United States House of Representatives elections, 1826

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1826
United States
1824 ←
July 3, 1826 - August 30, 1827
→ 1828

All 213 seats to the United States House of Representatives
107 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  AndrewStevenson.jpg JohnWTaylor.jpg
Leader Andrew Stevenson John W. Taylor
Party Jacksonian Adams
Leader's seat Virginia-9th New York-17th
Last election 104 seats 109 seats
Seats won 113 100
Seat change Increase 9 Decrease 9

Speaker before election

John W. Taylor
Adams

Elected Speaker

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 20th Congress were held at various dates in each state in 1826 and 1827.

In these midterm campaigns, the aftershock of the contested 1824 presidential election remained a major issue. The former Democratic-Republican Party had split into two parties, the Jacksonians, supporting Andrew Jackson (which would later become the Democratic Party) and the Adams men or Anti-Jacksonians, supporters of President John Quincy Adams. Adams' supporters would later come to be known as the National Republican Party. The Jacksonians were able to pick up a slim majority in the House by painting an image of the Adams Men as elitist and of the Jacksonians as the party of the common farmer or artisan. This tactic helped them pick up a number of rural seats.

Election summaries[edit]

113 100
Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
State Type Date Total
seats
Jacksonian Adams/Anti-Jacksonian
Seats Change Seats Change
Delaware At-large October 3, 1826 1 0 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Georgia District[1] (7) October 2, 1826 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois At-large August 7, 1826 1 1 Increase1 0 Decrease1
Indiana District (3) August 7, 1826 3 1 Steady 2 Steady
Louisiana District (3) July 3–5, 1826 3 1 Steady 2 Steady
Maine District (7) September 8, 1826[2] 7 2 Increase1 5 Decrease1
Maryland District (8[3]) October 2, 1826 9 3 Increase1 6 Decrease1
Massachusetts District (13) November 6, 1826[4] 13 0 Decrease1 13 Increase1
Mississippi At-large August 7, 1826 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri At-large August 7, 1826 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
New Jersey At-large October 10, 1826 6 1 Decrease2 5 Increase2
New York District (30[5]) November 6–8, 1826 34 20 Increase12 14 Decrease12
Ohio District (14) October 10, 1826 14 2 Steady 12 Steady
Pennsylvania District (18[6]) October 10, 1826 26 20 Decrease2 6 Increase2
South Carolina District (9) October 9–10, 1826 9 9 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District (5) September 5, 1826[7] 5 0 Decrease1 5 Increase1
1827 elections
Alabama District (3) August 1–3, 1827 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut At-large April 12, 1827 6 0 Steady 6 Steady
Kentucky District (12) August 6, 1827 12 7 Increase2 5 Decrease2
New Hampshire At-large March 13, 1827 6 1 Steady 5 Steady
North Carolina District (13) August 9, 1827 13 9 Decrease2 4 Increase2
Rhode Island At-large August 30, 1827 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Tennessee District (9) August 2–3, 1827 9 9 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District (22) April 30, 1827 22 16 Increase1 6 Decrease1
Total 213 113
53.1%
Increase9 100
46.9%
Decrease9
House seats
Jacksonian
  
53.05%
Adams
  
46.95%

Complete returns[edit]

Alabama[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alabama 1
Known as the Northern district
Gabriel Moore Jacksonian 1821 Re-elected Gabriel Moore[8] (J)
Alabama 2
Known as the Middle district
John McKee Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected John McKee (J) 67.5%
Thomas Farrar 32.5%
Alabama 3
Known as the Southern district
George W. Owen Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected George W. Owen[8] (J)

Connecticut[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Gideon Tomlinson Adams 1818 Lost re-election[9]
Adams hold
Ralph I. Ingersoll (A) 16.1%
Elisha Phelps (A) 13.9%
David Plant (A) 10.1%
Orange Merwin (A) 9.2%
John Baldwin (A) 8.6%
Noyes Barber (A) 7.4%

Alexander Stewart 6.5%
Ansel Sterling (A) 5.5%
Andrew T. Judson (J) 5.2%
Robert Fairchild 5.0%
Timothy Pitkin 2.7%
Lyman Law 2.6%
Joseph Eaton 2.5%
Jacob B. Gerrly 1.9%
Gideon Tomlinson (A) 1.0%
Roger Sherman 1.0%
Thomas S. Williams 0.7%
Elisha Phelps Adams 1818
1825
Re-elected
Ralph I. Ingersoll Adams 1825 Re-elected
Orange Merwin Adams 1825 Re-elected
Noyes Barber Adams 1821 Re-elected
John Baldwin Adams 1825 Re-elected

Delaware[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large Louis McLane Jacksonian 1816 Re-elected Louis McLane (J) 54.1%
Arnold Naudain (A) 45.9%

Louis McLane (J) resigned before the start of the 20th Congress, having been elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by Kensey Johns, Jr. (A)

Georgia[edit]

Georgia switched to using districts for this election. Two incumbents, James Meriwether and George Cary, did not run for re-election.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia 1 Edward F. Tattnall
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected Edward F. Tattnall (J) 100%
Georgia 2 John Forsyth
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected John Forsyth (J) 100%
Georgia 3 Wiley Thompson
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected Wiley Thompson (J) 60.3%
Benjamin Cleveland 39.7%
Georgia 4 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
Wilson Lumpkin (J) 50.3%
Walter T. Colquitt 49.7%
Georgia 5 Charles E. Haynes
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected Charles E. Haynes (J) 78.7%
August B. Longstreet 21.3%
Georgia 6 Alfred Cuthbert
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1820 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Tomlinson Fort (J) 54.0%
Alfred Cuthbert (J) 46.0%
Georgia 7 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
John Floyd (J) 51.2%
A. M. King[10] 48.8%

Edward F. Tattnall (J) of the 1st district resgined in 1827 before the start of the 20th Congress and was replaced in a special election by George R. Gilmer (J).

John Forsyth (J) of the 2nd district resigned November 6, 1827, having been elected Governor of Georgia, and was replaced in a special election by Richard Henry Wilde (J)

Illinois[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Illinois at-large Daniel P. Cook Adams 1819 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Joseph Duncan (J) 49.5%
Daniel P. Cook (A) 44.0%
James Turney 6.5%
Others 0.1%

Indiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana 1 Ratliff Boon Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Adams gain
Thomas H. Blake (A) 43.0%
Ratliff Boon (J) 42.8%
Lawrence S. Shuler 14.2%
Indiana 2 Jonathan Jennings Adams 1822 (special) Re-elected Jonathan Jennings (A) 100%
Indiana 3 John Test Adams 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Oliver H. Smith (J) 55.2%
John Test (A) 44.8%

Kentucky[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 David Trimble Adams 1816 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Henry Daniel (J) 52.2%
David Trimble (A) 47.8%
Kentucky 2 Thomas Metcalfe Adams 1818 Re-elected Thomas Metcalfe (A) 54.9%
James Conn 45.1%
Kentucky 3 James Clark Adams 1812
1825 (special)
Re-elected James Clark (A) 57.9%
Benjamin Taylor (J) 42.1%
Kentucky 4 Robert P. Letcher Adams 1822 Re-elected Robert P. Letcher (A) 53.3%
William Rodes (J) 46.7%
Kentucky 5 Robert L. McHatton Jacksonian 1826 (special) Re-elected Robert L. McHatton (J) 52.5%
Alfred Sanford 47.5%
Kentucky 6 Joseph Lecompte Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected Joseph Lecompte (J) 50.8%
Thomas Crittenden (A) 45.6%
C.H.Allen[10] (J) 3.6%
Kentucky 7 Thomas P. Moore Jacksonianian 1822 Re-elected Thomas P. Moore (J) 90.5%
Thompson[10] 9.5%
Kentucky 8 Richard A. Buckner Adams 1822 Re-elected Richard A. Buckner (A) 52.1%
William Owens (J) 47.9%
Kentucky 9 Charles A. Wickliffe Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Charles A. Wickliffe (J) 66.1%
Lee White 33.9%
Kentucky 10 Francis Johnson Adams 1820 (special) Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Joel Yancey (J) 50.8%
Francis Johnson (A) 49.2%
Kentucky 11 William S. Young Adams 1824 Re-elected William S. Young (A) 56.0%
John Calhoon[11] (A) 44.0%
Kentucky 12 John F. Henry Adams 1826 (special) Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Chittenden Lyon (J) 52.3%
John F. Henry (A) 31.1%
Anthony New (A) 16.6%

Thomas Metcalfe (A) of the 2nd district resigned June 1, 1828 to run for Governor of Kentucky and was replaced in a special election by John Chambers (A).

William S. Young (A) of the 11th district died on September 20, 1827. Two special elections were subsequently held to fill the resulting vacancy, the first was won by John Calhoon (A). Calhoon resigned two days later to avoid an electoral challenge, and a second election was held which was won by Thomas Chilton (J)

Louisiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Louisiana 1 Edward Livingston Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Edward Livingston (J) 70.3%
M. Foucher[10] 29.7%
Louisiana 2 Henry H. Gurley Adams 1822 Re-elected Henry H. Gurley (A) 52.5%
W. S. Hamilton[10] 46.1%
David Bradford 1.4%
Louisiana 3 William L. Brent Adams 1822 Re-elected William L. Brent[8] (A)
John Brownson
Garrigues Fleaujac

Maine[edit]

Maine law at the time required a majority vote for election, necessitating additional ballots in the 7th district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot Third ballot Fourth ballot
Maine 1 William Burleigh Adams 1823 Re-elected William Burleigh (A) 60.5%
Rufus McIntire[11] (J) 38.1%
Others 1.4%
Maine 2 John Anderson Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected John Anderson (J) 57.9%
Stephen Longfellow 41.4%
Others 0.7%
Maine 3 Ebenezer Herrick Adams 1820 Retired
Adams hold
Joseph F. Wingate (A) 55.2%
Daniel Rose 30.1%
Edwin Smith 10.4%
Others 4.3%
Maine 4 Peleg Sprague Adams 1824 Re-elected Peleg Sprague (A) 99.0%
Others 1.0%
Maine 5 Previous incumbent Enoch Lincoln (A) resigned in 1826 Jacksonian gain James W. Ripley[12] (J) 52.6%
Levi Whitman (J) 30.6%
Samuel Bradbury 15.8%
Others 1.0%
Maine 6 Jeremiah O'Brien Adams 1823 Re-elected Jeremiah O'Brien (A) 54.4%
Joseph Williamson (J) 20.0%
Ralph C. Johnson 15.5%
Samuel Whitney 8.1%
Others 1.9%
Maine 7 David Kidder Adams 1823 Retired
Adams hold
William D. Williamson 42.8%
Jacob McGaw 34.8%
Simon Harriman 6.3%
Jonathan Farrar 5.1%
David Perham 3.5%
Others 7.5%
John Wilkins 46.6%
Jacob McGaw 35.4%
Simeon Stetson 11.4%
Jedediah Herrick 1.8%
Simon Call 1.7%
George Leonard 1.6%
Daniel Wilkins 1.6%
William D. Williamson 36.5%
Jedediah Herrick 22.7%
Joseph Carr 15.9%
John Wilkins 8.1%
Daniel Wilkins 3.7%
David Kidder (A) 2.8%
Obed Wilson 2.7%
Simon Harriman 1.5%
Isaac Hodson 1.5%
Jacob McGaw 1.2%
Others 3.5%
Samuel Butman (A) 53.3%
Isaac Hudson 39.5%
Asa Wyman 2.7%
Others 4.5%

William Burleigh (A) of the 1st district died July 2, 1827 and was replaced in a special election by Rufus McIntire (J)

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 Clement Dorsey Adams 1824 Re-elected Clement Dorsey (A) 91.2%
Others 8.8%
Maryland 2 John C. Weems Jacksonian 1826 (special) Re-elected John C. Weems (J) 51.1%
Regin Estep (A) 48.9%
Maryland 3 George Peter Jacksonian 1816 (special)
1824
Lost re-election
Adams gain
George C. Washington (A) 53.6%
George Peter (J) 46.4%
Maryland 4 Thomas C. Worthington Adams 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Michael C. Sprigg (J) 43.4%
John Lee (J?) 37.7%
Thomas Kennedy 9.5%
Samuel Hughes 9.4%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
John Barney Adams 1824 Re-elected Peter Little (A) 39.1%
John Barney (A) 38.6%

John P. Kennedy (J) 22.3%
Peter Little Adams 1810
1816
Re-elected
Maryland 6 George E. Mitchell Jacksonian 1822 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Levin Gale (J) 25.3%
Israel DeMaulsby (I) 24.0%
James W. Williams (I) 21.2%
William C. Miller (I) 18.2%
Philip Reed (I) 11.3%
Maryland 7 John Leeds Kerr Adams 1824 Re-elected John Leeds Kerr (A) 53.0%
Philemon B. Harper 47.0%
Maryland 8 Robert N. Martin Adams 1824 Retired
Adams hold
Ephraim K. Wilson (A) 97.7%
Others 2.3%

Massachusetts[edit]

District[13] Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First trial Second trial Third trial
Massachusetts 1
Known as the Suffolk district
Daniel Webster Adams 1812[14]
1822
Re-elected Daniel Webster (A) 100%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the Essex South district
Benjamin W. Crowninshield Adams 1822 Re-elected Benjamin W. Crowninshield (A) 58.9%
Stephen White 9.8%
Others 31.2%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the Essex North district
John Varnum Adams 1824 Re-elected John Varnum (A) 63.2%
Caleb Cushing 32.7%
John Merrill 4.1%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the Middlesex district
Edward Everett Adams 1824 Re-elected Edward Everett (A) 100%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the Worcester South district
John Davis Adams 1824 Re-elected John Davis (A) 92.3%
Jonas Sibley (A?) 7.7%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the Worcester North district
John Locke Adams 1822 Re-elected John Locke (A) 56.6%
Joseph G. Kendall (A) 34.4%
Luther Lawrence 9.0%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the Franklin district
Samuel C. Allen Adams 1816 Re-elected Samuel C. Allen (A) 59.8%
George Grennell, Jr. (A) 40.2%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the Hampden district
Samuel Lathrop Adams 1818 Lost re-election
Adams hold
Isaac C. Bates (A) 42.1%
Samuel Lathrop (A) 40.4%
James Fowler 6.5%
Thomas Shepherd 5.5%
Others 5.5%
Isaac C. Bates (A) 49.2%
Samuel Lathrop (A) 35.1%
James Fowler 12.6%
Others 3.1%
Isaac C. Bates (A) 57.1%
Samuel Lathrop (A) 34.8%
James Fowler 8.1%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the Berkshire district
Henry W. Dwight Adams 1820 Re-elected Jonathan Allen 34.5%
Henry Hubbard 23.4%
Robert F. Barnard 12.1%
George Hull (A) 11.8%
Henry W. Dwight (A) 6.6%
Others 11.6%
Henry W. Dwight (A) 61.2%
Nathan Willis 25.5%
Jonathan Allen 13.2%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the Norfolk district
John Bailey Adams 1822 Re-elected John Bailey (A) 60.0%
William Ellis 23.2%
Others 16.8%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the Plymouth district
Aaron Hobart Adams 1820 Retired
Adams hold
Joseph Richardson (A) 63.9%
Thomas P. Beall 36.1%
Massachusetts 12
Known as the Bristol district
Francis Baylies Jacksonian 1820 Lost re-election
Adams gain
James L. Hodges (A) 34.4%
James Arnold 30.4%
Hercules Cushman 26.8%
Rufus Bacon 8.5%
James L. Hodges (A) 40.8%
Hercules Cushman 30.5%
James Arnold 24.6%
Francis Baylies (J) 4.2%
James L. Hodges (A) 57.5%
Hercules Cushman 26.6%
Francis Baylies (J) 15.9%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the Barnstable district
John Reed, Jr. Adams 1812
1820
Re-elected John Reed, Jr. (A) 83.2%
Walter Folger 16.8%

Daniel Webster (A) of the 1st district resigned May 30, 1827, after being elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by Benjamin Gorham (A)

Mississippi[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Mississippi at-large William Haile Jacksonian 1826 (special) Re-elected William Haile (J) 33.9%
Beverly R. Grayson (I) 24.1%
John H. Norton (I) 17.7%
Adam L. Bingaman (A) 15.2%
Richard Stockton (I) 9.1%

Haile subsequently resigned September 12, 1828 and was replaced in a special election by Thomas Hinds (J)

Missouri[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Missouri at-large John Scott Adams 1820 Lost re-election
Adams hold
Edward Bates (A) 61.5%
John Scott (A) 38.5%

New Hampshire[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Ichabod Bartlett Adams 1822 Re-elected Ichabod Bartlett (A) 17.3%
Titus Brown (A) 17.1%
Joseph Healy (A) 16.4%
Jonathan Harvey (J) 16.0%
David Barker, Jr. (A) 11.0%
Thomas Whipple, Jr. (A) 9.3%

Nehemiah Eastman (A) 5.3%
Samuel Cortland 5.2%
Samuel Webster 1.2%
Ezekiel Webster 1.2%
Jonathan Harvey Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
Titus Brown Adams 1824 Re-elected
Nehemiah Eastman Adams 1824 Lost re-election
Adams hold
Thomas Whipple, Jr. Adams 1820 Re-elected
Joseph Healy Adams 1824 Re-elected

New Jersey[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Lewis Condict Adams 1820 Re-elected George Holcombe (J) 16.5%
Lewis Condict (A) 10.5%
Samuel Swan (A) 9.9%
Isaac Pierson (A) 9.9%
Hedge Thompson (A) 9.8%
Ebenezer Tucker (A) 9.7%

Daniel Garrison (J) 6.9%
George Cassedy (J) 6.7%
Isaac G. Farlee (J) 6.4%
William Kennedy (J) 6.3%
James Parker 0.4%
Ephraim Bateman 0.2%
Peter D. Vroom 0.1%
Caleb Newbold 0.1%
George Holcombe Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected
George Cassedy Jacksonian 1820 Lost re-election
Adams gain
Daniel Garrison Jacksonian 1822 Lost re-election
Adams gain
Samuel Swan Adams 1820 Re-elected
Ebenezer Tucker Adams 1824 Re-elected

George Holcombe (J) and Hedge Thompson (A) died on, respectively, January 14, 1828 and July 23, 1828 and were replaced in a special election by James F. Randolph (A) and Thomas Sinnickson (A)

New York[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Silas Wood Adams 1818 Re-elected Silas Wood (A) 97.9%
Tredwell Scudder 2.1%
New York 2 Joshua Sands Adams 1802
1824
Retired
Jacksonian gain
John J. Wood (J) 54.7%
John T. Smith (A) 45.3%
New York 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Churchill C. Cambreleng Jacksonian 1821 Re-elected Churchill C. Cambreleng (J) 33.0%
Gulian Verplanck (J) 20.7%
Jeromus Johnson 19.4%

Pierre C. Van Wyck (A) 13.8%
Elisha W. King (A) 13.1%
Gulian Verplanck Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
Jeromus Johnson Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
New York 4 Aaron Ward Adams 1824 Re-elected Aaron Ward (A) 59.6%
John Haff (J) 40.4%
New York 5 Bartow White Adams 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Thomas J. Oakley (J) 50.8%
Edmund H. Pendleton (A) 49.2%
New York 6 John Hallock, Jr. Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected John Hallock, Jr. (J) 56.8%
Hector Craig (J) 43.2%
New York 7 Abraham B. Hasbrouck Adams 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain
George O. Belden (J) 50.7%
Lemuel Jenkins (J) 49.3%
New York 8 James Strong Adams 1818
1822
Re-elected James Strong (A) 59.8%
Walter Patterson (A?) 40.2%
New York 9 William McManus Adams 1824 Retired
Adams hold
John D. Dickinson (A) 51.9%
James L. Hogeboom (J) 48.1%
New York 10 Stephen Van Rensselaer Adams 1822 (special) Re-elected Stephen Van Rensselaer (A) 100%
New York 11 Henry Ashley Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Selah R. Hobbie (J) 58.9%
Isaac Burr (A) 41.1%
New York 12 William Dietz Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian hold
John I. De Graff (J) 100%
New York 13 William G. Angel Adams 1824 Retired
Adams hold
Samuel Chase (A) 50.9%
George Morell (J) 46.4%
Isaac Hayes (I) 2.7%
New York 14 Henry R. Storrs Adams 1816
1822
Re-elected Henry R. Storrs (A) 69.8%
Ezekiel Bacon (J) 30.2%
New York 15 Michael Hoffman Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected Michael Hoffman (J) 59.5%
Daniel Van Horn (A) 40.5%
New York 16 Henry Markell Adams 1824 Re-elected Henry Markell (A) 51.6%
Aaron Haring (J) 48.4%
New York 17 John W. Taylor Adams 1812 Re-elected John W. Taylor (A) 57.5%
Alpheus Goodrich (J) 42.5%
New York 18 Henry C. Martindale Adams 1822 Re-elected Henry C. Martindale (A) 51.1%
John Willard (J) 48.9%
New York 19 Henry Ross Adams 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Richard Keese (J) 52.4%
Asa Hascall (A) 47.6%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Nicoll Fosdick Adams 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Silas Wright, Jr. (J) 26.1%
Rudolph Bunner (J) 26.0%

Nicoll Fosdick (A) 24.0%
Elisha Camp (A) 23.9%
Daniel Hugunin, Jr. Adams 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain
New York 21 Elias Whitmore Adams 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain
John C. Clark (J) 52.6%
Robert Monell (J) 47.4%
New York 22 John Miller Adams 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John G. Stower (J) 52.0%
John Miller (A) 48.0%
New York 23 Luther Badger Adams 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Jonas Earll, Jr. (J) 51.8%
Luther Badger (A) 48.2%
New York 24 Charles Kellogg Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Nathaniel Garrow (J) 54.1%
Elijah Miller (A) 45.9%
New York 25 Charles Humphrey Adams 1824 Lost re-election
Adams hold
David Woodcock (A) 52.3%
Charles Humphrey (A) 47.7%
New York 26
Plural district with 2 seats
Dudley Marvin Adams 1822 Re-elected Dudley Marvin (A) 40.6%
John Maynard (A) 27.9%

Nathaniel Allen (J) 20.9%
John Knox (J?) 10.6%
Robert S. Rose Adams 1822 Retired
Adams hold
New York 27 Moses Hayden Adams 1822 Retired
Adams hold
Daniel D. Barnard (A) 52.3%
Enos Pomeroy 47.7%
New York 28 Timothy Porter Adams 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John Magee (J) 40.8%
Timothy Porter (A) 28.9%
William Woods (A) 15.4%
Philip Church (I) 14.9%
New York 29 Parmenio Adams Adams 1822 Retired
Jacksonian gain
David E. Evans (J) 54.2%
Simeon Cumings (A) 45.8%
New York 30 Daniel G. Garnsey Adams 1824 Re-elected
as Jacksonian
Daniel G. Garnsey (J) 55.1%
Phineas L. Tracy[11] (A) 44.9%

Thomas J. Oakley (J) of the 5th district resigned May 9, 1828 to become a judge of the superior court of New York City and was replaced in a special election by Thomas Taber II (J)

Silas Wright (J) of the 20th district resigned February 16, 1829. His seat remained vacant for the remainder of the 20th Congress (which ended March 3, 1829)

David E. Evans (J) of the 29th district resigned May 27, 1827, before the 20th Congress' first meeting, and was replaced in a special election by Phineas L. Tracy (A)

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Jacksonian 1807
1825
Re-elected Lemuel Sawyer (J) 65.1%
William B. Shepard (A) 34.9%
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Jacksonian 1798
1825
Re-elected Willis Alston (J) 100%
North Carolina 3 Richard Hines Jacksonian 1825 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Thomas H. Hall (J) 53.1%
Richard Hines (J) 46.9%
North Carolina 4 John H. Bryan Adams 1825 Re-elected John H. Bryan[8] (A)
North Carolina 5 Gabriel Holmes Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Gabriel Holmes[8] (J)
North Carolina 6 Weldon N. Edwards Jacksonian 1816 (special) Retired
Jacksonian hold
Daniel Turner (J) 28.5%
Charles A. Hill (J) 26.8%
Willis Boddick (J) 20.0%
William M. Sneed (J) 15.8%
Joseph M. Bryan (J) 8.8%
North Carolina 7 Archibald McNeill Jacksonian 1821
1825
Retired
Adams gain
John Culpepper (A) 41.2%
John A. Cameron (A) 34.5%
John Gilchrist 24.1%
Thomas Davis 0.2%
North Carolina 8 Daniel L. Barringer Jacksonian 1826 (special) Re-elected Daniel L. Barringer (J) 53.3%
Archibald Murphey (A) 46.7%
North Carolina 9 Romulus M. Saunders Jacksonian 1821 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Augustine H. Shepperd (J) 64.6%
Bedford Brown (J) 35.4%
North Carolina 10 John Long Adams 1821 Re-elected John Long (A) 88.0%
Asa Eubank (I) 10.9%
Others 1.1%
North Carolina 11 Henry W. Connor Jacksonian 1821 Re-elected Henry W. Connor (J) 81.9%
Samuel Henderson (A) 18.1%
North Carolina 12 Samuel P. Carson Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Samuel P. Carson (J) 63.4%
Robert B. Vance (A) 26.6%
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Adams 1815 Re-elected Lewis Williams (A) 65.4%
John Mushat 34.6%

Soon after the election, Samuel P. Carson (J), the winner of the race in the 12th district, challenged his opponent, Robert B. Vance (A) to a duel over a comment made during the campaign about Carson's father. Vance was mortally wounded in the duel. Carson left immediately afterwards to go to Washington. His behavior in leaving immediately was widely criticized[15]

Ohio[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Ohio 1 James Findlay Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected James Findlay (J) 44.7%
David Morris (A) 36.7%
Thomas Morris (J) 18.6%
Ohio 2 John Woods Adams 1824 Re-elected John Woods (A) 60.6%
Thomas J. Ross (J) 37.5%
Robert Anderson 1.9%
Ohio 3 William McLean Adams 1822 Re-elected William McLean (A) 61.2%
George B. Holt 33.2%
Eastin Morris 5.6%
Ohio 4 Joseph Vance Adams 1820 Re-elected Joseph Vance (A) 89.6%
Johnson[10] 10.4%
Ohio 5 John W. Campbell Adams 1816 Retired
Jacksonian gain
William Russell (J) 35.4%
Richard Collins 24.3%
Isaiah Morris 21.0%
Abraham Shepherd 19.3%
Ohio 6 John Thomson Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Adams gain
William Creighton, Jr. (A) 63.5%
John Thomson (J) 36.5%
Ohio 7 Samuel F. Vinton Adams 1822 Re-elected Samuel F. Vinton (A) 68.9%
William Kendall 26.9%
Daniel H. Buell 4.2%
Ohio 8 William Wilson Adams 1822 Re-elected William Wilson (A) 34.2%
Lyne Starling 27.3%
Daniel S. Norton 26.9%
James Kilbourne 11.5%
Ohio 9 Philemon Beecher Adams 1816
1822
Re-elected Philemon Beecher (A) 55.0%
John Mathews (J) 34.2%
Robert McConnell 10.8%
Ohio 10 Previous incumbent David Jennings (A) resigned May 25, 1826 Adams hold John Davenport (A) 53.6%
James Caldwell 31.2%
John Patterson (A) 9.4%
James Barnes 5.7%
Ohio 11 John C. Wright Adams 1822 Re-elected John C. Wright (A) 35.5%
Walter Bebee (A) 32.4%
John M. Goodenow (J) 32.1%
Ohio 12 John Sloan Adams 1818 Re-elected John Sloan (A) 50.7%
John Thompson (J) 49.3%
Ohio 13 Elisha Whittlesey Adams 1822 Re-elected Elisha Whittlesey (A) 100%
Ohio 14 Mordecai Bartley Adams 1822 Re-elected Mordecai Bartley (A) 53.9%
Eleutheros Cooke (A) 46.1%

William Creighton, Jr. (A) of the 6th district resigned November 1, 1828 after receiving a recess appointment by John Quincy Adams to a seat on the Federal bench in the United States District Court for the District of Ohio and was replaced in a special election by Francis S. Muhlenberg (A)

William Wilson (A) of the 8th district died June 6, 1827, and was replaced in a special election by William Stanbery (J)

Pennsylvania[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[16]
Pennsylvania 1 John Wurts Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Joel B. Sutherland (J) 55.8%
Samuel Breck (A) 26.7%
William J. Duane (J) 17.5%
Pennsylvania 2 Previous incumbent Joseph Hemphill (J) resigned sometime in 1826 No election[17] John Sergeant[11] (A) 34.8%
Henry Horn (J) 34.8%

Thomas Kittera[12] (A) 30.3%
Pennsylvania 3 Daniel H. Miller Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Daniel H. Miller (J) 72.1%
John Harrison 25.4%
Jacob Sommert 2.5%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
James Buchanan Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected James Buchanan (J) 18.5%
Samuel Anderson (A) 17.8%
Charles Miner (A) 17.6%

Joshua Evans, Jr. (J) 15.5%
John McCamant (J) 15.3%
George G. Leiper (J) 15.2%
Samuel Edwards Jacksonian 1818 Retired
Adams gain
Charles Miner Adams 1824 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 5 Philip S. Markley Adams 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John B. Sterigere (J) 55.0%
Philip S. Markley (A) 45.0%
Pennsylvania 6 Robert Harris Jacksonian 1822 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Innis Green (J) 62.2%
John M. Forster 37.8%
Pennsylvania 7
Plural district with 2 seats
Previous incumbent Henry Wilson (J) died August 14, 1826 Jacksonian hold William Addams (J) 31.9%
Joseph Fry, Jr. (J) 29.0%

Henry W. Conrad 21.2%
James Dongan 17.9%
William Addams Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 8
Plural district with 2 seats
George Wolf Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected George Wolf (J) 50.4%
Samuel D. Ingham (J) 49.6%
Samuel D. Ingham Jacksonian 1812
1822 (special)
Re-elected
Pennsylvania 9
Plural district with 3 seats
George Kremer Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Samuel McKean (J) 33.8%
Espy Van Horne (J) 33.5%
George Kremer (J) 32.6%
Espy Van Horne Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
Samuel McKean Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 10 James S. Mitchell Jacksonian 1820 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Adam King (J) 54.6%
John Garnder (Ind. Rep.) 45.4%
Pennsylvania 11
Plural district with 2 seats
James Wilson Adams 1822 Re-elected James Wilson (A) 34.7%
William Ramsey (J) 28.0%

James Dunlop 23.7%
Samuel Alexander 13.6%
John Findlay Jacksonian 1821 (special) Retired
Jacksonian hold
Pennsylvania 12 John Mitchell Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected John Mitchell (J) 45.4%
Robert Allison 30.0%
John Brown (J) 24.7%
Pennsylvania 13 Previous incumbent Alexander Thomson (J) resigned May 1, 1826 Jacksonian hold Chauncey Forward[12] (J) 65.3%
William Piper 34.7%
Pennsylvania 14 Andrew Stewart Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected
as Adams Party
Andrew Stewart (A) 75.2%
Joshua Hart 24.8%
Pennsylvania 15 Joseph Lawrence Adams 1824 Re-elected Joseph Lawrence (A) 100%
Pennsylvania 16
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Orr, Jr. Jacksonian 1825 (special) Re-elected Robert Orr, Jr. (J) 50.3%
James S. Stevenson (J) 49.7%
James S. Stevenson Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 17 George Plumer Jacksonian 1820 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Richard Coulter (J) 59.4%
James Clarke (J) 40.6%
Pennsylvania 18 Thomas H. Sill Adams 1826 (special Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Stephen Barlow (J) 57.8%
Thomas H. Sill (A) 36.6%
John Findley 5.5%

In the 2nd district, a tie vote occurred, with both Sergent and Horn receiving 1,597 votes. A subsequent special election was held which elected John Sergeant.

Rhode Island[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Tristam Burges Adams 1825 Re-elected Tristam Burges (A) 50.9%
Dutee J. Pearce (A) 48.5%

Others 0.7%
Dutee J. Pearce Adams 1825 Re-elected

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Drayton Jacksonian 1825 (special) Re-elected William Drayton[8] (J)
South Carolina 2 James Hamilton, Jr. Jacksonian 1822 (special) Re-elected James Hamilton, Jr. (J) 100%[18]
South Carolina 3 Thomas R. Mitchell Jacksonian 1820
1824
Re-elected Thomas R. Mitchell (J) 76.9%[18]
Robert B. Campbell (A) 23.1%
South Carolina 4 Andrew R. Govan Jacksonian 1822 (special) Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
William D. Martin (J) 60.9%[18]
Andrew R. Govan (J) 39.1%
South Carolina 5 George McDuffie Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected George McDuffie[8] (J)
South Carolina 6 John Wilson Jacksonian 1820 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Warren R. Davis (J) 50.3%
John Wilson (J) 49.7%
South Carolina 7 Joseph Gist Jacksonian 1820 Retired
Jacksonian hold
William T. Nuckolls (J) 46.9%[18]
Samuel McCreary 38.6%
James McKibbin 14.5%
South Carolina 8 John Carter Jacksonian 1822 (special) Re-elected John Carter (J) 100%[18]
South Carolina 9 Starling Tucker Jacksonian 1816 Re-elected Starling Tucker[8] (J)

Tennessee[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Blair Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected John Blair (J) 55.8%
John Tipton 42.4%
John Rhea 1.8%
Tennessee 2 John Cocke Jacksonian 1819 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Pryor Lea (J) 40.1%
Thomas D. Arnold (A) 36.0%
William B. Reese 23.9%
Tennessee 3 James C. Mitchell Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected James C. Mitchell (J) 55.7%
James I. Standifer (J) 44.3%
Tennessee 4 Jacob C. Isacks Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected Jacob C. Isacks (J) 100%
Tennessee 5 Robert Allen Jacksonian 1819 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Robert Desha (J) 61.1%
John Hall 21.4%
William Trousdale (J) 17.5%
Tennessee 6 James K. Polk Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected James K. Polk (J) 56.6%
Lunsford M. Bramlett (A) 43.4%
Tennessee 7 Sam Houston Jacksonian 1823 Retired
Jacksonian hold
John Bell (J) 55.7%
Felix Grundy (J) 44.3%
Tennessee 8 John H. Marable Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected John H. Marable[8] (J)
James B. Reynolds (J)
Tennessee 9 Adam R. Alexander Jacksonian 1823 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Davy Crockett (J) 49.1%
Adam R. Alexander (J) 30.5%
William Arnold 20.3%

Vermont[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First trial Second trial Third trial
Vermont 1 William C. Bradley Adams 1812
1822
Retired
Adams hold
Richard Skinner 25.2%
Jonathan Hunt (A) 24.2%
Orsamus C. Merrill (A) 12.5%
Calvin Sheldon 12.5%
John Phelps 9.8%
Samuel Elliott 8.3%
John S. Pettibone 4.0%
Phineas White 3.6%
Jonathan Hunt (A) 40.5%
Orsamus C. Merrill (A) 25.5%
Samuel Elliott 18.0%
Calvin Sheldon 8.1%
John Phelps 7.9%
Jonathan Hunt (A) 52.6%
Orsamus C. Merrill (A) 47.4%
Vermont 2 Rollin C. Mallary Adams 1818 Re-elected Rollin C. Mallary (A) 100%
Vermont 3 George E. Wales Adams 1824 Re-elected George E. Wales (A) 100%
Vermont 4 Ezra Meech Jacksonian 1818
1824
Retired
Adams gain
Heman Allen (A) 47.9%
Benjamin Swift (A) 46.3%
Ira H. Allen 3.5%
Samuel C. Crafts (A) 2.4%
Heman Allen (A) 49.5%
Benjamin Swift (A) 47.4%
Others 3.1%
Benjamin Swift (A) 51.8%
Heman Allen (A) 48.2%
Vermont 5 John Mattocks Adams 1820
1824
Retired
Adams hold
Daniel A. A. Buck (A) 74.0%
James Bell 26.0%

Virginia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 Thomas Newton, Jr. Adams 1801 Re-elected Thomas Newton, Jr. (A) 64.3%
George Loyall (J) 35.7%
Virginia 2 James Trezvant Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected James Trezvant (J) 100%
Virginia 3 William S. Archer Jacksonian 1820 (special) Re-elected William S. Archer (J) 100%
Virginia 4 Mark Alexander Jacksonian 1819 Re-elected Mark Alexander (J) 100%
Virginia 5 George W. Crump Jacksonian 1826 (special) Retired
Jacksonian hold
John Randolph (J) 100%
Virginia 6 Thomas Davenport Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Thomas Davenport (J) 100%
Virginia 7 Nathaniel H. Claiborne Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Nathaniel H. Claiborne (J) 67.7%
William Campbell 32.3%
Virginia 8 Burwell Bassett Jacksonian 1805
1821
Re-elected Burwell Bassett (J) 100%
Virginia 9 Andrew Stevenson Jacksonian 1821 Re-elected Andrew Stevenson (J) 100%
Virginia 10 William C. Rives Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected William C. Rives (J) 100%
Virginia 11 Robert Taylor Adams 1825 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Philip P. Barbour (J) 100%
Virginia 12 Robert S. Garnett Jacksonian 1817 Retired
Jacksonian hold
John Roane (J) 100%
Virginia 13 John Taliaferro Adams 1824 (special) Re-elected John Taliaferro (A) 76.5%
John Hungerford 20.8%
Augustin Neal 2.7%
Virginia 14 Charles F. Mercer Adams 1817 Re-elected Charles F. Mercer (A) 63.0%
Robert Thompson 37.0%
Virginia 15 John S. Barbour Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected John S. Barbour (J) 65.0%
William E. Hunton 35.0%
Virginia 16 William Armstrong Adams 1825 Re-elected William Armstrong (A) 78.0%
John Peters 22.0%
Virginia 17 Alfred H. Powell Adams 1825 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Robert Allen (J) 51.3%
Alfred H. Powell (A) 45.1%
Samuel Kerceval (J) 3.6%
Virginia 18 Joseph Johnson Jacksonian 1823 Lost re-election
Adams gain
Isaac Leffler (A) 54.4%
Joseph Johnson (J) 42.3%
Thomas Haymond (A) 3.3%
Virginia 19 William McCoy Jacksonian 1811 Re-elected William McCoy[8] (J)
Virginia 20 John Floyd Jacksonian 1817 Re-elected John Floyd (J) 87.2%
Edward Watts 12.8%
Virginia 21 William Smith Jacksonian 1821 Retired
Adams gain
Lewis Maxwell (A) 47.2%
Joseph Lovell (A) 44.9%
Ballard Smith (J) 7.9%
Virginia 22 Benjamin Estil Adams 1825 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Alexander Smyth (J) 72.4
Sharp[10] 27.6%

Non-voting delegates[edit]

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large Henry Conway 1822 Re-elected Henry Conway[8]
Florida Territory at-large Joseph M. White 1824 Re-elected Joseph M. White[8]
Michigan Territory at-large Austin E. Wing 1824 Re-elected Austin E. Wing[8]

Henry Conway of Arkansas Territory died November 9, 1827 from a duel and was replaced in a special election by Ambrose H. Sevier

See also[edit]

http://clerk.house.gov/histHigh/Congressional_History/index.html

References[edit]

  1. ^ Changed from at-large
  2. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met in the 7th district, requiring additional elections December 18, 1826, April 2, and September 27, 1827
  3. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  4. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met on the first vote in 3 districts requiring additional elections held March 5 and May 14, 1827
  5. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  6. ^ Includes 6 plural districts
  7. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met on the first vote in 2 districts requiring additional elections held December 4, 1826 and February 5, 1827
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data
  9. ^ Unclear whether Tomlinson actually ran or if the votes for him were unsolicited
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Source does not give full name
  11. ^ a b c d Won subsequent special election
  12. ^ a b c Won special election to 19th Congress
  13. ^ District numbers vary between sources
  14. ^ In New Hampshire
  15. ^ Race details from ourcampaigns.com
  16. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  17. ^ Tie vote between the top two candidates
  18. ^ a b c d e Based on incomplete returns