Borough organisation 
Tunbridge Wells Borough Council is composed of 48 councillors representing 20 wards across the borough. Eight wards are within Royal Tunbridge Wells itself including Broadwater, Culverden; Pantiles & St Marks; Park; Rusthall; Sherwood & St John's and St. James. The remainder are rural wards covering the other main towns and villages.
Each of the latter also have their own form of local government in the form of a civil parish. They are as follows, paired where two villages are served by one councillor:
- Benenden & Cranbrook
- Brenchley & Horsmonden
- Frittenden & Sissinghurst
- Goudhurst & Lamberhurst
- Hawkhurst & Sandhurst
- Paddock Wood: two wards, East and West
- Southborough: two wards, Southborough & High Brooms; and Southborough North
- Speldhurst & Bidborough
Tunbridge Wells is and has almost always been from inception, a Conservative Westminster constituency, though some of the council wards are strongly Liberal Democrat. As of the elections in May 2011 the present political composition of the Council is:
- Conservatives 39
- Liberal Democrats 6
- Labour 1
- UKIP 1
- Independent 1
Places of interest 
Apart from Tunbridge Wells itself, places of interest in the Borough include:
- Bewl Water reservoir near Lamberhurst for leisure water pursuits and outdoor conferences
- Sissinghurst Castle gardens: the home of Vita Sackville-West
- and there are facilities for rock-climbing at the 'High Rocks', 2 miles west of Tunbridge Wells
See also