Turquoise (color)

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TurquoiseHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #40E0D0
sRGBB  (rgb) (64, 224, 208)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (71, 0, 7, 12)
HSV       (h, s, v) (174°, 71%, 88[1]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Turquoise /ˈtɜrkɔɪz/ or /ˈtɜrkwɔɪz/ is the name of a greenish blue color, based on the gem of the same name. The word turquoise comes from the French for Turkish, as the gem was originally imported from Turkey.[2][3] The first recorded use of turquoise as a color name in English was in 1573.[4]

At right is displayed the X11 color named turquoise.

Turquoise gemstones[edit]

The turquoise gemstone is the namesake for the color.

Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue.

The mosque with turquoise domes in Bukhara, Uzbekistan

In many cultures of the Old and New Worlds, this gemstone has been esteemed for thousands of years as a holy stone, a bringer of good fortune or a talisman. The oldest evidence for this claim was found in ancient Egypt, where grave furnishings with turquoise inlay were discovered, dating from approximately 3000 BC. In the ancient Persian Empire, the sky-blue gemstones were earlier worn round the neck or wrist as protection against unnatural death. If they changed color, the wearer was thought to have reason to fear the approach of doom. Meanwhile, it has been discovered that turquoise can change color. The change can be caused by light, or by a chemical reaction brought about by cosmetics, dust or the acidity of the skin.

Turquoise is a stone and color that is strongly associated with the domes and interiors of large mosques in Iran, Central Asia and Russia.[5][6]

Variations of turquoise[edit]

Celeste[edit]

CelesteHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #B2FFFF
sRGBB  (rgb) (178, 255, 255)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (30, 0, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (180°, 30%, 100%)
Source S.Fantetti e C.Petracchi (2001). Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia. Zanichelli. ISBN 8808079953. 
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color Celeste is a sky bluish turquoise.

Light Turquoise[edit]

Light TurquoiseHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #AFEEEE
sRGBB  (rgb) (175, 238, 238)
HSV       (h, s, v) (175°, 84%, 94%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Light Turquoise is a lighter tone of turquoise.

Turquoise Blue[edit]

Turquoise BlueHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #00FFEF
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 255, 239)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 6, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (176°, 100%, 100[7]%)
Source Maerz and Paul
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Turquoise blue is a color close to turquoise on the color wheel, but slightly more bluish.[8]

The first recorded use of turquoise blue as a color name in English was in 1900.[9]

Medium Turquoise[edit]

Medium TurquoiseHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #48D1CC
sRGBB  (rgb) (72, 209, 204)
HSV       (h, s, v) (175°, 55%, 50%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the web color medium turquoise.

Dark Turquoise[edit]

Dark TurquoiseHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #00CED1
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 206, 209)
HSV       (h, s, v) (175°, 40%, 96%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the web color dark turquoise.

Pearl Mystic Turquoise[edit]

Pearl Mystic TurquoiseHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #32C6A6
sRGBB  (rgb) (50, 198, 166)
HSV       (h, s, v) (175°, 84%, 94%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color pearl mystic turquoise.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color 40E0D0 (Turquoise):
  2. ^ "Turquoise:turquoise mineral information and data". mindat.org. Retrieved 2006-10-04. 
  3. ^ http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/turquoise.pdf Handbook of Mineralogy
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 206; Color Sample of Turquoise [green]: Page 73 Plate 25 Color Sample I5
  5. ^ Reference info here: Andrew Petersen, Dictionary of Islamic Architecture, http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=gVQj7bW0W9MC&pg=PA121&lpg=PA121&dq=turquoise+as+an+Islamic+colour&source=bl&ots=fao-Yu-9qK&sig=-prTByD63Dq05SjlXrYem53TD0U&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QB-aUcb4B-Sm4gToyoDoCw&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAjg8#v=onepage&q=turquoise%20as%20an%20Islamic%20colour&f=false.
  6. ^ Farida M Said, November 20, 2012, Tradition of the tile, http://herald.dawn.com/2012/11/20/tradition-of-the-tile.html
  7. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #00FFEF (Turquoise Blue):
  8. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Color Sample of Cyan:I Page 73 Plate 25 Color Sample K12--Turquoise blue is shown lying very close to Turquoise, but very slightly more bluish.
  9. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 206; Color Sample of Turquoise blue: Page 73 Plate 25 Color Sample K12