37th National Film Awards

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37th National Film Awards
Awarded for Best of Indian cinema in 1989
Awarded by President of India
(R. Venkataraman)
Presented by Directorate of Film Festivals
Presented on 1990 (1990)
Official website dff.nic.in
Highlights
Best Feature Film Bagh Bahadur
Best Non-Feature Film Aar Koto Din
Most awards Mathilukal and Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha (4)
 < 36th National Film Awards 38th > 

The 37th National Film Awards, presented by Directorate of Film Festivals, the organization set up by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 1989.[1][2] Ceremony took place in 1990 and awards were given by then President of India, R. Venkataraman.

Starting with 37th National Film Awards, new award in feature films section was introduced for Environment Conservation/Preservation as National Film Award for Best Film on Environment Conservation/Preservation and awarded with Rajat Kamal (Silver Lotus) for producer and director of the film. Another new award was introduced for National Film Award for Best First Non-Feature Film of a Director, but not given for 37th National Film Awards.

Also, National Film Award for Best Book on Cinema has been promoted to Swarna Kamal (Golden Lotus) Award.

Awards[edit]

Awards were divided into feature films, non-feature films and books written on Indian cinema.

Lifetime Achievement Award[edit]

Name of Award Awardee(s) Awarded As Awards
Dadasaheb Phalke Award Lata Mangeshkar Playback singer Swarna Kamal, INR 1,00,000 and a Shawl

Feature Films[edit]

Feature films were awarded at All India as well as regional level. For 37th National Film Awards, a Bengali film, Bagh Bahadur won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film whereas two Malayalam films, Mathilukal and Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha won the maximum number of awards (4). Following were the awards given in each category:[1][2]

Juries[edit]

A committee headed by Atma Ram was appointed to evaluate the feature films awards. Following were the jury members:[1][2]

All India Award[edit]

Following were the awards given:[1][2]

Golden Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Swarna Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Golden Lotus Award (Swarna Kamal)', a certificate and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Feature Film Bagh Bahadur Bengali Producer: Buddhadeb Dasgupta INR 50,000/-
Director: Buddhadeb Dasgupta INR 25,000/-
Citation: For its portrayal of the steady destruction of rural folk traditions at the hands of a cheap and showy urban culture in the form a cinematically vibrant and heroic classical tragedy.
Best Debut Film of A Director Wosobipo Karbi Producer: Karbi Anglong District Council
Director: Gautam Bora
INR 25,000/- Each
Citation: For its fresh and original evocation of the collective unconscious of a hill tribe whose way of life has been disintergrating over the last four decades, as seen through the eyes of a boy growing up into the responsibilities of manhood.
Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment Chandni Hindi Producer: Yash Raj Films INR 40,000/-
Director: Yash Chopra INR 20,000/-
Citation: For providing clean and romantic entertainment illuminated with smooth performances and fresh lyrics in folk form.
Geethanjali Telugu Producer: M/s Bhagyalakshmi Enterprises INR 40,000/-
Director: Mani Ratnam INR 20,000/-
Citation: For its innovative approach in depicting youthful passion.
Best Children's Film Ankur Maina Aur Kabootar Hindi Producer: Children's Film Society INR 30,000/-
Director: Madan Bawaria INR 15,000/-
Citation: For its involvement of children in the fight for preservation of wildlife in the exotically shot isle of Mauritius.
Jamboo Savari Kannada Producer: K. S. L. Swame (Lalitha Ravee) INR 30,000/-
Director: K. S. L. Swame (Lalitha Ravee) INR 15,000/-
Citation: For the way in which it establishes the conflict between a child's instinctive love for a wild animal and the reality of man-animal relationships in the modern world, along with the resolution of that conflict.
Best Direction Mathilukal Malayalam Adoor Gopalakrishnan INR 50,000/-
Citation: For successfully capturing the spirit of the short story on his prison days by the celebrated writer Vaikkom Mohammed Basheer.
Silver Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Rajat Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Silver Lotus Award (Rajat Kamal)', a certificate and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Second Best Feature Film Parshuramer Kuthar Bengali Producer: Dhurjati Prasad Mukherji INR30,000/-
Director: Nabyendu Chattopadhyay INR15,000/-
Citation: For the moving fashion in which it elaborates the political and social hypocrisy of a town's middle class and its exploitation of a woman who is both the object of desire and the prey.
Best Feature Film on National Integration Santha Shishunala Sharif Kannada Producer: M/s Yajaman Enterprises INR 30,000/-
Director: T. S. Nagabharana INR 15,000/-
Citation: For its depiction of unity of religions at the popular mystical level illustrated by the life and lyrics of a famous Muslim saint who has a Hindu guru.
Best Film on Family Welfare Sandhya Raagam Tamil Producer: Balu Mahendra (A Doordarshan production) INR 30,000/-
Director: Balu Mahendra INR 15,000/-
Citation: For the humanity with which it traces a character coming to terms with the problem of old age through suffering, resolution and understanding.
Best Film on Other Social Issues Unnikuttant Jolikitty Malayalam Producer: V. R. Gopinath INR 30,000/-
Director: V. R. Gopinath INR 15,000/-
Citation: For its bleak narration of an unemployed youth becoming an unemployable due to callous social attitudes.
Best Film on Environment Conservation / Preservation Bonani Assamese Producer: M/s Purbanchal Film Co-operative Society Ltd. INR 30,000/-
Director: Jahnu Barua INR 15,000/-
Citation: For its delicate and nuanced description of a forest official's struggle against mercenary and bureaucratic despoilation of forests.
Best Actor  • Mathilukal
 • Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha
Malayalam Mammootty INR 10,000/-
Citation: For successfully portraying the multifaceted roles.
Best Actress Parshuramer Kuthar Bengali Sreelekha Mukherji INR 10,000/-
Citation: For bringing out the agony and pain of a helpless woman forced by society to live an ignoble life.
Best Supporting Actor Parinda Hindi Nana Patekar INR 10,000/-
Citation: For his unique portrayal of a psychotic character.
Best Supporting Actress Pudhea Paadhai Tamil Manorama INR 10,000/-
Citation: For the versatility shown.
Best Child Artist Kalat Nakalat Marathi Mrinmayee Chandorkar INR 5,000/-
Citation: For her innocent and spontaneous portrayal.
Best Male Playback Singer Chhandaneer Bengali Ajoy Chakrabarty INR 10,000/-
Citation: For bringing the rare depth of emotion, adomed by his command on the classical idiom.
Best Female Playback Singer Kalat Nakalat
("Hey Ek Reshami Gharate")
Marathi Anuradha Paudwal INR 10,000/-
Citation: For her clear and mellifluous rendering of the song.
Best Cinematography Salim Langde Pe Mat Ro Hindi Cameraman: Virendra Saini
Laboratory Processing: M/s Ad-labs
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For the high technical skills shown in evoking the special ethos of the film.
Best Screenplay Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha Malayalam M.T. Vasudevan Nair INR 10,000/-
Citation: For the gripping plot, clearly etched characterisations and the brilliant portrayal of life in Kerala a few hundred years ago.
Best Audiography Mathilukal Malayalam Harikumar INR 10,000/-
Citation: For perfection noticeable throughout the in creatively helping the director to capture the mood and sustain interest within the enclosed walls of a jail.
Best Editing Parinda Hindi Renu Saluja INR 10,000/-
Citation: For her brisk and precise cutting and the creative heights to which she has taken the film with her intelligent and intuitive knowledge of her art.
Best Art Direction Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha Malayalam P. Krishnamoorthy INR 10,000/-
Citation: For adding to the aesthetic value of the film as a whole by carefully recreating the essence of the reality of a bygone era in Kerala with minute attention to details of pros and decor.
Best Costume Design Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha Malayalam P. Krishnamoorthy INR 10,000/-
Citation: For his intimate knowledge, artistic competence and the brilliant execution of the costumes of a bygone era, recreating the reality of life in the past as few films have done.
Best Music Direction Wosobipo Karbi Sher Chowdhary INR 10,000/-
Citation: For depicting life in interior Assam with a unique background score.
Best Lyrics Chhandaneer Bengali Satarupa Sanyal INR 10,000/-
Citation: For rare poetic heights reached in all the lyrics for the film.
Special Jury Award Kaal Abhirati Bengali Amitabh Chakraborty INR 10,000/-
Citation: For having had the courage of his convictions in making this experimental film which sets out to explore new horizons in the realm of film making.
Daddy Hindi Anupam Kher Certificate Only
Citation: For having played with great finesse and an unequalled range, the role of a gifted artiste hurt by unfortunate personal relationships.
Kireedam Malayalam Mohanlal
Citation: For portraying young man's agony and pain marvellously and in unique style.

Regional Awards[edit]

The award is given to best film in the regional languages in India.[1][2]

Name of Award Name of Film Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Feature Film in Bengali Ganashatru Producer: NFDC INR 20,000/-
Director: Satyajit Ray INR 10,000/-
Citation: For its brilliant adaptation of Ibsen's "An Enemy of the People" to highlight the dangers of current revivalism.
Best Feature Film in Gujarati Percy Producer: NFDC INR 20,000/-
Director: Pervez Merwanji INR 10,000/-
Citation: For its searing exploration of the neuroses and the claustrophobic embrace of an ingrown familial culture.
Best Feature Film in Hindi Salim Langde Pe Mat Ro Producer: NFDC INR 20,000/-
Director: Saeed Akhtar Mirza INR 10,000/-
Citation: For its novel examination of the nexus between urban lumpen life, crime and religious revivalism.
Best Feature Film in Kannada Mane Producer: Apoorva Chitra INR 20,000/-
Director: Girish Kasaravalli INR 10,000/-
Citation: For setting out the contradictions in the urban middle class search, both for moral legitimacy and security, in a corrupt social structure.
Best Feature Film in Malayalam Mathilukal Producer: Adoor Gopalakrishnan INR 20,000/-
Director: Adoor Gopalakrishnan INR 10,000/-
Citation: For its remarkable creation of an imprisoned writer's mind hovering between the pain of confinement, existential apprehension of death and the hallucinatory "reality" of sensual love.
Best Feature Film in Marathi Kalat Nakalat Producer: Smita Talwalkar INR 20,000/-
Director: Kanchan Nayak INR 10,000/-
Citation: For its delicate description of the tension of love in various facets - wife, mistress and children - and the resolution of tensions in favour of keeping a family together.
Best Feature Film in Oriya Andha Diganta Producer: Vox Visuals Pvt. Ltd. INR 20,000/-
Director: Manmohan Mahapatra INR 10,000/-
Citation: For its unemotional description of the increasing misery of a peasant who discovers his inadequacy in fighting his economic servitude and his own bourgeois attitude towards his wife's past.
Best Feature Film in Punjabi Marhi Da Deeva Producer: NFDC INR 20,000/-
Director: Surinder Singh INR 10,000/-
Citation: For its depiction of the pain and tragedy involved in the transformation of feaudalism into capitalism, which entails destruction and degradation of normal human relationships like friendship and love.
Best Feature Film in Tamil Pudhea Paadhai Producer: A. Sundaram INR 20,000/-
Director: R. Parthiepan INR 10,000/-
Citation: For its depiction of the transforming effects of a woman's courage and devotion on her husband.
Best Feature Film in Telugu Suthradharulu Producer: Sudhakar Reddy and C. Karunakar Rao INR 20,000/-
Director: K. Viswanath INR 10,000/-
Citation: For the way it charts the conquest of social oppression by spiritual understanding and peace.

Non-Feature Films[edit]

Short Films made in any Indian language and certified by the Central Board of Film Certification as a documentary/newsreel/fiction are eligible for non-feature film section.

Juries[edit]

A committee headed by Jagat Murari was appointed to evaluate the non-feature films awards. Following were the jury members:[1][2]

  • Jury Members

Golden Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Swarna Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Golden Lotus Award (Swarna Kamal)', a certificate and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Non-Feature Film Aar Koto Din Bengali Producer: Department of Information and Cultural Affairs India, Government of West Bengal
Director: Shashi Anand
INR 15,000/- Each
Citation: For a brilliant cinematic exposition of deep anguish and helplessness at the fate of large section of the children of our country.

Silver Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Rajat Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Silver Lotus Award (Rajat Kamal)' and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Film Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Anthropological / Ethnographic Film Baiga Hindi Producer: Madhya Pradesh Madhyam
Director: Rajendra Janglay
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For its well researched portrayal of life, culture and customs of tribal community.
Best Biographical Film C. V. Raman: The Scientist and His Legacy English Producer: N. K. Saigal
Director: Nandan Kudhyadi
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For being an innovative and sensitive biography of a great scientist, C. V. Raman, portraying his achievements, trials and tribulations.
Best Arts / Cultural Film Siddheshwari Hindi Producer: Mani Kaul
Director: Mani Kaul
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For its innovative and stylized interpretation of a singer's work and her milieu.
Best Scientific Film (including Environment and Ecology) Neuropathic Foot In Leprosy English Producer: Jal Mehta
Director: Vishram Revankar
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For a well made specialized film effectively communicating the course of treatment in a serious disease.
Best Environment / Conservation / Preservation Film The Deer on the Lake English Producer: Aribam Syam Sharma
Director: Aribam Syam Sharma
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For the creative use of the cinematic medium in explaining the complexities of the ecosystem of the Loktak lake, its floating islands and the greed of man that led to the near extinction of the Sangai, the Deer of Manipur.
Best Promotional Film Tuna: The Chicken of the Sea English Producer: D. Gautaman
Director: K. Jagajivan Ram
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For being competent and engaging depiction of the Tuna fishing industry.
Best Agricultural Film Integrated Pest Management In Cotton English Producer: D. Gautaman
Director: K. Jagajivan Ram
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For its efforts towards generating awareness regarding the importance of bio-control in integrated pest management.
Best Historical Reconstruction / Compilation Film Chhapakhanar Bangla Haraf Bengali Producer: Shreemati Chatterjee and Chandrika Bhattacharjee
Director: Abhijit Chattopadhyay
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For achieving a creative blend of research and imagination in depicting the history of Bengali printing.
Kathni Karni Eksi (Jamanalal Bajaj) Hindi Producer: M/s Climb Films
Director: Bhim Sain
Citation: For its authentic recreation of the life and times of the late Shri Jamanalal Bajaj.
Best Film on Social Issues The Limp in the Niche English Producer: Girish Karnad
Director: Girish Karnad
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For being illuminating exposition of a very humane philosophy, preaching universal brotherhood, harmony and equality of all living beings.
Best Educational / Motivational / Instructional Film Ser Alang Karbi Producer: Horticulturist, Karbi Anglong
Director: Indrajit Narayan Deb
INR 10,000/- Each
Yun Sikhlayen Akhar Hindi Producer: M/s Ramesh Asher Films
Director: Ramesh Asher
Citation: For their sensitive handling of motivational messages through the medium of cinema.
Best Animation Film My Tree Producer: Vijay B. Chandra
Director: B. R. Shendge and R. R. Swamy
Animator: R. R. Swamy and V. S. Shankardas
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For effectively communicating man's alienation from nature.
Best Short Fiction Film Behula Bengali Producer: Raja Mitra
Director: Raja Mitra
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For a story well told.
Best Film on Family Welfare Boy or Girl - How? Hindi Producer: B. R. Shendge
Director: R. R. Swamy
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For effectively communicating an important message.
Special Jury Award Kalamandalam Krishnankutty Poduval Malayalam K. R. Mohanan (Director) INR 5,000/-
Citation: For excellence in the use of cinema in projecting the intricate relationship between the drummer and the dancer in Kathakali.

Best Writing on Cinema[edit]

The awards aim at encouraging study and appreciation of cinema as an art form and dissemination of information and critical appreciation of this art-form through publication of books, articles, reviews etc.

Juries[edit]

A committee headed by Mrinal Pande was appointed to evaluate the writing on Indian cinema. Following were the jury members:[1][2]

Golden Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Swarna Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Golden Lotus Award (Swarna Kamal)' and cash prize.

Name of Award Name of Book Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Book on Cinema Shataranj Ke Khiladi Hindi Author: Surendranath Tiwari
Publisher: Madhya Pradesh Film Development Corporation
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For painstakingly analysing and delineating the interrelationship between a literary masterpiece and its film version, created by a master of cinema, without overlooking the salient characteristics of each art form.
Cinema, Kannakkum Kavithayum Malayalam Author: Sreekumaran Thampi
Publisher: Sahithya Pravarthaka Co-op Society Ltd.
INR 10,000/- Each
Citation: For portraying the development of the medium poetically by blending its ethos and technique.

Silver Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Rajat Kamal[1][2]

All the awardees are awarded with 'Silver Lotus Award (Rajat Kamal)' and cash prize.

Name of Award Language Awardee(s) Cash Prize
Best Film Critic Telugu K. N. T. Sastry INR 5,000/-
Citation: For combining the rare ability to comprehend the quitessential beauty of the bygone era and for reflecting the contemporary trends in cinema. The Jury also appreciates the wide range of topics covered by him.

Awards not given[edit]

Following were the awards not given as no film was found to be suitable for the award:[1][2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]