List of United States Senators from Virginia

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Virginia ratified the Constitution on June 25, 1788. Its Senate seats were declared vacant in March 1861, due to its secession from the Union, but senators representing its western counties continued to sit until March 1863. Virginia's Senate seats were again filled from January 1870.

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1[edit]

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 William Grayson (1740-1790).jpg William Grayson Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 12, 1790
1 1 Elected in 1789

Died
Vacant March 12, 1790 –
March 31, 1790
2 John Walker congress.jpg John Walker Pro-
Administration
March 31, 1790 –
November 9, 1790
Appointed to continue Grayson's term

Retired when successor elected
3 James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif James Monroe Anti-
Administration
November 9, 1790 –
March 27, 1794
1
(Continued)
Elected to finish Grayson's term
2 2 Re-elected in 1791

Resigned to become U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to France
3
Vacant March 27, 1794 –
November 18, 1794
4 Sthmason.jpg Stevens T. Mason Democratic-
Republican
November 18, 1794 –
May 10, 1803
3
(Continued)
Elected to finish Monroe's term
4
5 3 Re-elected in 1797
6
7
8 4 Re-elected in 1803

Died
Vacant May 10, 1803 –
June 4, 1803
5 John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John Taylor of Caroline Democratic-
Republican
June 4, 1803 –
December 7, 1803
Appointed to continue Mason's term

Retired when successor elected
6 A-Bedford-Venable.jpg Abraham B. Venable Democratic-
Republican
December 7, 1803 –
June 7, 1804
Elected to finish Mason's term

Resigned to become president of Bank of Virginia
Vacant June 7, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
7 William Branch Giles.jpg William B. Giles Democratic-
Republican
August 11, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Appointed to continue Venable's term

Resigned when elected to finish Wilson Nicholas's Class 2 term.[1]
8 Senator Andrew Moore.jpg Andrew Moore Democratic-
Republican
December 4, 1804 –
March 4, 1809
8
(Continued)
Elected to finish Venable's term.[1]
9
10
9 Richard Brent.jpg Richard Brent Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
December 30, 1814
11 5 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Died
12
13
Vacant December 30, 1814 –
January 2, 1815
10 BarbourT.jpg James Barbour Democratic-
Republican
January 2, 1815 –
March 7, 1825
13
(Continued)
Elected to finish Brent's term
14 6 Re-elected in 1815
15
16
17 7 Re-elected in 1821

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War
Crawford
Republican
18
Jacksonian 19
Vacant March 7, 1825 –
December 26, 1825
11 StuartGilbertJohnRandolph.jpg John Randolph Jacksonian December 26, 1825 –
March 4, 1827
19
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Barbour's term

Lost election to next term
12 John Tyler.png John Tyler Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
February 29, 1836
20 8 Elected in 1827
21
22
Anti-
Jackson
23 9 Re-elected in 1833

Resigned
24
Vacant February 29, 1836 –
March 4, 1836
13 Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. Rives Jacksonian March 4, 1836 –
March 3, 1839
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish Tyler's term

Legislature failed to elect in 1839
Democratic 25
Vacant March 3, 1839 –
January 18, 1841
26 10
Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. Rives Whig January 18, 1841 –
March 3, 1845
26
(Continued)
Re-elected late in 1841

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27
28
Vacant March 4, 1845 –
December 3, 1845
29 11 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
14 Isaac S. Pennybacker.jpg Isaac S. Pennybacker Democratic December 3, 1845 –
January 12, 1847
Elected to finish the vacancy

Died
Vacant January 12, 1847 –
January 21, 1847
15 JMMason.jpg James M. Mason Democratic January 21, 1847 –
July 11, 1861
29
(Continued)
Elected to finish Pennybacker's term
30
31
32 12 Re-elected in 1850
33
34
35 13 Re-elected in 1856

Expelled for his support of the Confederate States[2][3]
36
37
Vacant July 11, 1861 –
July 13, 1861
16 Waitman T. Willey - Brady-Handy.jpg Waitman T. Willey Unionist July 13, 1861 –
March 3, 1863[4]
37
(Continued)
Elected to finish Mason's term

Resigned to become U.S. Senator from West Virginia
17 Lemuel Jackson Bowden.jpg Lemuel J. Bowden Unionist March 4, 1863 –
January 2, 1864
38 14 Elected in 1863

Died
Vacant January 2, 1864 –
January 26, 1870
38
(Continued)
Civil War and Reconstruction
Joseph Segar (U) presented his credentials on February 17, 1865, but was not seated[4][5]
39
40
41 15
18 John F. Lewis - Brady-Handy.jpg John F. Lewis Republican January 26, 1870 –
March 4, 1875
41
(Continued)
Elected to finish the vacancy

Retired
42
43
19 Robert E. Withers - Brady-Handy.jpg Robert E. Withers Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1881
44 16 Elected in 1875

Lost re-election
45
46
20 William Mahone.jpg William Mahone Readjuster March 4, 1881 –
March 4, 1887
47 17 Elected in 1881

Lost re-election
48
49
22 John W. Daniel - Brady-Handy.jpg John W. Daniel Democratic March 4, 1887 –
June 29, 1910
50 18 Elected in 1887
51
52
53 19 Re-elected in 1893
54
55
56 20 Re-elected in 1899
57
58
59 21 Re-elected in 1904

Re-elected in 1910, but died before that term began
60
61
Vacant June 29, 1910 –
August 1, 1910
22 CASwanson.jpg Claude A. Swanson Democratic August 1, 1910 –
March 3, 1933
61
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Daniel's last term
62 22 Re-appointed on February 28, 1911 to begin Daniel's next term
Elected to finish Daniel's next term
63
64
65 23 Re-elected in 1916
66
67
68 24 Re-elected in 1922
69
70
71 25 Re-elected in 1928

Resigned
72
23 Harry F. Byrd headshot.jpg Harry F. Byrd Democratic March 4, 1933 –
November 10, 1965
73 Appointed to continue Swanson's term
Elected to finish Swanson's term
74 26 Re-elected in 1934
75
76
77 27 Re-elected in 1940
78
79
80 28 Re-elected in 1946
81
82
83 29 Re-elected in 1952
84
85
86 30 Re-elected in 1958
87
88
89 31 Re-elected in 1964

Resigned for health reasons
Vacant November 10, 1965 –
November 12, 1965
24 Hbyrdjr.jpg Harry F. Byrd, Jr. Democratic November 12, 1965 –
January 3, 1983
89
(Continued)
Appointed to continue his father's term
Elected to finish his father's term
90
91
Independent 92 32 Re-elected in 1970
93
94
95 33 Re-elected in 1976

Retired
96
97
25 PaulSTrible.jpg Paul S. Trible, Jr. Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1989
98 34 Elected in 1982

Retired
99
100
26 Charles robb.jpg Chuck Robb Democratic January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 2001
101 35 Elected in 1988
102
103
104 36 Re-elected in 1994

Lost re-election
105
106
27 George Allen official portrait.jpg George Allen Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2007
107 37 Elected in 2000

Lost re-election
108
109
28 Jim Webb official 110th Congress photo.jpg Jim Webb Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
110 38 Elected in 2006

Retired[6]
111
112
29 Tim Kaine, official 113th Congress photo portrait.jpg Tim Kaine Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
113 39 Elected in 2012
114
115
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 2[edit]

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 RichardHenryLee.jpg Richard H. Lee Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
October 8, 1792
1 1 Elected in 1789

Resigned
2
Vacant October 8, 1792 –
October 18, 1792
2 John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John Taylor Anti-
Administration
October 18, 1792 –
May 11, 1794
2
(Continued)
Elected to finish Lee's term
3 2 Re-elected in 1793

Resigned
Vacant May 11, 1794 –
December 29, 1794
3 Henrytazewell.jpg Henry Tazewell Anti-
Administration
December 29, 1794 –
January 24, 1799
3
(Continued)
Elected to finish Taylor's term

Re-elected in 1798, but died before new term began
Democratic-
Republican
4
5
Vacant January 24, 1799 –
December 5, 1799
5
(Continued)
6 3
4 Wilson Cary Nicholas.jpg Wilson C. Nicholas Democratic-
Republican
December 5, 1799 –
May 22, 1804
7 Elected to finish Tazewell's term

Resigned to become collector of the port of Norfolk
8
Vacant May 22, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
5 Senator Andrew Moore.jpg Andrew Moore Democratic-
Republican
August 11, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Appointed to continue Nicholas's term

Resigned when elected to finish Abraham B. Venable's Class 1 term[1]
6 William Branch Giles.jpg William B. Giles Democratic-
Republican
December 4, 1804 –
March 3, 1815
8
(Continued)
Elected to finish Nicholas's term
9 4 Re-elected in 1804
10
11
12 5 Re-elected in 1811

Resigned
13
Vacant March 4, 1815 –
January 3, 1816
14
7 Armistead Thompson Mason.jpg Armistead T. Mason Democratic-
Republican
January 3, 1816 –
March 4, 1817
14
(Continued)
Elected to finish Giles's term

Lost re-election
8 John w eppes.jpg John W. Eppes Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
December 4, 1819
15 6 Elected in 1817

Resigned because of ill health
16
Vacant December 4, 1819 –
December 14, 1819
9 James Pleasants bioguide.jpg James Pleasants Democratic-
Republican
December 14, 1819 –
December 15, 1822
16
(Continued)
Elected to finish Eppes's term

Resigned
17
Vacant December 15, 1822 –
December 18, 1822
10 John Taylor of Caroline.jpg John Taylor Democratic-
Republican
December 18, 1822 –
August 21, 1824
17
(Continued)
Elected to finish Pleasants's term
Crawford
Republican
18 7 Re-elected in 1823

Died
Vacant August 21, 1824 –
December 7, 1824
11 LWTzw.jpg Littleton Tazewell Jackson
Republican
December 7, 1824 –
July 16, 1832
18
(Continued)
Elected to finish Taylor's term
Jacksonian 19
20
21 8 Re-elected in 1829

Resigned
22
Vacant July 16, 1832 –
December 10, 1832
12 Rives, William Cabell.jpg William C. Rives Jacksonian December 10, 1832 –
February 22, 1834
22
(Continued)
Elected to finish Tazewell's term

Resigned
23
Vacant February 22, 1834 –
February 26, 1834
13 Benjamin Leigh.jpg Benjamin W. Leigh Anti-
Jacksonian
February 26, 1834 –
July 4, 1836
23
(Continued)
Elected to finish Rives's term
24 9 Re-elected in 1835

Resigned
Vacant July 4, 1836 –
December 12, 1836
14 Richard E. Parker.jpg Richard E. Parker Jacksonian December 12, 1836 –
March 13, 1837
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish Leigh's term

Resigned to become judge of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals
Democratic 25
15 WmRoane.jpg William H. Roane Democratic March 14, 1837 –
March 4, 1841
25
(Continued)
Elected to finish Parker's term

Lost re-election
26
16 WSArcher.jpg William S. Archer Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 4, 1847
27 10 Elected in 1841

Lost re-election
28
29
17 RbrtMTHntr.jpg Robert M. T. Hunter Democratic March 4, 1847 –
July 11, 1861
30 11 Elected in 1847
31
32
33 12 Re-elected in 1853
34
35
36 13 Re-elected in 1859

Expelled for his support of the Confederate States[2][3]
37
Vacant July 11, 1861 –
July 13, 1861
18 JCarlile.jpg John S. Carlile Unionist July 13, 1861 –
March 4, 1865
37
(Continued)
Elected to finish Hunter's term[3]

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
38
Vacant March 4, 1865 –
January 26, 1870
39 14 U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction
John Underwood (U) presented his credentials on March 9, 1865, but was not seated[5]
40
41
19 J000191.jpg John W. Johnston Democratic January 26, 1870 –
March 4, 1883
41
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term
42 15 Re-elected in 1871
43
44
45 16 Re-elected in 1877

Lost re-election
46
47
20 Harrison H. Riddleberger - Brady-Handy.jpg Harrison H. Riddleberger Readjuster March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1889
48 17 Elected in 1883

Retired
49
50
21 John S. Barbour, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1889 –
May 14, 1892
51 18 Elected in 1889

Died
52
Vacant May 14, 1892 –
May 28, 1892
22 Eppa Hunton, photo portrait seated.jpg Eppa Hunton Democratic May 28, 1892 –
March 4, 1895
52
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Barbour's term
Elected to finish Barbour's term

Retired
53
23 Thomas Staples Martin.jpg Thomas S. Martin Democratic March 4, 1895 –
November 12, 1919
54 19 Elected in 1894
55
56
57 20 Re-elected in 1900
58
59
60 21 Re-elected in 1906
61
62
63 22 Re-elected in 1912
64
65
66 23 Re-elected in 1918

Died
Vacant November 12, 1919 –
February 2, 1920
24 CGlass.jpg Carter Glass Democratic February 2, 1920 –
May 28, 1946
66
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Martin's term, but did not immediately qualify, perferring to remain as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Elected to finish Martin's term
67
68
69 24 Re-elected in 1924
70
71
72 25 Re-elected in 1930
73
74
75 26 Re-elected in 1936
76
77
78 27 Re-elected in 1942

Died
79
Vacant May 28, 1946 –
May 31, 1946
25 Thomas Granville Burch.jpg Thomas G. Burch Democratic May 31, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
Appointed to continue Glass's term

Retired when successor elected
26 Absalom Willis Robertson.jpg A. Willis Robertson Democratic November 5, 1946 –
December 30, 1966
79
(Continued)
Elected to finish Glass's term
80
81 28 Re-elected in 1948
82
83
84 29 Re-elected in 1954
85
86
87 30 Re-elected in 1960

Lost re-nomination, and retired early to give successor preferential seniority
88
89
27 S000739.jpg William B. Spong, Jr. Democratic December 31, 1966 –
January 3, 1973
89
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Robertson's term, having already been elected to the next term
90 31 Elected in 1966

Lost re-election
91
92
28 William Lloyd Scott.jpg William L. Scott Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 1, 1979
93 32 Elected in 1972

Retired, then resigned early to give successor preferential seniority
94
95
29 Senator John Warner portrait.JPG John Warner Republican January 2, 1979 –
January 3, 2009
95
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Scott's term, having already been elected to the next term
96 33 Elected in 1978
97
98
99 34 Re-elected in 1984
100
101
102 35 Re-elected in 1990
103
104
105 36 Re-elected in 1996
106
107
108 37 Re-elected in 2002

Retired
109
110
30 Mark Warner, official 111th Congress photo portrait.jpg Mark Warner Democratic January 3, 2009 –
Present
111 38 Elected in 2008
112
113
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Superlatives[edit]

Longest service[edit]

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Harry F. Byrd March 4, 1933 November 10, 1965 32 years, 8 months, 6 days
John W. Warner January 2, 1979 January 3, 2009 30 years, 1 day
E. Carter Glass February 20, 1920 May 28, 1946 26 years, 3 months, 8 days
Thomas S. Martin March 4, 1895 November 12, 1919 24 years, 8 months, 8 days
John W. Daniel March 4, 1887 June 29, 1910 23 years, 3 months, 25 days

Shortest service[edit]

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Richard E. Parker December 15, 1836 February 13, 1837 0 years, 1 month, 29 days
Thomas G. Burch May 31, 1946 November 5, 1946 0 years, 5 months, 5 days
Abraham B. Venable December 7, 1803 June 7, 1804 0 years, 6 months, 0 days
John Walker March 31, 1790 November 9, 1790 0 years, 7 months, 9 days
Lemuel J. Bowden March 4, 1863 January 2, 1864 0 years, 9 months, 29 days

Youngest at beginning of service[edit]

Senator Date of birth First served Age
Armistead T. Mason August 4, 1787 January 3, 1816 28 years, 4 months, 30 days
James Monroe April 28, 1758 November 9, 1790 32 years, 6 months, 9 days
Stevens T. Mason December 29, 1760 November 17, 1794 33 years, 10 months, 19 days
Paul S. Trible, Jr. December 29, 1946 January 3, 1983 36 years, 0 months, 5 days
John Tyler, Jr. March 29, 1790 March 4, 1827 36 years, 11 months, 3 days

Oldest at end of service[edit]

Senator Date of birth Last served Age
E. Carter Glass January 4, 1858 May 28, 1946 88 years, 4 months, 24 days
John W. Warner February 18, 1927 January 3, 2009 81 years, 10 months, 20 days
A. Willis Robertson May 27, 1887 December 30, 1966 79 years, 7 months, 3 days
Harry F. Byrd June 10, 1887 November 10, 1965 78 years, 5 months, 0 days
Thomas G. Burch July 3, 1869 May 31, 1946 76 years, 10 months, 28 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c On August 11, 1804, the Governor of Virginia appointed William Giles to the Class 1 vacancy and Andrew Moore to the Class 2 vacancy. Before either had taken the oath of office, the legislature elected Giles to fill the Class 2 vacancy and Moore to the Class 1 vacancy, thus reversing who would take which seat.
  2. ^ a b James Mason and Robert M. T. Hunter "withdrew" from the Senate on March 28, 1861, with other senators sympathetic to the Confederacy. They were both expelled by a resolution of July 11, 1861.
  3. ^ a b c Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), "Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 37th Congress".
  4. ^ a b Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), "Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 38th Congress".
  5. ^ a b Segar and Underwood were not seated on the premise that the Union-friendly legislature was illegitimate despite having seated Bowden and Carlile based credentials from the same legislature. In reality, the Senate refused because it did not want to set a precedent for easing reentry of Confederate states. See "Musical Chairs (1861–1869)". United States Senate. Retrieved 2009-03-20. 
  6. ^ Sen. Jim Webb announces retirement plans Washington Post. February 9, 2011.