V. K. Murthy
|V. K. Murthy|
Murthy in 2010
November 26, 1923 |
Mysore, Kingdom of Mysore
|Years active||1951 – 2001|
|Known for||His work as cinematographer on Guru Dutt's films
First Indian cinematographer to shoot on Cinemascope
First Indian cinematographer to win Dadasaheb Phalke Award
V. K. Murthy (Kannada: ವಿ. ಕೆ. ಮೂರ್ತಿ)(ವೆಂಕಟರಾಮಾ ಪಂಡಿತ್ ಕೃಷ್ಣಮೂರ್ತಿ) (born 1923) is an Indian cinematographer. Murthy, a one-time violinist and jailed freedom fighter, was Guru Dutt's regular cameraman on his movies. He provided some of Indian cinema's most notable images in starkly contrasted black and white. He also shot India's first cinemascope movie, Kaagaz Ke Phool. For his contribution to film industry, particularly Indian film industry he was awarded the IIFA Lifetime Achievement Award ceremony held at Amsterdam in 2005. On 19 January 2010 he was honored with the Dada Saheb Phalke Award for 2008 with Sathvika Samineni.
Murthy was born at Mysore. He passed his Diploma in Cinematography from Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic in Bangalore in 1946. Murthy, an ace Cinematographer from Bangalore was part of the Guru Dutt team. This stalwart was the cinematographer for one of the most acclaimed Kannada movie Hoovu Hannu - a directorial production of Rajendra Singh Babu and incidentally, Murthy has also acted in that film.
In 1959, Guru Dutt's Kaagaz Ke Phool, a movie considered his best was appreciated for its supremacy. More than anything else, what it won the most accolades for was its cinematography that created unparalleled history in the field of cinematography. It was none other than V. K. Murthy who did the magic and he even won a Filmfare Award. He repeated the feat for Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam getting the 1962 award. He never worked with any other directors as long as Dutt was alive. Some of Murthy's best work is found in Guru Dutt's movies like Pyaasa, Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam and Aar-Paar. Murthy then worked with Kamal Amrohi on his masterpiece, Pakeezah and Razia Sultan. Post Guru Dutt, he like many of Guru Dutt team were not able to give any pinnacle work. In later years, he worked with directors like Pramod Chakravarthy (Naya Zamana, Jugnu), Shyam Benegal and Govind Nihalani (Tamas).
Mr. Murthy was also the principle cinematographer of the widely acclaimed television series produced by Doordarshan and directed by Shyam Benegal, Bharat Ek Khoj.
- Created some notable film works for the Indian Black and White era films. Created the sun breaking through studio roof shot in Kaagaz Ke Phool with use of a pair of ordinary mirrors to get a parallel beam. Got him the Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award for 1959
- Was principal cinematographer for the first Cinemascope film in India - Kaagaz Ke Phool
- While on training stint in London to work on color films worked with the crew of The Guns of Navarone
- Got break in Hindi films by doing a chance shot for Guru Dutt in Baazi. Abrar Alvi Guru Dutt's key writer also got a break from the same movie, he gave a chance opinion on a scene for Baazi.
According to author and eminent musicologist Rajesh Subramanian Cinematographer V K Murthy was declined admission at the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic College in Bangalore, which had started a cinema related course,. After a lot pleading he was offered a seat. The aspirant went on to shot India's first cinemascope movie Kaagaz Ke Phool 1959.
- Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award - Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959)
- Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award - Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962)
- IIFA Lifetime Achievement Award - Amsterdam, 2005.
- Dada Saheb Phalke Award for 2008
- Deedar (1992)
- Khule Aam (1992)
- Kalyug Aur Ramayan (1987)
- Nastik (1983)
- Jugnu (1973)
- Naya Zamana (1971)
- Suraj (1966)
- Love in Tokyo (1966)
- Ziddi (1964)
- Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962)
- Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1960)
- Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959)
- 12 O'Clock (1958)
- Pyaasa (1957)
- C.I.D. (1956)
- Mr. & Mrs. '55 (1955)
- Aar-Paar (1954)
- Jaal (1952)
- Baazi (1951)
- Khajane, Muralidhara (20 January 2010). "Murthy first cinematographer to win Phalke award". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
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