List of United States Senators from Virginia

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Virginia ratified the Constitution on June 25, 1788. Its Senate seats were declared vacant in March 1861, due to its secession from the Union, but senators representing its western counties continued to sit until March 1863. Virginia's Senate seats were again filled from January 1870.

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1[edit]

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 William Grayson (1740-1790).jpg William Grayson Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 12, 1790
1 1 Elected in 1789.
Died.
Vacant March 12, 1790 –
March 31, 1790
2 John Walker congress.jpg John Walker Pro-
Administration
March 31, 1790 –
November 9, 1790
Appointed to continue Grayson's term.
Retired when successor elected.
3 James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif James Monroe Anti-
Administration
November 9, 1790 –
March 27, 1794
1
(Continued)
Elected to finish Grayson's term.
2 2 Re-elected in 1791.
Resigned to become U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to France.
3
Vacant March 27, 1794 –
November 18, 1794
4 Sthmason.jpg Stevens T. Mason Democratic-
Republican
November 18, 1794 –
May 10, 1803
3
(Continued)
Elected to finish Monroe's term.
4
5 3 Re-elected in 1797.
6
7
8 4 Re-elected in 1803.
Died.
Vacant May 10, 1803 –
June 4, 1803
5 John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John Taylor of Caroline Democratic-
Republican
June 4, 1803 –
December 7, 1803
Appointed to continue Mason's term.
Retired when successor elected.
6 A-Bedford-Venable.jpg Abraham B. Venable Democratic-
Republican
December 7, 1803 –
June 7, 1804
Elected to finish Mason's term.
Resigned to become president of Bank of Virginia.
Vacant June 7, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
7 William Branch Giles.jpg William B. Giles Democratic-
Republican
August 11, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Appointed to continue Venable's term.
Resigned when elected to finish Wilson Nicholas's Class 2 term.[1]
8 Senator Andrew Moore.jpg Andrew Moore Democratic-
Republican
December 4, 1804 –
March 4, 1809
8
(Continued)
Elected to finish Venable's term.[1]
9
10
9 Richard Brent.jpg Richard Brent Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
December 30, 1814
11 5 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Died.
12
13
Vacant December 30, 1814 –
January 2, 1815
10 BarbourT.jpg James Barbour Democratic-
Republican
January 2, 1815 –
March 7, 1825
13
(Continued)
Elected to finish Brent's term.
14 6 Re-elected in 1815.
15
16
17 7 Re-elected in 1821.
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War.
Crawford
Republican
18
Jacksonian 19
Vacant March 7, 1825 –
December 26, 1825
11 StuartGilbertJohnRandolph.jpg John Randolph Jacksonian December 26, 1825 –
March 4, 1827
19
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Barbour's term.
Lost election to next term.
12 John Tyler.png John Tyler Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
February 29, 1836
20 8 Elected in 1827.
21
22
Anti-
Jackson
23 9 Re-elected in 1833.
Resigned.
24
Vacant February 29, 1836 –
March 4, 1836
13 Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. Rives Jacksonian March 4, 1836 –
March 3, 1839
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish Tyler's term.
Legislature failed to elect in 1839.
Democratic 25
Vacant March 3, 1839 –
January 18, 1841
26 10
Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. Rives Whig January 18, 1841 –
March 3, 1845
26
(Continued)
Re-elected late in 1841.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27
28
Vacant March 4, 1845 –
December 3, 1845
29 11 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
14 Isaac S. Pennybacker.jpg Isaac S. Pennybacker Democratic December 3, 1845 –
January 12, 1847
Elected to finish the vacancy
Died.
Vacant January 12, 1847 –
January 21, 1847
15 JMMason.jpg James M. Mason Democratic January 21, 1847 –
July 11, 1861
29
(Continued)
Elected to finish Pennybacker's term.
30
31
32 12 Re-elected in 1850.
33
34
35 13 Re-elected in 1856.
Expelled for his support of the Confederacy.[2][3]
36
37
Vacant July 11, 1861 –
July 13, 1861
16 Waitman T. Willey - Brady-Handy.jpg Waitman T. Willey Unionist July 13, 1861 –
March 3, 1863[4]
37
(Continued)
Elected to finish Mason's term.
Resigned to become U.S. Senator from West Virginia.
17 Lemuel Jackson Bowden.jpg Lemuel J. Bowden Unionist March 4, 1863 –
January 2, 1864
38 14 Elected in 1863.
Died.
Vacant January 2, 1864 –
January 26, 1870
38
(Continued)
Civil War and Reconstruction
Joseph Segar (U) presented his credentials on February 17, 1865, but was not seated[4][5]
39
40
41 15
18 John F. Lewis - Brady-Handy.jpg John F. Lewis Republican January 26, 1870 –
March 4, 1875
41
(Continued)
Elected to finish the vacancy.
Retired.
42
43
19 Robert E. Withers - Brady-Handy.jpg Robert E. Withers Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1881
44 16 Elected in 1875.
Lost re-election.
45
46
20 William Mahone.jpg William Mahone Readjuster March 4, 1881 –
March 4, 1887
47 17 Elected in 1881.
Lost re-election.
48
49
21 John W. Daniel - Brady-Handy.jpg John W. Daniel Democratic March 4, 1887 –
June 29, 1910
50 18 Elected in 1887.
51
52
53 19 Re-elected in 1893.
54
55
56 20 Re-elected in 1899.
57
58
59 21 Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1910, but died before that term began.
60
61
Vacant June 29, 1910 –
August 1, 1910
22 CASwanson.jpg Claude A. Swanson Democratic August 1, 1910 –
March 3, 1933
61
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Daniel's last term.
62 22 Re-appointed on February 28, 1911 to begin Daniel's next term.
Elected to finish Daniel's next term.
63
64
65 23 Re-elected in 1916.
66
67
68 24 Re-elected in 1922.
69
70
71 25 Re-elected in 1928.
Resigned.
72
23 Harry F. Byrd headshot.jpg Harry F. Byrd Democratic March 4, 1933 –
November 10, 1965
73 Appointed to continue Swanson's term.
Elected to finish Swanson's term.
74 26 Re-elected in 1934.
75
76
77 27 Re-elected in 1940.
78
79
80 28 Re-elected in 1946.
81
82
83 29 Re-elected in 1952.
84
85
86 30 Re-elected in 1958.
87
88
89 31 Re-elected in 1964.
Resigned for health reasons.
Vacant November 10, 1965 –
November 12, 1965
24 Hbyrdjr.jpg Harry F. Byrd, Jr. Democratic November 12, 1965 –
January 3, 1983
89
(Continued)
Appointed to continue his father's term.
Elected to finish his father's term.
90
91
Independent 92 32 Re-elected in 1970.
93
94
95 33 Re-elected in 1976.
Retired.
96
97
25 PaulSTrible.jpg Paul S. Trible, Jr. Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1989
98 34 Elected in 1982.
Retired.
99
100
26 Charles robb.jpg Chuck Robb Democratic January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 2001
101 35 Elected in 1988.
102
103
104 36 Re-elected in 1994.
Lost re-election.
105
106
27 George Allen official portrait.jpg George Allen Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2007
107 37 Elected in 2000.
Lost re-election.
108
109
28 Jim Webb official 110th Congress photo.jpg Jim Webb Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
110 38 Elected in 2006.
Retired.[6]
111
112
29 Tim Kaine, official 113th Congress photo portrait.jpg Tim Kaine Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
113 39 Elected in 2012.
114
115
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 2[edit]

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 RichardHenryLee.jpg Richard H. Lee Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
October 8, 1792
1 1 Elected in 1789.
Resigned.
2
Vacant October 8, 1792 –
October 18, 1792
2 John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John Taylor of Caroline Anti-
Administration
October 18, 1792 –
May 11, 1794
2
(Continued)
Elected to finish Lee's term.
3 2 Re-elected in 1793.
Resigned.
Vacant May 11, 1794 –
December 29, 1794
3 Henrytazewell.jpg Henry Tazewell Anti-
Administration
December 29, 1794 –
January 24, 1799
3
(Continued)
Elected to finish Taylor's term.
Re-elected in 1798, but died before new term began.
Democratic-
Republican
4
5
Vacant January 24, 1799 –
December 5, 1799
5
(Continued)
6 3
4 Wilson Cary Nicholas 2.jpg Wilson C. Nicholas Democratic-
Republican
December 5, 1799 –
May 22, 1804
7 Elected to finish Tazewell's term.
Resigned to become collector of the port of Norfolk.
8
Vacant May 22, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
5 Senator Andrew Moore.jpg Andrew Moore Democratic-
Republican
August 11, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Appointed to continue Nicholas's term.
Resigned when elected to finish Abraham B. Venable's Class 1 term.[1]
6 William Branch Giles.jpg William B. Giles Democratic-
Republican
December 4, 1804 –
March 3, 1815
8
(Continued)
Elected to finish Nicholas's term.
9 4 Re-elected in 1804.
10
11
12 5 Re-elected in 1811.
Resigned.
13
Vacant March 4, 1815 –
January 3, 1816
14
7 Armistead Thompson Mason.jpg Armistead T. Mason Democratic-
Republican
January 3, 1816 –
March 4, 1817
14
(Continued)
Elected to finish Giles's term.
Lost re-election.
8 John w eppes.jpg John W. Eppes Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
December 4, 1819
15 6 Elected in 1817.
Resigned because of ill health.
16
Vacant December 4, 1819 –
December 14, 1819
9 James Pleasants bioguide.jpg James Pleasants Democratic-
Republican
December 14, 1819 –
December 15, 1822
16
(Continued)
Elected to finish Eppes's term.
Resigned.
17
Vacant December 15, 1822 –
December 18, 1822
10 John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John Taylor of Caroline Democratic-
Republican
December 18, 1822 –
August 21, 1824
17
(Continued)
Elected to finish Pleasants's term.
Crawford
Republican
18 7 Re-elected in 1823.
Died.
Vacant August 21, 1824 –
December 7, 1824
11 LWTzw.jpg Littleton Tazewell Jackson
Republican
December 7, 1824 –
July 16, 1832
18
(Continued)
Elected to finish Taylor's term.
Jacksonian 19
20
21 8 Re-elected in 1829.
Resigned.
22
Vacant July 16, 1832 –
December 10, 1832
12 Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. Rives Jacksonian December 10, 1832 –
February 22, 1834
22
(Continued)
Elected to finish Tazewell's term.
Resigned.
23
Vacant February 22, 1834 –
February 26, 1834
13 Benjamin Leigh.jpg Benjamin W. Leigh Anti-
Jacksonian
February 26, 1834 –
July 4, 1836
23
(Continued)
Elected to finish Rives's term.
24 9 Re-elected in 1835.
Resigned.
Vacant July 4, 1836 –
December 12, 1836
14 Richard E. Parker.jpg Richard E. Parker Jacksonian December 12, 1836 –
March 13, 1837
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish Leigh's term.
Resigned to become judge of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals.
Democratic 25
15 WmRoane.jpg William H. Roane Democratic March 14, 1837 –
March 4, 1841
25
(Continued)
Elected to finish Parker's term.
Lost re-election.
26
16 WSArcher.jpg William S. Archer Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 4, 1847
27 10 Elected in 1841.
Lost re-election.
28
29
17 RbrtMTHntr.jpg Robert M. T. Hunter Democratic March 4, 1847 –
July 11, 1861
30 11 Elected in 1847.
31
32
33 12 Re-elected in 1853.
34
35
36 13 Re-elected in 1859.
Expelled for his support of the Confederacy.[2][3]
37
Vacant July 11, 1861 –
July 13, 1861
18 JCarlile.jpg John S. Carlile Unionist July 13, 1861 –
March 4, 1865
37
(Continued)
Elected to finish Hunter's term.[3]
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
38
Vacant March 4, 1865 –
January 26, 1870
39 14 U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction
John Underwood (U) presented his credentials on March 9, 1865, but was not seated.[5]
40
41
19 J000191.jpg John W. Johnston Democratic January 26, 1870 –
March 4, 1883
41
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term.
42 15 Re-elected in 1871.
43
44
45 16 Re-elected in 1877.
Lost re-election.
46
47
20 Harrison H. Riddleberger - Brady-Handy.jpg Harrison H. Riddleberger Readjuster March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1889
48 17 Elected in 1883.
Retired.
49
50
21 BARBOUR, John S (BEP engraved portrait).jpg John S. Barbour, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1889 –
May 14, 1892
51 18 Elected in 1889.
Died.
52
Vacant May 14, 1892 –
May 28, 1892
22 Eppa Hunton, photo portrait seated.jpg Eppa Hunton Democratic May 28, 1892 –
March 4, 1895
52
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Barbour's term.
Elected to finish Barbour's term.
Retired.
53
23 Thomas Staples Martin.jpg Thomas S. Martin Democratic March 4, 1895 –
November 12, 1919
54 19 Elected in 1894.
55
56
57 20 Re-elected in 1900.
58
59
60 21 Re-elected in 1906.
61
62
63 22 Re-elected in 1912.
64
65
66 23 Re-elected in 1918.
Died.
Vacant November 12, 1919 –
February 2, 1920
24 CGlass.jpg Carter Glass Democratic February 2, 1920 –
May 28, 1946
66
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Martin's term, but did not immediately qualify, perferring to remain as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
Elected to finish Martin's term.
67
68
69 24 Re-elected in 1924.
70
71
72 25 Re-elected in 1930.
73
74
75 26 Re-elected in 1936.
76
77
78 27 Re-elected in 1942.
Died.
79
Vacant May 28, 1946 –
May 31, 1946
25 Thomas Granville Burch.jpg Thomas G. Burch Democratic May 31, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
Appointed to continue Glass's term.
Retired when successor elected.
26 Absalom Willis Robertson.jpg A. Willis Robertson Democratic November 5, 1946 –
December 30, 1966
79
(Continued)
Elected to finish Glass's term.
80
81 28 Re-elected in 1948.
82
83
84 29 Re-elected in 1954.
85
86
87 30 Re-elected in 1960.
Lost re-nomination, and retired early to give successor preferential seniority.
88
89
27 S000739.jpg William B. Spong, Jr. Democratic December 31, 1966 –
January 3, 1973
89
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Robertson's term, having already been elected to the next term.
90 31 Elected in 1966.
Lost re-election.
91
92
28 William Lloyd Scott.jpg William L. Scott Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 1, 1979
93 32 Elected in 1972.
Retired, then resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
94
95
29 Senator John Warner portrait.JPG John Warner Republican January 2, 1979 –
January 3, 2009
95
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Scott's term, having already been elected to the next term.
96 33 Elected in 1978.
97
98
99 34 Re-elected in 1984.
100
101
102 35 Re-elected in 1990.
103
104
105 36 Re-elected in 1996.
106
107
108 37 Re-elected in 2002.
Retired.
109
110
30 Mark Warner, official 111th Congress photo portrait.jpg Mark Warner Democratic January 3, 2009 –
Present
111 38 Elected in 2008.
112
113
114 39 Re-elected in 2014.
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Superlatives (top 5)[edit]

Longest service[edit]

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Harry F. Byrd March 4, 1933 November 10, 1965 32 years, 8 months, 6 days
John W. Warner January 2, 1979 January 3, 2009 30 years, 1 day
E. Carter Glass February 20, 1920 May 28, 1946 26 years, 3 months, 8 days
Thomas S. Martin March 4, 1895 November 12, 1919 24 years, 8 months, 8 days
John W. Daniel March 4, 1887 June 29, 1910 23 years, 3 months, 25 days

Shortest service[edit]

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Richard E. Parker December 15, 1836 February 13, 1837 0 years, 1 month, 29 days
Thomas G. Burch May 31, 1946 November 5, 1946 0 years, 5 months, 5 days
Abraham B. Venable December 7, 1803 June 7, 1804 0 years, 6 months, 0 days
John Walker March 31, 1790 November 9, 1790 0 years, 7 months, 9 days
Lemuel J. Bowden March 4, 1863 January 2, 1864 0 years, 9 months, 29 days

Youngest at beginning of service[edit]

Senator Date of birth First served Age
Armistead T. Mason August 4, 1787 January 3, 1816 28 years, 4 months, 30 days
James Monroe April 28, 1758 November 9, 1790 32 years, 6 months, 9 days
Stevens T. Mason December 29, 1760 November 17, 1794 33 years, 10 months, 19 days
Paul S. Trible, Jr. December 29, 1946 January 3, 1983 36 years, 0 months, 5 days
John Tyler, Jr. March 29, 1790 March 4, 1827 36 years, 11 months, 3 days

Oldest at end of service[edit]

Senator Date of birth Last served Age
E. Carter Glass January 4, 1858 May 28, 1946 88 years, 4 months, 24 days
John W. Warner February 18, 1927 January 3, 2009 81 years, 10 months, 20 days
A. Willis Robertson May 27, 1887 December 30, 1966 79 years, 7 months, 3 days
Harry F. Byrd June 10, 1887 November 10, 1965 78 years, 5 months, 0 days
Thomas G. Burch July 3, 1869 May 31, 1946 76 years, 10 months, 28 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c On August 11, 1804, the Governor of Virginia appointed William Giles to the Class 1 vacancy and Andrew Moore to the Class 2 vacancy. Before either had taken the oath of office, the legislature elected Giles to fill the Class 2 vacancy and Moore to the Class 1 vacancy, thus reversing who would take which seat.
  2. ^ a b James Mason and Robert M. T. Hunter "withdrew" from the Senate on March 28, 1861, with other senators sympathetic to the Confederacy. They were both expelled by a resolution of July 11, 1861.
  3. ^ a b c Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), "Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 37th Congress".
  4. ^ a b Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), "Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 38th Congress".
  5. ^ a b Segar and Underwood were not seated on the premise that the Union-friendly legislature was illegitimate despite having seated Bowden and Carlile based credentials from the same legislature. In reality, the Senate refused because it did not want to set a precedent for easing reentry of Confederate states. See "Musical Chairs (1861–1869)". United States Senate. Retrieved 2009-03-20. 
  6. ^ Sen. Jim Webb announces retirement plans Washington Post. February 9, 2011.